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Panda. Google vs. Bing. Penguin. Guest blogging. The years of 2011 to 2013 were nothing short of tumultuous for the search industry. And as the voice and face of Google, Matt Cutts felt the wrath of angry webmasters and marketers.

We continue our look back at some of Cutts’ blog posts, videos, and thoughts to get a better understanding of where Google’s been, which in turn can be a great way to get a feel for where Google (and therefore SEO) is going next.

If you’re just joining us, we’ve been going year by year, highlighting two or three of the biggest splashes he made. This post has been split into three time periods:

From 2011 onward, things should be pretty familiar to most of you. Still, there is much to learn from the past few years.

This was the year of the first Panda update and, let’s be honest, it’s easier to remember things from 3 years ago that 13. Believe me, in searching for the past stories I knew were out there I was off by as much as a couple years in the events from the early 2000s.

So let’s look at the top few things from Cutts in 2011 …

This video is a good watch for anyone interested in how Google wanted to treat the authorship tag:

At this stage it wasn’t cross-domain but it’s alluded to, but more interesting (to me anyways) is when Cutts discusses authors themselves holding a value that will pass to their content on the sites of others (when cross-domain authorship applies). There’s also a little slip around the four minute mark where he talks in the present tense about cross-domain authorship (but catches himself quickly).

Authorship is important; I think we all know that. It’s interesting to hear what it’s intended to do and while we can debate now how authorship value is passing, knowing what it’s intended to be can shed light on what Google is likely working toward in their quest to understand individuals and their trustability.

Cutts doesn’t seem to get angry much (I suppose that’s easy enough when you can simply get even), but when rumor spread that Bing may be copying the search results from Google, Google ran a test and confirmed it and Cutts blogged about it well… yeah. I suppose since he couldn’t get even with Bing it makes sense that he seemed a little mad.

Visit link:
Google's Matt Cutts on SEO: A Retrospective (2011-2013)

Welcome to the years of paid links. link bait, Caffeine, Google bombs, and page speed as a ranking factor. By this point, Google’s Matt Cutts had plenty of important things to teach us all about the evolving landscape of search and SEO.

Our story continues by looking back at some of Cutts’ blog posts, videos, and thoughts from 2006 to 2010 to get a better understanding of where Google’s been, which in turn can be a great way to get a feel for where Google (and therefore SEO) is going next.

If you’re just joining us, we’ve been going year by year, highlighting two or three of the biggest splashes he made. This post has been split into three time periods:

And away we go…

2006 is a hard year to consolidate into just a few snippets (as is pretty much every year after it) but a few moments stood out most.

For those who don’t know, BMW got busted for hidden content doorway pages on February 4. Tsk tsk, BMW. On the Feb. 7, Cutts posted the following:

“I appreciate BMW’s quick response on removing JavaScript-redirecting pages from BMW properties. The webspam team at Google has been in contact with BMW, and Google has reincluded bmw.de in our index. Likewise, ricoh.de has also removed similar doorway pages and has been reincluded in Google’s index.”

OK so the quote itself is nothing special, but I needed to include this as it let the world know something very specific. Google is like George Orwell’s “Animal Farm”. In that book the commandment is, “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” It seems the same is true at Google.

I don’t expect that if I got busted for cloaking that Google would be in touch with me personally and that I’d actually get an expression of appreciation from Cutts for addressing a violation of their guidelines. This animal is less equal it seems.

On his blog, Cutts often answers user-submitted questions. Here’s one:

Read this article:
Google's Matt Cutts on SEO: A Retrospective (2006-2010)

Since 2000 Matt Cutts has been working with Google. After a brief stint with the SafeSearch team, where he earned the nickname “porn cookie guy” (thanks Wikipedia… hey, if Google can “borrow” from you I can too, right?) he moved over to the search quality team.

Cutts has pretty much been the voice, face, and brain we tend to associate with search. In fact, it’s quite interesting to look back on some of his blog posts, videos, and thoughts to get a better understanding of where Google’s been, which in turn can be a great way to get a feel for where Google is going next.

What follows is sort of a timeline of Cutts’ most notable moments.

We’ll go year by year, highlighting two or three of the biggest splashes he made. This post has been split into three time periods:

Our story begins with his earliest years at Google. It’s a little light, as things didn’t really get rolling until 2003.

And if you have some favorites that aren’t included here, well, that’s what the comment section is for!

Having just joined the Google team in January there wasn’t much of note coming from him. Sorry folks, all we have for this 365 day run is that he started working there.

Another pretty light year for our friend. Despite the infancy of SEO at the time, it was clear that negative SEO was on the radar, personalization and user behavior metrics were taking their first steps, and Cutts was ascending the ladder.

