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NSA Annapolis

 NSA  Comments Off on NSA Annapolis
Feb 132016

Welcome to Naval Support Activity Annapolis! NSA Annapolis is located across the Severn River from the US Naval Academy and is charged with delivering base operating support services to tenant commands. These include the United States Naval Academy, North Severn complex, Chesapeake Bay Detachment in Randle Cliff, MD, and Navy Operational Support Center in Baltimore, MD. NSA Annapolis includes over 1,500 acres and more than 400 buildings.

The Fleet & Family Readiness (FFR)Programs at NSA Annapolis can help you make the most of your visit or choice of relocation in the Annapolis area. Whether you’re here for just a short time or more permanently, we know you’ll enjoy working and recreating in this beautiful area. FFR facilities are here for use by active duty, retired military, active reservists, current and retired Department of Defense civilian employees (Civil Service and non-appropriated), active duty Coast Guard, family members in all of these categories, Midshipmen at the Naval Academy and USNA DoD contractors. We hope you’ll visit our facilities and take advantage of the many and varied activities and services we offer. FFR programs include Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR), Child and Youth Programs, Fleet and Family Support Program, Family and Bachelor Housing, and Navy Gateway Inns and Suites. We hope that you will become active in our FFR programs at NSA Annapolis. The staff at our facilities welcome you!

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NSA Annapolis

Channel Islands of California – Wikipedia, the free …

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Feb 122016

The Channel Islands of California are a chain of eight islands located in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Southern California along the Santa Barbara Channel in the United States of America. Five of the islands are part of Channel Islands National Park, and the waters surrounding these islands make up Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary. The islands were first colonized by the Chumash and Tongva Native Americans 13,000 years ago, who were then displaced by European settlers who used the islands for fishing and agriculture. The U.S. military uses the islands as training grounds, weapons test sites, and as a strategic defensive location. The Channel Islands and the surrounding waters house a diverse ecosystem with many endemic species and subspecies.

The eight islands are split among the jurisdictions of three separate California counties: Santa Barbara County (four), Ventura County (two), and Los Angeles County (two). The islands are divided into two groupsthe Northern Channel Islands and the Southern Channel Islands. The four Northern Islands used to be a single landmass known as Santa Rosae.

The archipelago extends for 160 miles (257km) between San Miguel Island in the north and San Clemente Island in the south. Together, the islands land area totals 221,331 acres (89,569ha), or about 346 square miles (900km2).

Five of the islands (San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, Anacapa, and Santa Barbara) were made into the Channel Islands National Park in 1980. The Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary encompasses the waters six nautical miles (11 kilometers) off Anacapa, Santa Cruz, San Miguel, Santa Rosa, and Santa Barbara islands.

Santa Catalina Island is the only one of the eight islands with a significant permanent civilian settlementthe resort city of Avalon, California, and the unincorporated town of Two Harbors.

Natural seepage of oil occurs at several places in the Santa Barbara Channel.[1] Tar balls or pieces of tar in small numbers are found in the kelp and on the beaches. Native Americans used naturally occurring tar, bitumen, for a variety of purposes which include roofing, waterproofing, paving and some ceremonial purposes.[2]

The Channel Islands at low elevations are virtually frost-free and constitute one of the few such areas in the 48 contiguous US states. It snows only rarely, on higher mountain peaks.

Separated from the California mainland throughout recent geological history, the Channel Islands provide the earliest evidence for human seafaring in the Americas. It is also the site of the discovery of the earliest paleontological evidence of humans in North America.[3] The Northern Channel Islands are now known to have been settled by maritime Paleo Indian peoples at least 13,000 years ago. Archaeological sites on the island provide a unique and invaluable record of human interaction with Channel Island marine and terrestrial ecosystems from the late Pleistocene to historic times. Historically, the northern islands were occupied by the island Chumash, while the southern islands were occupied by the Tongva. Scott O’Dell has had a book written about the indigenous peoples living on the island, Island of the Blue Dolphins. Aleuts hunters visited the islands to hunt otters in the early 1800s. The Aleuts purportedly clashed with the native Chumash, killing many over trading disputes. Aleut interactions with the natives were also detailed in O’Dell’s book.[4]

The Chumash and Tongva were removed from the islands in the early 19th century, taken to Spanish missions and pueblos on the adjacent mainland. For a century, the Channel Islands were used primarily for ranching and fishing activities, which had significant impacts on island ecosystems, including the local extinction of sea otters, bald eagles, and other species. With most of the Channel Islands now managed by federal agencies or conservation groups, the restoration of the island ecosystems has made significant progress.Several of the islands were used by whalers in the 1930s to hunt for sperm whales.[5]

In 1972, the Brown Berets seized and claimed the islands for Mexico, citing the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, a treaty between Mexico and the USA by which Mexico lost more than half of its territory, and arguing that the treaty does not specifically mention the Channel Islands nor the Farallon Islands. Though the United States had occupied them since 1852, the group speculated that Mexico could claim the islands and seek their return through litigation before the International Court of Justice. However, a detailed analysis of its situation puts in doubt the likelihood of Mexico winning the case at the International Court of Justice.[6]The Channel Islands National Park’s mainland visitor center received 342,000 visitors in 2014. The Channel Islands itself attracts around 70,000 tourists a year, most during the summer.[7] Visitors can travel to the islands via public boat or airplane transportation. Camping grounds are available on Anacapa, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, San Miguel, and Santa Barbara Islands in the Channel Islands National Park. Attractions include whale watching, hikes, snorkeling, kayaking and camping.[8]

The United States Navy controls San Nicolas Island and San Clemente Island, and has installations elsewhere in the chain. During World War II all of Southern Californias Channel Islands were put under military control, including the civilian-populated Santa Catalina where tourism was halted and established residents needed permits to travel to and from the mainland.[9] San Miguel Island was used as a bombing range[10] and Santa Barbara Island as an early warning outpost under the presumed threat of a Japanese attack on California.[11] San Clemente Island was used to train the Navy’s first amphibious force to prepare for Pacific combat against the Japanese in World War II.[12] San Nicolas Island has been used since 1957 as a launch pad for research rockets. San Nicolas was considered out of eight possible locations as the site of the Trinity nuclear test.[13] Santa Rosa Island was used in 1952 as a base for the USAF 669th AC&W Squadron and they operated two Distant Early Warning FPS-10 radars from the hilltops there. In 1955 another FPS-3 search radar was added, and in 1956, a GPS-3 search radar was installed. A new MPS-14 long-range height-finder radar was installed in 1958. The base was shut down in March 1963, when the 669th was moved to Vandenberg AFB In Lompoc, California. The islands still house US Navy SEALs training facilities and continues to use the Naval Auxiliary Landing Field located on San Clemente Island.[12]

The Channel Islands are part of one of the richest marine ecosystems of the world. Many unique species of plants and animals are endemic to the Channel Islands, including fauna such as the Channel Islands spotted skunk, ashy storm-petrel, Santa Cruz sheep, and flora including a unique subspecies of Torrey pine.

Flora on the Channel Islands include a unique subspecies of pine, oak, and the island tree mallow. Santa Rosa Island holds two groves of the Torrey pine subspecies Pinus torreyana var. insularis, which is endemic to the island. Torrey pines are the United States’ rarest pine species.[14] The islands also house many rare and endangered species of plants, including the island barberry, the island rushrose, and the Santa Cruz Island lace pod. Giant kelp forests surround the islands and act as a source of nutrition and protection for other animals.[15]

Invasive species, such as the Australian blue gum tree, olive tree, sweet fennel and Harding grass threaten native species through competition for light, nutrients, and water. The Australian blue gum, for example, releases toxins in its leaf litter which prevents other species of plants from growing in the soil surrounding it. The blue gum, as well as other species including the Harding grass, are much more flammable and better adapted to wildfires than native species.[16]

The Channel Islands and the waters surrounding hold many endemic species of animals, including fauna such as the Channel Islands spotted skunk, island scrub jay, ashy storm-petrel, Santa Cruz sheep, San Clemente loggerhead shrike, San Clemente sage sparrow. Many species of large marine mammals, including pacific gray whales, blue whales, humpback whales, and California sea lions breed or feed close to the Channel Islands. Current occurrences, if still happen, of the critically endangered North Pacific right whales, and historically abundant Steller’s sea lions in these areas are unknown. Seabirds, including the western gulls, bald eagles, pigeon guillemonts, and Scripps’s murrelets use the islands as well for shelter and breeding grounds. The endemic island fox is California’s smallest natural canine and has rebounded from its near extinction in the late 1990s. Several endemic reptile species including the island fence lizard, island night lizard, and Channel Islands slender salamander live on the islands.[17]

Conservation efforts are being made to maintain the islands’ endemic species. Feral livestock, including pigs, goats, and sheep, pose a threat to many of the species, including the San Clemente loggerhead shrike and Channel Islands spotted skunk. The National Park Service eradicated the feral pigs on Santa Rosa and Santa Cruz islands during the 1990s and on Santa Catalina Island in 2007.[4][18] Introduced pathogens have devastated island species due to isolation from the mainland. In 1998, an outbreak of canine distemper swept through Santa Catalina Island severely reducing the island skunk and fox populations. Rabies and distemper vaccination programs were initiated to protect the island’s wildlife. Canine distemper is thought to have been brought to the islands on a stowaway raccoon or a domestic dog.[19]

In the 1950s, bald eagles and peregrine falcons on the Channel Islands became locally extinct after widespread use of pesticides such as DDT.[20] The birds ingest contaminated fish and seabirds which poisons the adults and weakens their eggs. Golden eagles, which are natural competitors of other birds of prey, do not primarily feed on these animals and were able to colonize the islands in the early 1990s. In the early 2000s, golden eagles were live trapped and relocated.[21] In 2002 and 2006 breeding pairs of bald eagles were reintroduced to the northern islands.[22] Later in 2006, the introduced adult eagles hatched chicks on the islands for the first time since their extinction. The Channel Islands National Park established a bald eagle webcam on their website in 2007.[4]

Coordinates: 340058N 1194814W / 34.01611N 119.80389W / 34.01611; -119.80389

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Atheism – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Feb 072016

Atheism is rejecting belief that there is a god.[1][2] It is the opposite of theism, which is the belief that at least one god exists. A person who rejects belief in gods is called an atheist.

Atheism is not the same as agnosticism. Agnostics say that there is no way to know whether gods exist or not.[3] Being an agnostic does not have to mean a person rejects or believes in god. Some agnostics are theists, believing in god. The theologian Kierkegaard is an example. Other agnostics are atheists.

Atheists often give reasons why they do not believe in a god or gods. Three of the reasons that they often give are the problem of evil, the argument from inconsistent revelations, and the argument from nonbelief. Not all atheists think these reasons provide complete proof that gods cannot exist, but they are reasons given to support rejecting belief that gods exist. Some atheists think there is no evidence for any god or gods and goddesses so believing any type of theism means believing unproved assumptions. These atheists think a simpler explanation for everything is methodological naturalism which means that only natural things exist. Occam’s razor shows simple explanations without many unproved guesses are more likely to be true.[4]

The word atheism comes from the Greek language. It can be divided into a- (), a Greek prefix meaning “without”, and theos (), meaning “god”, and recombined to form “without gods”[6] or “godless”. In Ancient Greece it also meant “impious”.

Starting in about the 5th century BC, the word came to describe people who were “severing relations with the gods” or “denying the gods”. Before then, the meaning had been closer to “impious”. There is also the abstract noun, (atheots), “atheism”.

Cicero transliterated the Greek word into the Latin atheos. This word was often used in the debate between early Christians and Hellenists. Each side used it to label the other, in a bad way.[7]

Karen Armstrong writes that “During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the word ‘atheist’ was still reserved exclusively for polemic … The term ‘atheist’ was an insult. Nobody would have dreamed of calling himself an atheist.”[8]Atheism was first used to describe an openly positive belief in late 18th-century Europe, meaning disbelief in the monotheistic Abrahamic god.[9] The 20th century saw the term expand to refer to disbelief in all deities. However, it is still common in Western society to describe atheism as simply “disbelief in God”.[10]

In many places, it is (or was) a crime to be make public the idea of atheism. Examples would be to claim the Bible or Qur’an could not be true, or to speak or write that there is no god.[11]

Muslim apostasy, that is becoming an atheist or believing in a god other than Allah, may be a dangerous act in places with many conservative Muslim people. Many religious courts have punished and some still punish this act with the death penalty. Many countries still have laws against atheism.[12][13][14]

Atheism is becoming more common,[15] mainly in South America, North America, Oceania and Europe (by percentage of people that had a religion before and started to be atheist).

In many countries, mainly in the Western world, there are laws that protect atheists’ right to express their atheistic belief (freedom of speech). This means that atheists have the same rights under the law as everyone else. Freedom of religion in international law and treaties includes the freedom to not have a religion.

Today, about 2.3% of the world’s population describes itself as atheist. About 11.9% is described as nontheist.[16] Between 64% and 65% of Japanese describe themselves as atheists, agnostics, or non-believers,[17][18] and up to 48% in Russia.[17] The percentage of such people in European Union member states ranges between 6% (Italy) and 85% (Sweden).[17]

People disagree about what atheism means. They disagree on when to call certain people atheists or not.

Atheism has sometimes been described as someone not believing in God. This is very general. It includes people who have never heard about God, but would believe in God if they did learn about God.

George H. Smith created the expressions “implicit atheism” and “explicit atheism” to describe the difference between different types of Atheism. Implicit Atheism is when you do not believe in God because you do not know about God. Explicit Atheism is when you do not believe in God after learning about God.

In 1772, Baron d’Holbach said that “All children are born Atheists; they have no idea of God”.[19]

In 1979 George H. Smith said that: “The man who is unacquainted with theism is an atheist because he does not believe in a god. This category would also include the child [who is able to] grasp the issues involved, but who is still unaware of those issues. The fact that this child does not believe in god qualifies him as an atheist”.[20]

These two quotes describe Implicit Atheism.

Ernest Nagel disagrees with Smith’s definition of atheism as an “absence of theism”, saying only explicit atheism is true atheism.[21] This means that Nagel believes that to be an Atheist, a person needs to know about God and then reject the idea of God.

Philosophers like Antony Flew,[22] Michael Martin,[10] and William L. Rowe[23] have looked at strong (sometimes called positive) atheism against weak (sometimes called negative) atheism. According to this idea, anyone who does not believe in a god or gods is either a weak or a strong atheist.[24]

Strong Atheism is the certain belief that no god exists. An older way of saying Strong Atheism is to say “Positive Atheism” Weak atheism is all other forms of not believing in a god or gods. An older way of saying Weak Atheism is to say “Negative Atheism” These terms have been used more in philosophical writing[22] and in Catholic beliefs.[25] since at least 1813.[26][27] Under this definition of atheism, most Agnostics are Weak Atheists.

Michael Martin says that agnosticism includes weak atheism.[10] Some agnostics, including Anthony Kenny, disagree. They think being an agnostic is different from being an atheist. They think atheism is no different from believing in a god, because both require belief. This overlooks the reality that agnostics also have their own belief or “claim to knowledge” [28]

Agnostics say that it cannot be known if a god or gods exist. In their view, strong atheism requires a leap of faith. The mathematician W. K. Clifford wrote an essay called The Ethics of Belief.[29] In this essay, Clifford shows some examples how people can believe in things which go against what they see or feel. One of these examples is a story of a ship captain who transports immigrants. The immigrants have to pay to be able to go on the ship. The ship is old and needs to be fixed badly. The captain thought about fixing the ship, but then decided not to. The captain told himself that the ship has safely made many trips and survived many storms before. The captain thought the ship would be okay without being fixed, so he had no need to be scared. Unfortunately the ship sinks, and all die. The shipowner is greedy and takes the money the insurance pays for the ship. According to Clifford, the captain did something that is wrong. When he made himself believe there were no problems with the ship, he did this because he is greedy. Even if the ship had made its trip safely, the captain would have done something that is wrong. According to Clifford, it is always wrong to believe something without enough reasons.[3]

Atheists usually respond by saying that there is no difference between an idea about religion with no proof, and an idea about other things[30] The lack of proof that god does not exist does not mean that there is no god, but it also does not mean that there is a god.[31] Scottish philosopher J. J. C. Smart says that “sometimes a person who is really an atheist may describe herself, even passionately, as an agnostic because of unreasonable generalised philosophical skepticism which would preclude us from saying that we know anything whatever, except perhaps the truths of mathematics and formal logic.”[32] So, some popular atheist authors such as Richard Dawkins like to show the difference between theist, agnostic and atheist positions by the probability assigned to the statement “God exists”.[33]

In everyday life, many people define natural phenomena without the need of a god or gods. They do not deny the existence of one or more gods, they simply say that this existence is not necessary. Gods do not provide a purpose to life, nor influence it, according to this view.[34] Many scientists practice what they call methodological naturalism. They silently adopt philosophical naturalism and use the scientific method. Their belief in a god does not affect their results.[35]

Practical atheism can take different forms:

Theoretic atheism tries to find arguments against the existence of god, and to disprove the arguments of Theism, such as the argument from design or Pascal’s Wager. These theoretical reasons have many forms, most of them are ontological or epistemological. Some rely on psychology or sociology.

According to Immanuel Kant, there can be no proof of a supreme being that is made using reason. In his work, “Critique of pure reason”, he tries to show that all attempts of either proving the existence of God, or disproving it, end in a logical contradictions. Kant says that it is impossible to know whether there are any higher beings. This makes him an agnostic.

Ludwig Feuerbach published The Essence of Christianity in 1841.[37] In his work he postulates the following:

The following phrases sum up Feuerbach’s writing:

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Gainesville, GA Internet Marketing Company | Full Media

 SEO  Comments Off on Gainesville, GA Internet Marketing Company | Full Media
Feb 052016

Headquartered in Gainesville, Georgia, Full Media is an Internet marketing company that focuses on professional website design and search engine optimization (SEO) services. We help companies and organizations of all sizes increase their online exposure through SEO, e-mail marketing, online advertising, responsive web design and custom programming.

