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NSA Surveillance – gov1.info

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Jun 282016
 

Surveillance Techniques: How Your Data Becomes Our Data

In 2001, NSA published the secret “Transition 2001” report defining our strategy for the 21st century. No longer could we simply access analog communications using conventional means, the new digital world of globally-networked encrypted communications required a dramatic change to our surveillance strategy: NSA would need to “live on the network”.

We’ve turned our nation’s Internet and telecommunications companies into collection partners by installing filters in their facilities, serving them with secret court orders, building back doors into their software and acquiring keys to break their encryption.

NSA technicians have installed intercept stations at key junction points, or switches, throughout the country. These switches are located in large windowless buildings owned by the major telecommunication companies and control the domestic internet traffic flow across the nation. A fiber optic splitter is placed on the incoming communication lines and routes the traffic to an NSA intercept station for processing.

View a sample route that internet data traverses from a home in Toronto to the San Francisco Art Institute passing through several NSA intercept stations.

Larger version of map More information about this map

In the past, we used our close partnership with the FBI to collect bulk telephone records on an ongoing basis using a Top Secret order from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISA). The metadata we collected from this program gave us information about what communications you sent and received, who you talked to, where you were when you talked to them, the lengths of your conversations, and what kind of device you were using.

In mid-2015, Congress passed the USA Freedom Act sadly ending this valuable bulk collection program for the time being.

Our partners at the FBI DITU (Data Intercept Technology Unit) extract information from the servers of nine major American internet companies: Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, PalTalk, AOL, Skype, YouTube, and Apple. This important partnership gives us direct access to audio, video, photographs, e-mails, documents and connection logs for each of these systems.

Established in 2007, the Top Secret PRISM program has allowed us to closely track targeted individuals over time. Our ability to conduct live surveillance of search terms has given us important insights into their thoughts and intentions.

This slide lists our information providers and the type of data available to our analysts

To learn more about the PRISM program, view additional PRISM slides.

The NSA “MUSCULAR” program allows us to conveniently conduct large-scale data gathering outside the jurisdiction of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court by secretly tapping into the communication links between Google’s data centers outside the U.S. The Special Source Operations (SSO) group discovered a clever way around Google’s security measures giving us full access to the rich data Google stores on the cloud for its users.

Our bulk cellphone location tracking program captures almost 5 billion records a day and feeds into a massive 27 terabyte database storing information about the locations of a hundred million devices. By tapping into the cables that connect the mobile networks globally and working with our corporate partners to install intercept equipment, we can apply mathematical techniques that enable our analysts to map cellphone owners’ relationships by correlating their patterns of movement over time with thousands or millions of other phone users who cross their paths. This “Co-traveler” program allows us to look for unknown associates of known intelligence targets by tracking people whose movements intersect.

When the data we seek resides in places we cannot access using the above surveillance techniques, we rely on the technical experts in the Tailored Access Operations Group and their specialized tools from the ANT Product Catalog. The categories of available tools are listed below.

An FBI fleet of over one hundred specially-modified Cessna planes equipped with sophisticated camera systems in steerable mounts that can provide detailed video, night vision, and infrared thermal imaging quietly fly circular routes daily around many major U.S. cities tracking targets and gathering intelligence. Some of the planes use augmented reality software and sophisticated surveillance technology capable of tracking thousands of cellphones users.

Zoom in and click on the red map markers to view images of the unusual flight patterns in the FBI’s targeted areas. View the map in full-screen mode.

In June 2015, a Senate bill was introduced to “protect” our citizens from Mass Aerial Surveillance. We are happy to report that no action has been taken on this bill and we have every confidence that Congress will agree with us that mass surveillance “IS” protection for our citizens. You can track the progress of this ill-advised bill below.

By tapping into the worldwide network of undersea cables, our OAKSTAR, STORMBREW, BLARNEY and FAIRVIEW systems can process data as it flows across the internet. Each system is responsible for different types of intercepted data. For example, the BLARNEY system gathers metadata describing who is speaking to whom and through which networks and devices.

There are two methods employed for tapping into the undersea cable network. A modified nuclear submarine houses the technicians and gear needed to place the physical taps on the undersea cables along strategic points in the network. The second method involves using intercept probes at the point where the cables connect to the landing stations in various countries. These probes capture and copy the data as it flows onward.

As data flows through our worldwide data collection points, the XKeyscore system indexes and stores this information in a rolling three-day buffer database containing all internet activity passing through each collection site. XKeyscore is a massive distributed Linux cluster with over 700 servers distributed around the world.

The theory behind XKeyscore is simple: People spend a large amount of time on the web performing actions that are anonymous. We can use this traffic to detect anomalies which can lead us to intelligence by itself, or provide a selection path for further inquiries. Examples of anomalous events: Someone searching the web for “suspicious stuff” or someone who is using encryption.

This slide shows a worldwide map of the XKeyscore server locations

This slide shows how metadata is extracted and stored in the XKeyscore database

Learn more about the XKeyscore system.

The “Boundless Informant” mapping tool provides our analysts the means to track intelligence collection statistics worldwide. Using a color-coded map, we can quickly determine the volume of collection data we have by geographical location. This global heat map assigns each nation a color code based on its surveillance intensity ranging from green (least subjected to surveillance) through yellow and orange to red (most surveillance). With the monthly domestic intelligence collection volume at almost three billion pieces, the United States is assigned the color orange.

Learn more about the Boundless Informant program

In addition to our own data collection activities, the Domestic Surveillance Directorate receives a constant flow of information from other sources. For more information about these sources, visit Our Partners page.