The only public statement I’ve ever read from Cutts from 2001 was in regard to a feature of the Google Toolbar that he was overseeing. The feature would allow users to click either a happy face or an unhappy face based on whether they liked the page. In discussing the feature he noted:

As noted, the most interesting thing about this feature is that it’s the earliest use of user input to impact rankings I know of and that they were aware of the ability of this feature to be used “incorrectly.” This is also the first reference I know of to Google being aware of negative SEO (and perhaps the first mechanism to do it).

Read this article:
Google's Matt Cutts on SEO: A Retrospective (2000-2005)

Deputy editor of last truly independent Russian TV station says it has come under immense pressure to close down In the post-Soviet space, it is not just the fate of Ukraine that is the subject of intense debate but the freedom of Russian journalists to report it. Proponents of a free press have long complained of a subtle and at times not so subtle Kremlin crackdown on Russian media, arguing …

Original post:
Freedom of Russian press under scrutiny following Ukraine crisis

Pacific Islands Forum provides ongoing support to Pacific development

In the wake of 13 Pacific Forum Island Countries (FICs) completing peer reviews of their country development systems over the last four years, the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS) is continuing to review progress made on implementing the review Recommendations.

The Forum Secretariat is also continuing to discuss with countries their Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) progress and the post 2015 development agenda. As part of this ongoing support, a review team from the Forum Secretariat is visiting and meeting with government, development partners, NGOs and private sector representatives in both Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu in order to gauge progress against the peer review recommendations and the MDGs.

It is a long term endeavor, and success depends on the sustained commitment and participation of Forum Island Countries, development partners and other stakeholders, says Charmina Saili, Regional Planning Adviser at the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat. We are here this week to continue our support, to discuss progress, challenges and how we and the rest of the region can help.

The Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat is focused on supporting this crucial follow-up process and where needed helping countries mobilize additional resources to support the implementation of their peer review recommendations.

Over time the real benefits of better development coordination such as more effective use of development resources, reduced administrative burden for countries, improved information to guide decision-making and ultimately more effective delivery of health, education, energy, water and sanitation services to Pacific citizens will be fully realized.

The Forums Regional MDGs Adviser, Resina Katafono, is part of the delegation and will be discussing with government and their stakeholders progress and actions taken to achieve the MDGs by 2015. Papua New Guinea developed its own set of targets and indicators associated with each of the MDGs, says Ms Katafono. They did this in order to better reflect the realities in the country.

The 2013 Tracking the Effectiveness of Development Efforts in the Pacific Report notes that there has been good progress over the past year in strengthening country systems and processes for planning, budgeting, public financial and aid management. Peer reviews of country systems have revealed that FICs are paying more attention to setting medium term costed priorities and establishing frameworks and systems to underpin and ensure effective progress in implementing national development plans.

There are strong signs of good progress at the country level to strengthen country systems and processes. As a result, more FICs are exerting stronger leadership over their development agenda and engaging more effectively with development partners.

The challenge now is for FICs to sustain this momentum with the collective support of their development partners.

Follow this link:
Pacific Islands Forum provides ongoing support to developmen

You’ve spent years investing in SEO, and now your company dominates the rankings, but your site is outdated, isn’t mobile-friendly, and you know it’s time for a redesign. You’ve heard all the horror stories of how a site redesign can kill rankings, so you’ve held off as long as you can, but now it’s time.

Here are five steps to ensure that you are able to successfully execute your site redesign without compromising months or possibly years of investment in SEO.

A site redesign is the perfect time to evaluate your SEO strategy and figure out which keywords and landing pages are providing the most value, and which ones are providing the least. This will allow you to know which keywords and landing pages to prioritize during the redesign.

During this process, you may find keywords that rank well, but perform poorly at delivering quality traffic. These keywords may not be worth including in your post-redesign SEO efforts, which presents a great opportunity to refine the keywords you’re targeting to ones that will drive higher quality traffic to the site.

When evaluating your SEO strategy, you may also find that certain landing pages fail to engage visitors and convert them into leads or sales. A site redesign presents the perfect opportunity to address page level engagement and conversion issues as well.

Ironically, by evaluating your SEO efforts prior to a site redesign, and addressing issues that you may have otherwise overlooked, you can actually end up with a better performing SEO campaign after the redesign.

As it pertains to SEO, it is ideal to maintain the same URL structure when executing a site redesign, but this not always practical. You may be moving the site to a new platform that requires a different URL structure, or you may have reorganized your content, which resulted in changes to the URL structure. In any case where changes to the URL structure are necessary, implementing page level 301 redirects is a necessity.

A 301 redirect is a permanent redirect from one URL to another. It helps retain rankings by guiding search engines from the old URL to the new URL where the requested content now lives. 301 redirects also preserve inbound links and internal links, both of which also help retain rankings.