As a local Internet marketing company, we are committed to driving real results for our clients through these areas of expertise:

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) Whether your need an SEO audit or monthly engagement to drive more qualifed traffic to your website, Full Media can help. Our Internet marketing experts work with small and mid-sized businesses to leverage their online presence to increase leads and grow their business.

Responsive Design Gainesville’s small and mid-size businesses deserve affordable, professional website design and custom programing. From an e-Commerce design or aninformation-based website that discusses your services and competitive advantage, our team of graphic designers, project managers and website programmers can help.

Located in the heart of Gainesville at 427 Oak Street NW, we take pride in personally knowing many of our clients and driving by their place of business. Our doors are always open to anyone throughout North Georgia who wants to receive more qualified website leads.

If you are ready for a professional approach to your website and online marketing, contact us today and speak to one of our team members about how Full Media can help.

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Florida Beaches – Best Beaches in Florida

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Feb 032016

As the only state with two coasts, the Florida beaches are a dime a dozen. A beach in Florida can be a bit of heaven. Many who visit Florida and Miami Beach travel to enjoy the azure surf and palm beaches that are like nowhere else on earth. From Americas #1 Beach to a nude beach favorite of supermodels, the top beaches here have it all.

Best Florida Beaches

Some of the best beaches in Florida are on the East side of the state as Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and Daytona Beach are located there. Known for its open and uncluttered beaches, Fort Lauderdale offers a beach community that is great for those who love to stroll on the beach or lay on the sand. The map of Florida beaches shows the great array of places to relax during a trip to the Sunshine State.

Miami Beaches

The heart of Florida tourism is Miami Beachs trendy South Beach. Supermodels and celebrities who visit Florida sunbathe at Lummus Park Beach, a swath of star-studded white sands from the citys 5th to 15th Street. The 12th Street stretch is a very popular gay and muscle beach area. To get an all-over tan, head further north to the clothing-optional Haulover Beach.

Florida Beaches

Key to Paradise

In Miamis Key Biscayne youll find the key to paradise at Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park, rated as one of Americas top swimming beaches, with over a mile of beautiful sandy beach, nature trails, and a historic lighthouse. The lighthouse has a cultural complex that offers guided tours and other activities for visitors.

Shoreline fishing from the seawall requires a Florida license. Shaded picnicking is available under covered pavilions, and you can moor your boat overnight. Pets are restricted in some areas.

Nearby Virginia key is another secluded gem, a deserted key where you can get away from it all.

However, don’t dismiss the West Florida beaches. The Florida Keys beaches are frequented by travelers around the world and don’t forget Clearwater.

Best Beach in Florida and America

Dr. Stephen Leatherman, otherwise known as “Dr. Beach” authors an annual list of Americas Best Beaches, and at the top is North Beach at St. Petersburgs Fort DeSoto Park. This natural jewel is a long, wide, sugar sand beach with great shelling and thriving natural dunes.

Along with being a wonderful place to swim, there’s fishing, boating, canoeing, kayaking, bird watching, biking, walking, and even a dog park. The beach offers modern changing rooms and restrooms and plenty of parking.

The free park, located on Mullet Key at the mouth of Tampa Bay on the Gulf of Mexico, is made up of five islands with a total of over 7 miles of beaches, 4 miles of trails, a 2.25-mile canoe trail, and a 900-acre bird, animal, and plant sanctuary.

Its namesake 105-year-old Spanish-American War-era fort is listed on National Register of Historic Places, and has a museum that’s open daily from 9am to 4pm. Park rangers conduct nature and history tours. You can also rent canoes and kayaks to explore the winding mangrove channels along the bay side. The park’s campground sites beside Tampa Bay are some of the most lovely in Florida.

Clearly Marvelous

North of Clearwater, Caladesi Island State Park is on a 3.5-mile islet, accessible only by ferry. The park is made up of soft sand dunes covered in sea oats and palmettos, and is brimming with wildlife. Offshore dolphins and sea turtles swim offshore. On shore, where pets are restricted, youll find shore birds, rabbits, raccoons, snakes, and armadillos from the parks nature trail.

This is among the best beaches in Florida and an ideal spot for bird watching, shell collecting, and saltwater fishing. Amenities include picnic pavilions, bathhouses, refreshment concessions, and an overnight marina.

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NATO – Vikipeedia, vaba entsklopeedia

 NATO  Comments Off on NATO – Vikipeedia, vaba entsklopeedia
Feb 012016

Phja-Atlandi Lepingu Organisatsioon (ingl North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), pr Organisation du Trait de l’Atlantique Nord (OTAN)) on sjaline liit, millele pandi alus 4. aprillil 1949 Phja-Atlandi lepingu ehk Washingtoni lepinguga. NATO krgeim organ on Phja-Atlandi Nukogu, mida juhib NATO peasekretr. Organisatsioon phineb kollektiivkaitsel, lbi mille liikmesriigid nustuvad vlise rnnaku korral vastastikust kaitset osutama. NATO peakorter asub Brsselis. Viimati laienes NATO 2009. aastal, kui liitusid Albaania ja Horvaatia. Lisaks liikmesriikidele osaleb NATO rahupartnerlusprogrammis veel 22 riiki. NATO liikmesriikide kaitsekulutused kokkuliidetuna moodustavad le 70 protsendi kogu maailma kaitsekulutustest.[1] Igal liikmesriigil on kohustus investeerida SKT-st riigikaitsesse vhemalt kaks protsenti, peale Eesti tidavad seda reeglit veel Kreeka, USA ja hendkuningriik.[2]

Kuni Korea sjani oli NATO peaasjalikult poliitiline organisatsioon. Militaarstruktuur ehitati les USA juhtimisel. Klma sja kigus tekkinud vastasseis viis 1955. aastal rivaalitseva organisatsiooni, nn Varssavi pakti ehk Varssavi Lepingu Organisatsiooni asutamiseni, mis oli Ida-Euroopa kommunistlike riikide sjalis-poliitiline organisatsioon. Samal ajal olid Euroopa riikide ja USA vahelised suhted ebastabiilsed ning kaheldi NATO kaitses Nukogude Liidu rnnaku korral. Need kahtlused viisid Prantsusmaa iseseisva tuumarelvastuse vljaarendamiseni ning 1966. aastal vljus Prantsusmaa jrgmiseks kolmekmneks aastaks NATO sjalisest tiivast. Prast Berliini mri langemist 1989. aastal oli organisatsioon segatud Jugoslaavia lagunemisse, NATO esimesed sjalised operatsioonid toimusid Bosnia sjas aastatel 19921995. Endiste Varssavi pakti riikidega tekkisid aga head suhted ning paljud neist astusid 1999. ja 2004. aastal NATO-sse, nende hulgas ka Eesti.

NATO artikkel 5, mille kohaselt ksitletakse he liikme rndamist rnnakuna kogu alliansi vastu, on aktiveerunud vaid hel korral prast 11. septembri terrorirnnakuid 2001. aastal USA-s[3] ning NATO ved saadeti Afganistani. Prast seda on NATO lbi viinud mitmesuguseid operatsioone, niteks osalenud Liiba-vastastes hurnnakutes ja piraatlusevastastes operatsioonides. Artikkel number 4, mis tagab kikidele liikmesriikidele iguse sjalisele konsultatsioonile, on kivitunud neljal korral: 2003. aastal kivitas selle Trgi seoses Iraagi sjaga, 2012. aastal kivitas Trgi selle kahel korral seoses Sria sjaga ning 2014. aastal kivitas artikli number 4 Poola seoses 2014. aasta Krimmi kriisiga.[4]

NATO peasekretr on alates 1. oktoobrist 2014 Jens Stoltenberg. Enne teda oli 20092014 peasekretr Anders Fogh Rasmussen. Aastatel 20042009 oli NATO peasekretr Jaap de Hoop Scheffer.

NATO lepingu eelkijaks loetakse 1948. aastal Belgia, Hollandi, Luksemburgi, Prantsusmaa ja hendkuningriigi vahel slmitud Brsseli pakti, mis viis samal aastal Lneliidu loomisele, mis oli sjajrgse Euroopa esimene sjalis-poliitiline organisatsioon.[5] Aga USA osalust peeti oluliseks ning lbirkimised uue sjalise liidu loomiseks algasid peaaegu kohe. Phja-Atlandi leping (ehk Washingtoni leping) allkirjastati 4. aprillil 1949 Washingtonis ning leping justus sama aasta 24. augustil. Lisaks Brsseli pakti viiele osapoolele osalesid ka USA, Kanada, Portugal, Itaalia, Norra, Taani ja Island.[6] Osapooled leppisid kokku, et rnnakut neist he vastu ksitletakse rnnakuna nende kigi vastu. Rnnaku alla sattunud liikmesriiki pidid kik teised abistama, kuid konkreetne meetod ji igahe enda otsustada: leping ei ninud tingimata ette sjalist aktsiooni agressori vastu.[7]

Toona ei olnud NATO-l poliitilist struktuuri, htset sjalist juhtimist ja spetsiaalselt alliansi kaitseks mratud vgesid, kuid Korea sja puhkemine 1950. aastal ilmestas ohtu, mida kujutasid koosttavad kommunistlikud riigid, ning see sundis NATO-t vlja ttama konkreetseid sjalisi plaane.[8] Seda td alustati 1951. aastal Dwight D. Eisenhoweri juhtimisel.[9] 1952. aastal peeti Lissabonis kohtumine eesmrgiga leida vahendid NATO kaitseplaanide titmiseks. Sama aasta septembris algasid esimesed NATO sjalised ppused, kus harjutati Taani ja Norra kaitsmist merel.[10] Samuti astusid 1952. aastal alliansi liikmeteks ka Kreeka ja Trgi.

1954. aastal avaldas Nukogude Liit soovi NATO-ga hineda, tagamaks rahu Euroopas. See ettepanek lkati tagasi, kuna selles nhti soovi alliansi nrgestada.[11]

17. detsembril 1954 veti vastu dokument nimega MC 48, milles stestati, et sja puhkedes Nukogude Liiduga vib NATO kasutada aatomipommi, kskik kas Nukogude Liit kasutab seda esimesena vi mitte. See andis NATO Euroopa liitlasvgede lemjuhatajale (SACEUR Supreme Allied Commander Europe) samasugused igused tuumarelvade ksitlemiseks nagu olid USA hujudude lemjuhatajal.

Lne-Saksamaa inkorporeerimist NATO-sse 9. mail 1955 kirjeldas Norra tollane vlisminister Halvard Lange kui “meie kontinendi ajaloo otsustavat prdepunkti”.[12] Selle otsuse peamine phjus oli see, et ilma Saksamaata poleks Nukogude Liidu invasioonile olnud piisavalt judu vastu astuda.[13] Otsese vastusena sellele kigule loodi Varssavi pakt, mille allkirjastasid 14. mail 1955 Nukogude Liit, Ungari, Tehhoslovakkia, Bulgaaria, Poola, Rumeenia, Albaania ja Ida-Saksamaa. Klma sja osapooled olid seega vlja joonestatud.

1957. aastal korraldati alliansi siiani kige ambitsioonikam sjaline ppus: kolmel samal ajal toimunud operatsioonil osales htekokku le 250 000 mehe, 300 laeva ja 1500 husiduki Norrast Trgini.[14]

NATO htsus pandi proovile Prantsusmaa presidendi Charles de Gaulle’i valitsemisajal.[15] De Gaulle protesteeris USA juhirolli vastu ning selle vastu, mida ta tlgendas Ameerika hendriikide ja hendkuningriigi eriliste suhetena. President Dwight D. Eisenhowerile ja peaminister Harold Macmillanile saadetud kirjas 17. septembril 1958 nudis ta alliansi kolmepoolset juhtimist, kus Prantsusmaa oleks Ameerika ja Suurbritanniaga vrdvrsel positsioonil.[16] Kui reageering ji de Gaulle’i jaoks ebarahuldavaks, otsustas ta hakata Prantsusmaa kaitsejude arendama lejnud alliansist sltumatult. De Gaulle’i eesmrgiks oli vimalus sjaolukorras idablokiga eraldi rahu slmida, kaasamata end laiemasse NATO ja Varssavi pakti riikide vahelisse stta.[17] Mrtsis 1959 veti NATO vejuhatuse alt ra Prantsuse Vahemere laevastik ning keelduti lubamast rajada Gallia pinnale tuumarelvade ladu.

Kuigi Kuuba kriisi ajal 1962. aastal nitas Prantsusmaa lejnud NATO suhtes les solidaarsust, jtkas de Gaulle iseseisva kaitse planeerimist. 1966. aastal viis Prantsusmaa kik oma ved NATO integreeritud sjalise juhtimise alt ra ning kigil NATO vrvgedel paluti riigist lahkuda. Prantsusmaa ji siiski NATO liikmeks. Aastast 2001 on Prantsusmaa osalenud Afganistani operatsioonis ning hakanud taas liikuma tieliku integreerumise suunas.

Klm sda ei viinud kunagi reaalse relvakonfliktini NATO ja Varssavi pakti riikide vahel. 1969. aasta lpul algasid Helsingis lbirkimised strateegilise relvastuse piiramise le. Lbirkimiste tulemusena valmisid kaks kokkulepet, millest ks ksitles raketitrjessteemide rajamist ja teine strateegilise relvastuse piiramist. Mais 1978 defineerisid NATO liikmesriigid alliansi kaks eesmrki: tagada turvalisus ja taotleda pingeldvendust vastaspoolega. See pidi thendama ka vidurelvastumise edasist ohjeldamist.[18] 1979. aastal Varssavi pakti tuumavimekuse suurenemise valguses vttis NATO vastu otsuse sjatandri tuumajudude kahesuunalise kasutamise kohta.[19]

1990. aasta juulis kuulutati Londoni tippkohtumisel klm sda lppenuks ning NATO kaotas de facto peamise vaenlase. Organisatsiooni eesmrk ja olemus vajasid mberhindamist, Londonis visandati ettepanekud koost vljaarendamiseks Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa riikidega poliitilises ja sjalises tegevuses. Jrgmise aasta tippkohtumisel Roomas kiideti heaks alliansi strateegiline kontseptsioon, mis ngi ette sltuvuse vhendamise tuumarelvadest ja oluliste muudatuste tegemise NATO hendvgedes.[20]

Aastatel 19941997 NATO laienes ja uuendas oma tegevusvaldkondi, niteks loodi koostprogramm “Partnerlus rahu nimel” ning alliansiga kutsuti liituma sellised endised idabloki riigid nagu Poola, Tehhi Vabariik ja Ungari. Praha tippkohtumisel 2002. aastal kiitsid NATO liikmesriigid heaks alliansi ajaloo suurima laienemise, kus esitati kutsed liitumislbirkimistele seitsmele riigile, sh Eestile.

Prast 2001. aasta 11. septembri terrorirnnakuid kuulutas NATO vlja artikkel 5 operatsiooni USA toetuseks. Sellega muudeti NATO kohalikest, liikmesriikide maa-ala kaitsmise hendusest leilmsete (globaalsete) eesmrkidega liiduks, mille philesandeks sai sjaliste operatsioonide lbiviimine vljaspool oma maa-ala. Seetttu pole NATO valmis liikmesriikide maa-ala kaitsmiseks ning Venemaa kasvava sjalise ju tasakaalustamiseks Ida-Euroopas ja Baltikumis.[21]

2009. aastal sai heakskiidu Brsselis toimunud NATO kaitseministrite kohtumisel NATO reageerimisjudude (NATO Responce Force, NRF) NRF-i mudel, mis phineb suurel mral Suurbritannia initsiatiivil varem vlja pakutud NRF-i sisese kriisireguleerimisksuse ASF (Allied Solidarity Force) olulistel elementidel hine planeerimine ja vljape, solidaarne rahastamismudel, suur nhtavus avalikkusele ning usutav heidutusvime. NRF-i tuumikuks sai ligi 13 000-meheline ksus, mis on 510 pevaga valmis siirduma kriisipiirkonda. Lisaks sellele mratavad liikmesriigid tiendavad 1030-pevases valmisolekus olevad veksused[22].