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NSA Surveillance – gov1.info

Offshore Company – Offshore Company Formation, Offshore …

 Offshore Companies  Comments Off on Offshore Company – Offshore Company Formation, Offshore …
Jun 282016
 

Welcome to Worldwide Incorporation Services – Leading Provider of Offshore Company Formations

Since 1998, Worldwide Incorporation Services has offered a wide range of solutions and services in supporting clients with their worldwide corporate, banking and investment needs. Worldwide Incorporation Services offers the offshore companies formation and their following administration, services of the registered agent for the offshore companies, virtual office, nominee directors and nominee shareholders for the offshore companies, secretarial services, bank accounts introduction, administrative and tax consulting.

Offshore basically means located abroad or in business can refer to conducting business transactions beyond the borders of a particular jurisdiction or country. Offshore activities are those carried out in another sovereign country that has a separate legal structure and government which is different from that of your home country. Globalization has made it possible to incorporate offshore business activities into the normal operating routine of an enterprise.

An offshore company is a business that is incorporated with the sole purpose of having its operations in a country different from where it is registered/where it directors reside/ where the main stakeholders and beneficiaries reside. An offshore company can also refer to a division of a corporate group that engages foreign manufacturers or foreign business services as part of its mode of operation. Although there are many misconceptions about offshore companies with many thinking that offshore companies are affiliated with illegal trading activities, this is often a false illusion. In fact some of the biggest companies in the world such as Google and apple are legally involved in some semblance of offshore operations. Offshore operations are legal as long as a business adheres to regulations of the new jurisdiction. The offshore company operates on the basis that it can act independently without stringent stifling control measures.

An offshore company can come in handy in the following situations:

1) If you are a startup running on a shoe string budget and therefore need to cutoff budgetary demands. By setting up an offshore company a business will reduce tax obligation, lower registration costs and reduce operating costs.

2) An offshore company is necessary for the growth of your business if you want to conceal the financial information or want to conceal the details of company directors and shareholders.

3) Another necessity of an offshore company is when you have the intention of going global or you have a large foreign consumer base. When most of your customers are not based within your parent company then it is a sound business idea to register in the foreign country where they are based. This will help you build credible business ties and establish reliable business relationships in countries where you have vested interests.

4) If your enterprise is an online business then it is best that you set it up as an offshore company. An online business is a virtual set up that is not subject to geographical location. Therefore, there is no logical reason to be limited to a single geographical location that is disadvantageous to the growth of your business. Consider making your online business an offshore company so that you can build streams of income from foreign countries. Income streams from foreign countries are particularly necessary when your home country suffers rampant inflation. An income stream from a strong overseas currency keeps your online business relatively stable.

5) If your home country is politically unstable or the government has too many restrictions on the type of business you are dealing with. There are still many countries that do not fully support some industries. In such a case it is necessary to register your business in a country that supports all your business operation. This gives an entrepreneur an easy time running a business by reducing government interruption. If your parent country is politically unstable then it is only logical that your consider going offshore to protect your business interests.

6) Setting up an offshore company comes in handy if your business is venturing into new markets that have increased territorial taxation. By registering an affiliate of your business in such a foreign territory, you will be able to cut down on territorial taxation costs and other territorial business regulations which countries use to protect local entrepreneurships. By being registered in the foreign destination that you are attempting to venture into, you are in essence showing a government your seriousness as an investor. This will ensure you are accorded with fair treatment.

Offshore companies have become a viable business solution for many entrepreneurs due to the following benefits:

Minimal taxation This is primarily the reason why many entrepreneurs favor offshore companies. By registering a company in a foreign country you can significantly reduces tax obligations. This is because most countries treat foreign companies to tax exemptions and in some cases charge foreign companies extremely low taxes to encourage and motivate foreign investors. This is a relief especially to start ups that are bootstrapped and cannot afford the high tax obligations in their home countries. However, to ensure that an offshore companies stays on the right side of the law it is imperative to hire an experienced financial analyst. The financial analyst conclusively establishes that there is no conflict concerning tax obligations between the country of operations and the country of registration.

Preserving Confidentiality Unlike in countries such as the United States or the United Kingdom where the public can easily access financial information and details of stakeholders and beneficiaries of a company, there are foreign countries where such information is kept confidential. Many offshore financial jurisdictions keep this kind of information private under all circumstances apart from in cases where the company is involved in criminal activities such as fraud and terrorism. This anonymity can come in handy when striking deals with competitors or operating in a market that does not favor a particular individual or group that is a shareholder.

Reduced administration obligations Most offshore jurisdictions have minimal obligatory duties for directors and managers of companies as compared to onshore jurisdictions. Some of the requirements that onshore jurisdictions have on administrators that offshore jurisdictions do not have include filing annual accounting reports. Instead of the administrative obligations, most offshore companies charge offshore companies an annual license fee which is significant as compared to all the administrative obligations if a company was operating in an onshore jurisdiction.

Protection of a companys assets This comes in handy especially if a company is global and has international interests. An international company uses an offshore company to preserve company assets such as real estate property and intellectual property. By preserving assets in offshore jurisdictions such assets are not liable to high tax obligations. If your business is onshore and undergoing a lawsuit. There is a high probability that a subsequent document will be filed to freeze up all your companys assets such as company bank accounts and all property affiliated to your business. On the other hand when your business is offshore, it is impossible for legal litigation to freeze and seize company assets. This is extremely helpful especially to United States entrepreneurs because studies approximate that a whopping 96% of global lawsuits are filed in the US. An offshore company protects its assets by only limiting locally available funds to what is needed to fund the necessary needs of a company. This essentially puts the company in control of its own assets without external interference.

