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Nanotechnology – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Jul 282015
 

Nanotechnology (“nanotech”) is the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology[1][2] referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers. This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter that occur below the given size threshold. It is therefore common to see the plural form “nanotechnologies” as well as “nanoscale technologies” to refer to the broad range of research and applications whose common trait is size. Because of the variety of potential applications (including industrial and military), governments have invested billions of dollars in nanotechnology research. Until 2012, through its National Nanotechnology Initiative, the USA has invested 3.7 billion dollars, the European Union has invested 1.2 billion and Japan 750 million dollars.[3]

Nanotechnology as defined by size is naturally very broad, including fields of science as diverse as surface science, organic chemistry, molecular biology, semiconductor physics, microfabrication, etc.[4] The associated research and applications are equally diverse, ranging from extensions of conventional device physics to completely new approaches based upon molecular self-assembly, from developing new materials with dimensions on the nanoscale to direct control of matter on the atomic scale.

Scientists currently debate the future implications of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology may be able to create many new materials and devices with a vast range of applications, such as in medicine, electronics, biomaterials energy production, and consumer products. On the other hand, nanotechnology raises many of the same issues as any new technology, including concerns about the toxicity and environmental impact of nanomaterials,[5] and their potential effects on global economics, as well as speculation about various doomsday scenarios. These concerns have led to a debate among advocacy groups and governments on whether special regulation of nanotechnology is warranted.

The concepts that seeded nanotechnology were first discussed in 1959 by renowned physicist Richard Feynman in his talk There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom, in which he described the possibility of synthesis via direct manipulation of atoms. The term “nano-technology” was first used by Norio Taniguchi in 1974, though it was not widely known.

Inspired by Feynman’s concepts, K. Eric Drexler used the term “nanotechnology” in his 1986 book Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology, which proposed the idea of a nanoscale “assembler” which would be able to build a copy of itself and of other items of arbitrary complexity with atomic control. Also in 1986, Drexler co-founded The Foresight Institute (with which he is no longer affiliated) to help increase public awareness and understanding of nanotechnology concepts and implications.

Thus, emergence of nanotechnology as a field in the 1980s occurred through convergence of Drexler’s theoretical and public work, which developed and popularized a conceptual framework for nanotechnology, and high-visibility experimental advances that drew additional wide-scale attention to the prospects of atomic control of matter. In the 1980s, two major breakthroughs sparked the growth of nanotechnology in modern era.

First, the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope in 1981 which provided unprecedented visualization of individual atoms and bonds, and was successfully used to manipulate individual atoms in 1989. The microscope’s developers Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory received a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986.[6][7] Binnig, Quate and Gerber also invented the analogous atomic force microscope that year.

Second, Fullerenes were discovered in 1985 by Harry Kroto, Richard Smalley, and Robert Curl, who together won the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.[8][9] C60 was not initially described as nanotechnology; the term was used regarding subsequent work with related graphene tubes (called carbon nanotubes and sometimes called Bucky tubes) which suggested potential applications for nanoscale electronics and devices.

In the early 2000s, the field garnered increased scientific, political, and commercial attention that led to both controversy and progress. Controversies emerged regarding the definitions and potential implications of nanotechnologies, exemplified by the Royal Society’s report on nanotechnology.[10] Challenges were raised regarding the feasibility of applications envisioned by advocates of molecular nanotechnology, which culminated in a public debate between Drexler and Smalley in 2001 and 2003.[11]

Meanwhile, commercialization of products based on advancements in nanoscale technologies began emerging. These products are limited to bulk applications of nanomaterials and do not involve atomic control of matter. Some examples include the Silver Nano platform for using silver nanoparticles as an antibacterial agent, nanoparticle-based transparent sunscreens, and carbon nanotubes for stain-resistant textiles.[12][13]

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Nanotechnology – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bloodlines of the Illuminati: Fritz Springmeier …