Seoses majandussurutisega seisis NATO ksimuse ees, kuidas silitada kaitsevimet kokkuhoiu oludes. NATO peasekretr Anders Fogh Rasmussen ti kasutusse “targa kaitse” miste, mis thendab kaitsestruktuuride tihedamat integreerimist. Selle niteks on ka Balti riikide huturve.[23]

2012. aasta Chicago tippkohtumise heks pevakorrapunktiks oli NATO laienemine. Praegu ootavad seda neli riiki: Bosnia ja Hertsegoviina, Montenegro, Gruusia ja endine Jugoslaavia Makedoonia Vabariik.[23]

Prast Eesti taasiseseisvumist 1991. aastal iseloomustas olukorda riigikaitselise kogemuse puudus. Alustati alles sjaveliste struktuuride loomist, millest esimesena taastati kodanikualgatuse korras Kaitseliit.[24] Aga paika tuli panna ka laiemad visioonid. Riigikaitse peatkk veti peaaegu muutmata kujul le 1938. aasta phiseadusest, kuid arutati isegi Eesti muutmist demilitariseeritud riigiks. Tnapeval arvavad phiseaduse asjatundjad, et tollal ei osatud hinnata kollektiivse enesekaitse thtsust rahvusvahelistes suhetes.[25] 1992. aasta valimiste jrel moodustatud valitsuse poliitika oli idast lnde mberorienteerumine. 1994. aastal ksitles president Lennart Meri oma knes esmakordselt Euroopa Liidu ja NATO-ga integreerumist. Siiski ngid paljud poliitikud pdlusi NATO-ga liituda kui perspektiivitut projekti, mis rikuks Eesti neutraliteeti.[25]

Eesti alustas osalemist rahvusvahelistes operatsioonides 1995. aastast.[26] Kaitsejudude rahvusvaheline koost sai raamistiku NATO vlja ttatud rahupartnerlusprogrammiga, mis oli meldud Kesk- ja Ida- Euroopa riikidega poliitilise ja sjalise koost arendamiseks. Esmakordselt fikseeriti NATO-ga liitumise eesmrk 1996. aastal. 1999. aastast hakkas Eesti titma NATO liikmesuse tegevuskava ning 2002. aasta novembris Praha tippkohtumisel esitati Eestile kutse liitumislbirkimistele NATO-ga hinemiseks.[24] Liitumislbirkimised algasid 2003. aasta jaanuaris ning sama aasta mrtsis allkirjastasid NATO liikmesriigid Eesti Phja-Atlandi lepinguga liitumise protokolli. 10. mrtsil 2004 ratifitseeris Riigikogu NATO Phja-Atlandi lepingu koos kigi lisadega. Eestist sai NATO tieiguslik liige 29. mrtsil 2004, kui hinemiskirjad anti Ameerika hendriikide valitsuse ktte hoiule.[27]

2007. aastal esitas Eesti soovi korraldada NATO vlisministrite mitteametlik kohtumine. Kohtumine toimus 22.23. aprillil 2010 Tallinnas, kohtumisel osalesid teiste hulgas USA riigisekretr Hillary Clinton ja Euroopa vgede lemjuhataja Stavridis. Kohtumisel langetati otsus anda Bosnia ja Hertsegoviinale liikmesuse tegevusplaan.[28]

Prast 2007. aasta aprillirahutusi toimunud kberrnnakud Eesti veebiserverite vastu tstsid esile NATO riikide haavatavuse kommunikatsioonissteemide kaudu ning arutama hakati NATO kberkaitse poliitikat. 14. mail 2008 asutati Tallinnas NATO kberkaitsekoost keskus.[29]

Seoses Venemaa agressiooniga Ukrainas 2014. aastal paigutati NATO liitlasved Ida-Euroopa piiririikidesse. Eestisse saabus 150 USA maavelast ning Taani hvitajad baseeruvad psivalt Eesti lennubaasis. See on esimene kord, kui NATO liitlased Eestisse pikemaks ajaks jvad. Peaminister Taavi Rivase snul on Eesti valmis vrustama tiendavaid NATO vgesid.[30][31][32][33]

Praegu hoolitseb Eesti huruumi valvamise eest Saksamaa lennusalk.[34] Eestisse on paigutatud kolm radariposti, mille radarid katavad kogu Eesti ja Eestit mbritseva huruumi htse radaripildiga. Seda peetakse heks Eesti pikaajalise sjalise kaitse arengukava olulisemaks arenduseks.[35]

Juulis 2006 teatas NATO peasekretr Jaap de Hoop Scheffer Euroopat kaitsva raketikilbi rajamise kavatsusest. 18. septembril 2006 slmiti esimesed lepingud raketikilbi komponente tootvate firmadega.

Raketikilbi eesmrgiks on Iraanist ja Phja-Koreast tulevate raketirnnakute trjumine. Venemaa juhtkonna arvates on raketikilbi lepe suunatud Venemaa vastu ja on hvardanud sjaliste meetmetega raketikilbi rajamise korral Venemaa piiride lhedale.

20. augustil 2008 kirjutasid Ameerika hendriikide riigisekretr Condoleezza Rice ja Poola vlisminister Radek Sikorski alla lepingule millega Poola nustus lubama oma pinnale USA globaalse raketitrjessteemi komponente. [36]. 2009. aastal teatas USA president Barack Obama siiski, et raketikilbi osasid Poola ja Tehhi Vabariigi territooriumile ei tule.[37] Uus plaan neb hoopis ette Poola territooriumile AEGIS ssteemidega laevade paigutamise.[38]

Lisaks liikmete kaitsmisele sjalise rnnaku korral on NATO osalenud ka konfliktide ohjeldamises mujal maailmas, niteks Jugoslaavia kodusjas. Samuti toimub dialoog ja koost riikidega, mis ei ole NATO liikmed.

Alates 1. aprillist 2009 on NATO liikmeid 28.

Liikmesriigid liitumisaastati:

NATO krgeim organ on Phja-Atlandi Nukogu (North Atlantic Council, NAC), mille esimees ja organisatsiooni poliitiline juht on NATO peasekretr, kes koordineerib liikmesriikide tegevust, on organisatsiooni peamine kneisik ning juhib NATO sekretariaadi td.

Peasekretr on ka:

Kui traditsiooniliselt valitakse peasekretri ametisse Euroopa esindaja, siis NATO Euroopa liitlasvgede lemjuhataja mravad Ameerika hendriigid.

NATO sjaline vestruktuur koosneb liikmesriikide alaliselt vi kindla operatsiooni jaoks NATO ksutusse antud sjalistest ksustest ja staapidest. NATO sjaline juhtimisstruktuur katab strateegilise ja regionaalse tasandi ning on meldud eelkige liikmesriikide eri veliikide hendoperatsioonide juhtimiseks, siis vestruktuuri koosseisu kuuluvad taktikalise tasandi staabid, mis on meldud he veliigi operatsioonide juhtimiseks.

Vestruktuur koosneb kaht tpi ksustest: paiksed ksused (In-Place Forces, IPF) ja mberpaigutatavad ksused (Deployable Forces, DF). mberpaigutatavad ksused on meldud kigiks NATO operatsioonitpideks ja on valmis tegutsema kogu alliansi territooriumil ning ka vljaspool seda. Paiksed ksused on meldud kollektiivkaitse operatsioonideks oma riigi piirides vi selle lhedal.

Vestruktuuri kuuluvad veosad on grupeeritud vastavalt nende valmisolekule reageerimiseks:

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Swimming Beaches in Illinois | USA Today

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Jan 242016

See city views while swimming at a Chicago beach. (Photo: Thinkstock Images/Comstock/Getty Images )

Whether your travels take you to the city of Chicago or beyond, spend a warm summer day swimming at one of several destinations across Illinois. From the city beaches on the shores of Lake Michigan located within walking distance of many urban amenities to the 600-foot beach on Lake Le-Aqua-Na in rural northwest Illinois, swimming enthusiasts have many choices of places to make a splash.

In the city of Chicago (, swim for free at one of several beaches located along 26 miles of lakefront shoreline. With lifeguards on duty during the summer season, swimming is permitted in 15 designated areas. Parking is limited or requires a fee at most beaches, so city officials advise using public transportation whenever possible. North of the city, visit Leone Beach near Evanston or Montrose Beach near Chicago Lakeshore Hospital. Swim near the heart of downtown Chicago at North Beach at Lincoln Park or 12th Street Beach near Soldier Field. Other city swimming beaches include Fargo; Foster; Calumet; Howard Street; Jarvis Avenue; Oak Street; Rainbow; and South Shore Beach. Dogs are permitted at four beaches within the Chicago Park District.

With 39,600 feet of beach access, Illinois Beach State Park ( has the longest public swimming area of any state park. The 4,160-acre park located on the shores of Lake Michigan has picnic areas for spreading out a meal after a day in the water and nearby hiking trails extending up to five miles. Lifeguards are not present at the park’s beaches, but parking is plentiful for visitors planning to spend the day swimming. Overnight camping at 241 sites is open to visitors of Illinois Beach State Park, and a resort also offers overnight accommodations for swimmers planning a multiday stay.

Travel to Lake Le-Aqua-Na State Park ( to swim on a 600-foot beach on the shores of the 40-acre lake in northwest Illinois. Olson Lake Beach is open to visitors to 3,092-acre Rock Cut State Park, with the 50-acre Olson Lake ideally suited for swimming. In central Illinois, head to 9,300-acre Clinton Lake State Recreation Area to spend the day swimming on a 1,000-foot white sandy beach bordering the lake. A designated swimming area is also open to visitors at 1,687-acre Moraine View State Recreation Area at the Black Locust picnic area on Dawson Lake. In southern Illinois, visit 1,302-acre Sam Dale Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area to swim on a large beach on the west side of the lake.

Swim at one of four public beaches on 11,100-acre Lake Shelbyville ( in central Illinois for a nominal daily fee. The Dam West Recreation Area, Sullivan Beach and Wilborn Creek Recreation Area all provide public swimming access to the lake, which is managed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers ( Wolf Creek State Park ( also provides swimming access on the northeastern shores of the lake and has picnic tables and barbecues located nearby. An outdoor aquatic center is also open during the summer months in Forest Park near the lake’s southwestern shores.

Michelle Hornaday lives in Edmonds, Washington and holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in English from Washington State University and a Master of Education from Northern Arizona University. She is currently a freelance writer for various websites.

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Crestview, FL – Crestview, Florida Map & Directions – MapQuest

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Jan 222016

Crestview is a city in Okaloosa County, Florida, United States. Crestviews name was chosen because of its location on the peak of a long woodland range between the Yellow and Shoal rivers which flow almost parallel on the east and west side of the City. It is the county seat of Okaloosa County. With an elevation of 235 feet (72m) above sea level, it is one of the highest points in the state; it receives 65 inches (1,700mm) of rainfall annually, the second-most of any city in the state of Florida, next to Fort Walton Beach with 69inches. The town was once known as “the icebox of Florida”, due to it having the coldest winters in the state. Today it goes by a more popular nickname as the “Hub City” of Northwest Florida. According to the U.S Census estimates of 2010, the city had a population of 18,987. Crestview is one of Florida’s fastest growing cities, residential developments, shopping, and land area to grow. It has, as of July 2007, become the largest city in Okaloosa County. In 2007, George Whitehurst, who had been mayor for nearly 20 years, resigned, leading to the election of David Cadle. Cadle had recently retired as the long-time director of the Crestview High School band, The Big Red Machine. As part of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure round, Crestview will experience further population growth as the U.S. Army’s 7th Special Forces Group relocates from Fort Bragg, North Carolina to a newly built cantonment facility on the northern end of the Eglin Air Force Base reservation, approximately six miles south of the city.

Crestview, FL – Crestview, Florida Map & Directions – MapQuest

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Plymouth County Beaches | Plymouth, MA | Destination …

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Jan 182016

Plymouth Beach

137 Warren Avenue

Take Rt. 3A south from Plymouth Center, about 2.5 miles. The Beach entrance is on your left just after passing Plimoth Plantation (137 Warren Ave). Restrooms and snack bar are located on the beach. There are signs posted regarding the area dogs are allowed in. No lifeguards after Labor Day. Read more about Plymouth Beach

Sandwich Street South end of Waterfront (off Union Street)

Stephens Field is located in Downtown Plymouth with entrances on Sandwich and Union streets. The park features playground, basketball court, baseball field and four tennis courts. Visitors can sit by the duck pond and enjoy a picnic, or take advantage of the small boat launch. Read more about Stephen’s Field Park

Standish Street

Great for lounging and walking. However, be mindful that this beach is extremely rocky. There is a port a potty off the beach and a small snack bar. Lifeguards Snack Bar Restrooms Basketball Courts Resident Stickered Parking Non-resident parking $10 daily, $15 weekends & holidays Read more about Rexhame Beach

Scusset Beach Road

Scusset Beach is located on Cape Cod Bay at the east end of the Cape Cod Canal. It is a popular swimming and year-round camping area. There are 98 sites with water and electric utilities for RV campers and 5 tent only campsites. For salt water anglers, the area offers a popular fishing pier, a 3000 foot breakwater and 1 1/2 miles of frontage along the canal. Read more about Scusset Beach

Taylor Avenue

This is a beautiful public beach, however there is very limited parking and a resident parking sticker is needed, no lifeguards, no dogs allowed and no restrooms. Please plan accordingly. Hours open are 9am-5pm. Take Rt. 3A south to Rocky Hill Road. Take a left onto the road, follow to end, take a left. Read more about White Horse Beach

State Road Route 3A

Ellisville Harbor offers views of a barrier beach, a sphagnum bog, forested upland, open meadows and, sometimes, small fishing boats. Recreation activities include walking, bird watching, beach combing, swimming and sightseeing. In fall and winter, harbor seals can often be seen just offshore. Read more about Ellisville Harbor State Park

Duxbury Beach Duxbury, MA

Coming from the north or south – Rt 3 to exit 11- take a right off the ramp- go straight onto Rt 139 past the Duxbury police station at the fork in the road bear left for 2 miles. At the intersection, go straight across, go 3 miles- there will be a large green highway sign on your right with an arrow pointing to Duxbury Beach- go right- follow to the end of the road.

213 Nantasket Ave

Open year-round, dawn to dusk. Lifeguards on duty from late June to early September. Nantasket Beach has been a popular summer destination for city dwellers since the middle of the 19th century. The historic Paragon Carousel evokes memories of the area’s amusement park history. Read more about Nantasket Beach

182 Onset Avenue Exit 1 off Rte. 25

Onset Beach, located in the Onset section of Wareham is a smooth, sandy beach with warm Buzzards Bay water. This area is popular, so be prepared for crowds. Amenities consist of a bandstand for summer events. Lifeguard – Food concession – Restrooms – Parking charge Read more about Onset Beach

3031 Cranberry Hwy

Its family fun for everyone at Southern New Englands only water park. Water Wizz! Surfs always up at the Muscle Beach Wave pool. Get wet n wild at Captain Kids Island! Or relax on the Lazy River. For the more adventurous, take the Pirates Plunge, challenge yourself on Squid Row or fly down Hurricane Hill. Only an hour from Boston and Providence. Near Buzzards Bay. 5 minutes off Rts. Read more about Water Wizz

Beach Street & Bay Ave

Lifeguards Resident Stickered Parking. Beach Street extension, Post office (dirt lot), Avon Street Beach accessible by Beach Street extension via boardwalk. Porta Potties Read more about Green Harbor Beach

Nelson Street Waterfront area (North end of Water Street)

The newly renovated Nelson Memorial Park is a popular destination for many Plymouth residents and visitors. Families with children will enjoy the playground and picnic area. There is also a new “splash pad” area where kids can cool off on hot summer days. Other features include a new small boat ramp and a bike path that follows the harbor to Hedge Road in North Plymouth. Read more about Nelson Memorial Park

Funding, in part, by the Massachusetts Office of Travel & Tourism, Plymouth County Development Council and the Town of Plymouth Promotions Fund.2012 Destination Plymouth County. All rights reserved. Powered by Shields Design Studio, Plymouth MA

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Beaches Near Pittsburgh, PA | USA Today

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Jan 162016

Pittsburghers looking for a beach escape have several options relatively close by. (Photo: Comstock/Comstock/Getty Images )

Situated in the mountains of southwestern Pennsylvania, the city of Pittsburgh doesn’t immediately bring to mind images of a day spend lounging on the sand. Fortunately for beach-craving Pittsburghers, however, several scenic lakefronts are located within close range of the city, and the boardwalks of the Jersey Shore and tranquil resorts of Delaware are an easy half-day’s drive away.

Drawing more than 1 million visitors a year, Moraine State Park is home to one of the finest lake beaches in Western Pennsylvania. The park is located just an hour north of Pittsburgh. Its biggest attraction, Lake Arthur, sports two sandy beaches along its 42 miles of shoreline. Swimming, windsurfing, and boating are all popular beach activities and boat rentals are available during the summer season. Even closer to Pittsburgh is Butler County’s Raccoon Creek State Park. Just 30 miles to the west of the city along Route 22, the park is home to a 500-foot, ADA-accessible lakefront beach open for swimming during the summer season.

Located 131 miles to the north of Pittsburgh along Interstate 79, Lake Erie is home to Preque Isle State Park, rated one of the country’s Top 100 Swimming Holes by “Conde Nast Traveler” magazine. This honor is hardly undeserved. The park’s seven miles of lifeguard-protected beaches offer some of Pennsylvania’s finest swimming, with family-friendly facilities like picnic tables, grills and changing rooms. The nearby ecological protection zone, crisscrossed by hiking paths, is home to 320 species of birds.

Delaware’s Atlantic coast offers sun-craving Pittsburghers an easy ocean escape. Rehoboth Beach, 350 miles to the southeast of Pittsburgh, is too far for a day trip but close enough for a long weekend at the shore. The most popular beach in Delaware, Rehoboth offers an oceanfront boardwalk, quaint shopping and a variety of accommodations ranging from from ocean-side condos to traditional clapboard cottages. Just south of Rehoboth, Dewey Beach draws a younger crowd with its renowned nightlife and party vibe.

The Atlantic coast of southern New Jersey is, like Delaware’s beaches, an approximately seven-hour drive from Pittsburgh. The Jersey Shore offers a diverse range of beaches, from Atlantic city’s famous casinos and urban boardwalk to Wildwood’s amusement parks and the calm Victorian beauty of Cape May. Visitors looking to escape signs of human development will appreciate the Sandy Hook Gateway National Recreation Area, which offers some of the area’s most pristine swimming and nature-watching beaches.

Paul Katz has been writing professionally since 2006. His diverse experiences include reporting on budget travel destinations for “Let’s Go Europe,” researching colonial American art for the Harvard Art Museums and publishing political commentary for Israel’s “Ha’aretz” newspaper. He holds a Bachelor of Arts in history and literature from Harvard.

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A Beach Within Reach – Pittsburgh Magazine – July 2005 …

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Jan 162016

Find a beach vacation within reach. Here are several with drive times under five hours.