Retaining a positive user-experience is just as important as retaining good rankings. By preserving inbound links and internal links, 301 redirects prevent visitors from being greeted with a “404 Not Found” error message when accessing the site through inbound links or navigating the site through internal links that point to URLs which no longer exist.

Read the original:
5 Steps to Execute a Site Redesign Without Compromising SEO

Although Id heard of barnacle SEO as a tactic at some of the early SEO conference networking events, the first real proponent of it in local search was Will Scott. I want to say that Will originally published this post on the now-defunct Local Search News in early 2008; but alas, the original has been lost to the silicon sands of time.

Will creatively defines the concept of barnacle SEO as follows:

Directly applied to local search, this means optimizing your profiles or business pages on a well-trusted, high-ranking directory and working to promote those profiles instead of or in tandem with your own website.

In both the formal Q&A and the informal roundtables at our recent Local U Advanced event in Philadelphia, barnacle SEO was a hot topic. Attendees were anxious to hear about what we were seeing in our day-to-day SERP analysis.

Back when Will first promoted the barnacle SEO concept, I found it to be an intriguing intellectual exercise and a tremendous deliverable for low-budget clients but without a ton of practical value for most local businesses that were served by agencies.

In those days, 7-packs (actually, 10-packs) dominated the SERPs for Local Intent keywords. Your Google Local Business Listing was what mattered for above-the-fold visibility, not your Yelp profile or Superpages.com listing.

Fast forward to 2013. In the aftermath of Panda, Penguin, Hummingbird and the tsunami of mobile search, barnacle SEO should be not only an exercise, but the mainstay of any local search campaign.

Last year, I documented a qualitative Hummingbird-related shift in the local SERPs that seemed to favor strongly-branded directories like Yelp and Angies List. Will mentioned that hed seen this shift with his clients even earlier than last fall. Aaron Weiche has also documented Yelps prominence in mobile search queries for the last 12 months as well.

Read more:
Why Barnacle SEO Is Making A Big Comeback In Local

ABOVE: Beaches Jazz Festival organizer launches petition to save funding. Carey Marsden reports.

This post has been updated to properly identify the individual behind the petition as a festival organizer.

TORONTO A Beaches Jazz Festival organizer has launched an online petitionto urge Ontario premier Kathleen Wynne to restore funding to the free summer event after its request for a $120,000 grant was rejected.

The festival, which attracted an estimated 500,000 people last year, received $75,000 from the Celebrate Ontario program in each of the last six years.

Organizers were told on March 13 that they would no longer receive the funding this time around.

This year, the festival is in danger of being drastically reduced in size and scope, reads the petition, posted at change.org by Joanna Katchutas, the festivals Multi-Arts and Photography program coordinator.

Critics argued the move seemed odd as the governing Liberals awarded a $300,000 grant to multimillionaire rap star Drake to stage his two-day OVO Fest in Toronto this summer.

BELOW: The Beaches Jazz Festival has been denied a provincial grant it has received in the past. Carey Marsden reports on March 20.

Tourism Minister Michael Chan defended the decision on Monday, saying Celebrate Ontario is a competitive program, which attracted 441 applications last year, and supports many events across the province.

Unfortunately this year, the jazz festival, the proposal they submitted they were not able to make it, he said.

Go here to read the rest:
Beaches Jazz Festival supporter launches petition to save funding

Jason Acidre is the Co-founder and CEO of Xight Interactive, an online marketing agency based in the Philippines, but hes best known for his blog Kaiser The Sage.

Jason is a trusted authority in SEO, with specialized expertise in link building. Last night night he took part in an AMA where he invited Reddit users to ask him anything aboutSEO, link building, content marketing, and blogging.

It was fascinating to learn during the AMA that he fell into the SEO industry by accident in 2010, meaning he went from knowing nothing about it to a being bona fide expert in just 4 years. Its hard to not be inspired by that.

His answers are valuable for anyone wanting to learn more about SEO, especially those just getting into it. Ive recapped some of his best answers into this post. Questions are in bold, followed by a summary of his answer. You can view the full AMA here.

Follow Jason on Twitter @jasonacidre

Any advice for aspiring SEO / online marketers? You built your name from scratch. Your advice would be really helpful.

Jason believes theres no single path to follow in the SEO industry. What worked for him wont necessarily work for others. But theres a few things hes learned along the way that he really wanted to share with those who are new and trying to get their name out.

What is your biggest fail in SEO?

Jason says he has failed a lot. He has lost a lot of projects in the past, but theres one that particularly stands out to him.

The failure that stands out the most is the first ecommerce site he ever worked on as a consultant. He attributes the failure to not being mature enough as leader at the time to handle such a large project.