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Jul 222015
 

The latest edition of Bloodlines of the Illuminati… Direct from the Distrubutor *************************** You’ve seen pieces of the puzzle, but still you wonder… Bloodlines of the Illuminati is a unique historical genealogical who’s-doing-it book, rich in detail, providing a devastating expos of the people and families who are THE movers and shakers of the United States and the entire world. You will recognize some of the names instantly. Many names have been purposely hidden from mainstream view. From international finance to war, presidents and dictators alike pay heed to these people. “Influence” doesn’t even come close to describing their power. They have plans for you. Who are they? Author, Fritz Springmeier provides a wealth of material and inside information based on eyewitnesses. His outstanding research provides facts that are not available elsewhere. When you finish reading this book, the pieces of the puzzle will fall into place and you’ll see the fascinating big picture. You will know who actually runs the New World Order conspiracy, and who is in the Illuminati. You may discover for yourself why Bloodlines of the Illuminati was a bestseller in Japan, a nation which thrives on detail. IF YOU ENJOYED THE PREVIOUS EDITION OF BLOODLINES, YOU’LL LOVE THE NEW EDITION EVEN MORE… completely revised, the new “Bloodlines of the Illuminati” has more info and better photos. The 3rd Edition’s large print size (7″ X 10″) makes for easier reading. * Hot new information exposing Wolf Head (a group similar to Skull & Bones). * New genealogy charts, one shows how 25 Presidents are related, another how Prince Charles is related to Count Dracula. * More information on all the bloodlines.

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Bloodlines of the Illuminati: Fritz Springmeier …

The 10 Biggest Tax Havens in the World – TheRichest

 Tax Havens  Comments Off on The 10 Biggest Tax Havens in the World – TheRichest
May 082015
 

In 2009, the governments of the 20 wealthiest countries in the world vowed that they will tighten the regulations that enabled rampant tax evasions in their own nation and territories. The major problem that these countries faced was the high level of secrecy when it comes to withholding the financial assets of clients from the authorities. However, two years later, despite the increase in such regulations, people were still left with a great number of countries to choose from that will allow them to evade their taxes through the use of offshore accounts. This was according to a report made by the Tax Justice Network.

The report, which the Tax Justice Network referred to as the Financial Secrecy Index, assessed 73 different jurisdictions around the world that allowed billions of foreign currency to be stored in offshore accounts. The money that was deposited into these accounts were also left untaxed. The report found that governments worldwide lose approximately $250 billion in revenue every year because of these offshore accounts.

This list is comprised of the 10 biggest tax havens in the world countries that allow the highest level of client financial secrecy, tax evasion, and offshore accounts.

Bahrain, situated near the Persian Gulfs western shores, is a small island-country. The archipelagos largest island is Bahrain Island. While there are plenty of financial institutions offering offshore banking services and bank accounts in the island, its client financial secrecy is the lowest of all the other nations included in this list. Bahrain gets tenth place because it has the lowest level of Financial Secrecy Index value based from the Tax Justice Networks report, which is at 660.3. It also has a Secrecy Score of 78.

Germany makes it easy for people to open offshore bank accounts. However, this has also resulted in the increasing number of individuals opening such accounts so they can evade their taxes. The good news is that the country is trying to control this problem through the implementation of stricter and much more stringent policies. In the report, Germany got a score of 669.8 for its Financial Secrecy Index value, and a Secrecy Score of 57.

Many of the offshore banks in Japan do not subject the deposits made by their clients to interest rate standards and regulations. Fortunately, with the offshore banking center that has been established in Tokyo, the countrys law enforcement authorities would at least be able to monitor and control any developments in these financial institutions.

Jersey is a British Crown Dependency that houses a great number of banks offering offshore accounts to foreign clients. Offshore banking and investments has been a part of the bailiwicks underground economy. In the Tax Justice Network report, Jersey got a Financial Secrecy Index value of 750.1 and a Secrecy Score of 78.

Singapore, an island city-state in Southeast Asia, is considered by many as one of their best choices for opening offshore bank accounts. Almost anyone can open such a bank account without experiencing any hassle. This is one of the major reasons why Singapore was graded with a Financial Secrecy Index value of 1,118 and a Secrecy Score of 71 by the Tax Justice Network.

The states of Nevada and Wyoming are two of the major contributing factors to the countrys increasing problems in terms of tax evasion. In Nevada, there are no capital gains, gift tax, personal income tax, and inheritance tax. In Wyoming, there are no corporate taxes, inventory taxes, unitary taxes, gift taxes, estate taxes, personal income taxes, franchise taxes, and inheritance taxes.

In the Peoples Republic of China, there are two Special Administrative Regions, with Hong Kong being one of them. It is located at the south coast of China and is surrounded by the South China Sea and the Pearl River Delta. Seven million people live in the region. Aside from being a popular tourist hot spot, Hong Kong is also a haven for people who do not want to pay their taxes and deposit large amounts of money in offshore accounts. Here, clients do not have to pay for sales taxes, capital gains, and payroll taxes. They also do not have to worry about personal tax being deducted from their money.