Offshore companies are relatively cheaper to setup and incur lower maintenance costs The legal processes involved in offshore company formation are easy straightforward and inexpensive. Additionally, maintenance is also cheaper as the local authorities in most offshore jurisdictions only require an annual license fee.

Offshore companies require significantly lower capital compared to onshore companies Depending on your offshore jurisdiction of choice, the capital is quite and sometimes there is no obligatory capital requirement required upon registration. This makes offshore companies an invaluable business solution for startups operating on a shoe string budget.

Offshore companies help establish international business ties Thanks to globalization the business world is now borderless. By setting up an offshore company a corporation can establish productive business ties and develop credible business relations with foreign countries. Foreign countries are prospective clients for the products of a company. A corporation can innovatively use its offshore company as a channel to venture into a new market. The foreign government and the local residents are more likely to trust a business that is registered within its jurisdiction.

Click here to find out more about us.

Call to any of our offices for your free initial consultation or request a callback regarding offshore company incorporation.

Our professionals provide expert consultation and solutions designed especially for the needs and objectives of the clients who are interested in investing in the field of international business trading.

LONDON

Phone: +44 203 44 05 671 Fax: +44 207 06 09 947 Skype: wis.uk

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Phone: +852 2530 8893 Fax: +852 2530 8100 Skype: wis.hk

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Phone: +971 4 450 4707 Fax: +971 4 450 4707 Skype: wis.uae

ZURICH, SWITZERLAND

Phone: +41-43 5080080 Fax: +41-43 5080080 Skype: wis.switzerland

LIMASSOL, CYPRUS

Phone: +357 25 812 242 Fax: +357 25 311 575 Skype: wis.cyprus

SEYCHELLES

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Services related Offshore Company Formation

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Offshore Company – Offshore Company Formation, Offshore …

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NeuroHacking – YouTube

 Neurohacking  Comments Off on NeuroHacking – YouTube
Jun 262016
 

Harvard’s Ellen Langer and Psychology Hacking by Relabeling New Research on Stress, Anxiety, DNA, and the Likelihood of Getting Sick Barbara Fredrickson: Positive Emotions Open Our Mind Barbara Fredrickson: Positive Emotions Transform Us Neurohacking: rewiring your brain | Don Vaughn | TEDxUCLA Neuro-Hacking 101: Taming Your Inner Curmudgeon Les neuro-rvolutionnaires – Laurent Alexandre, l’USI Hacking yourself: Dave Asprey at TEDxConstitutionDrive Le dfi de la complexit – Edgar Morin, l’USI Que nous apprennent les neurosciences sur les tats modifis de conscience ? Shauna Shapiro: Mindfulness Meditation and the Brain Etudier autrement | Laurene Castor | TEDxGrenoble A Brief Introduction to the Default Mode Network Dan Harris: Hack Your Brain’s Default Mode with Meditation Risk Taking: The Hardest Growth Hacking Concept to Teach Le rapport collaboratif – 1 Minute Guide NeuroHacking [SYDOSPEECH 2015] – Laurne Castor – Les 4 boosters de l’apprentissage NeuroHacking Blog, Neuroscience, Psychologie Positive et Dveloppement Personnel Cycle d’action – PDCA – Guide Neurohacking Muse in 45 seconds. Difficulty with meditation? Ariel Garten: Know thyself, with a brain scanner Ariel Garten Shows Off the Muse Headset at LeWeb Paris 2012 LeWeb 2011 Ariel Garten, Interaxon Connect your computer to your brain update LeWeb 2010 – Thought Controlled Computing – Ariel Garten, CEO, Interaxon – Tech & Innovation Thought Controlled Computing is Here -Cause/Action: Ariel Garten at TEDxSanDiego 2012 Hack Your Flow: Understanding Flow Cycles, with Steven Kotler Ariel Garten at The Chopra Center Sharon Salzberg: “Real Happiness at Work” | Talks at Google Meditation for Beginners – Featuring Dan Harris and Sharon Salzberg STOP La mthode simple de Mditation de la Pleine Conscience – Mindfulness – 1 minute Mditation de la compassion / bienveillance – 10 minutes Vipassana Meditation and Body Sensation: Eilona Ariel at TEDxJaffa 2013 How Meditation Can Reshape Our Brains: Sara Lazar at TEDxCambridge 2011 E.O. Wilson: Science, Not Philosophy, Will Explain the Meaning of Existence Stress Response: Savior to Killer [Private Video] 4 Cls pour grer son stress efficacement Pico Iyer: The art of stillness STOP: A Short Mindfulness Practice

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NeuroHacking – YouTube

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In a Huge Breakthrough, Googles AI Beats a Top Player at …

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Jun 262016
 

Slide: 1 / of 1 .

Caption: Google

In a major breakthrough for artificial intelligence, a computing system developed by Google researchers in Great Britain has beaten a top human player at the game of Go, the ancient Eastern contest of strategy and intuition that has bedeviled AI experts for decades.

Machines have topped the best humans at most games held up as measures of human intellect, including chess, Scrabble, Othello, even Jeopardy!. But with Goa 2,500-year-old game thats exponentially more complex than chesshumangrandmasters have maintained an edge over even the most agile computing systems. Earlier this month, top AI experts outside of Google questioned whether a breakthrough couldoccuranytimesoon, and as recently as last year, many believed another decade would pass before a machine could beat the top humans.