Originally posted here:
SEO Expert Jason Acidre, AKA Kaiser The Sage, Takes Part In Informative Reddit AMA by @mattsouthern

One thing is certain about Comcasts proposed $45 billion merger with Time Warner Cable: It doesnt pass the smell test. Comcast claims that the combination of the two largest cable companies will somehow enhance, rather than diminish, competition and lead to greater consumer satisfaction. Dont worry, Godzilla will play nice on the playground.

The resulting company would have at least 30 million cable customers, slightly less than 30 percent of the TV market and 38 percent of the nations high-speed Internet customers. It would have virtual monopoly cable control over news and public service programming in cities including Chicago, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, New York City and the District. It would be able to exact price concessions from content providers, forcing some out of business, limiting innovation and variety. With net neutrality rules now under assault, it would be positioned to charge discriminatory rates for high-speed Internet access or to discriminate against Netflix and other companies seeking to stream online entertainment over its cable. And Comcast would be in the position to decide what gets priority access and what viewers across much of the nation wont see.

Comcast is just digesting its previous mega-merger, the takeover of NBC Universal that should have been blocked by the Federal Communications Commission. That left Comcast controlling an empire that includes NBC, CNBC, MSNBC, USA Network, Telemundo and other networks.

Here, the merger doesnt just affect the marketplace of cable; it threatens the marketplace of ideas. The protection of free speech under our Constitution depends on citizens having access to many ideas, many sources, many ways of getting ideas and information. Letting mega-corporations consolidate control of key parts of the media infrastructure directly threatens that access.

In addition, consumers surely would get fleeced if the merger goes through. The United States already suffers from worse Internet service, speed and affordability than other developed countries.

As Craig Aaron, president of the consumer advocacy group Free Press, summarized: No one woke up this morning wishing their cable company was bigger. This deal would be the cable guy on steroids pumped up, unstoppable and grasping for your wallet.

Comcast is infamous for its lousy customer service. It ranks down with BP, AIG and Bank of America among the 10 least reputable companies in the United States, according to Harris Interactives annual Reputation Quotient survey. In the American Consumer Satisfaction Index, Comcast had the fourth-worst rating in the country.

On its face, this is a preposterous merger. Former FCC commissioner Mike Copps is precisely right when he says of the takeover: This is so over the top that it ought to be dead on arrival at the FCC.

And Comcast is a poster child for Washingtons corrupting revolving door. One of its lead lobbyists officially the senior vice president for government affairs of its subsidiary NBC Universal is Meredith Attwell Baker. Appointed by Obama to hold a Republican seat on the FCC, she voted to approve Comcasts takeover of NBC and then joined the newly merged company a mere four months later, after serving only two years of her five-year term.

The door revolves the other way, too. William Baer, who recently became head of the Justice Departments Antitrust Division, represented General Electric and NBC Universal in their deal with Comcast. Maureen Ohlhausen, one of four sitting commissioners on the Federal Trade Commission, which is charged with enforcing antitrust laws, provided legal counsel to Comcast before assuming her post.

The rest is here:
Comcast bid for Time Warner threatens free speech



Fukushima Breaking news; ARE THE WEST COAST BEACHES AND WATERS SAFE? Kevin D. blanch 2/16/14
CALIFORNIA Dreaming, IS THE DREAM TURNING INTO A NIGHTMARE? STAY UN-TUNA-ED kevin D. blanch 801-452-1908 the post ignorance project.

By: kevin blanch

See the original post here:
Fukushima Breaking news; ARE THE WEST COAST BEACHES AND WATERS SAFE? Kevin D. blanch 2/16/14 – Video

Breath of Freedom, a documentary airing Monday, reminds us that the world is sometimes a bizarre place, one in which a country can fight a war abroad as the champion of freedom and democracy, while enshrining their opposites in law and practice.

But there is something hopeful in the program, too. The two-hour television special is the story of black American veterans who experienced greater freedom while serving in Germany than theyd had in the U.S., and came back determined to change circumstances at home, playing significant roles in the modern civil-rights movement.

The story is told in film clips and interviews through the experiences of Americans and Germans, black, white and mixed race, including retired King County Superior Court Judge Charles Johnson, who served during the occupation.

Hosea Williams, a close associate of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.s, was a sergeant in a unit that fought under Gen. George Patton. Williams earned a Purple Heart after being severely injured in a Nazi bombing raid, but he wasnt safe at home after the war.

He was still in uniform traveling home after the war when he drank water from a bus-station fountain reserved for whites. An angry crowd beat him so badly they thought he was dead and called a hearse. He was just barely alive, but had to be driven past white hospitals to a veterans hospital more than 100 miles away where he was hospitalized for a month.