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The 10 Biggest Tax Havens in the World – TheRichest

New Bitcoin Foundation chief eyes crowdfunding

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Apr 142015
 

The newly appointed head of the Bitcoin Foundation, a group that promotes development of the digital currency, believes crowdfunding is one part of the solution for its troubled finances.

A one-time Morgan Stanley stockbroker, investment advisor Bruce Fenton was appointed executive director based on a vote of five ayes to one abstention by the groups board of directors, the foundation wrote on its blog. He replaces Patrick Murck, who was interim executive director.

The move follows an admission by the foundation that it faces large financial problems linked to the drop in the value of its bitcoin holdings. It rejected board member Olivier Janssens claim that it is effectively bankrupt.

Im confident that we can run a lean and effective foundation and run at a budget surplus by using our resources carefully, Fenton said via email, adding he has not had a chance to review the foundations assets in detail yet.

Id also like to see us use more decentralized tools like crowdfunding, Fenton said. Crowdfunding can be a creative way for members to support the projects they care about, he added.

He also stressed the need for feedback and engagement from corporate and individual members of the foundation.

Fenton, founder of investment firm Atlantic Financial in Massachusetts, worked at Morgan Stanley in the 1990s, specializing in emerging technologies. He is a member of the Bitcoin Association, another bitcoin promotion group, and has organized the Dubai Bitcoin Conference and advised bitcoin startups.

Fenton takes the helm of an organization marked by controversy. Among its founding members are Charlie Shrem, who pleaded guilty to transmitting money linked to the Silk Road online drugs site, and Mark Karpeles, who presided over the collapse of MtGox, once the worlds largest trading place for bitcoin. Board members have quit in frustration or spoken out against the foundation.

Tim Hornyak reports on IT, telecommunications, science, and technology in Japan for the IDG News Service. More by Tim Hornyak

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Six islands overrun with animals

 Islands  Comments Off on Six islands overrun with animals
Apr 132015
 

Daniel Martins Digital Reporter

Monday, April 13, 2015, 11:32 – Bored with constantly being surrounded by humanity?

Maybe you need a getaway, but rather than heading off to the wilderness, why don’t you try these six islands overrun by animals?

For some, the cuteness will sooth your soul. For others, the constantly underfoot skittering or slithering horror will make you think your noisy office may not be so bad after all.

Rabbit Island: Okunoshima

Somewhere off the coast of Japan, theres an island where this happens:

Okunoshima is more commonly know as Usaga Jima Literally, Rabbit Island, for obvious reasons.

There are hundreds of them on the island, thanks to a benign environment with no natural predators (not even cats and dogs are allowed), and scenes of them mobbing anyone who might have a snack went viral in recent years.

It all sounds too good to be true. And, of course, it is.

Before its name became associated with cuddly long-ears, Okunoshima was more famous for something else: Chemical weapons. Between 1928 and 1945, an estimated 6,000 tonnes of poison gas were manufactured there. And they had to test them on something.

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Six islands overrun with animals

Hasegawa Space Shuttle & Hubble Telescope 1/200 Model Kit From JAPAN 61735 – Video

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Apr 112015
 



Hasegawa Space Shuttle Hubble Telescope 1/200 Model Kit From JAPAN 61735
61735 1/200 .

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Hasegawa Space Shuttle & Hubble Telescope 1/200 Model Kit From JAPAN 61735 – Video

11.04.2015 Lead,under pressure from NATO, Japan increases defense spending – Video

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Apr 112015
 



11.04.2015 Lead,under pressure from NATO, Japan increases defense spending
11.04.2015 Lead,under pressure from NATO, Japan increases defense spending Be aware of news!See the latest news of Ukraine and Russia. The latest events and news. News Lugansk, Donetsk …

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11.04.2015 Lead,under pressure from NATO, Japan increases defense spending – Video

China maps out islands plan

 Islands  Comments Off on China maps out islands plan
Apr 112015
 

It is rare for China to give such detail about its plans for the artificial islands. The rapid reclamation taking place on seven reefs has alarmed other claimants and drawn U.S. criticism, including from Defence Secretary Ash Carter, who is visiting Japan and South Korea this week.

“The relevant construction is a matter that is entirely within the scope of China’s sovereignty. It is fair, reasonable, lawful, it does not affect and is not targeted against any country. It is beyond reproach,” Hua added.