By Roberta Mintz Levine

June 22, 2010

Photos by Michael D. McCumber and UnitedStatesEnvironmentalProtectionAgencyGreatLakesNationalProgramoffice

Squinting over endless sparkling water, the gulls swooping in for a snack; treading in gentle waves that tickle the shore; brushing sand from a peanut-butter sandwich; smelling that distinctive aroma of sun block; taking a long sunset walk, your feet sinking as you avoid sand castles that seem to disintegrate as soon as theyre built.

You dont have to drive all the way to the Jersey shore, Cape Cod or Myrtle Beach to experience the wonderful sensations of a lazy day at the beach. Theres big water much closer to home. Sand beaches on Lake Erie, the closest of the five Great Lakes, can be reached by car in as little as 2 1/2 hours from the Pittsburgh area, short enough for a day trip and interesting enough to inspire a longer trip along the shorelines in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York and even southern Ontario, Canada. There are as many days worth of beaches and charming resort towns to explore as you can spare.

OK, the Great Lakes are fresh-water, not salty like the Atlantic Ocean. So theres no salty smelland you probably dont get as sticky when you swim in a Great Lake. You also dont have to worry about a shark attack (there are none) or a jellyfish sting. Waves, too, are more family-friendly, gentlerunless, at least on the southern shores of Lake Erie, theres a big wind coming from the northwest that can drum up 10- and 12-foot waves.

Which brings up another lake-versus-ocean topic: There is surfing on Lake Erie and the other lakes. Insiders understand the conditions that can create surfable waves on these vast, inland fresh-water seas. Info:

Lake Erie is getting cleaner, notes Jane Beathard, a spokeswoman at the Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Lake Eries 9,910-square-mile surface area makes it the 11th largest lake in the world. Its also the most shallow of the Great Lakes (average depth 62 feet), and its the warmest. The warmth combined with high nutrient levels means Lake Erie also is a fine fishery. Perhaps the most important fact: Lake Eries shoreline is a whopping 871 miles long.

From our Southwestern Pennsylvania neighborhood, the most obvious way to Lake Erie is a beeline north on Interstate 79, a jog left of the city of Erie and a right onto the naturally occurring peninsula of Presque Isle State Park (translation from the French: presque isle means almost an island; scientific research has suggested that the peninsula moves one-half mile eastward each century, due to the forces of wind and water). Its a gorgeous day-use state park offering 10 guarded beaches that are open from 10 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. from Memorial Day weekend to Labor Day. Some have views of Eries industrial shoreline while others have views of the horizon, interrupted only by ships passing in the distance and splashing kids and adults close to shore. Each guarded beach has at least some of these amenities: parking, concession stands, bathrooms and changing areas. Other attractions include miles of trails for hikers and bikers, a 13.5-mile flat-loop multipurpose trail around the park thats particularly good for in-line skating. And then theres Presque Isles acclaimed sunset. Its pretty incredible, says Miranda Crotsley, environmental-education-specialist supervisor at Presque Isle. Something about the way the peninsula juts out into the lake gives Sunset Point, near Beach 10, a perfect, uninterrupted view.

People do come from all over to catch the sunset, Crotsley says.

Every Wednesday night through July 27, the Sunset Concert Series is presented on Beach 10 from 6:30 to 9 p.m., rain or shine. Featured acts include Mambo, Bruce Johnston, Jazz Trio and Sam Highman.

Other features of special interest include the historic Presque Isle Lighthouse, a 74-foot tower built in 1872 that flashes a white light. Nature lovers can enjoy the Isle, too. The peninsulas slow eastward movement has created a fascinating and diverse landscape that works as a natural laboratory for watching geological forces in motion.

At Stull Interpretive Center (817/833-0351) near Barracks Beach (Beach 1), exhibits show the way the sand spit is continuously shaped. Also there are displays of the birds (more than 320 species have been recorded) and other flora and fauna of this special region. Info: 814/833-7424 or

Just in case you cant bear to leave our Keystone State, theres another public beach on Lake Erie: Freeport Beach in North East Township (Halli Reid Park, Freeport Road-Route 89; township office, 814/725-8606). For swimming and picnicking, try the nearby North East Marina (814/725-8244,, operated by the state Fish and Boat Commission. And this is wine country: Five wineries and their vineyards are in the township (Info: 814/725-8606).

Want to be on a real island? Head northwest to Ohio, where you can board ferries to several islands on Lake Erie. Kelleys Islandat more than 4 square miles, the largest American island on Lake Eriecan be reached by a 20-minute ferry ride (419/798-9763, from a dock in Marblehead, Ohio.

Kelleys Island, part of Lake Erie Islands State Park, is quieter and more family-oriented than its neighbor town Put-in-Bay on South Bass Island, a popular summer resort. Kelleys Island has a swimming beach, six miles of hiking trails, summer nature programs, boating, fishing and campgrounds. Info:, or You dont actually have to leave Marblehead to get to a beachOhios East Harbor State Park on Marblehead peninsula contains the state systems largest campground and a 1,500-foot-long swimming beach. Info: 419/734-4424,

For an even more exotic island adventure via Ohio, go to Canada: Pelee Island in Lake Erie is the southernmost point on Canadas mainland, in Ontario province. A ferry runs May through September from Sandusky to Pelee Island; be sure to call the ferry service at 800/661-2220 or 519/724-2115 when planning your trip. The island boasts a host of fun and interesting sights and activities, including an organic farm; a winery; nature reserves with rare species, including the blue racer snake; a restored 1833 lighthouse; great bird-watching, excellent fishing; and miles of beaches. Info: 866/889-5203,, or

Back to Earthor the Ohio shoretraveling east toward Erie, you might take sample dips on beaches along the coast such as Century Park and Lakeview Beach in Lorain County. Or stop for a swim ingasp!Cleveland. Its an urban beach experience at Cleveland Lakefront State Park. Three swimming beachesEuclid Beach, 650 feet with a scenic observation pier; 900-foot Villa Angela, with bathhouse, scenic boardwalk and fitness trail; and adjacent Wildwood Park, which has a concession standrun along the Lake Erie shoreline. You can bike along a mile-long path between Euclid Beach and Villa Angela, and another half-mile to Wildwood. Info: 216/881-8141,

The shore goes on and on. Traveling east, shoreline highlights include Headlands Beach State Park near Mentor, Ohio, with its mile-long natural sand beach and, thanks to long-ago glacier activity when this was the continental East Coast, its dunes are inhabited by plant species typically found only on the Atlantic seaboard. Recreational opportunities include hiking, fishing, a childrens playground and a sand beach amenable to beach-volleyball games. Headlands Dunes Nature Preserve at the east end of the park is a fine example of Lake Erie beach and dune communities in Ohio. Along the southern end of the park is Mentor Marsh State Nature Preserve, a National Natural Landmark with 644 acres of marsh-swamp-forest that includes a 5-mile hiking trail. Next to that is the 450-acre Mentor Lagoons Nature Preserve and Marina, the states newest nature preserve with more than five miles of nature trail and 1 1/2 miles of wild beachMentor Marsh Lagoons Beacha chance to see what Lake Eries shoreline would looked like if it had remained untouched. Info: 216/881-8141,

Geneva State Park has a beautiful 300-foot-long sand beach, and fishing and boating. You can enjoy the back-to-nature experience of camping there, or stay in style in the parks new Lodge at Geneva, operated by Ashtabula County, a lodge and conference center with a panoramic view of the lake, full-service restaurant and more than 100 rooms. Info: 800/801-9982, 440/466-8400,

For more action, the lodge is within a short walk of the resort town of Geneva on the Lake, which calls itself Ohios oldest resort. Summer activities include lakefront concerts, amusement-park rides on the entertainment strip and local winery tours (there are 17 wineries in Ashtabula County). Info: 800/862-9948,

The Lake Erie shoreline knows no boundaries. In other words: Its also in New York state, where youll find a few spots of sand before you get to Buffalo. Near Dunkirk, N.Y., is Lake Erie State Park, where high bluffs overlooking the lake afford breathtaking views of the lake, and migrating birds stop before they take off across the lake. The shoreline is more than three-quarters of a mile long; options include camping, hiking and a playground, among other amenities. Info: 716/792-9214,

Continuing northwest on the other side of Dunkirk is Evangola State Park, with an arc-shaped shoreline and natural sand beach edged by low shale cliffs. If you need a break from the water, theres camping, picnicking, baseball and soccer fields and tennis and basketball courts. Info: 716/549-1802,

The coast of Lake Erie takes a hairpin curve near Buffalo, where you can cross the Peace Bridge into Canada at the mouth of the Niagara River and explore the opposite shores of Lake Erie. Port Colborne, Ontario, a town of 19,000 thats about 30 minutes drive from Buffalo, is at the southern terminus of the Welland Canal and was built around the fishing and marine industry. The city also promotes its quaint charms and summer fun: golf courses, marinas and water sports, as well as events like a waterfront festival with tall ships, fireworks and heritage displays in August. Info: 905/835-2900,

Beaches here include: Sherkston Shores, which calls itself the ultimate beach resort, has more than 2 1/2 miles of sand beach, including Wyldewood Beach, and lots of recreation, such as mini-golf, a giant water slide and horseback riding. On Nickel Beach, with more than a mile of white sand, theres swimming, windsurfing, picnic areas and a concession stand. Other beaches include Centennial (Cedar Bay) Beach, which has an on-site washroom, and Long Beach in the Long Beach Conservation Area on Lakeshore Road, Wainfleet, which has an admission charge.

Then theres that other lake. From Buffalo, you could take a whole new tactic and head north to the next-nearest Great Lake: Lake Ontario. Although its the smallest of the Great Lakes in surface area, Lake Ontario is the second deepest, with an average depth of 283 feet. The name means beautiful lake in Iroquois, and its largely rural shoreline (except for a few large urban areas like Toronto) hosts many scenic resort areas. Lake Ontario is 325 feet below Lake Erie, not far from the base of Niagara Falls, so to get to Lake Ontario, you have to pass this Natural Wonder of the World. True, Niagara Falls is no place to swim, but it is awe-inspiring.

On the Canadian side as you head north, Lake Ontario makes its first appearance near the lovely Victorian town of Niagara-on-the-Lake, home of the Shaw (theater) Festival and many historic monuments and historic sites. A swimmable beach, however, can be rare on these shoresLake Ontario is usually very cold. Info: 905/468-1950.

If youre going to Canada, have two forms of identification, at least one with a photo ID and a proof of citizenship, such as a passport or birth certificate. Resident aliens must have a residency card. Have birth certificates for each child in the vehicle. If traveling with a child who is not in your immediate family, have a note or proof that the child has permission to cross the border with you.

A popular site for outdoor recreation is Port Dalhousie, pronounced de-lucy, near St. Catharines, a quaint old village about 20 minutes from Niagra-on-the-Lake with harbors, marinas and a beachfront mainly promoted as a place to walk, jog or swim. Info: 905/937-4783,

If you head west, youll find one of the best Lake Ontario swimming areas: Fifty Point Conservation Area in Stoney Creek, near Hamilton, Ontario. Some human intervention has created one of the warmest and cleanest beaches on the western end of Lake Ontario. Facilities include changing rooms, campgrounds, full marina facilities and the Landing Restaurant. The fishing is good, too: Try salmon fishing in Lake Ontario; charters are available. Info: 905/525-2187,

If you stay in the States, there is a string of state parks along the shores of Lake Ontario as you travel across the top of western New York toward Rochester. These include Fort Niagara, Four Mile Creek and Lakeside Beach (no swimming allowed) state parks, each with a variety of outdoor activities and amenities. Only Hamlin Beach State Park in Hamlin, N.Y., promotes swimming in the lake, with its clear-water, sandy beaches and a bluff area known as Devils Nose. Info: 585/964-2462,

These destinationsfrom Marblehead, Ohio, in the west; to St. Catharines, Ontario, in the north; to Hamlin, N.Y., in the eastmay feel like another world. But you can reach these exotic localesincluding wonderful beaches on sparkling endless waterin less time than it takes to get to most parts of the Atlantic Coast. Theres a reason these big bodies of water are called Great Lakes.

Even Closer to Home: Beaches on Little Waters

An afternoon at the beach? No sweat. Just point your vehicle in almost any direction from Pittsburgh and be basking on a sandy shore in an hour or two.

Lake Arthur, a 3,225-acre lake in Moraine State Park (225 Pleasant Valley Road, near Portersville, Butler County; 724/368-8811, has two swimming beaches: Pleasant Valley Day Beach on the south shore is a 1,200-foot-long turf and sand beach; and Lakeview Beach on the north shore is a 550-foot sand beach. Lifeguards at Lakeview Beach through Labor Day, showers, changing facilities and food concessions are at both beaches.

Go a little farther north, and you can swim in a 150-acre spring-fed glacier-formed lake: Sandy Lake (off Franklin Road, Stoneboro, Mercer County; Info: 724/376-3541). Its privately owned, but accessible for a small fee. Amenities include four diving boards, docks and boat launches for fishing or waterskiing, changing rooms and a small concession area.

Raccoon Creek State Park (3000 State Route 18, Hookstown, Beaver County; 724/899-2200, includes 101-acre Raccoon Lake, with an 800-foot, handicapped-accessible sand and turf beach thats lifeguarded to Labor Day; bathhouse and refreshments nearby.

Laurel Hill State Park (1454 Laurel Hill Park Road, Jefferson and Middlecreek townships, Somerset County; 814/445-7725, has a 1,200-foot sandy beach on its 63-acre Laurel Hill Lake, which is surrounded by pristine state forest lands. The beach is lifeguarded through Labor Day, and theres a snack bar nearby.

Crooked Creek Lake (7 miles south of Kittanning on Route 66, Bethel Township., Armstrong County; 724/763-2764, 724/76-3161, is operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The lake has a sandy peninsula beach at Tunnelville.

This year, we honor three people who represent vital aspects of our city’s heart while helping to propel it forward in three very different arenas: Karen Wolk Feinstein, Billy Porter, and Morgan O’Brien.

Enlightening, visually riveting and at times hauntingly beautiful, this collection of photos provides a multidimensional picture of pollutions effects on our environment and economy.

A solid menu, welcoming service and hip design make The Vandal one of the Top Openings of 2015.

Brandon Baltzley and his team of local and traveling chefs will collaborate for two nights of pop-up meals, both homage to classic red sauce Italian dishes.

Fences is the second of August Wilson’s works to be turned into a film.

A by-the-numbers (and nomenclature) look at winter weather in the ‘Burgh.

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A Beach Within Reach – Pittsburgh Magazine – July 2005 …

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Waldorf, Maryland – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Beaches  Comments Off on Waldorf, Maryland – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jan 142016

Waldorf is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Charles County, Maryland, United States. It is 23 miles (37km) south-southeast of Washington, D.C. The population of the census-designated area (now including the large planned community of St. Charles) was 67,752 at the 2010 census.[1] Waldorf was settled before 1900 as a rural crossroads with a train station and was called “Beantown” after a local family.

Waldorf’s original name was Beantown. During his post assassination flight, John Wilkes Booth told a road sentry he was headed to his home in Charles County near Beantown and was allowed to proceed.[2] In 1880, the General Assembly of Maryland by an act changed the name to “Waldorf” in honor of William Waldorf Astor (18481919), the great-grandson of John Jacob Astor (17631848), who was born in Walldorf, Palatinate, Germany.[3] On July 29, 1908, the city of Plumb Valley in Waseca County, Minnesota, changed its name to Waldorf after Waldorf, Maryland.[4]

Once a tobacco market village, Waldorf came to prominence in the 1950s as a gambling destination after slot machines were legalized in Charles County in 1949. The boom lasted until 1968 when gambling was once again outlawed.[5] Its subsequent substantial growth as a residential community began with a 1970 loan package from the Department of Housing and Urban Development which fueled the giant planned community of St. Charles, south of Waldorf.

St. Catharine, or the Dr. Samuel A. Mudd House, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[6]

Waldorf is predominantly a bedroom community for many residents who commute to work at other points in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area, especially personnel at Andrews Air Force Base. Waldorf’s local jobs are primarily in the service and sales industry. Nearby St. Charles Towne Center, a 2-story shopping mall, opened in 1988[7] and was remodeled in 2007. St. Charles Towne Center draws shoppers and diners from several Maryland counties, Washington, and parts of Virginia, causing Charles County to be promoted as the “shopping capital of Southern Maryland.”[citation needed]U.S. Route 301, the main highway through the town, boasts the “Waldorf Motor Mile,”[citation needed] with car dealerships located primarily along the northbound side. In 2005, Waldorf opened its third public high school (North Point High School),[8] which has advanced science/technology programs; the Capital Clubhouse 24-hour indoor sports complex and ice rink also opened that year.[9] A fourth public high school opened in 2014 called St. Charles High School.[10] Thomas Stone and Westlake High Schools are also located in Waldorf. Waldorf has a branch of the College of Southern Maryland. In 2006, plans were announced to build two more shopping centers, including one with high-end stores and an attractive “lifestyle” town center design layout.[citation needed] Ground was also broken to build an office park with mid-rise office buildings at the intersection of Western Parkway and Route 228 (Berry Road); the Residence Inn opened there in 2010, and another new hotel has opened across the road.[citation needed] The Southern Maryland Blue Crabs baseball team is also in Waldorf.

Waldorf is located at 383846N 765354W / 38.64611N 76.89833W / 38.64611; -76.89833 (38.646173, -76.898217).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 36.5 square miles (94.5km2), of which 36.2 square miles (93.8km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.7km2), or 0.72%, is water.[12]

Most of Waldorf is flat, particularly the eastern part of the city. There are small hills to the west, and much of the southern and eastern parts of the city are wetlands, featuring very diverse wildlife in ponds and streams. Waldorf is forested, mostly with oak and pine trees.

Even though Waldorf is a rapidly developing urbanized area, the community is surrounded by farms. These farms include:

Tobacco, once a dominant crop in Southern Maryland, has nearly disappeared as a crop grown by farmers, since most area farmers accepted buy-outs during the 1990s from the Maryland state government.