But Google has done just that. It happened faster than I thought, says Rmi Coulom, the French researcher behind what was previously the worlds top artificially intelligent Go player.

In theory, such training only produces a system that’s as good as the best humans—not better. So researchers matched their AI system against itself.

Researchers at DeepMinda self-professed Apollo program for AI that Google acquiredin 2014staged this machine-versus-mancontest in October, at the companys offices inLondon. The DeepMind system, dubbed AlphaGo, matched its artificial wits against Fan Hui, Europes reigning Go champion, and the AI system went undefeated in five games witnessed by an editor from the journal Nature and an arbiter representing the British Go Federation. It was one of the most excitingmoments in my career, both as a researcher and as an editor, the Nature editor, Dr. Tanguy Chouard, said during a conference call with reporterson Tuesday.

This morning,Nature published a paper describing DeepMinds system, which makes clever use of, among other techniques, an increasingly important AI technology called deep learning. Using a vast collection of Go moves from expert playersabout 30 million moves in totalDeepMind researchers trained their system to play Go on its own. But this was merely a first step. In theory, such training only produces a system as good as the best humans. To beat the best, the researchers then matched their systemagainst itself. This allowed them togenerate a new collectionof moves they could then use to train a new AI player that could top a grandmaster.

The most significant aspect of all thisis that AlphaGo isnt just an expert system, built with handcrafted rules, says Demis Hassabis, who oversees DeepMind. Instead, it uses general machine-learning techniques how to win at Go.

‘Go is implicit. It’s all pattern matching. But that’s what deep learning does very well.’ Demis Hassabis, DeepMind

The win is more than a novelty. Online services likeGoogle, Facebook, and Microsoft, already use deep learning to identify images, recognize spoken words, and understand natural language. DeepMinds techniques, which combine deep learning with atechnology called reinforcement learning and other methods, point the way to a future where real-world robots can learn to perform physical tasks and respond to their environment. Its a natural fit for robotics, Hassabis says.

He also believes these methods can accelerate scientific research. He envisions scientists working alongside artificially intelligent systems that can home in on areas of research likely to be fruitful. The system could process much larger volumes of data and surface the structural insight to the human expert in a way that is much more efficientor maybe not possible for the human expert, Hassabis explains. The system could even suggest a way forward that might point the human expert to a breakthrough.

But at the moment, Go remains his primary concern. After beating a grandmaster behind closed doors, Hassabis and his team aim to beat one of the worlds topplayers in a public forum. In mid-March, in South Korea, AlphaGo will challenge Lee Sedol, who holdsmore international titles than all but one player and has won the most over the past decade. Hassabis sees him as the Roger Federer of the Go world.

In early 2014, Couloms Go-playing program, Crazystone, challengedgrandmaster Norimoto Yoda at a tournament in Japan. And itwon. But the win came with caveat: the machine had a four-move head start, a significantadvantage. At the time, Coulom predicted that it would be another 10years before machinesbeat the best players without a head start.

The challenge lies in the nature of the game. Even the most powerful supercomputers lack the processing power toanalyze the results of every possible move in any reasonable amount of time. When Deep Blue topped world chess champion Gary Kasparov in 1997, it did so with whats calledbrute force. In essence, IBMs supercomputer analyzed the outcome of every possible move, looking further ahead than any human possibly could. Thats simply not possible with Go. In chess, at any given turn, there are an average 35 possible moves. WithGoin which two players compete with polished stones on 19-by-19 gridthere are 250. And each of those 250 has another 250, and so on. As Hassabis points out, there are more possible positions on a Go board than atoms in the universe.

Players will tell you to make moves based on the general appearance of the board, not by closely analyzing how each move will play out.

Using a technique called a Monte Carlo tree search, systems like Crazystone can look pretty far ahead. And in conjunction with other techniques, they can pare down thefieldof possibilities they mustanalyze. In the end, they canbeat some talented playersbut not the best.Among grandmasters, moves are rather intuitive. Players will tell you to make moves based on the general appearance of the board, not by closely analyzing how each move mightplay out. Good positions look good, says Hassabis, himself a Go player. It seems to follow some kind of aesthetic. Thats why it has been such a fascinating game for thousands of years.

But as 2014 gave way to 2015, several AI experts, including researchers at the University of Edinburgh and Facebook as well as the team at DeepMind, started applying deep learning to the Go problem. The idea was thetechnology could mimic the human intuition that Go requires. Go is implicit. Its all pattern matching, says Hassabis. But thats what deep learning does very well.

Deep learning relies on what are called neural networksnetworks of hardware and software that approximate the web of neurons in the human brain. These networks dont operate by brute forceorhandcrafted rules. They analyze large amounts of data in an effort to learn a particular task. Feed enough photos of a wombatinto a neural net, and it can learn to identify a wombat. Feed it enough spoken words, and it can learn to recognize what you say. Feed it enough Go moves, and it can learn to play Go.

At DeepMind and Edinburgh and Facebook, researchers hoped neural networks could master Go by looking at board positions, much likea human plays. As Facebook showed in a recent research paper, thetechnique works quite well. Bypairing deep learning andthe Monte Carlo Tree method, Facebook beat some human playersthough not Crazystone and other top creations.