China claims most of the South China Sea, through which $5 trillion in ship-borne trade passes every year. The Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan also have overlapping claims.

All but Brunei have fortified bases in the Spratlys, which lie roughly 1,300 km (800 miles) from the Chinese mainland but much closer to the Southeast Asian claimants.

Read MoreAsia Infrastructure Investment Bank gambit has US on edge

While China’s new islands will not overturn U.S. military superiority in the region, workers are building ports and fuel storage depots and possibly two airstrips that experts have said would allow Beijing to project power deep into the maritime heart of Southeast Asia.

Asked about Hua’s comments, U.S. State Department spokesman Jeff Rathke called the land reclamation “destabilizing” and said it was “fueling greater anxiety within the region about China’s intentions amid concerns that they might militarize outposts on disputed land features in the South China Sea.”

“We very much hope that China would recalibrate in the interests of stability and good relations in the region,” he told reporters in Washington.

Western and Asian naval officials privately say that China could feel emboldened to try to limit air and sea navigation once the reclaimed islands are fully established.

The U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea does not legally allow for reclaimed land to be used to demarcate 12-nautical-mile territorial zones, but some officials fear China will not feel limited by that document and will seek to keep foreign navies from passing close by.

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China maps out islands plan

China Defends Work on Spratly Islands

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Apr 112015
 

BEIJING

China on Thursday sketched out plans for the islands it is creating in the disputed South China Sea, saying they would be used for military defense as well as to provide civilian services that would benefit other countries.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying told reporters that the reclamation and building work in the Spratly archipelago was needed partly because of the risk of typhoons in an area with a lot of shipping that is far from land.

“We are building shelters, aids for navigation, search and rescue, as well as marine meteorological forecasting services, fishery services and other administrative services” for China and neighboring countries, Hua said.

The islands and reefs would also meet the demands for China’s defense, Hua said without elaborating.

It is rare for China to give such detail about its plans for the artificial islands. The rapid reclamation taking place on seven reefs has alarmed other claimants and drawn U.S. criticism, including from Defense Secretary Ash Carter, who is visiting Japan and South Korea this week.

“The relevant construction is a matter that is entirely within the scope of China’s sovereignty. It is fair, reasonable, lawful, it does not affect and is not targeted against any country. It is beyond reproach,” Hua added.

Overlapping claims

China claims most of the South China Sea, through which $5 trillion in shipborne trade passes every year. The Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan also have overlapping claims.

All but Brunei have fortified bases in the Spratlys, which lie roughly 1,300 kilometers (800 miles) from the Chinese mainland and are much closer to the Southeast Asian claimants.

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China Defends Work on Spratly Islands

Sailors Find Opportunities at Yokosuka’s Single Sailor Liberty Center – Video

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Mar 272015
 



Sailors Find Opportunities at Yokosuka's Single Sailor Liberty Center
The Single Sailor Liberty Center in Yokosuka, Japan offers Sailors a chance to relax and de-stress after work.

By: U.S. Navy

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Sailors Find Opportunities at Yokosuka’s Single Sailor Liberty Center – Video

Shikoku and Shodo Islands – Cycling Tour in Japan – Video

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Mar 222015
 



Shikoku and Shodo Islands – Cycling Tour in Japan
Tour in Japan. Japonya bisiklet turumdan Shikoku ve Shodo adalar.

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Shikoku and Shodo Islands – Cycling Tour in Japan – Video

Japan claims disputed islands with Chinese map from 1969

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Mar 192015
 

TOKYO, March 18 (UPI) — China’s foreign ministry has reproached the Japanese government for displaying a 1969 Chinese map of the Senkaku Islands that identifies the disputed territory by its Japanese name.

The Japan Times reported the Japanese foreign ministry’s website released the map on Monday to show how neighboring China created surveys “on the premise the Senkaku islands are part of Japanese territory.”

The map, Japanese foreign minister said, shows China’s claim to the disputed islands has “no foundation at all.”

Japan’s foreign ministry states on its website China and Taiwan claimed the islands after the U.N. issued a report that the area held potential oil and gas reserves.

China swiftly responded to the official Japanese statement during a press briefing in Beijing.

South Korean news agency Yonhap reported that Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Hong Lei said the map reflects Japan’s aggression and its colonial legacy in Taiwan. Prior to the Sino-Japanese War that lasted from 1894 to 1895, Hong said Western maps marked the islands as belonging to China.

Japan has control of the Senkaku, or Diaoyu Islands, but China and Taiwan each claim the territory.