Waldorf’s neighbors are as follows: Prince George’s County (north), Bennsville (west), La Plata (south). On the east, from north to south there are Cedarville State Forest, Malcolm and Bryantown.

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Kppen Climate Classification system, Waldorf has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated “Cfa” on climate maps.[18]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 22,312 people, 7,603 households, and 5,991 families residing in the CDP. In the CDP, the population density was 1,746.0 people per square mile (674.1/km). There were 7,827 housing units at an average density of 612.5 per square mile (236.5/km). The racial makeup of the CDP was 61.11% White, 31.98% African American, 0.54% Native American, 2.59% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.91% of the population.

There were 7,603 households out of which 45.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 14.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 30.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 4.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $68,869, and the median income for a family was $71,439 (these figures had risen to $86,901 and $94,432 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[21]). Males had a median income of $45,293 versus $35,386 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $24,728. About 2.7% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.

The major routes in Waldorf are:

The Governor Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge on Route 301 provides a road connection from Waldorf to Virginia. Although the bridge is outmoded and narrow (2-lane), it is nevertheless used by some long-distance East Coast through-motorists as a travel alternative to Interstate 95/495 which often has major traffic backups (see Woodrow Wilson Bridge). In the years to come, due to traffic concerns, a bypass may be built through either western or eastern Waldorf, or the highway may continue on the same route through Waldorf with overpasses.[citation needed] This will give an interstate feel to the Waldorf area and ultimately take away traffic congestion to the north-south routes in Waldorf.

Public transportation is provided by Van-Go, a bus system administered by Charles County for most of the county, including Waldorf, and interconnecting to nearby St.Mary’s County Transit System buses.[22]MTA Maryland has four commuter routes (901, 903, 905, and 907, all operated by Dillons Transportation except the 903 which is serviced by Keller Transportation) that takes commuters to and from downtown Washington, D.C., and ridership is rapidly growing.[citation needed] Waldorf has seven park & ride lots served by MTA Maryland routes: two at St. Charles Towne Center, one at St. Charles Towne Plaza, one at Smallwood Drive and US 301, one on Mattawoman Beantown Road, one at Smallwood Village Center, and one at Regency Furniture Stadium.

Vehicular traffic in Waldorf is usually congested, and the state is still evaluating options for a U.S. Route 301 bypass around western Waldorf. Through Virginia and Maryland, US 301 along with U.S. Route 17 are used as alternate routes from I-95, due to I-95 vehicular traffic congestion.[citation needed] Due to Waldorf’s bedroom community nature and lack of any significant hometown industry, its highways can become very congested in the morning commutes north to Washington, and also on Friday through Sunday in every direction due to shoppers, many of them visiting from other counties. Much of the congestion is seen at the intersection of Route 228 and 301 and Community Drive, on Berry Road going westward to Western Parkway, near St. Patrick’s Drive, on Mall Circle surrounding St. Charles Towne Center, and on Smallwood Drive near the neighborhood of Carrington. Most vehicular traffic is in the southern areas of Waldorf.

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Waldorf, Maryland – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Astronomy – Star Gazing in Northern New Jersey

 Astronomy  Comments Off on Astronomy – Star Gazing in Northern New Jersey
Jan 112016

For thousands of years people have looked up at night into the void of outer space and gazed at the stars and planets.

In Northern New Jersey there are quite a few of these people as evidenced by the number of amateur astronomy clubs. With a current star chart and a good cloudless night, anyone can begin learning about the universe we live in. A star chart for your area can be found on the Internet or in your local paper. The New York Times publishes a star chart weekly in the Sunday edition that is good for the following week. Binoculars are an excellent next step for beginners who then may move on to a telescope.

In 2002 and 2003, a good subject for observation is Saturn. New Jersey and the rest of the Northern Hemisphere is tilted toward Saturn where it is high above the horizon, buildings and trees. Saturn’s light is passing though the least amount of atmosphere creating the perfect conditions for viewing. Last year, Mars, named for the Roman god of war, was prominent in the sky. Now Saturn, the bringer of wisdom, rules the night sky. Saturn has the most moons of any planet with more than twenty and was one of the first objects observed by Galileo through the newly invented telescope in 1610.

To Galileo, Saturn’s unusual shape presented a mystery until another astronomer, Christiaan Huygens, correctly identified Saturn as a sphere with disc-like rings around it. The space between the outermost and the inner ring is called the Cassini Division which was discovered in 1676. The spacecraft Pioneer 11 and Voyager 2 visited Saturn between 1979 and 1981. The Cassini-Huygens Satellite is on it’s way to Saturn and it’s moon Titan to begin orbiting Saturn on July 1, 2004.

The time Saturn takes to go once around the sun, a Saturn year, is a little more than 29 Earth years. The last time Saturn and it’s rings were in the same position was 1972. During the mid to late 1980’s, Saturn was very low in the sky and viewing was diminished by the haze of the Earth’s atmosphere.

This year, the Earth will be the closest to Saturn since 1975. The rings change their tilt because Saturn’s axis, like Earth, is tilted at an angle to the sun. The rings in the current position clearly display the Cassini Division. As Saturn orbits the sun, the tilt causes it to have different seasons similar to what happens one Earth. This change is evidenced by the position of the rings. In the time lapse images above, the Hubble Space Telescope recorded this change over a five year period beginning in 1996 and continuing to the year 2000.

False color image of Saturn using the Hubble Space Telescope’s Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS), April 23, 1998.

This chart shows the predicted sky conditions for the next two days, cloudy or clear for astronomical viewing in Wawayanda State Park in West Milford, New Jersey. Each block represents the hour of day with the day and time below. The white areas represent overcast skies, light blue or indigo colored areas are partially covered skies, dark blue zones are clear skies. The “tran” is the transparency forecast of the atmosphere calculated by the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere. Click on the graphic for more details.

Current Weather at Morristown, New Jersey

updated: 532 AM EST MON JAN 11 2016






Rockland Astronomy Club – Rockland, New York UACNJ Observatory and Educational Center – Jenny Jump State Forest, Warren County, NJ. New Jersey Astronomical Association Observatory – High Bridge, New Jersey Morris Museum Astronomical Society – Morristown, New Jersey

Jack Horkheimer Star Gazer International Edition – Seen on PBS stations throughout North America and Internationally via satellite, the world’s first and only weekly TV series on naked eye astronomy produced in cooperation with Miami Museum of Science and Space Transit Planetarium.

Lord of the Rings , Richard Tresch Fienberg, Sky and Telescope, February 12, 2002


– Saturn Images are courtesy of the Space Telescope Science Institute, NASA, infrared image: Erich Karkoschka (University of Arizona), seasons images: R.G. French (Wellesley College), J. Cuzzi (NASA/Ames), L. Dones (SwRI), and J. Lissauer (NASA/Ames).

Astronomy – Star Gazing in Northern New Jersey

Outer Beaches Realty – Outer Banks Rentals

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Jan 082016

Welcome to the Outer Beaches family!

If you are looking for an Outer Banks vacation rental, you’ve come to the right place. Sit back, relax and let the sparkling blue waves of the ocean lull you to sleep. Choosing Outer Beaches Realty for your Hatteras Island vacation guarantees you the best Outer Banks Vacation Value, as well as our award-winning accommodations and service.

We are here to help you find the perfect vacation rental for your family at the best possible price. When you rent with Outer Beaches Realty, there are no additional fees and no hidden surprises. We Dare You to Compare the price of our Outer Banks rentals with other companies that are charging extra fees to see how much you can save!

Click Here to view our Vacation Rental Brochure.

All of us at Outer Beaches Realty consider the Outer Banks of North Carolina an unparalleled family vacation destination, and we look forward to sharing our beautiful Cape Hatteras beaches with your family.

With locations ranging from oceanfront to soundfront, amenities including private pools, hot tubs, game rooms, pet friendly rentals and more, you will find that Outer Banks vacation rentals offered by Outer Beaches Realty are truly the best of the best on Hatteras Island.

For accommodations ranging from luxurious Signature Elite homes at to quiet oceanside condos, Outer Beaches Realty has you covered with a large selection of Hatteras Island accommodations. Every family is different, and our wide selection of Outer Banks vacation rentals ensures that you can find a vacation home or condo tailored to your family’s vacation needs.

Hatteras Island is a beach lover’s paradise, offering 72 miles of pristine North Carolina beaches to explore. With regular appearances on national “Best Beaches” lists, Hatteras Island offers some of the best watersports and fishing on the North Carolina coast. Your Hatteras Island vacation can also offer explorations into Outer Banks History, Outer Banks Shipwrecks in the Graveyard of the Atlantic and Outer Banks Lighthouses, including the renowned Cape Hatteras Lighthouse in Buxton.

Cape Point Reopens to Off-Road Vehicle Access

On the heels of Hatteras being named a top ten sport fishing town in the world by Sport Fishing Magazine, anglers have more news to celebrate as the famed Cape Point reopens to off-road vehicle access today. Full Story

McCrory looks ahead to new Outer Banks bridges

RALEIGH – Construction should start next spring on a long-overdue replacement for the jittery old Bonner Bridge on the Outer Banks, Gov. Pat McCrory said Tuesday. Full Story

OBR mourns the passing of Jack Kepler (84)

By every measure Jack was an original personality. There was only one Jack and everybody knew him on Hatteras Island. He was always thinking about marketing. He came up with a lot of the slogans that we still use today in our marketing and was instrumental in acquiring several large accounts on the island because of his marketing abilities. We will all miss Jack an awful lot. Full Story

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Outer Beaches Realty – Outer Banks Rentals

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Beaches Resorts, Beaches Hotels, Beaches All-Inclusive …

 Beaches  Comments Off on Beaches Resorts, Beaches Hotels, Beaches All-Inclusive …
Dec 302015