Nothing about that makes sense, but it wasnt just a matter of a few people behaving badly, it was part of the systematic subjugation of black Americans rooted in laws those veterans would help change.

Johnson, who grew up in Arkansas, joined the Army in 1948 and served almost four years in a segregated unit in Germany. While he was there, he had a German girlfriend with whom he traveled all around the country. It opened a whole new world to him, he says in the documentary, but when he came home, he returned alone.

I asked him about that last week and he said, She wanted to come here, but I knew I couldnt live that kind of life here in the United States. Its something you just didnt let yourself think about because you knew it couldnt work here. Interracial marriage was banned in most states until the Loving v. Virginia Supreme Court ruling in 1967.

The Germans hadnt suddenly given up the racist ideas that led to death camps, but the power equation was different. Johnson said Germans didnt always like seeing him and his friends dating German women, but they had to tolerate it.

Johnson came home with a mission, to get a law degree and get out of Arkansas. While he was finishing college after the war, he told a professor he wanted to attend law school and was looking for a place where hed be able to get a job. The professor had earned a Ph.D. from the University of Washington while working nights at the post office.

Read more from the original source:
WWII soldiers experience abroad fed freedom fight back home

THIS POST IS CURRENTLY BEING EDITED. NOT ALL TERMS WILL HAVE A DEFINITION AS OF YET.

Here are some more accurate definitions to words used by conspiracy theorists, and truth seekers. To find a word push the [ctrl]+[F] keys on your keyboard and type in a word to search for. suggestion: use a colon (:) with no spaces at the end of each word to avoid finding words within a definition.

13: THrtn,THrtn/

number 1. Symbolic Illuminati number which represents the 13 reptilian bloodline who have, in the past, claimed the Devine right to rule over humanity

1776:

number 1. The year the Illuminati was created, the original groups purpose was to spread enlightenment across the world. The group was later infiltrated by the church and the powers that be of the time, the elite.

33:

number 1. A Masonic number representing the highest degree a member of the Freemasonry can acquire; Grand Master; different sources say its only a milestone and higher degrees are available

666:

number 1.In the bible, six hundred Three score and six see Mark of the Beast

Read more from the original source:
Illuminati Occult Dictionary | Anonymous on the Reptilian …

Liberty Media (LMCA) and Discovery Communications (DISCA) are in talks to acquire a minority stake in global racing circuit Formula One, according to a New York Post report on Monday.

Media mogul John Malone is working to make a deal happen through Liberty Media and Liberty Global (LBTYA), hoping to buy as much as 49% of Formula One from private equity firm CVC Capital.

The report said talks between Liberty, Discovery and CVC Capital are in an early stage and could still fall apart.

A Discovery spokesperson declined to comment. Representatives of Liberty Media and CVC didnt respond to inquiries from FOX Business.

A Formula One deal would put Malones cable entities in a position to better control rights fees for sports content. Liberty Media owns U.K. cable giant Virgin Media and holds a 27% stake in Charter Communications (CHTR), which is in a fight to buy larger rival Time Warner Cable (TWC).

Liberty Media is also the owner of Major League Baseballs Atlanta Braves and controls 29% of the voting power in Discovery.

Meanwhile, Discovery recently agreed to up its stake in international sports network Eurosport to 51% from 20%. Chief executive David Zaslav indicated that Discovery would look to bolster Eurosport with more rights to programming.

Formula One Group, which operates 19 races around the world each year, generates annual revenue of more than $1.5 billion. The Monte Carlo Grand Prix in France is said to be worth $7 billion to $8 billion alone, the Post reported.

Longtime Formula One chief executive Bernie Ecclestone, 83, resigned from the board last month. He is facing bribery charges in Germany.

Shares of Liberty Media fell 2% to $129.02 in recent trading. Discovery was down 1.6% at $78.50.

Excerpt from:
Report: Liberty, Discovery in Talks for Formula 1 Stake



POST “14″ “42″ EVENT [A Measure of Wheat] – Illuminati NWO Conspiracy
POST “14″ “42″ EVENT [A Measure of Wheat] – Illuminati NWO Conspiracy.

By: ps34v18

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POST "14" & "42" EVENT [A Measure of Wheat] – Illuminati NWO Conspiracy – Video



Offshore Banking for Your Personal and Financial Privacy
Why Consider Offshore Banking for Your Personal and Financial Privacy in this Post 9 / 11 Era? In this post 9 / 11 era you should consider offshore banking a…

By: Global Banking Finance Review

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Offshore Banking for Your Personal and Financial Privacy – Video

Calaguas Islands is increasingly becoming a popular backpacker destination. Located in the northernmost tip of Bicol, this beautiful beach is probably one of the best for Barkada destination in this part of Luzon.