On March 2 Japan’s Kyodo News reported a Taiwan-based group of activists requested Japanese facilities on the islands be taken down.

They also requested the Japanese government to remove the Japanese flag on the disputed territory, claiming Japan’s moves violates a Taiwan-Japan fisheries pact that lets both countries to fish inside Japan’s exclusive economic zone, that excludes 12 nautical miles of waters surrounding the Senkaku Islands.

Taiwan uses the name Tiaoyutai for the islands.

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Japan claims disputed islands with Chinese map from 1969

Cyclone Pam and climate change: Are the Pacific Islands ready?

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Mar 152015
 

At least eight people have been killed after one of the most powerful cyclones to hit the Pacific Ocean tore through the islands of Vanuatu early Saturday, multiple news outlets reported.

Packing winds up to 270 kilometers (168 miles) per hour, Cyclone Pam blew down or destroyed homes and cut off power, water, and communication lines, especially on the archipelagos outer islands, The Associated Press reported.

As of Saturday, eight have been reported dead, but aid workers have said it could take weeks before the storms impact is fully evaluated.

“It felt like the world was going to end,” Alice Clements, a spokeswoman for the United Nations Childrens Fund, told Reuters from Vanuatu. It’s like a bomb has gone off in the center of the town.

Scientists have said its nearly impossible to attribute any single weather event to climate change, according to The Associated Press. Still, the Category 5 cyclone the worst to hit the archipelago since Cyclone Uma left 5,000 people homeless and one man dead in 1987 has once more raised concerns about the readiness of Pacific island nations to respond to severe weather events exacerbated by rising temperatures and sea levels.

The Pacific region has been one of the areas most affected by changes in global temperatures in recent years. In 2013, countries in the Pacific Basin recorded the highest increases in sea levels in the world, according to a report by The Christian Science Monitor, based on data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Last September, the president of the Marshall Islands, a tiny archipelago near the equator, called on world leaders to act on climate change as the countrys atolls become increasingly unlivable due to rising seas, severe floods, sudden storms, and droughts, The Guardian reported.

The Pacific is fighting for its survival, President Christopher Loek said. Climate change has already arrived.”

Countries in and around the Pacific, including China, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, and Australia, have also experienced the most tropical cyclone strikes since 1970, the same Monitor report found.

Of the five typhoons to affect the most number of people in the Philippines, four occurred within the last 10 years, according to Philippine news outlet Rappler. The worst was also the most recent: Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the archipelago in late 2013, affected more than 16 million people, including 6,000 dead. The estimated cost of damage was about $2 billion, Rappler reported.

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Cyclone Pam and climate change: Are the Pacific Islands ready?

Cyclone Pam and climate change: Are the Pacific Islands ready? (+video)

 Islands  Comments Off on Cyclone Pam and climate change: Are the Pacific Islands ready? (+video)
Mar 152015
 

At least eight people have been killed after one of the most powerful cyclones to hit the Pacific Ocean tore through the islands of Vanuatu early Saturday, multiple news outlets reported.

Packing winds up to 270 kilometers (168 miles) per hour, Cyclone Pam blew down or destroyed homes and cut off power, water, and communication lines, especially on the archipelagos outer islands, The Associated Press reported.

As of Saturday, eight have been reported dead, but aid workers have said it could take weeks before the storms impact is fully evaluated.

“It felt like the world was going to end,” Alice Clements, a spokeswoman for the United Nations Childrens Fund, told Reuters from Vanuatu. It’s like a bomb has gone off in the center of the town.

Scientists have said its nearly impossible to attribute any single weather event to climate change, according to The Associated Press. Still, the Category 5 cyclone the worst to hit the archipelago since Cyclone Uma left 5,000 people homeless and one man dead in 1987 has once more raised concerns about the readiness of Pacific island nations to respond to severe weather events exacerbated by rising temperatures and sea levels.

The Pacific region has been one of the areas most affected by changes in global temperatures in recent years. In 2013, countries in the Pacific Basin recorded the highest increases in sea levels in the world, according to a report by The Christian Science Monitor, based on data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Last September, the president of the Marshall Islands, a tiny archipelago near the equator, called on world leaders to act on climate change as the countrys atolls become increasingly unlivable due to rising seas, severe floods, sudden storms, and droughts, The Guardian reported.

The Pacific is fighting for its survival, President Christopher Loek said. Climate change has already arrived.”