But DeepMind pushes this ideamuch further. After training on 30 million human moves, a DeepMind neural net could predict the next human move about 57 percent of the timean impressive number (the previous record was 44 percent). ThenHassabis and team matched thisneural net against slightly different versions of itself through whats called reinforcement learning. Essentially, as the neural nets play each other, the system tracks which move brings the most rewardthe most territory on the board. Over time, it gets better and better at recognizing which moves will work and which wont.

AlphaGo learned to discover new strategies for itself, by playing millions of games between its neural networks, against themselves, and gradually improving, says DeepMind researcher David Silver.

According to Silver, this allowed AlphaGo to top other Go-playing AI systems, including Crazystone. Then the researchers fed the results into a second neural network. Grabbing moves suggested by the self-play, this neural network looks ahead to the results of each move. This is similar to whatolder systems like Deep Blue would do with chess, except that the system is learning as it goes along, as it analyzes more datanot exploring every possible outcome through brute force. In this way, AlphaGo learned to beat not only existing AI programs but a top human as well.

Like most state-of-the-art neural networks, DeepMinds system runs atop machines equipped with graphics processing units, or GPUs. These chips were originally designed to render images for games and other graphics-intensiveapplications. But as it turns out, theyre also well suited to deep learning. Hassabis says DeepMindssystem works pretty well on a single computer equipped with a decent number of GPU chips, but for the match against Fan Hui, the researchersused a larger network of computers that spanned about 170 GPU cards and 1,200 standard processors, or CPUs. This larger computer network both trained the system andplayed the actual game, drawing on the results of the training.

When AlphaGo plays the world champion in South Korea, Hassabiss team will use thesame setup, though theyre constantly working to improve it. That means theyll need an Internet connection to play Lee Sedol. Were laying down our own fiber, Hassabis says.

According to Coulom and others, topping the world champion will be more challenging thantopping Fan Hui. But Coulom is betting on DeepMind. He has spent the past decadetrying to build a system capable of beatingthe worlds best players, and now, he believes that system is here. Im busy buying some GPUs, he says.

The importance of AlphaGo is enormous. The same techniques could be applied not only to robotics and scientific research, but so many other tasks, from Siri-like mobile digital assistants to financial investments. You can apply it to any adversarial problemanything that you can conceive of as a game, where strategy matters, says Chris Nicholson, founder of the deep learning startup Skymind. That includes war or business or [financial] trading.

For some, thats a worrying thingespecially when they consider that DeepMinds system is, in more ways than one, teaching itself to play Go. The system isnt just learning from data provided by humans. Its learning by playing itself, by generating its own data. In recent months, Tesla founder Elon Musk and others have voiced concerns that such AI system eventually could exceed human intelligence and potentially break free from our control.

But DeepMinds system is very much under the control of Hassabis and his researchers. And though they used it to crack a remarkably complex game, it is still just a game. Indeed, AlphaGo is a long way from real human intelligencemuch less superintelligence. This is a highly structured situation, says Ryan Calo, an AI-focused law professor and the founder of the Tech Policy Lab at the University of Washington. Its not really human-level understanding. But it points in the direction. If DeepMinds AI can understand Go, then maybe it can understand a whole lot more. What if the universe, Calo says, is just a giant game of Go?

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In a Huge Breakthrough, Googles AI Beats a Top Player at …

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Top Ten Cybernetic Upgrades Everyone Will Want

 Superintelligence  Comments Off on Top Ten Cybernetic Upgrades Everyone Will Want
Jun 172016
 