Mahabang Buhangin in Calaguas Island (photo courtesy of Wikipedia)

Calaguas is a group of islands that includes Tinaga Island and Guintinua Island, there are minor islands like Maculabo Island and other minor islands.In Tinaga Island, you can find the famous Mahabang Buhangin (Long Beach) or Halabang Baybay in Bicolano. If you are looking for a perfect camp site or a perfect white sand beach, you will surely enjoy Mahabang Buhangin.

If you are planning a trip to Calaguas Islands and you are looking for travel tips, sample itinerary, transportation guide and hotel recommendation then you just found the right page. This post aims to provide the most detailed Calaguas Islands Travel Guide to help you prepare for your future visit in this beautiful group of islands.

There are no hotels in Calaguas except Cottages. If you are more adventurous, you can choose to camp out. If you do not have a tent, you can ask the locals or your boatmen where you can rent a tent. Each tent is normally good for up to 5 individuals and it is usually rented at 300 400 pesos per night plus a camping fee of 100 pesos per person.

There are Sari-sari stores in some parts of the island but they dont sell hot meals. There are houses where you can ask to cook your meals but I guess its more exciting if you will cook your own meals so make sure to bring enough drinking water, food and booze. You will find some fishermen selling their fresh catch every morning or in the afternoon. There is also a small talipapa (market) in Brgy. Mangcawayan where you can buy fish. If you dont have cooking utensils, ask your boatmen, some of them will you borrow their cooking pan, plates etc.

Day 0 9:00PM ETD daet

Day 1 07:00AM ETA Daet/ Breakfast 08:00AM ETD for Calaguas Island 10:00AM ETA Calaguas Island/ set camp explore 12:00 NN- Lunch 01:00PM Siesta/ swimming/ explore/ picture happy campers 06:00PM Dinner 07:00PM Socials 10:00PM Lights out

Day 2 06:00AM Wakeup call 07:00AM Breakfast 09:00AM Prepare for Island Hopping (own pax Acct) 12:00NN Back to camp site 01:00pm Late lunch 04:00pm Explore the beach 05:00 PM Rest 06:00 PM Dinner

Day 3 06:00AM Wakeup call 07:00AM Breakfast 09:00AM Break Camp 10:00AM ETD Calaguas Daet 12:00NN ETD Daet 01:00PM Late Lunch 02:00PM Surfing Bgasbas 05:00 PM Rest 06:00 PM Dinner 09:00 PM ETD Daet Manila

Excerpt from:
Travel Guide: Calaguas Islands in Daet Camarines Norte

growth hormone health is

IGF-1 stimulates Corticospinal Motor Neurons

ScienceDaily November 4, 2006

In a new scientific study, a growth factor known as Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF) has been shown to encourage the rapid growth of corticospinal motor neurons (CSMN). These neurons are vitally important because they connect the brain to the spinal cord, allowing the brain to interact and send signals throughout the body. Although these neurons are necessary for the brain to control the human body, these cells are highly susceptible diseases such as Lou Gehrigs disease, also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

What is ALS?

ALS is a disease in which the neurons in the corticospinal region of the brain and spinal cord atrophy and die. Over time, this leads to muscle tissue breakdown and neurological misfires by the brain. The muscles twitch as a result of incomplete connections. Eventually, ALS leads to a total breakdown of these neuron passage ways which inevitably completely paralyze the arms and legs and eventually the torso as well. ALS becomes ultimately fatal as the chest muscles lose contact and the patient is no longer able to breathe on his or her own. Strangely, ALS only effects motor movement, and has no effect on the brain or perception, although the effects on the body prove fatal over time.

IGF-1 Catalyses Axon Growth

In a recent publication of Nature Neuroscience, 2 researchers stationed at the Harvard Stem Cell Institute and the Massachusetts General Hospital have developed an accurate description of how IGF-1 leads to significant growth increases in the axons of corticospinal motor neurons in in vitro testing. Axons are long, thin strands that protrude from neurons, connecting them to other cells and allowing them to send messages via electrical signal. When these axons atrophy, it reduces the ability of neurons to connect with one another and form sufficient circuits in order to efficiently deliver messages.

The Devastating Effects of CSMN Atrophy

Although in vitro testing is a long way from applicable medical theory, it is proof of concept and shows how vital IGF-1 is to the human body and how future medical breakthroughs may be able to treat patients who suffer from illnesses which endanger CSMN cells. Corticospinal motor axons are responsible for sending messages from the brain to the body in order to control the muscles. If there is a breakdown in these cells, the brain will no longer be able to control the muscles and paralysis and eventual death results.