Countries in and around the Pacific, including China, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, and Australia, have also experienced the most tropical cyclone strikes since 1970, the same Monitor report found.

Of the five typhoons to affect the most number of people in the Philippines, four occurred within the last 10 years, according to Philippine news outlet Rappler. The worst was also the most recent: Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the archipelago in late 2013, affected more than 16 million people, including 6,000 dead. The estimated cost of damage was about $2 billion, Rappler reported.

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Cyclone Pam and climate change: Are the Pacific Islands ready? (+video)

Bitcoin hack report suggests inside job

 Bitcoin  Comments Off on Bitcoin hack report suggests inside job
Mar 092015
 

According to the report, the bot, known as “Willy”, assigned itself dozens of accounts with apparently faked US dollar balances, allowing it to buy and withdraw the virtual currency at will.

The fact that the bot operated in Asian hours is one of several clues suggesting that the creator could have worked at Mt Gox, said Kim Nilsson, chief engineer at WizSec. At its peak, the holding company run by Mt Gox chief Mark Karpels employed some 30 people, some of them on short-term contracts.

More from the Financial Times: Buffett dons biker gear with German deal Pace of recovery in eurozone quickens Schuble sets stage for Athens showdown

“We think it is more plausible that it was an insider rather than an external hacker,” said Mr Nilsson.

The shuttering of the exchange once the world’s most popular venue for trading and storing bitcoins left thousands of creditors in limbo, and provided a stern test of faith in the infrastructure supporting the alternative currency movement. In the weeks following the collapse, during which Mr Karpels claimed to have recovered 200,000 of the 850,000 missing coins in an old format wallet, the price of bitcoin dropped about 40 per cent.

Mr Karpels has said he was unaware that any coins were missing until late in February, weeks after users began to report difficulties withdrawing funds.

Read MoreForget currency, bitcoin’s tech is the revolution

In an emailed comment, Mr Karpels said that the activity patterns uncovered by the WizSec report indicating regular gaps in trading between 2am and 5am, Japan time could “show the way to new theories”, such as two people operating the bot on shifts, or living in different time zones.

Since the collapse a succession of other, smaller bitcoin-related businesses have hit trouble, with problems ranging from Gox-like hacks to physical raids on bitcoin ATMs. On Thursday bitcoin was trading at $237, about 80 per cent off its peak of November 2013.

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Bitcoin hack report suggests inside job

Racers Islands Free PC Game – Video

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Mar 062015
 



Racers Islands Free PC Game
http://www.gametop.com/download-free-games/racers-islands/ – Racers Islands Free PC Game Prepare yourself to do battle in enormous theme parks in France, England, Russia, Japan, the USA and…

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Development boom for Tiwi Islands

 Islands  Comments Off on Development boom for Tiwi Islands
Mar 052015
 

Development is continuing at full pace on the Tiwi Islands where the government hopes a soon-to-be-completed port and new agricultural and tourism land leases will make the remote Aboriginal community an example for the whole Northern Territory.

On Thursday Chief Minister Adam Giles announced a new agreement had been signed with the Tiwis to lease up to 10,0000 hectares for pastoral or agricultural use, 20 hectares for tourism, industrial and aquacultural projects, and 10 hectares of township land.

“This is an inspirational deal, unheard of I think in Australia, but particularly in the NT where significant leadership has come from the local people … who have the foresight to pursue economic opportunities, who have the vision to look outside the square about the way things are done, but particularly have a focus on creating jobs,” Mr Giles told reporters.

No leases have yet been signed for the new ventures, which locals hope will include oyster and fish farming.

Traditional owners will need to consent, and affected communities will have to be consulted before anything can go ahead.

Local member Francis Xavier Kurrupuwu said he was keen to see locals begin developing their own businesses on the two islands, about 80km North of Darwin, with a population of about 3000.

“We want to move away from welfare … We want to encourage our young ones because they’re our future,” he said.

Mr Giles also toured the $50 million Port Melville, which is still under construction despite initial forecasts that it would start shipping woodchips to Japan early last year.

He said he expected that to happen by mid-year, and praised the foresight of locals and Singaporean port owner Ezion Holdings for considering the port for other uses, such as a marine supply base for the region’s offshore oil and gas projects.

“The port’s not going to be sustainable on woodchips alone,” he said.