by Lifeboat Foundation Scientific Advisory Board member Michael Anissimov. Science fiction, computer games, anime cyborgs are everywhere. Transhumanists are philosophers who believe that one day, cybernetic upgrades will be so powerful, elegant, and inexpensive that everyone will want them. This report lists ten major upgrades that I think will be adopted by 2050. The List 10. Disease Immunity Between 20 and 40 years into the future, we will become capable of building artificial antibodies that outperform their natural equivalents. Instead of using chemical signaling that relies on diffusion to reach its target, these antibodies will communicate with rapid acoustic pulses. Instead of proteins, they will be made using much more durable polymers or even diamond. These antibodies will move through the bloodstream more quickly than other cells in the body, and will take up less space and resources, meaning that there will be room for many more. Using super-biological methods for identifying and neutralizing foreign viruses and bacteria, these tiny robots will still function in harmony with our own bodies. They will probably be powered either by glucose, ATP (like natural antibodies), or acoustically. There are already bloodborne microbots today which are not rejected by the immune system these are the precursors of tomorrows nanorobotics. Through their presence and continued operation, they will eliminate all susceptibility to disease in those who have them running through their veins. This will not make people immortal, but it will allow them to walk into a room contaminated with a flesh-eating virus in nothing but a pair of shorts and a T-shirt. For more on artificial antibodies and other body-integrated nanites, see Nanomedicine. 9. Telemicroscopic, Full-Spectrum Vision There are microscopes that weigh one tenth of an ounce. Some birds of prey have vision so sharp that they can spot a hare a mile away. We have compact devices that can scan the electromagnetic spectrum from x-rays to radio waves, and everything in between. Our eyes in their current form can do none of these things. But in time, they will be upgraded. There are already prosthetic retinas that can provide low-resolution artificial vision for blind people. Its simply a matter of time until better prosthetic eyes are created, and their sharpness, contrast, and resolution is superior to what evolution gave us. The biggest challenge may end up not actually being about building a superior artificial eye, but remodeling the visual cortex so that it can process the info and relay it to the rest of the brain in such a way that its not overwhelmed. 8. Telepathy/Brain-Computer Interfacing Ever wanted to send someone a message with nothing but your mind, or have a neural implant that gives your brain direct access to Google? Hundreds of corporate and academic labs across the world are working on projects that generate progress in this area. Check out the Berlin Brain-Computer Interface, which lets you move the cursor around on a screen with only your EEG waves and 20 minutes of training. Miniature fMRI will allow us to continue increasing the bandwidth between brain and computer, eventually allowing for a mental typewriter that converts thoughts into text. A tiny transmitter could send this to a bone-conduction device on the receiving person, letting them hear the message without sound. NASA is also working on a device to transcribe silent, subvocal speech. Like many transhumanist upgrades, these will probably start as efforts to help people who are handicapped, then evolve into powerful tools that can be used by anyone bold enough to adopt them. 7. Super-Strength Early in 2006, scientists at the University of Texas at Dallas, led by Dr. Ray H. Baughman, developed artificial muscles 100 times stronger than our own, powered by alcohol and hydrogen. Leonid Taranenko, the former Soviet weightlifter, holds the world record for power lifting a 266 kg (586 lbs) dumbbell. If Leos natural muscles were replaced with Dr. Baughmans synthetic polymer muscles, he could lift 26,600 kg, or about 30 tons. Thats equivalent to this yacht, the Nova Spirit. Super-strength is an interesting area in that the technology to do it has already been invented the only step remaining is actually weaving the fiber into a human body which, today, would be complicated and messy, not to mention probably illegal. However, that doesnt mean that it wont be done, probably within the next couple decades. Further improvements to the process could make it safe for normal people, numerous ethics questions notwithstanding. One benefit of improved muscles is that wed be far less vulnerable to unfortunate accidents. They could also provide armor against bullets or other forms of attack. One downside is that people could use them to bully others around. Guess the good guys will need even bigger muscles. 6. Improved Appearance In general, there is a lot of agreement as to who is attractive and who is less so. Numerous experiments have shown that while there are slight subjective differences in who we want to get with, we are biologically programmed to look for certain facial and physical features that correlate with increased fitness. For the time being, this is unavoidable. The only way to change it would be to reach inside our neural circuitry and start severing connections. Until we choose to do that, we can improve our own lives and the lives of those who have to look at us by looking as pretty or handsome as possible. We brush our teeth, keep fit, take showers, and all that other great stuff that helps us score. Some of us even visit the plastic surgeon, with mixed results. Surveys show that certain procedures, like liposuction, have very high patient satisfaction rates. As the safety and precision of our body modification technologies improves, well be able to change our faces and bodies with minimal fuss, and maximal benefit. Everyone will be able to be stunningly attractive. And the really great thing? Well always be able to enjoy it. If everyone becomes attractive, we wont regard the slightly less attractive of the lot as ugly our brain doesnt work that way. An attractive person is attractive, whether or not others are around. A planet full of attractive people could do a lot to improve our quality of life. 5. Psychokinesis In the real world, psychokinesis is a bunch of wishful thinking and pseudoscience. Despite the roughly 30% of people who think that its possible to affect objects through the mind alone, history and evidence make it clear that this is total nonsense. There are no psychics and there never have been. However, that doesnt mean that we cant create technopsychics artificially. By 2030, well be cranking out utility fog swarms of tiny machines that fly through the air and interlock with robotic arms. By combining brain-computer interfaces, like the type used by Claudia Mitchell to move her prosthetic arm, with utility fog, we will have direct-thought connections with powerful external robotics, allowing non-fictional psychokinesis. Utility fog, once all the necessary software for it is developed, will be capable of cooperating to perform practically any physical task or simulate a wide range of materials. Because utility fog could be distributed at low density and still accomplish a lot, a room filled with utility fog would look empty, and people in it could move and breathe normally. They would only notice once the fog is activated either by a central computer, or a neural interface. Once a connection is achieved, practically anything could be accomplished with the proper programming. Throwing objects through the air, hovering over the ground, cracking an egg from across the room, materializing orbs of energy all the antics weve always wanted to perform, but never had the means to. 4. Autopoiesis/Allopoiesis Autopoiesis is Greek for self-creation. Allopoiesis is other-creation. Our body engages in both all the time we start as a fetus that creates itself until it becomes an adult, then, essentially stops. Our body produces things external to itself, but usually involving an extended process of cooperation with thousands of other human beings and the entire economy. In the future, there will be cybernetic upgrades that allow for personal autopoietic and allopoietic manufacturing, probably based on molecular nanotechnology. Using whatever raw material is available, complex construction routines, and internal nanomanufacturing units, well be able to literally breathe life into dirt. If our arms or legs get blown off, well be able to use manufacturing modules in other parts of our body to regenerate them. Instead of building robots in a factory, well build them ourselves. The possibilities are quite expansive, but this would require technology more sophisticated than anything discussed thus far in this list. 3. Flight Human flight, outside of an airplane this was recently achieved by former military pilot Yves Rossy, who flew 7,750 ft above the Alps in his 10 ft wide, self-designed aerofoil. You can see a video of it here. The airfoil weighs only 110 lbs and cost just under $300,000. Over the next few decades, the weight will come down, the strength and flexibility will go up, and eventually it will be difficult to distinguish between people in aerofoils and people that can just fly whenever they want. Using high strength-to-weight materials like fullerenes, we will fly using wings that weigh only a fraction of our own weight and fold into our clothing or body when not in use. Rossy achieved speeds of 115 mph, but with superior materials and greater tolerance for acceleration and wind, our cybernetic flight speeds are more likely to top 500 mph. To take off from the ground, well simply use our super-muscles to jump to the highest object around and begin our flight from there. With personal flight, commercial airliners will become obsolete. The only problem left will be dodging each other. 2. Superintelligence When we think of superintelligence, we tend to think of the ways it is portrayed in fiction the character able to multiply 6 fifty digit numbers in his head, learn ten languages in a month, repeat the catch phrase Thats not logical, and other tired cliches. True superintelligence would be something radically different a person able to see the obvious solution that the entire human race missed, conceive of and implement advanced plans or concepts that the greatest geniuses would never think of, understand and rewrite its own cognitive processes on the most fundamental level, and so on. A cybernetic superintelligence would not just be another genius human, it would be something entirely superhuman something that could completely change the world overnight. For the same reason that we cant write a book with a character smarter than ourselves, we cant imagine the thoughts or actions of a true superintelligence, because theyd be beyond us. Whether it is developed through uploading, neuroengineering, or artificial intelligence, remains to be seen. 1. Immortality The ultimate upgrade would be physical immortality. Everything else pales by comparison. Today, there are already entire movements based around the idea. Realizing the possibility of immortality requires seeing a human being as a physical system composed of working parts that cooperate to make up the whole, some of which have the tendency to get old and break down. Cambridge biogerontologist Aubrey de Grey has identified seven causes of aging, which are believed to be comprehensive, because its been decades since a degenerative process has occurred in the body with an unknown cause. Defeating aging, then, would simply require addressing these one by one. They are: cell depletion, supernumerary cells, chromosomal mutations, mitochondrial mutations, cellular junk, extracellular junk, and protein cross-links. A few pioneering researchers are looking towards solutions, but accepting the possibility requires looking at aging as a disease and not as a necessary component of life. Well then, that just about wraps up our list. See you in 2050, alright?