Select Airport Abbotsford, BC (YXX) Aberdeen, SD (ABR) Abilene, TX (ABI ) Akron/Canton, OH (CAK) Akutan, AK (KQA) Alamogordo, MN (ALM) Alamosa, CO (ALS) Albany, GA (ABY) Albany, NY (ALB) Albuquerque, NM (ABQ) Alexandria, LA (AEX) Allentown, PA (ABE) Alliance, NE (AIA) Alpena, MI (APN) Altoona, PA (AOO) Amarillo, TX (AMA) Ambler, AK (ABL) Anchorage, AK (ANC) Aniak, AK (ANI) Appleton, WI (ATW) Asheville, NC (AVL) Aspen, CO (ASE) Athens, GA (AHN) Atlanta, GA (ATL) Atlantic City, NJ (ACY) Augusta, GA (AGS) Augusta, ME (AUG) Austin, TX (AUS) Bagotville, QC (YBG) Baie Comeau, QC (YBC) Bakersfield, CA (BFL) Baltimore, MD (BWI) Bangor, ME (BGR) Bar Harbor, ME (BHB) Barrow, AK (BRW) Bathurst, NB (ZBF) Baton Rouge, LA (BTR) Battle Creek, MI (BTL) Bay City, MI (MBS) Beaumont/Port Arthur, TX (BPT) Beaver Creek, CO (ZBV) Beckley, WV (BKW) Bedford, MA (BED) Bellingham, WA (BLI) Bemidji, MN (BJI) Benton Harbour, MI (BEH) Bethel, AK (BET) Bettles, AK (BTT) Big Lake, AK (BGQ) Billings, MT (BIL) Binghamton, NY (BGM) Birmingham, AL (BHM) Bismarck, ND (BIS) Bloomington, IL (BMI) Bluefield, WV (BLF) Boise, ID (BOI) Boston, MA (BOS) Boulder Hiltons Har H, CO (WHH) Boulder, CO (WBU) Bozeman, MT (BZN) Bradford, PA (BFD) Brainerd, MN (BRD) Branson, MO (BKG) Breckenridge, CO (QKB) Bridgeport, CT (BDR) Brookings, SD (BKX) Brownsville, TX (BRO) Brownwood, TX (BWD) Brunswick, GA (BQK) Buckland, AK (BKC) Buffalo, NY (BUF) Burbank, CA (BUR) Burlington, IA (BRL) Burlington, VT (BTV) Butte, MT (BTM) Calgary, AB (YYC) Campbell River, BC (YBL) Cape Girardeau, MO (CGI) Carlsbad, CA (CLD) Carlsbad, NM (CNM) Casper, WY (CPR) Castlegar, BC (YCG) Cedar City, UT (CDC) Cedar Rapids, IA (CID) Chadron, NE (CDR) Champaign/Urbana, IL (CMI) Charleston, SC (CHS) Charleston, WV (CRW) Charlotte, NC (CLT) Charlottesville, VA (CHO) Charlottetown, PE (YYG) Chattanooga, TN (CHA) Chevak, AK (VAK) Cheyenne, WY (CYS) Chibougamau, QC (YMT) Chicago Midway, IL (MDW) Chicago O’Hare, IL (ORD) Chico, CA (CIC) Cincinnati, OH (CVG) Clarksburg, WV (CKB) Clearwater, FL (CLW) Cleveland, OH (CLE) Clovis, NM (CVN) Cody/Yellowstone, WY (COD) Cold Bay, AK (CDB) College Station,TX (CLL) Colorado Springs, CO (COS) Columbia, MO (COU) Columbia, SC (CAE) Columbus AFB, MS (CBM) Columbus Rickenbacker, OH (LCK) Columbus, GA (CSG) Columbus, MS (GTR) Columbus, OH (CMH) Comox, BC (YQQ) Copper Mountain, CO (QCE) Cordova, AK (CDV) Corpus Christi, TX (CRP) Cortez, CO (CEZ) Corvallis, OR (CVO) Craig, AK (CGA) Cranbrook, BC (YXC) Crescent City, CA (CEC) Crested Butte, CO (CSE) Cumberland, MD (CBE) Dallas Love Field, TX (DAL) Dallas/Fort Worth, TX (DFW) Danville, Virginia (DAN) Dayton, OH (DAY) Daytona Beach, FL (DAB) Decatur, IL (DEC) Deer Lake, NL (YDF) Del Rio, TX (DRT) Delta Junction, AK (DJN) Denver, CO (DEN) Des Moines, IA (DSM) Detroit Metro, MI (DTW) Devils Lake, ND (DVL) Dickinson, ND (DIK) Dillingham, AK (DLG) Dodge City, KS (DDC) Dothan, AL (DHN) Dubois, PA (DUJ) Dubuque, IA (DBQ) Duluth, MN (DLH) Durango, CO (DRO) Dutch Harbor, AK (DUT) Eastsound, WA (ESD) Eau Claire, WI (EAU) Edmonton, AB (YEG) El Centro, CA (NJK) El Dorado, AR (ELD) El Paso, TX (ELP) Elko, NV (EKO) Ellington Field, TX (EFD) Elmira, NY (ELM) Ely, MN (LYU) Ely, NV (ELY) Emporia, KS (EMP) Enig, OK (WDG) Erie, PA (ERI) Escanaba, MI (ESC) Eugene, OR (EUG) Eureka Acarta, CA (ACV) Eureka Murray, CA (EKA) Evansville, IN (EVV) Fairbanks (Eielson), AK (EIL) Fairbanks, AK (FAI) Fairmont, MN (FRM) Fargo, ND (FAR) Farmington, NM (FMN) Fayetteville Drake, AR (FYV) Fayetteville, AR (XNA) Fayetteville, NC (FAY) Flagstaff, AZ (FLG) Flint, MI (FNT) Florence, SC (FLO) Franklin, PA (FKL) Fredericton, NB (YFC) Fresno, CA (FAT) Friday Harbour, Wasington (FRD) Ft. Collins, CO (QWF) Ft. Collins/Loveland, CO (FNL) Ft. Dodge, Iowa (FOD) Ft. Huachuca/Sierra Vista, AZ (FHU) Ft. Lauderdale, FL (FLL) Ft. Leonard Wood, MO (TBN) Ft. McMurray, AB (YMM) Ft. Myers, FL (RSW) Ft. Richardson, AK (FRN) Ft. Smith, AR (FSM) Ft. St. John, BC (YXJ) Ft. Walton Beach, FL (VPS) Ft. Wayne, IN (FWA) Gainesville, FL (GNV) Gallup, NM (GUP) Gander, NF (YQX) Garden City, KS (GCK) Gary, IN (GYY) Gaspe, QC (YGP) Gillette, WY (GCC) Glasgow, MT (GGW) Glendive, MT (GDV) Goodland, KS (GLD) Goose Bay, NF (YYR) Grand Canyon, AZ (GCN) Grand Forks, ND (GFK) Grand Island, NE (GRI) Grand Junction, CO (GJT) Grand Rapids, MI (GRR) Grand Rapids, MN (GPZ) Grande Prairie, AB (YQU) Great Bend, KS (GBD) Great Falls, MT (GTF) Green Bay, WI (GRB) Greenbrier, WV (LWB) Greensboro, NC (GSO) Greenville, MS (GLH) Greenville, NC (PGV) Greenville, SC (GSP) Gulfport/Biloxi, MS (GPT) Gunnison, CO (GUC) Gustavus, AK (GST) Hagerstown, MD (HGR) Haines, AK (HNS) Halifax, NS (YHZ) Hana Maui, HI (HNM) Hancock, MI (CMX) Harlingen, TX (HRL) Harrisburg, PA (MDT) Harrison, AZ (HRO) Hartford, CT (BDL) Havre, MT (HVR) Hays, KS (HYS) Helena, MT (HLN) Hibbings, MN (HIB) Hickory, NC (HKY) Hilo, HI (ITO) Hilton Head Island, SC (HHH) Hobbs, NM (HOB) Hollis, AK (HYL) Homer, AK (HOM) Honolulu, HI (HNL) Hoonah, AK (HNH) Hooper Bay, AK (HPB) Hot Springs, AR (HOT) Houston Hobby, TX (HOU) Houston Intercontinental, TX (IAH) Huntington, WV (HTS) Huntsville (Redstone), AL (HUA) Huntsville, AL (HSV) Huron, SD (HON) Huslia, AK (HSL) Hyannis, MA (HYA) Idaho Falls, ID (IDA) Iles-de-la Madeleine, QC (YGR) Iliamna, AK (ILI) Imperial, CA (IPL) Indianapolis, IN (IND) International Falls, MN (INL) Inykern, CA (IYK) Iron Mountain, MI (IMT) Ironwood, MI (IWD) Islip, NY (ISP) Ithaca, NY (ITH) Jackson Hole, WY (JAC) Jackson, MS (JAN) Jackson, TN (MKL) Jacksonville, FL (JAX) Jacksonville, NC (OAJ) Jamestown, ND (JMS) Jamestown, NY (JHW) Johnstown, PA (JST) Joliet, IL (JOT) Jonesboro, AR (JBR) Joplin, MO (JLN) Juneau, AK (JNU) Kake, AK (KAE) Kalamazoo, MI (AZO) Kalaupapa, HI (LUP) Kalispell/Glacier, MT (FCA) Kaltag, AK (KAL) Kamloops, BC (YKA) Kamuela, HI (MUE) Kansas City Municipal, MO (MKC) Kansas City, MO (MCI) Kapalua West, HI (JHM) Kearney, NE (EAR) Keene, NH (EEN) Kelowna, BC (YLW) Kenai, AK (ENA) Ketchikan, AK (KTN) Key West, FL (EYW) Keystone, CO (QKS) Killeen, TX (GRK) Killeen, TX (ILE) King Salomon, AK (AKN) Kingman, AZ (IGM) Kingston, ON (YGK) Kinston, NC (ISO) Kirksville, MO (IRK) Kitchener/Waterloo, ON (YKF) Kivalina, AK (KVL) Klamath Falls, OR (LMT) Knoxville, TN (TYS) Kodiak, AK (ADQ) Koliganek, AK (KGK) Kona, HI (KOA) Kotzbue, AK (OTZ) Koyukuk, AK (KYU) Kwethluk, AK (KWT) La Crosse, WI (LSE) Lafayette, IN (LAF) Lafayette, LA (LFT) Lake Charles, LA (LCH) Lake Havasu City, AZ (HII) Lake Tahoe, CA (TVL) Lanai, HI (LNY) Lancaster, PA (LNS) Lansing, MI (LAN) Laramie, WY (LAR) Laredo, TX (LRD) Las Cruces International, NM (LRU) Las Vegas North, NV (VGT) Las Vegas, NV (LAS) Latrobe, PA (LBE) Laughlin/Bullhead International, AZ (IFP) Laurel, MS (PIB) Lawton, OK (LAW) Lebanon, NH (LEB) Lethbridge, AB (YQL) Levelock, AK (KLL) Lewiston, ID (LWS) Lewiston, MT (LWT) Lexington, KY (LEX) Liberal, KS (LBL) Lihue, HI (LIH) Lincoln, NE (LNK) Little Rock, AR (LIT) London, ON (YXU) Long Beach, CA (LGB) Longview, TX (GGG) Lopez Island, WA (LPS) Los Angeles, CA (LAX) Louisville, KY (SDF) Lubbock, TX (LBB) Lynchburg, VA (LYH) Macon, GA (MCN) Madison, WI (MSN) Mammoth, CA (MMH) Manchester, NH (MHT) Manhattan, KS (MHK) Manistee, MI (MBL) Mankato, MN (MKT) Manteo, NC (MEO) Marathon, FL (MTH) Marion, IL (MWA) Marquette, MI (MQT) Marshall, NJ (MML) Martha’s Vineyard, MA (MVY) Mason City, IA (MCW) Massea/ Richards, NY (MSS) Maui, HI (OGG) McAllen, TX (MFE) McCook, NE (MCK) McGarth, AK (MCG) Medford, OR (MFR) Medicine Hat, AB (YXH) Melbourne, FL (MLB) Memphis, TN (MEM) Merced, CA (MCE) Meridian, MS (MEI) Metlakatla, AK (MTM) Miami Seaplane, FL (MPB) Miami, FL (MIA) Midland/Odessa, TX (MAF) Miles City, MT (MLS) Milwaukee, WI (MKE) Minneapolis, MN (MSP) Minot, ND (MOT) Missoula, MT (MSO) Moab, UT (CNY) Mobile, AL (MOB) Modesto, CA (MOD) Moline, IL (MLI) Molokai, HI (MKK) Moncton, NB (YQM) Monroe, LA (MLU) Mont Joli, QC (YYY) Mont Tremblant, QC (YTM) Monterey, CA (MRY) Montgomery, AL (MGM) Monticello, NY (MSV) Montreal, QC (YUL) Montrose/Delta, CO (MTJ) Morgantown, WV (MGW) Morristown, NJ (MMU) Moses Lake Larson AFB, WA (LRN) Moses Lake, WA (MWH) Mount Holly, NJ (LLY) Mountain Home, AR (WMH) Muscle Shoals, AL (MSL) Muskegon, MI (MKG) Myrtle Beach, SC (MYR) Nanaimo, BC (YCD) Nantucket, MA (ACK) Naples, FL (APF) Nashville, TN (BNA) New Bedford, MA (EWB) New Bern, NC (EWN) New Haven, CT (HVN) New London, CT (GON) New Orleans, LA (MSY) New York Kennedy, NY (JFK) New York LaGuardia, NY (LGA) Newark, NJ (EWR) Newport News,VA (PHF) Newport, OR (ONP) Newport, RI (NPT) Nome, AK (OME) Norfolk, NE (OFK) Norfolk, VA (ORF) North Bay, ON (YYB) North Bend, OR (OTH) North Platte, NE (LBF) Norwood, MA (OWD) Nulato, AK (NUL) Oak Harbor, WA (ODW) Oakland, CA (OAK) Ogden Municipal, UT Ogdensburg, NY (OGS) Oklahoma City, OK (OKC) Olympia, WA (OLM) Omaha, NE (OMA) Ontario, CA (ONT) Orange County, CA (SNA) Orlando Metropolitan, FL (ORL) Orlando, FL (MCO) Oshkosh, WI (OSH) Ottawa, ON (YOW) Ottumwa, IA (OTM) Owensboro, KY (OWB) Oxnard, CA (OXR) Paducah/Barkley, KY (PAH) Page Municipal, AZ (PGA) Palm Beach, FL (PBI) Palm Springs, CA (PSP) Palmdale, CA (PMD) Palmer, AK (PAQ) Panama City (County), FL (PFN) Panama City, FL (ECP) Parkersburg, WV (PKB) Pasco, WA (PSC) Pelican, AK (PEC) Pellston, MI (PLN) Pendleton, OR (PDT) Pensacola, FL (PNS) Penticton, BC (YYF) Peoria, IL (PIA) Perryville, AK (KPV) Petersburg, AK (PSG) Philadelphia, PA (PHL) Phoenix, AZ (PHX) Phoenix-Mesa Gateway (AZA) Pierre, SD (PIR) Pilot Point, AK (PIP) Pilot Point/Ugashnik Bay, AK (UGB) Pilot Station, AK (PQS) Pinehurst, NC (SOP) Pittsburgh, PA (PIT) Platinum, AK (PTU) Plattsburgh Intl, NY (PBG) Plattsburgh, NY (PLB) Pocatello, ID (PIH) Point Baker, AK (KPB) Point Hope, AK (PHO) Point Lay, AK (PIZ) Ponca City, OK (PNC) Port Alsworth, AK (PTA) Port Angeles, WA (CLM) Port Clarence, AK (KPC) Port Moller, AK (PML) Portland, ME (PWM) Portland, OR (PDX) Portsmouth, NH (PSM) Poughkeepsie, NY (POU) Prescott, AZ (PRC) Presque Isle, ME (PQI) Prince George, BC (YXS) Prince Rupert, BC (YPR) Princeton, NJ (PCT) Providence, RI (PVD) Provincetown, MA (PVC) Prudhoe Bay, AK (PUO) Prudhoe Bay, AK (SCC) Pueblo, CO (PUB) Pullman, WA (PUW) Purgatory, CO (ZPU) Quebec, QC (YQB) Quesnel, BC (YQZ) Quincy, IL (UIN) Raleigh-Durham, NC (RDU) Rampart, AK (RMP) Rapid City, SD (RAP) Reading, PA (RDG) Red Devil, AK (RDV) Redding, CA (RDD) Redmond, OR (RDM) Regina, SK (YQR) Reno, NV (RNO) Rhinelander, WI (RHI) Richmond, VA (RIC) Riverton, WY (RIW) Roanoke, VA (ROA) Roberval, QC (YRJ) Roche Harbor, WA (RCE) Rochester Municipal, MN (JRC) Rochester, MN (RST) Rochester, NY (ROC) Rock Springs, WY (RKS) Rockford, IL (RFD) Rockford, IL (ZRF) Rockland, ME (RKD) Rocky Mount, NC (RWI) Rosario, WA (RSJ) Roswell, NM (ROW) Rouyn, QC (YUY) Rutland, VT (RUT) Sacramento, CA (SMF) Salem, OR (SLE) Salina, KS (SLN) Salisbury, MD (SBY) Salt Lake City, UT (SLC) San Angelo, TX (SJT) San Antonio, TX (SAT) San Diego, CA (SAN) San Francisco, CA (SFO) San Jose, CA (SJC) San Juan, PR (SJU) San Luis Obispo County, CA (SBP) San Luis Obispo, CA (CSL) Sand Point, AK (SDP) Sandspit, BC (YZP) Sanford, FL (SFB) Santa Barbara, CA (SBA) Santa Fe, NM (SAF) Santa Maria, CA (SMX) Santa Monica, CA (SMO) Santa Rosa, CA (STS) Saranac Lake, NY (SLK) Sarasota, FL (SRQ) Sarnia, ON (YZR) Saskatoon, SK (YXE) Sault Ste Marie, MI (CIU) Sault Ste-Marie, ON (YAM) Saulte Ste. Marie (SSM) Savannah, GA (SAV) Scottsbluff, NE (BFF) Scottsdale, AZ (SCF) Scranton, PA (SCR) Seattle, WA (SEA) Seldovia, AK (SOV) Sept-Iles, QC (YZV) Seward, AK (SWD) Sheridan, WY (SHR) Show Low, AZ (SOW) Shreveport, LA (SHV) Sidney, MT (SDY) Silver City, NM (SVC) Sioux City, IA (SUX) Sioux Falls, SD (FSD) Sitka, AK (SIT) Skagway, AK (SGY) Smithers, BC (YYD) Soldotna, AK (SXQ) South Bend, IN (SBN) Sparta, IL (SAR) Spencer, IA (SPW) Spokane, WA (GEG) Springfield, IL (SPI) Springfield, MO (SGF) St. Cloud, MN (STC) St. George, UT (SGU) St. John, NB (YSJ) St. Johns, NF (YYT) St. Louis, MO (STL) St. Mary’s, AK (KSM) St. Michael, AK (SMK) St. Paul, AK (SNP) St. Petersburg, FL (PIE) State College, PA (SCE) Staunton, VA (SHD) Steamboat Springs, CO (SBS) Stebbins, AK (WBB) Stevens Village, AK (SUS) Stewart International, NY (SWF) Stockton, CA (SCK) Sudbury, ON (YSB) Sun Valley, ID (SUN) Sydney, NS (YQY) Syracuse, NY (SYR) Talkeetna, AK (TKA) Tallahassee, FL (TLH) Tampa, FL (TPA) Taos, NM (TSM) Tatitlek, AK (TEK) Telluride, CO (TEX) Terrace, BC (YXT) Terre Haute, IN (HUF) Teterboro, NJ (TEB) Texarkana, AR (TXK) Thief River Falls, MN (TVF) Thunder Bay, ON (YQT) Timmins, ON (YTS) Tin City, AK (TNC) Togiak, AK (TOG) Tok, AK (TKJ) Toksook, AK (OOK) Toledo, OH (TOL) Topeka, KS (FOE) Topp, AK (TOP) Toronto Metropolitan Area, ON (YTO) Toronto Pearson International, ON (YYZ) Traverse City, MI (TVC) Trenton, NJ (TTN) Tri-City Airport, TN (TRI) Tucson, AZ (TUS) Tulsa, OK (TUL) Tuluksak, AK (TLT) Tununak, AK (TNK) Tupelo, MS (TUP) Tuscaloosa, AL (TCL) Twin Falls, ID (TWF) Tyler, TX (TYR) Unalakleet, AK (UNK) Utica, NY (UCA) Vail/Eagle, CO (EGE) Val D’Or, QC (YVO) Valdez, AK (VDZ) Valdosta, GA (VLD) Vancouver, BC (YVR) Venetic, AK (VEE) Vernal, UT (VEL) Vero Beach, FL (VRB) Victoria, BC (YYJ) Victoria, TX (VCT) Visalia, CA (VIS) Wabush, NL (YWK) Waco, TX (ACT) Wainwright, AK (AIN) Walla Walla, WA (ALW) Washington Dulles, DC(IAD) Washington National, DC (DCA) Wasilla, AK (WWA) Waterfall, AK (KWF) Waterloo, IA (ALO) Watertown, NY (ART) Watertown, SD (ATY) Wausau, WI (AUW) Wausau/Stvns Pnt, WI (CWA) Wenatchee, WA (EAT) Westerly, RI (WST) Westsound, WA (WSX) White Mountain, AK (WMO) White Plains, NY (HPN) Whitehorse, YT (YXY) Wichita Falls, TX (SPS) Wichita, KS (ICT) Wilkes-Barre/Scranton, PA (AVP) Williams Lake, BC (YWL) Williamsport, PA (IPT) Williston, ND (ISN) Willow, AK (WOW) Wilmington, NC (ILM) Wilmington/New Castle, DE (ILG) Windsor, ON (YQG) Winnipeg, MB (YWG) Winston/Salem, NC (INT) Wolf Point, MT (OLF) Worcester, MA (ORH) Worland, WY (WRL) Wrangell, AK (WRG) Yakima, WA (YKM) Yakutat, AK (YAK) Yampa Valley, CO (HDN) Yankton, SD (YKN) Yellowstone, MT (WYS) Yosemite, CA (YOS) Youngstown, OH (YNG) Yuma, AZ (YUM)

The perfect getaway awaits you at Beaches resorts in Turks & Caicos and Jamaica. More than just all-inclusive, Beaches Resorts offers a Luxury Included Vacation experience with paramount quality inclusions. Beaches Resorts includes all the fun, adventure, and luxury that guests want most, elevating the vacation experience to world-class standards on the Caribbean’s best beaches.

At Beaches, the best of everything is includedluxurious accommodations, gourmet dining at up to 16 restaurants per resort, anytime snacks, premium brand drinks including Beringer Wines, daily and nightly entertainment, supervised kids camps, teen and tween programs, unlimited play Xbox 360 Play Lounges with new Kinect systems, Pirates Island waterparks with waterslides and lazy rivers, character activities with Elmo and Friends with Beaches’ exclusive Caribbean Adventure with Sesame Street, an endless array of land and water sports, including tennis, sailing, snorkeling and even scuba diving, full-service Red Lane Spas with services and treatments inspired by the region, state-of-the-art fitness centers, airport transfers, gratuities and much more! Beaches is part of the Sandals company of all-inclusive resorts.

Click any Beaches hotel or resort name below for more information or an online quote.

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Beaches Resorts, Beaches Hotels, Beaches All-Inclusive …

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Chicago Beaches | A Guide to Beaches in Chicago

 Beaches  Comments Off on Chicago Beaches | A Guide to Beaches in Chicago
Dec 162015

Chicago has some great beaches along its lakefront. These beaches are full of history and overflowing with beauty. Listed below are some of the more popular ones. They are listed starting with the northernmost location and then in order to the southernmost location. All but one of the beaches listed (Illinois Beach State Park) are located in the City of Chicago under the control of the Chicago Park District. The entire 28 miles of Chicago lakefront shoreline is man-made, and primarily used as parkland.

Aerial View of the Lakefront Beaches

Illinois Beach State Park – This beach is great for beach camping, hiking and biking with many nature trails along the shoreline. The area also includes dune area, wetlands, prairie and the southern end is a nature preserve, which in 1980 was named a National Natural Landmark.

Rogers Ave. Beach – A small beach, and barely a block long. Also has tennis courts.

Pratt Boulevard Beach – A little known jewel in Chicago with a great community feel. A long pier seperates two halves of the beach, and a very culturally diversed group gathers here, so people watching is always a pleasure.

Kathy Osterman Beach – This crescent-shaped beach is divided into two parts.Many consider this beach one of the best kept secrets in Chicago, with clean water, unlittered, white sands and one of the most spectacular views of Lake Michigan in all of Chicago. There’s a concession stand that serves alcohol and all kinds of foods (burger, hot dogs, chips, etc) and as every lady takes note of, lots of gorgeous men congregating to play volleyball. The north half of the beach is great for families, especially those with kids as the waters are shallow. The south half of the beach is very popular with the gay community. The best way to get to the Kathy Osterman Beach is by public transit, as parking around here is often very limited.

Foster Avenue Beach – A great little man-made beach usually not crowded and with lots of free/cheap parking. There’s no view of Downtown Chicago from this beach, but when you want a quiet day at the beach without tons of tourists and blaring music, this is a great spot for a relaxing afternoon at the beach. Relaxing, that is, if you don’t mind the sounds of children playing.