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Development boom for Tiwi Islands

Cruise in Russia’s Kuril Islands by Ponant – Video

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Feb 222015
 



Cruise in Russia's Kuril Islands by Ponant
Nicolas Dubreuil, expedition leader, presents the Kuril Islands cruise between Russia and Japan. Discover a part of our planet that is still unknown to most, a wild paradise composed of volcanic…

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Cruise in Russia’s Kuril Islands by Ponant – Video

SAR should prohibit Bitcoin transactions

 Bitcoin  Comments Off on SAR should prohibit Bitcoin transactions
Feb 162015
 

Updated: 2015-02-16 07:29 By Eddy Li(HK Edition)

Last year, when Hong Kong set up its first Bitcoin ATM and a Bitcoin retail store, I wrote a commentary in this paper, “Treat Bitcoin with caution”. This was to warn investors to exercise caution about investing in Bitcoin. Unfortunately, it didn’t prevent a recent fraudulent incident. Earlier this month, Legislative Council member Leung Yiu-chung said that about 30 concerned clients of MyCoin, a Hong Kong-based Bitcoin trading company, complained to him that the company had absconded with funds from up to 3,000 investors, stealing HK$3 billion in the process.

The most controversial feature of Bitcoin remains the question of whether or not it is actually a currency. Bitcoin does have three useful qualities of a currency, according to an Economist article published in January 2015: They are “hard to earn, limited in supply, and easy to verify”. While Bitcoin, to some extent, meets all these requirements – a store of value, a medium of exchange, and a unit of account, it is its volatility which becomes the most crucial factor in its acceptance. In this case, naturally, its price, or exchange rate, fluctuates based on how it is regarded. Thus if a country forbids Bitcoin transactions, the price drops dramatically. When another economy admits its legal status its price may skyrocket in a short time.

Consensus has yet to be reached as to whether Bitcoin should be a currency in different countries. As of 2014, this cryptocurrency was only illegal in Vietnam and Iceland. In December 2013, China’s central bank took its first steps in regulating Bitcoins by prohibiting financial institutions from handling Bitcoin transactions. Within six months of this, the People’s Bank of China stated that Bitcoins “are fundamentally not a currency but an investment target”, and simultaneously ordered financial institutions to close Bitcoin trading accounts. As for Japan, it was not until the Tokyo-based Bitcoin exchange Mt. Gox filed for bankruptcy that the Japanese government decided to clarify its position on the digital currency. Tokyo said it did not consider Bitcoin a real currency. In other Asian countries, including South Korea, India, Thailand and Indonesia, attitudes toward Bitcoin are generally conservative: They firmly state that it is not a currency.

Nevertheless, the Western world seems to have different attitudes to Bitcoin. Germany and Canada have granted Bitcoin the legal status of a currency, while others have tended not to take a definite position. In the US, experts are working on drafting regulations to cover Bitcoin, but on one occasion the Federal Reserve suggested that people should take responsibility for their own risk when investing in this “convertible decentralized virtual currency”.

It is possible that Bitcoin will be an internationally accepted currency in future. But so far it is merely an online payment system generated from “mining” – a computing process. Without any central bank or governmental backing, its value is determined only by the agreement of its users. This makes Bitcoin different from conventional currencies regarding undulation. Since its first real-world transaction in 2010, when a user bought 2 pizzas for 10,000 Bitcoins (valued at less than $0.01), it has peaked at $1250 with intermittent crashes and rebounds. Over the last year, the value of Bitcoin has dropped more than 50 percent.

Such instability has brought it to the attention of both investors and governments. Authorities in Hong Kong have repeatedly warned that Bitcoins are a high-risk investment. But judging from the recent case, such warnings are definitely not sufficient, especially when there are no existing laws regulating virtual currencies like Bitcoin. So the solution is regulation or prohibition.

Given that Bitcoin is an unprecedented financial concept, related regulation needs years to draft and refine. Governments and academics from different countries should work together to set up a generally accepted system of regulation. Until such time I suggest the Hong Kong government prohibits Bitcoin transactions through financial institutions – although individual investments should still be possible.

(HK Edition 02/16/2015 page10)

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SAR should prohibit Bitcoin transactions

Satoshi Nakamoto – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Bitcoin  Comments Off on Satoshi Nakamoto – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Feb 072015
 

Satoshi Nakamoto is a person or group of people who created the Bitcoin protocol and reference software, Bitcoin Core. In 2008, Nakamoto published a paper[1][2] on The Cryptography Mailing list at metzdowd.com[3] describing the Bitcoin digital currency. In 2009, he released the first Bitcoin software that launched the network and the first units of the Bitcoin currency, called bitcoins.[4][5]

Nakamoto is said to have continued to contribute to his Bitcoin software release with other developers until contact with his team and the community gradually began to fade in mid-2010. Near this time, he handed over control of the source code repository and alert key functions of the software to Gavin Andresen.[6] Also around this same time, he handed over control of the Bitcoin.org domain and several other domains to various prominent members of the Bitcoin community.