Read more:

Top Ten Cybernetic Upgrades Everyone Will Want

 Posted by at 4:58 am  Tagged with:

How to Use Psychedelics for a Healthy Mind and Direct …

 Psychedelics  Comments Off on How to Use Psychedelics for a Healthy Mind and Direct …
Jun 172016
 

Psychedelic medicines are some of the most powerful tools in the world for personal healing and psychological growth. This guide is intended as a starting point for using psychedelics for personal healing, recovery, and development, on your own or with a mental health professional. This site is science-focused: at the bottom of each page, we link to articles and research studies related to the particular substance, treatment goal, and treatment method.

For an overview of recent research with mushrooms and LSD, take a look at Michael Pollan’s wonderful 2015 New Yorker Cover Story, The Trip Treatment and the video Magic Mushrooms and the Healing Trip.

UPDATE: We are supporting the 920 Coalition’s work to build a day of events around psychedelic mushroom research and awareness. Read more and join or participate in an event here.

All of our guides are listed on the left sidebar. Some of our most popular are:

Treating Depression >> Treating Anxiety >> Mushroom Guide >>

Research at major medical centers over the past few years have shown remarkable results in the treatment of conditions such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and anxiety. The same protocols used in these research settings can be done at home or with an independent practitioner and frequently lead to new insights and dramatic breakthroughs in mental health. This site is designed to help you do that.

Psychedelic medicines provide a path of treatment that is often more effective and rapid than other methods, and with many fewer side effects than pharmaceutical options. In addition, psychedelics have been effective for patients who have not made progress with other approaches.

Several organizations are working with and funding research at major medical centers around the world to expand the use of these drugs for therapeutic purposes. More than 50% of Americans support legalization of marijuana and that number is rising every year. Over 75% now support medical marijuana access. Recently, several countries and many US states have authorized use of marijuana for medical and personal purposes and other psychedelics are moving quickly towards approval as prescription medicine. See our resources page to learn more.

Psychedelics have also been shown to reliably and predictably provide powerful spiritual and religious experiences and to create lasting positive personality changes, increasing emotional openness and acceptance of difficult experiences. In a recent Johns Hopkins research study that administered psilocybin mushrooms, “94 percent of subjects said that it was one of the five most meaningful experiences of their lives; 39 percent said that it was the most meaningful experience” (New York Times).

Unless you know a lot about psychedelics, you probably have mostly inaccurate information floating around in your head. We certainly did, until we started reading and having our own experiences. But times are changing very fast and the conversation is quickly moving back to reality– new research on psychedelics is accelerating at major universities and legalization of marijuana is now supported by the majority of the population.

Even a cursory review of the research shows that psychedelics are dramatically safer and have far fewer side effects than alcohol, cigarettes, narcotics, and most pharmaceutical anti-depressants (please, read the research!). Yet marijuana, mushrooms, LSD, MDMA, and other substances have been lumped into the futile war on drugs and now two generations have grown up with a completely distorted understanding of what should be understood as medicines.

We are a group of friends, professionals in our late 20s and 30s– theres a lawyer, a mobile game company CEO, a television producer, a non-profit director, a reporter, and a filmmaker. Half female and half male. White, black, and asian. Psychedelics have helped to open us emotionally, relieve stress, depression, and trauma, connect more deeply to our creative core, and have given us powerful spiritual experiences that weve never had before.

All of us have been both surprised and amazed over the past few years as psychedelic experiences have become an important part of our lives and of the people around us.

We were surprised because these incredible tools have been so overlooked and misunderstood that we could have gone through our whole lives without having seriously explored them. Its actually a little bit scary to think how easily that could have happened and how much we would have missed out on. We feel very lucky.

And we are amazed at the extent of the positive impact on our lives and our work, and the incredible freedom that weve felt in the experiences and afterwards. We want to share this.