Montrose Dog Beach – Chicago’s largest beach with one of only two dog beaches in Chicago at the north end (“Doggie Beach”). One of the few beaches you can launch non-motorized watercraft from, and the most parking of any beach in Chicago. The beach has recently been remodeled with a 3,000 square foot deck and a full service restaurant, The Dock at Montrose Beach.

Chicago Lakefront Trail

North Ave. Beach – Considered Chicago’s premier beach and definitely its most popular. It hosts the most developed beach house resembling an ocean liner, and contains bike and sports equipment rental, a bar and restaurant (Castaways), concession stand, a lifeguard station, and restrooms. North Ave. Beach also has many volleyball courts, a lakefront path, and it is the center stage for the Chicago Air & Water Show.

Oak Street Beach – About a mile and a half long, and is home to the largest area of deep water swimming in the city. It used to be the most popular beach due to its proximity to downtown. It is also home to Chicago’s only chess pavilion and an outdoor restaurant called the Oak Street Beachstro that is assembled every summer and then dismantled at the end of the season.

Olive Park Beach – Also known as Ohio Street Beach and is located in Streeterville. It is oriented in a fashion so that it faces north instead of east like all the other beaches. This makes it an ideal training sight for open water swimming. One can swim about a half mile to the Oak Street curve without being more that a few feet from the seawall and shallow water.

Aerial View of Chicago Lakefront Illinois

12th Street Beach – Sometimes called the 14th Street Beach, it is just south of the Adler Planetarium, and has restrooms and a concession stand. 12th Street Beach is also popular for open water swimming.

31st Street Beach – Located in Burnham Park. Every Year the 31st Street Beach hosts the Junior Lifeguard Chicago Area Tug-o-War. This beach is clean, rarely crowded, and great for picnics, families and enjoying a fabulous view of Chicago.

57th Street Beach – Located in the city’s Hyde Park neighborhood, the beach sits across the street from the Museum of Science and Industry. The beach provides an area for deep swimming. The bathrooms are clean, they have plenty of showers and the crowds are minimal. This stop is a must on the ride along Lake Shore Drive.

63rd Street Beach – Located in Jackson Park, it is home to the oldest beach house in the city. The beach used to be called Jackson Park Beach until 1914 when it was extended 10 acres to 63rd Street, thus changing its name. In 1919, the 63rd Street Pavilion was completed, and historically provided showers, medical rooms, and bathrooms. It was renovated in 2000, and is now used primarily by boaters, beach goers, and for special events.

Chicago Lakefront Skyline

South Shore Beach – It is located directly behind the South Shore Cultural Center (formerly the South Shore Country Club). The Country Club is a beautiful old building that houses a ballroom, restaurant, golf course, and tennis courts.

Rainbow Beach – Beginning with the 1919 Race Riot, Chicago suffered a history of race related disturbances regarding the use of public resources such as parks and beaches. Rainbow Beach was an area of controversy for black and white youth. Demographic shifts and racial climate changes of the 1960s led to a July 7 and 8, 1961 “freedom wade-in” at Rainbow Beach staged by an interracial coalition of demonstrators, including members of the NAACP Youth Council.

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Chicago Beaches | A Guide to Beaches in Chicago

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List of beaches in Chicago – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Beaches  Comments Off on List of beaches in Chicago – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dec 162015

The beaches in Chicago are an extensive network of waterfront recreational areas operated by the Chicago Park District. The Chicago Metropolitan waterfront includes parts of the Lake Michigan shores as well as parts of the banks of the Chicago, Des Plaines, Calumet, Fox, and DuPage Rivers and their tributaries.[1] The waterfront also includes the Illinois and Michigan Canal and the Sanitary and Ship Canal.[1] Historically, the waterfront has been used for commerce, industry, and leisure. Leisure, such as fishing, swimming, hunting, walking and boating, was much more prevalent throughout the river sections of the waterfront system early in the 19th century before industrial uses altered the landscape. By midcentury, much leisure shifted to Lake Michigan as a result of industrial influence. The first City of Chicago Public Beach opened in Lincoln Park in 1895.[2] Today, the entire 28 miles (45km) Chicago lakefront shoreline is man-made, and primarily used as parkland.[3] There are twenty-four beaches in Chicago along the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan.[4]

Typically, Chicago beaches take the name of the east-west street that runs perpendicular to the lake at each beach’s location.

Early beaches were generally funded by private entities such as hotels and private clubs.[5] Late 19th century city ordinances prohibited public bathing, but popular norms created demand for public beaches.[5][6] Proponents saw public beaches as an opportunity to accommodate demand for public baths and eliminate the expenditure of enforcement resources on ordinance violations for public bathing.[5] The city responded by opening the first public bathing beach in 1895 in Lincoln Park primarily as a response to the efforts of the Free Bath and Sanitary League (formerly the Municipal Order League).[5] Spaces were designated for public use and the city accepted responsibility for maintaining the beaches. By 1900 the lakefront was divided into zones of recreational, residential, agricultural and industrial uses. Lake Michigan water quality concerns lead to the reversal of the Chicago river with deep cut of the Illinois & Michigan canal in 1871 and the construction of the Sanitary and Ship Canal at the start of the 20th century.[1] The 1909 Burnham Plan led to development of the lakefront.[1] Recreational development on the city lakefront became a priority due to the influence of Aaron Montgomery Ward. His belief that the public’s access to the Lake left its impression on the development of Jackson, Burnham, Grant and Lincoln Parks.[3] Continued popular support, led to the opening of several municipal beaches in the second decade of the 20th century.[5]

In 2013, Cisco, Everywhere Wireless and the Chicago Park District began Free Wi-Fi service at North Avenue Beach, Rainbow Beach, Montrose Beach, Foster Beach, and Kathy Osterman (fka Hollywood Beach).[7]

The far north Rogers Park neighborhood contains a series of small “street-end” beaches that unlike most Chicago beaches are often separated by private property and therefore, unconnected to each other by public parkland. This accounts for the seemingly large number of beaches in this one neighborhood.

Juneway Terrace Beach is the northernmost beach in Chicago. It is located at 7800 north and Lake Michigan.[8] It lies within Rogers Avenue Beach and Park. It is separated from Rogers Beach by a stretch of rip rap protecting three apartment buildings.

Rogers Beach lies in Rogers Avenue Beach and Park at 7705 north.[8] Barely one block long, the park also has tennis courts.

Howard Beach lies in Howard Street Beach and Park at 7600 north,[8] which is just south of Howard Street. It is perhaps 213 feet (65 m) long.

Jarvis beach located at 7400 north and Fargo beach is located at 7432 north.[8] Offshore stretches of riprap act to reduce erosion of this beach, which is about three blocks long.

In 2015, the beach was named in honor of architect Marion Mahony Griffin. The Australian Counsel General, Roger Price, attended the beach’s dedication for the woman who was instrumental in the design the Australian capital of Canberra. When she returned to the United States in 1939, after her husbands death, she lived near the beach.[9]

420035N 873931W / 42.009605N 87.658496W / 42.009605; -87.658496

Located at 7032 North Sheridan and extending for eight blocks, Leone Beach is Chicago’s largest.[10]

Contiguous with Leone/Loyola Beach located at 1050 West Pratt Boulevard. Formerly named Pratt Boulevard Beach, it was renamed for local neighborhood activist Tobey Prinz by the Chicago Park District in 2014.[8][11]

Also known as Albion Beach, contiguous with North Shore Beach, located at 6600 north,[8] ends just north of Loyola Avenue. Named for former 49th Ward Alderman David L. Hartigan.

Columbia Beach is located at 6726 north.[8]

North Shore Beach is located at 6700 north.[8]

Hamilton Beach is currently closed due to a dredging project scheduled for completion in late 2014.

415944N 873917W / 41.995545N 87.654639W / 41.995545; -87.654639 (Berger Park)

Berger Park Beach is a small beach at the northeast corner of Berger Park in Edgewater. The park also contains a cultural center and lakeside caf housed in two large century old lake homes and their carriage houses, as well as a playground.[12]

Lincoln Park is Chicago’s largest public park and contains the city’s remaining north side lake front beaches, running for seven miles (11km) through the communities of Edgewater, Uptown, Lake View, Lincoln Park, and Near North.

Lane Beach Park, more commonly known as Thorndale Beach, is located at 5934 north in Edgewater at the intersection of Sheridan Road and Thorndale Avenue.[8] This was once a standalone beach, as recently as the 1970s, but shifting sand has connected it to Hollywood Beach to the south. More recently, hard frozen waves that formed during the winter of 2015 carried much of the sand away, isolating the beach again.

There is a boardwalk ramp, to allow stroller or wheelchair access closer to the shoreline as well as a modern playground for children.

The park and beach was named for George A. Lane (1903-1874), a Chicago lawyer heavily involved in community development and politics. Lane also served as a faculty member at nearby Loyola University.[13]

Hollywood Beach looking North to Thorndale

Located at the 5800 North block where Lake Shore Drive ends at a curve that feeds into Sheridan Road (near West Hollywood Avenue and North Lake Shore Drive; 415911.51N 87399.38W / 41.9865306N 87.6526056W / 41.9865306; -87.6526056 ) in Edgewater, this crescent-shaped beach serves two groups. The northern half is largely a family beach and the southern half is largely a gay and lesbian beach.[14] The northern half of the beach has shallow water which makes it kid-friendly and there is a long boardwalk ramp to allow closer access to the shoreline for strollers and wheelchairs near the Ardmore Avenue entrance.[15] Beach volleyball is popular here. There is a beach house and concession stand, which opened in 2010. Unique among Lincoln Park’s northern beaches there is no nearby parking lot.

In the upper beach, north of Ardmore and the boardwalk, near Thorndale beach is a small park district beach grass reserve for migrating birds and butterfly.

Foster Avenue Beach is located at 5200 north (415844N 873858W / 41.978826N 87.649355W / 41.978826; -87.649355).[8] It is a popular beach in the Edgewater section of the city. It was part of Lincoln Parks final landfill extension completed in the 1950s between Foster Avenue and Ardmore Avenue. The design and planning for the extension started in 1947, with construction and fill beginning three years later. The work on the beach continued over the rest of the fifties, being concluded in 1958. The original beach house for the site, like the existing ones at Montrose and North Ave., was designed by E.V Buchsbaum. It was constructed sometime in the late 1950s and early 1960s. A new beach house with improved amenities was constructed in the 1990s.

Montrose Avenue Beach

The dog beach at Montrose Avenue Beach

New patio deck addition to the beach house

A panorama of the beach in May 2014

Montrose beach is Chicago’s largest beach. It is located in Uptown.[16] It also houses the most parking of any beach in Chicago. It is one of few beaches where patrons may launch non-motorized watercraft, such as kayaks and catamarans, into Lake Michigan. It also has one of only two dog beaches in the Chicago Park District, making it a popular beach for dog lovers. In the fenced-off section at the north end of the beach, leashless dogs are permitted on the sand. Montrose beach hosts the Junior Guard regional championships, the annual Beach Soccer Festival, and numerous runs and walks for various charities. The beach house on the south end of the beach was designed by E.V. Buchsbaum. It was modeled after the North Avenue Beach house and looks like a lake steamer. Unfortunately, in the 1950s, the east wing of the beach house burned in a fire and was not rebuilt.[17] The beach house was remodeled with a 3,000-square-foot (280m2) patio deck, and it will house only the third full-service restaurant, named “The Dock at Montrose Beach”, at a Chicago beach after Oak Street Beachstro and North Avenue’s Castaways. It is part of the Park District’s plan to add “more upscale concessions to the lakefront”.[18] Due to budget constraints Chicago eliminated the traditional July 3 fireworks in Grant Park, instead opting for a down-scaled fireworks displays in three different locations in Chicago on the 4th of July. The north side display is held annually at Montrose Beach.[19]

415503N 873739W / 41.9175N 87.6275W / 41.9175; -87.6275 (North Avenue Beach)

North Avenue Beach

At night facing the beach house

During day facing the beach house

chess players at North Ave beach in 1973

The North Avenue Beach, located at 1600 north,[8] is considered by many to be Chicago’s premier beach. It has the largest lifeguard staff and is home to the most developed beachhouse. Technically running from North Avenue to Diversey Harbor in the Lincoln Park neighborhood, North Avenue Beach is characterized by its piers which hold the sand in place and create a scalloped shoreline, terminating in a Cape Cod-like hook. The beach hosts international volleyball tournaments as well as millions of sun worshippers every year. Chicago Park District lines the beach with poles for individuals and leagues to hang volleyball nets. These nets and this portion of the lakefront bike/running/blading path attract large numbers of people on weekends and weeknights. North Avenue is also center stage for the Chicago Air & Water Show, which draws over a million people a day from Ohio to Diversey along the lakefront. North Avenue Beach is the site of the annual AVP Chicago Open.

The beach house resembles an ocean liner[20] and contains bike and sports equipment rental, a bar and restaurant (Castaways), concession stand, a lifeguard station, and restrooms.

Oak Street Beach, located at 1000 north,[8] covers the area from the North Avenue ‘Hook’ Pier south to Ohio Street Beach (Illinois St. Beach, Olive Beach), about 1.5mi (2km). Oak Street is home to the largest area of deep water swimming in the city (1/2 mile (800 m) over 10ft (3 m)). Until 2006 Oak Street Beach was also the only place in the city where SCUBA divers could dive close to the shore. The north ledge was once a hot spot for the city’s gay community, and still is a second home to thousands of sunbathers, runners, skaters and bikers. At one point Oak Street was the city’s most popular beach with its proximity to downtown and boasted tens of thousands of visitors each day. Oak Street Beach is also home to Chicago’s only chess pavilion and an outdoor restaurant called the Oak Street Beachstro that is assembled every summer and dismantled at the end of the season.

This beach, located in Lincoln Park adjacent to Addams Memorial Park and Olive Park, is just north of Ohio Street (400N)[8] east of Lake Shore Drive. It faces north, rather than the usual east, because it formed on its own in a bay created by the Jardine Water Purification Plant which juts out into the Lake. Due to its unusual orientation, Ohio Street Beach serves as an ideal training site for open water swimming. One can swim north 0.5 miles (800m) to the Oak Street curve without ever being more than a few feet from the seawall and shallow water.

This is not a lakefront beach. It is located in a former lagoon of Humboldt Park which was dredged and given a sand bottom. At 415424N 874211W / 41.9066N 87.7031W / 41.9066; -87.7031 (Humboldt Park Beach), this “beach” is mostly used by small children as a shallow wading pond. It is guarded in the summer and drained when not guarded.

Burnham Park runs for 6 miles (9.7km) along Chicago’s lakefront from Grant Park in the north to Jackson Park in the south, through the neighborhoods of Near South, Douglas, Oakland, Kenwood and Hyde Park.

415148.53N 873626.97W / 41.8634806N 87.6074917W / 41.8634806; -87.6074917

The 12th Street Beach is just south of the Adler Planetarium on Northerly Island (formerly the site of Meigs Field). The beach runs from about 1300 S to about 1450 S, but was named 12th Street Beach rather than (unlucky) 13th Street Beach. When 12th Street was renamed Roosevelt Road the beach retained its name, but now is sometimes called 14th Street Beach.

There is also open water swimming that is great for triathletes or avid open water swimmers. The beach has bathrooms, a concession stand, and a lifeguard station.

No longer extant, of the Chicago Race Riot of 1919.

415020.75N 873622.49W / 41.8390972N 87.6062472W / 41.8390972; -87.6062472

The Margaret Taylor Burroughs Beach is located in Burnham Park near 31st Street. The beach is host every year to the Junior Lifeguard Chicago Area Tug-o-War. Near the beachouse is a large modern playground.[21]

In 2015, it was named in honor of artist, educator and museum founder, Margaret Taylor-Burroughs. Burroughs was a founder of the DuSable Museum of African American History and the Southside Community Art Center[22]

4100 S. Lake Shore Drive (41st St. and Lake Michigan, parking at Oakwood Blvd.)

49th Street Beach is a small stone beach in Burnham Park. It is not guarded, so swimming is not allowed.

414729.88N 873446.16W / 41.7916333N 87.5794889W / 41.7916333; -87.5794889

The 57th Street Beach is in the city’s Hyde Park neighborhood, across Lake Shore Drive from the Museum of Science and Industry. Recent renovations have made it easier to access with two large underpasses at the intersection of 57th Street and Lake Shore Drive. 57th Street Beach provides an area of deep swimming south of Promontory Point.

414655.43N 873422.83W / 41.7820639N 87.5730083W / 41.7820639; -87.5730083

The 63rd Street Beach is in Jackson Park. It is home to the largest and oldest beach house in the City. In July 1913, Jackson Park Beach was the site of a clash over required bathing attire when Dr. Rosalie Ladova was arrested for disorderly conduct for swimming in her bloomers after removing her bathing skirt.[23] The establishment of the landmark beach house came about due to the resident’s of the area complaining to the city to extend the beach. Thus in 1914, the city ordered a 10-acre (40,000m2) expansion to 63rd St. The South Park Commission architects came up with the plan to build the 63rd Street Pavilion. The construction was completed in 1919. The building historically provided showers, medical rooms, and bathrooms. Due to the building’s age, it was restored in 2000. Today the pavilion is used by boaters, beach goers, and can be used for special events.[24]

63rd Street Bathing Pavilion

There are three beach areas in the South Shore, Chicago community.

South Shore Beach is the beach behind the Chicago Park District’s South Shore Cultural Center (formerly South Shore Country Club), which is located at the intersection of 71st and South Shore Drive. The Country club is a magnificent old building and it home to a ballroom, restaurant, golf course and tennis courts. The Beach also runs up against 67th street beach and Jackson Park

Ashe Beach Park is a newer addition to the Chicago Park District’s beaches, bought in 1979 and named for the late tennis great Arthur Ashe, after he died of AIDS in 1993. In addition to the beach, the park features two tennis courts. It is located between 74th and 75th Streets in the South Shore community.[25]

Rainbow Beach is officially located at 3111 E. 77th St.,[26] is a beach in the Chicago Park District’s Rainbow Beach & Park that stretches from 75th Street to 78th Street on the Lake Michigan shoreline.[27] Rainbow Beach was named such in 1918.