Researchers in this study found that IGF-1 is essential for the growth of CSM axons. If motor neurons are not provided sufficient IGF-1, their axons will not grow sufficiently in vitro. In addition to this, IGF-1 has been proven vitally important in motor neuron maintenance in animal research as well. When IGF-1 production was suspended in laboratory mice, it was found that Corticospinal motor axons did not grow as long or connect to adjacent cells as efficiently.

IGF-1 Proven Vital to CSMN Axon Growth

Jeffrey Macklis is the director of the Center for Nervous System Repair at Harvard Medical School. He is also the primary author of the study. He says that the research conducted by his team proves that IGF-1 has the ability to rapidly increase both the rate at which corticospinal motor axons grow and the length at which they grow. Axons are well known for their ability to extend themselves long distances in comparison to the core cell. This study is the first piece of evidence that directly shows that IGF-1 encourages the growth of corticospinal motor neurons.

Why is this Important?

Discovering this link is encouraging to Dr. Macklis, because it adds to the body of knowledge regarding how CSMN cells function and what stimuli help them develop. In addition to that, this knowledge may lead to future breakthroughs involving either IGF-1 or Human Growth Hormone in which we may eventually be able to treat injuries of the spinal cord and neuron disorders such as ALS more effectively. Today, the range of options are quite small, but as the breadth of options increases with advances in medical knowledge, it is almost inevitable that new techniques will arise that will provide improved outcomes for these patients.

What makes Corticospinal Motor Neurons unique?

CSMN cells are unique among neuron cells within the body. Their central bodies are located in the brain, but their axons reach all the way from the brain to their target neuron in the spinal cord. Some axons extend all the way to the tip of the spinal cord, which in humans can be as long as three feet. Like most neurons of the brain and spinal cord, these cells have an incredibly limited capability to reproduce, and for this reason they are incredibly at risk when severe spinal trauma or particular medical disorders destroy their tissue.

Damage to these cells directly leads to paralysis of the corresponding areas of the body which are controlled by the particular group of Corticospinal Neurons. Although these axons are incredibly long, they have been very difficult to study until quite recently, because of the huge number of other types of neurons occupying the same space within the cerebral cortex. There are literally hundreds of kinds on neurons embedded within the tissue contained by the spinal cord. As a result, we do not know a significant amount about how CSMN cells grow and develop, although we are keenly aware of their function and the effects of their atrophy.

Isolating CSMN Cells for Study

Because of the difficulty of studying living Corticospinal Motor Neurons, Dr. Macklis and his post-doc research fellow Dr. Hande Ozdinler had to come up with an innovative way to remove CSMN cells from their natural environment and isolate them in solitary populations in vitro. Through a mixture of biological hypothesis and trial-and-error, Dr. Macklis discovered that IGF-1 was one of the primary candidates which seemed to facilitate the growth of CSMN cells.

By utilizing these isolated neurons, the duo was able to prove in a laboratory environment that it was possible to encourage the growth of Corticospinal Motor Neurons with the application of IGF-1. They proved this in two ways. One way that they achieved this growth was by directly applying IGF-1 to the purified cultures. The second way was by applying IGF-1 to the purified culture via microbeads coated in the hormone.

They found that CSMN axons grew by fifteen to twenty times in length as a direct result of IGF-1 stimulation. In a living system, this growth rate had only been observed during the initial growth of the axons. When IGF-1 was removed from the system, CSMN axons again only grew at the pace they did during the control stage. This proves that IGF-1 is central to the complete development of the Corticospinal Motor Axons.

A number of different experiments were conducted after they had made the connection between IGF-1 and CSMN development. In these experiments they tested the effect of IGF-1 on another form of neuron and discovered that it had no appreciable effect. They also tested other types of Human Growth Factor, applying them to CSMN cells in order to see if any other hormones could produce a similar effect. Only IGF-1 was able to rapidly increase the rate at which CSMN cells developed.

IGF-1 only effects the CSMN Axon

Dr. Macklis and Dr. Ozdinler were also able to show that IGF-1 did not play an active role in the survival mechanisms of the core of the cell. It appears that IGF-1 only encourages the rapid lengthening of CSMN axons rather than having any influence on the central development of the cell. The duo performed tests on living laboratory mice in which they blocked the pathway which routed IGF-1 to the spinal cord. This alteration had no effect on general cellular health but retarded the development of the CSMN axons. This animal test proved that the in vitro evidence could be applied to the biology of a living subject.

Understanding the Role of IGF-1 in Corticospinal Motor Cells

Dr. Macklis says that fully revealing IGF-1s role in the development of Corticospinal Motor Axons is vital to fostering a more complete understanding about both how CSMN cells function and how we can prevent or cure spinal disorders which prevent CSMN Neurons from performing their necessary task of muscle control.