Nakamoto is believed to be in possession of roughly one million bitcoins. At one point in December 2013, this was the equivalent of US$1.1 billion.[7] Nakamoto’s true identity remains unknown, and has been the subject of much speculation. It is not known whether the name “Satoshi Nakamoto” is real or a pseudonym, or whether the name represents one person or a group of people.

On his P2P Foundation profile, Nakamoto claimed to be a 37-year-old male who lived in Japan, while others speculated he was unlikely to be Japanese due to his use of perfect English and his Bitcoin software not being documented nor labelled in Japanese.[8]

Some considered Nakamoto might be a team of people; Dan Kaminsky, a security researcher who read the Bitcoin code,[9] said that Nakamoto could either be a “team of people” or a “genius”;[10] Laszlo Hanyecz, a former Bitcoin core developer who had emailed Nakamoto, had the feeling the code was too well designed for one person.[11]

Occasional British English spelling and terminology (such as the phrase “bloody hard”) in both source code comments and forum postings led to speculation that Nakamoto, or at least one individual in the consortium claiming to be him, was of Commonwealth origin.[1][10][11]

Stefan Thomas, a Swiss coder and active community member, graphed the time stamps for each of Nakamoto’s bitcoin forum posts (more than 500); the resulting chart showed a steep decline to almost no posts between the hours of 5 am and 11 am Greenwich Mean Time. Because this pattern held true even on Saturdays and Sundays, it suggested that Nakamoto was asleep at this time.[8] If Nakamoto is a single individual with conventional sleeping habits, it suggests he resided in a region using the UTC05:00 or UTC06:00 time offset. This includes the parts of North America that fall within the Eastern Time Zone and Central Time Zone, as well as parts of Central America, the Caribbean and South America.

Many articles have been written about possible identities of Nakamoto. Some notable speculations about his identity include:

In December 2013, a blogger named Skye Grey linked Nick Szabo to the Bitcoin’s whitepaper using a stylometric analysis.[23][24][25] Szabo is a decentralized currency enthusiast and published a paper on “bit gold”, which is considered a precursor to bitcoin.[24][25] He is known to have been interested in using pseudonyms in the 1990s.[26] In a May 2011 article, Szabo stated about the Bitcoin creator: “Myself, Wei Dai, and Hal Finney were the only people I know of who liked the idea (or in Dai’s case his related idea) enough to pursue it to any significant extent until Nakamoto (assuming Nakamoto is not really Finney or Dai).”[27] In his book, Bitcoin: The Future of Money?, and on RT’s The Keiser Report, author and investigative reporter Dominic Frisby also claims that he is fairly certain that Nick Szabo is Satoshi Nakamoto. Quoted from The Keiser Report “I’ve concluded there is only 1 person in the whole world that has the sheer breadth but also the specifity of knowledge and it is this chap…”.[28]

The most high-profile speculation to date came in a March 6, 2014, article in the magazine Newsweek,[29] when journalist Leah McGrath Goodman identified Dorian Prentice Satoshi Nakamoto, a Japanese American man living in California, whose birth name is Satoshi Nakamoto,[29][30][31] as the Nakamoto in question. Besides his name, Goodman pointed to a number of facts that circumstantially suggested he was the Bitcoin inventor.[29] Trained as a physicist, Nakamoto worked as a systems engineer on classified defense projects and computer engineer for technology and financial information services companies. According to his daughter, Nakamoto was laid off twice in the early 1990s and turned libertarian, encouraging her to start her own business and “not be under the government’s thumb.” In the article’s seemingly biggest piece of evidence, Goodman wrote that when she asked him about Bitcoin during a brief in-person interview, Nakamoto seemed to confirm his identity as the Bitcoin founder by stating: “I am no longer involved in that and I cannot discuss it. It’s been turned over to other people. They are in charge of it now. I no longer have any connection.”[29] (This quote was later confirmed by deputies at the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department who were present at the time.)[32]

Originally posted here:
Satoshi Nakamoto – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia




Pierre Teilhard De Chardin | Designer Children | Prometheism | Euvolution | Transhumanism