Starting with the 1919 Race Riot, Chicago had a history of race related disturbances in the 20th century related to use of public resources, such as parks and beaches. Rainbow beach was an area of controversy for black and white youth. Black families that were economically dependent on the nearby South Chicago steel mills had avoided the public hostility of the lifeguards and white bathers. Demographic shifts and racial climate change of the 1960s led to a July 7 and 8, 1961 freedom wade-in at Rainbow Beach staged by an interracial coalition of demonstrators, including members of the NAACP Youth Council.[28]

414304N 873146W / 41.7179N 87.5294W / 41.7179; -87.5294

Calumet Park,[29] which is not to be confused with Calumet Park, IL, has a mile of lakefront and contains three beaches located at the 9600, 9800 and 9900 South blocks along Lake Michigan. The main beach has a Beach House with a concessions stand. The park is in the East Side neighborhood. Forming part of Chicago’s city limit, it is on the border between Illinois and Indiana.

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List of beaches in Chicago – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Abel Danger: Airliner Atrocity Is Another Illuminati False Flag

 Illuminati  Comments Off on Abel Danger: Airliner Atrocity Is Another Illuminati False Flag
Oct 302015


July 19, 2014

by Henry Makow Ph.D.

False flag: You commit an atrocity and blame your enemies. In this case, the Kiev-based junta shot down the plane and blamed the Donetsk separatists and their Russian backers. The reaction of the Western mass media is the “tell.” Just as they blamed Osama bin Laden within a half-hour of the 9-11 false flag, the Illuminati Jewish mass media pins the blame on the Russian-backed separatists without any evidence whatever. Echoes of 9-11, they call this shootdown “an act of terror.”

You have to ask, “who benefits” from such a crime? What possible benefit could the Russians or their allies derive from this atrocity?

The Ukrainians on the other hand are backed by the US-based Illuminati Jewish NeoCons who are anxious to increase tensions and provoke war with Russia. Their ultimate goal is to unseat Putin. This heinous crime must be seen in the context of the sinking of the Maine or the Lusitania as an attempted casus belli. Obama called it a “wakeup call for Europe.” CNN “experts” say the Russians did it; militias don’t have the skills. (No proof is necessary, just like Assad’s “chemical attack” on his own people. This is what the Illuminati-Jewish-dominated West has descended to: Commit an atrocity and blame the “enemy,” i.e. the nation that refuses to surrender.)

Here are articles which support the False Flag view:

Was Ukraine’s Ministry of Interior Behind the Downing of Malaysian Airlines MH17?

The Ukrainians says the separatist militias do not have the Buk system. A report from an expat Spanish air traffic controller in Kiev said the plane was diverted over the conflicted area and taken down by order of the Nazi-run Ukrainian Interior Ministry which is in charge of pacifying the Eastern region. ‘Smoking gun’ intercepts in the MH17 shootdown The Ukrainian Secret Service released a reported phone conversation in which Russian separatists admit shooting down the plane by mistake. The Russians debunk this as a fraud. They say the conversation was concocted before the plane was hit. See also: “Busted: Tape Made Before Shootdown”

Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 Downed Over Warzone Ukraine. Who Was Behind It? Cui Bono?

Russia and the fighters operating in eastern Ukraine have nothing to gain by downing a civilian airliner, but absolutely everything to lose thus pointing the finger in another direction that of NATO and their proxy regime in Kiev.

Malaysian Plane Crash: Lies and Sinister Political Agenda by the West

The Russian Defense Ministry has said that when a Malaysia Airlines plane was apparently shot down over Ukraine, a Ukrainian Buk anti-aircraft missile battery was operational in the region.

Kiev Refuses to Release Controller Instructions to MH17 Pilots A simple search at FlightAware reveals that MH17 was in fact diverted 200 kilometers north from the usual flight path taken by Malaysia Airlines in the previous days and plunged right in the middle of a war zone. Why? What sort of communication did MH17 receive from Kiev air control tower? Kiev has been mute about it. Yet the answer would be simple, had Kiev released the Air Traffic Control recording of the tower talking to Flight MH17; Malaysia did it after Flight MH370 disappeared forever. It won’t happen; SBU security confiscated it. So much for getting an undoctored explanation on why MH17 was off its path, and what the pilots saw and said before the explosion. The Russian Defense Ministry, for its part, has confirmed that a Kiev-controlled Buk anti-aircraft missile battery was operational near MH17’s crash. Kiev has deployed several batteries of Buk surface-to-air missile systems with at least 27 launchers; these are all perfectly capable of bringing down jets flying at 33,000 ft.

Russia Slams US for Implicating Rebels

On Saturday, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said the US administration sought to pin the blame on separatists and Russia without waiting for the results of an investigation. “The statements of representatives of the US administration are evidence of a deep political aberration of Washington’s perception of what is going on in Ukraine,” he told Russian news agencies.

The cynicism is breath-taking.

The Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), in a statement titled “The Downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17: Russia in the Dock,” provides a self-incriminating indictment as to the motives Kiev and its NATO backers had in carrying out the attack on MH17 and subsequently framing Russia for it. RUSI’s statement claims: A Game Change: Within days, however, the real debate will shift from one about producing the right evidence and culprits, to more about what can be saved from the rapidly-deteriorating relations between Russia and the West. The tragedy will stain Russia’s relations with the world for years to come. Nations determined to keep on good terms with Russia such as China or Vietnam which relies on Russian weapon supplies and wishes these to continue will keep quiet. And there will always be some plausible deniability, giving other countries enough room for manoeuvre to avoid accusing Russia directly for this disaster. But the culprits for the crime will be pursued by international investigators and tribunals. And many Russian officials will be added to the ‘wanted’ lists of police forces around the world. The story will linger, and won’t be pretty for Russian diplomats. Given the fact that the majority of the victims are European citizens, it is also getting increasingly difficult to see how France would be able to deliver the Mistral ships which Russia ordered for its navy, or how Britain could continue shielding Russia from financial sanctions. And, given the fact that scores of US citizens were also killed on the MH17 flight means that the US Congress will demand greater sanctions on Russia, making any improvement in relations with Washington highly unlikely.

Russia Asks Kiev to Answer Ten Simple Questions

6. Why did Ukrainian air traffic controllers allow the plane to deviate from the regular route to the north, towards “the anti-terrorist operation zone”?


Another Summary of Evidence by Nick Kollerstrom Points to Ukrainian Military Jets shooting Down MH-17

Russian Expert Says Damage Confirms MH-17 Shot Down by Ukrainian Military Jets _______

First Comment from James Perloff:

Just in case they don’t get a war against Russia over MH17, perhaps the Western media should trot out the following tried-and-tested headlines this week as “breaking news”:


If one false flag doesn’t suffice, why not use the shotgun approach?

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Abel Danger: Airliner Atrocity Is Another Illuminati False Flag

 Posted by at 7:41 am  Tagged with:


 NATO  Comments Off on NATO –
Oct 282015

NATO is based on the North Atlantic Treaty, which provides the organization a framework. The treaty provides that an armed attack against one or more of NATO`s member nations shall be considered an attack against them all.* NATO is headquartered in Brussels, Belgium. The organization was formed in 1949. Many nations joined NATO even Iceland, the only member without a military force.

The organization was originally formed out of the fear that the Soviet Union would ally militarily with Eastern European nations, i.e. the Warsaw Pact, and thus become a threat to Western Europe and the United States. In short, the alliance is an association of free states united in their determination to preserve their security through mutual guarantees and stable relations with other countries.

From 1945 to 1949, Europe faced the crucial need for economic reconstruction. Western European countries and their North American allies viewed with apprehension the expansionist policies and methods of the U.S.S.R. Having fulfilled their own wartime commitments, and desiring to reduce their defense establishments and demobilize forces, Western governments became increasingly alarmed as it became clear that the Soviet leadership intended to maintain its own military forces at full strength.

Furthermore, in view of the Soviet Communist Party`s avowed ideology, it was evident that appeals to the United Nations Charter, and international settlements reached at the end of the war, would not assure democratic states their autonomy. The rise of nondemocratic governments in many central and eastern European countries, and the resultant repression of opposition parties and basic human rights, raised more alarm in the West.

Between 1947 and 1949, a series of extraordinary political events brought matters to a head. They included direct threats to the sovereignty of Norway, Greece, Turkey and other countries, the June 1948 coup in Czechoslovakia, and the illegal blockade of Berlin that began in April of the same year. The signing of the Brussels Treaty in March 1948 marked the commitment of five Western European countries Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom to develop a common defense system and strengthen the ties among them in a manner that would enable them to resist ideological, political and military threats to their security. Later, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Norway and Portugal were invited by the Brussels Treaty powers to become participants in that process.

Then followed negotiations with the United States and Canada on the creation of a single North Atlantic alliance based on security guarantees and mutual commitments between Europe and North America. The alliance would become the transatlantic link by which the security of North America was permanently tied to the security of Europe.

Negotiations culminated in the signing of the treaty in April 1949, entered into freely by each country following public debate and due parliamentary process. The treaty a legal and contractual basis for the alliance was established within the framework of Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, which reaffirms the inherent right of independent states to individual or collective defense. The treaty requires of each of them not to enter into any other international commitment that might conflict with its provisions. The preamble to the treaty states that the aim of the allies is to promote peaceful and friendly relations in the North Atlantic area.

However, at the time of the treatys signing, the immediate purpose of NATO was to defend its members against a potential threat resulting from the policies and growing military capacity of the Soviet Union. The treaty created a common security system based on a partnership among the 12 countries. Others joined later:

The means by which the alliance carries out its security policies includes the maintenance of a sufficient military capability to prevent war and to provide for effective defense; an overall capability to manage crises affecting the security of its members; and active promotion of dialogue with other nations. The alliance performs the following fundamental security tasks:

A continent evolves

NATO has worked since its inception for the establishment of a just and lasting peaceful order in Europe based on common values of democracy, human rights and the rule of law. That central alliance objective has taken on renewed significance since the end of the Cold War because, for the first time in the post- World War II history of Europe, the prospect of its achievement has become a reality as embodied by the European Union.

From time to time, the alliance met at the summit level with heads of state and governments participating. Their direct participation in the process of taking decisions by consensus, raised the public profile of such meetings and bestowed on them increased historical significance.

By 1991, the major transformation of international security at the end of the 1980s was dictating the shape of the new NATO that would emerge over the next few years. The first of a series of four summit meetings that would plot the course of the alliances adaptation to the coming decade took place in Rome in November 1991. It would be followed by another summit meeting in Brussels in January 1994, two further meetings in Madrid in July 1997, and in Washington in April 1999.


The world has seen many changes since the inception of NATO. NATO peacekeeping forces maintain vigilance at hot spots around the world. Kosovo, Afghanistan and Somalia all enjoy a NATO presence. NATO announced on June 9, 2005, that it would help the African Union (AU) expand its peacekeeping mission in Darfur, Sudan, by airlifting additional AU peacekeepers into the region and assisting with training.

The following is from a speech by former NATO Secretary General Lord Robertson on November 12, 2003. The occasion was hosted by the George C. Marshall Foundation, the Center for Transatlantic Relations at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced Internationa Studies and the Royal Norwegian Embassy:

Another excerpt from the same speech:

The following is an illustration of how the world has changed. General Ray Henault of the Canadian Air Force accepted the chairmanship of NATO`s Military Committee on June 16, 2005, from his predecessor, General Harald Kujat of the German Air Force. The Military Committee is the highest military decision-making authority in NATO, assisting and advising the North Atlantic Council. The Chairman of the Military Committee is selected by the Chiefs of Defense and appointed for a three-year term of office.

See the article here:

 Posted by at 11:44 am  Tagged with:

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 1949 – 19451952 …

 NATO  Comments Off on North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 1949 – 19451952 …
Oct 232015

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 1949

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union.

Signing of the NATO Treaty

NATO was the first peacetime military alliance the United States entered into outside of the Western Hemisphere. After the destruction of the Second World War, the nations of Europe struggled to rebuild their economies and ensure their security. The former required a massive influx of aid to help the war-torn landscapes re-establish industries and produce food, and the latter required assurances against a resurgent Germany or incursions from the Soviet Union. The United States viewed an economically strong, rearmed, and integrated Europe as vital to the prevention of communist expansion across the continent. As a result, Secretary of State George Marshall proposed a program of large-scale economic aid to Europe. The resulting European Recovery Program, or Marshall Plan, not only facilitated European economic integration but promoted the idea of shared interests and cooperation between the United States and Europe. Soviet refusal either to participate in the Marshall Plan or to allow its satellite states in Eastern Europe to accept the economic assistance helped to reinforce the growing division between east and west in Europe.

In 19471948, a series of events caused the nations of Western Europe to become concerned about their physical and political security and the United States to become more closely involved with European affairs. The ongoing civil war in Greece, along with tensions in Turkey, led President Harry S. Truman to assert that the United States would provide economic and military aid to both countries, as well as to any other nation struggling against an attempt at subjugation. A Soviet-sponsored coup in Czechoslovakia resulted in a communist government coming to power on the borders of Germany. Attention also focused on elections in Italy as the communist party had made significant gains among Italian voters. Furthermore, events in Germany also caused concern. The occupation and governance of Germany after the war had long been disputed, and in mid-1948, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin chose to test Western resolve by implementing a blockade against West Berlin, which was then under joint U.S., British, and French control but surrounded by Soviet-controlled East Germany. This Berlin Crisis brought the United States and the Soviet Union to the brink of conflict, although a massive airlift to resupply the city for the duration of the blockade helped to prevent an outright confrontation. These events caused U.S. officials to grow increasingly wary of the possibility that the countries of Western Europe might deal with their security concerns by negotiating with the Soviets. To counter this possible turn of events, the Truman Administration considered the possibility of forming a European-American alliance that would commit the United States to bolstering the security of Western Europe.

Signing of the Brussels Treaty

The Western European countries were willing to consider a collective security solution. In response to increasing tensions and security concerns, representatives of several countries of Western Europe gathered together to create a military alliance. Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg signed the Brussels Treaty in March, 1948. Their treaty provided collective defense; if any one of these nations was attacked, the others were bound to help defend it. At the same time, the Truman Administration instituted a peacetime draft, increased military spending, and called upon the historically isolationist Republican Congress to consider a military alliance with Europe. In May of 1948, Republican Senator Arthur H. Vandenburg proposed a resolution suggesting that the President seek a security treaty with Western Europe that would adhere to the United Nations charter but exist outside of the Security Council where the Soviet Union held veto power. The Vandenburg Resolution passed, and negotiations began for the North Atlantic Treaty.

In spite of general agreement on the concept behind the treaty, it took several months to work out the exact terms. The U.S. Congress had embraced the pursuit of the international alliance, but it remained concerned about the wording of the treaty. The nations of Western Europe wanted assurances that the United States would intervene automatically in the event of an attack, but under the U.S. Constitution the power to declare war rested with Congress. Negotiations worked toward finding language that would reassure the European states but not obligate the United States to act in a way that violated its own laws. Additionally, European contributions to collective security would require large-scale military assistance from the United States to help rebuild Western Europes defense capabilities. While the European nations argued for individual grants and aid, the United States wanted to make aid conditional on regional coordination. A third issue was the question of scope. The Brussels Treaty signatories preferred that membership in the alliance be restricted to the members of that treaty plus the United States. The U.S. negotiators felt there was more to be gained from enlarging the new treaty to include the countries of the North Atlantic, including Canada, Iceland, Denmark, Norway, Ireland, and Portugal. Together, these countries held territory that formed a bridge between the opposite shores of the Atlantic Ocean, which would facilitate military action if it became necessary.

President Truman inspecting a tank produced under the Mutual Defense Assistance Program

The result of these extensive negotiations was the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949. In this agreement, the United States, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United Kingdom agreed to consider attack against one an attack against all, along with consultations about threats and defense matters. This collective defense arrangement only formally applied to attacks against the signatories that occurred in Europe or North America; it did not include conflicts in colonial territories. After the treaty was signed, a number of the signatories made requests to the United States for military aid. Later in 1949, President Truman proposed a military assistance program, and the Mutual Defense Assistance Program passed the U.S. Congress in October, appropriating some $1.4 billion dollars for the purpose of building Western European defenses.

Soon after the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the outbreak of the Korean War led the members to move quickly to integrate and coordinate their defense forces through a centralized headquarters. The North Korean attack on South Korea was widely viewed at the time to be an example of communist aggression directed by Moscow, so the United States bolstered its troop commitments to Europe to provide assurances against Soviet aggression on the European continent. In 1952, the members agreed to admit Greece and Turkey to NATO and added the Federal Republic of Germany in 1955. West German entry led the Soviet Union to retaliate with its own regional alliance, which took the form of the Warsaw Treaty Organization and included the Soviet satellite states of Eastern Europe as members.

The collective defense arrangements in NATO served to place the whole of Western Europe under the American nuclear umbrella. In the 1950s, one of the first military doctrines of NATO emerged in the form of massive retaliation, or the idea that if any member was attacked, the United States would respond with a large-scale nuclear attack. The threat of this form of response was meant to serve as a deterrent against Soviet aggression on the continent. Although formed in response to the exigencies of the developing Cold War, NATO has lasted beyond the end of that conflict, with membership even expanding to include some former Soviet states. It remains the largest peacetime military alliance in the world.

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North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 1949 – 19451952 …

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Pierre Teilhard De Chardin | Designer Children | Prometheism | Euvolution | Transhumanism