Although it may still be a long ways off, studies such as these represent the initial steps in creating treatments which can alleviate degenerative disorders such as Lou Gehrigs disease. In addition to this, if scientists can unlock the mechanism by which the hormone IGF-1 develops CSMN axons, we may one day be able to regenerate CSMN cells utilizing a mixture of IGF-1 therapy and neuronal stem cells.

Dr. Macklis research was fostered by grants from that Harvard Center for Neurodegeneration and Repair, the ALS Association, and the National Institutes of Health.

This information was collected from information released by Massachusetts General Hospital

The New and Exciting World of Human Growth Hormone Research

We are just beginning to learn about the fascinating ways in which hormones such as Human Growth Hormone and IGF-1 maintain proper health and development. IGF-1 is an incredibly versatile hormone which is derived from Human Growth Hormone. HGH is secreted by the pituitary gland and converted into IGF-1 in the liver. After converting into IGF-1, the hormone is distributed throughout the body to perform various tasks.

We have long known that IGF-1 directly leads to the breakdown of fatty tissue, enhancing weight loss and providing energy and nutrients required for muscle development. There are many other purposes of IGF-1 which we are just now discovering, and we will likely be learning more about its fantastic physiological benefits for decades to come. IGF-1 plays a central role in anti-aging and long-term health maintenance as a result of its interaction with fat and muscle tissue. Over time and as a result of these studies, Hormone Replacement Therapy will become even more popular as the litany of benefits continues to be unearthed.

The future of IGF-1 Treatments

What Dr. Macklis research shows is that IGF-1 also plays a significant role in regenerative medicine. Eventually, IGF-1 will likely play a central role in genetic enhancement. This study is perfect proof of that. There is a significant chance that stem cells will be able to be repurposed as CSMN cells in the brain and spinal cord.

If surgical implantation is possible, IGF-1 will play a central role in restoring motor function to paralyzed patients. Imagine a world where the paralyzed can walk again. Imagine a world where diseases such as ALS are treatable, rather forces which can only be stopped, not slowed. This is the future of Anti-Aging Medicine, and HGH and IGF-1 will be key players in the race to 150.


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HGH / IGF-1: Growth Factor Stimulates Rapid Extension Of Key Motor Neurons In Brain

According to a report in the Copenhagen Post, Faroese women of marriageable or child-bearing age have been fleeing their rocky and rugged homeland to study and work in places like Oslo or London in such numbers (most never to return) that the men face a bleak future with no women and no children.Of a total population of just below 50,000, men outnumber women by some 2,000 on the islands.

To relieve their loneliness and solitude (and to begin to close the gender gap) some Faroe men have brought about 200 Thai and Filipino women to their homes making them the largest foreign immigrant group.It is a question of survival, Hermann Oskarsson, a former chief economic adviser in the Faroe Islands, told the Politiken newspaper of Denmark. The young women that should be here to give birth to children are gone.Oskarsson warned that the islands population could drop to 37,000 by 2023.”Can Faroese society survive?” he asks, adding: “There just aren’t the young women to raise children.”

The Post noted that in the tiny village of Klaksvk (population under 5,000) in the extreme northern edge of the Faroes, 15 Asian women have found a home.We must recognize that there is a problem, and welcome these strangers with dignity, a Faroese man named Bjarni Ziska Dahl told DR Nyheder, a Danish news network, We need these people.” Dahl has been married to a Filipino woman named Che for the past three years. He commented that Asian women have the right temperament for the hard, simple life of these North Atlantic islands and that they will do the kind of work and tasks that modern Faroese women shun.”She also comes from a large island community, and we look at many things the same way, Dahl added.His spouse Che chimed in: “The close family ties are the same in the Philippines, and life is not too complicated – just like back home.”Indeed, Dahls brother Heini and several of their male neighbors have also taken Asian wives from 9,000 miles away.

One Faroese woman who fled explained why she left the isolated islands for Denmark.I moved because I had been abused and couldnt talk about it at home, she told the Post. I loved being in Denmark because I was anonymous and did not have to say hello to everyone I met on the street [In the Faroes] there is still an old-boy network of men that feel like they are in charge, but women are slowly getting into the game.But she added that she misses her homeland.Nothing moves me like the Faroese nature, she said. We live one day at a time and are not slaves to the calendar.

The Faroe Islands are a self-governing entity within the realm of the kingdom of Denmark (Copenhagen still runs its military defense, police and foreign affairs).The Faroese whose language is closer to Icelandic and Norwegian than to Danish depend economically on fishing, which accounts for about 95 percent of exports and nearly one-half of GDP, according to the CIA/World Factbook. The discovery of oil in the region may soon provide another source of income and reduce dependence on Denmark.

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Go North, Young Woman! Men Of Remote Faroe Islands 'Importing' Asian Brides To Address Falling Birth Rate Crisis



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