When used intelligently, in positive environments, and with purpose, psychedelics bring love, energy, creativity, and healing to individuals and to society.

Canadian psychiatrist Dr. Humphry Osmond coined the word ‘psychedelic’, a combination of the Greek words for ‘mind’ and ‘make visible, reveal’. We hope to bring some clarity to the subject of psychedelics, which in turn bring clarity about our own minds.

Weve created this site because, despite all the information available about psychedelics, we havent found a clear, simple, and up-to-date guide thats grounded in science. You can help us change how the world sees psychedelics by sharing this guide with your friends and helping to create positive environments for them to make psychedelics a healthy part of their life.

To be clear, psychedelics are very powerful medicines and they have risks. Like almost everything that gets ingested in our society, they can be misused and are very misunderstood. Even many intelligent people who used psychedelics repeatedly in their youth did so in a party setting and have never experienced the psychological and spiritual benefits that emerge in an intentional session. The difference is dramatic.

We cant recommend that anyone use psychedelics and we urge you to be extremely careful about the dose and quality of the substance, setting of use, the age of the individual and their mental state, and potential supplement and drug interactions. Prohibition of these substances in many locations has made it more difficult to create a safe environment, but doing so is essential.

And please be in touch and let us know what could be better– we will be making updates and adding new research frequently.

Psychedelics have been misunderstood and misrepresented for decades. That’s changing. Please help us share safe, responsible information on using psychedelics by sending this page to friends, and posting to Facebook, Twitter, and Google:

Read this article:

How to Use Psychedelics for a Healthy Mind and Direct …

 Posted by at 4:57 am  Tagged with:

Artificial Intelligence – The New York Times

 Artificial Intelligence  Comments Off on Artificial Intelligence – The New York Times
Jun 172016
 

Latest Articles

The titan of consumer technology has a conundrum: Can it create consumer delight in technology without snooping on its customers?

By QUENTIN HARDY

Apple still seems to view online services as add-ons to its devices, not as products or platforms that rise above the equipment.

By FARHAD MANJOO

Virtual travel assistant services designed to understand conversational language are expected to change the way travel is planned.

By JANE L. LEVERE

At an event sponsored by the Office of Science and Technology Policy, experts explored questions about systems that would make decisions without human input.

By JOHN MARKOFF

Googles Home device puts it in the race to become the go-to company for A.I. along with several rivals.

By PUI-WING TAM

A virtual assistant designed to compete with the Echo from Amazon and other artificial intelligence devices coming from Microsoft, Apple and Facebook.

By DAVID STREITFELD

Smartphone apps offer a hint of the possible uses for emerging artificial intelligence technology.

By KIT EATON

Apple has Siri, Amazon has its Echo, and now Google will introduce its virtual agent, Google Home.

By DAVID STREITFELD

The Pentagon is trying to build bridges with Silicon Valley as it looks to build a new generation of smart weapons.

By QUENTIN HARDY

Fund-Raisers Pitch for Trump at Hedge Fund Conference | Online Art Auctioneers to Merge

Secretary of Defense Ashton B. Carter takes his bridge-building message to Silicon Valley despite skepticism among some in the tech community.

By JOHN MARKOFF

A submersible robot in humanoid form, developed at Stanford University, completed its first dive in April, recovering a 17th-century vase.

By JAMES GORMAN

Mr. Cohen, an abstract painter, developed Aaron, a software program that learned to create art in a manner similar to freehand drawing.

By WILLIAM GRIMES

Regulators and others question whether robo-advisers, which assemble investment portfolios online, can grasp clients situations the way humans can.

By TARA SIEGEL BERNARD

The two-foot-tall robot Xianer dwells in a Buddhist temple, dispensing wisdom about religion and life.

By DIDI KIRSTEN TATLOW

Silicon Valley has fallen in love with A.I. assistants, but so far theyre hardly impressive. Is it the industrys fault, or is it ours?

By JENNA WORTHAM

The company reported a 21 percent decline in first-quarter earnings for the first quarter, though operating earnings per share were above estimates.

By STEVE LOHR

Wall Street Veterans Bet on Low-Income Homebuyers | Jose Cuervo Said to Be Preparing for I.P.O.

These automated software critters are growing in popularity, especially now that theyre doing more than pretending to be a human in a call center.

By JIM KERSTETTER

Features being added to Googles calendar will let users program in their aspirations for times when they dont have work or meetings scheduled.

By QUENTIN HARDY

The titan of consumer technology has a conundrum: Can it create consumer delight in technology without snooping on its customers?

By QUENTIN HARDY

Apple still seems to view online services as add-ons to its devices, not as products or platforms that rise above the equipment.

By FARHAD MANJOO

Virtual travel assistant services designed to understand conversational language are expected to change the way travel is planned.

By JANE L. LEVERE

At an event sponsored by the Office of Science and Technology Policy, experts explored questions about systems that would make decisions without human input.

By JOHN MARKOFF

Googles Home device puts it in the race to become the go-to company for A.I. along with several rivals.

By PUI-WING TAM

A virtual assistant designed to compete with the Echo from Amazon and other artificial intelligence devices coming from Microsoft, Apple and Facebook.

By DAVID STREITFELD

Smartphone apps offer a hint of the possible uses for emerging artificial intelligence technology.

By KIT EATON

Apple has Siri, Amazon has its Echo, and now Google will introduce its virtual agent, Google Home.

By DAVID STREITFELD

The Pentagon is trying to build bridges with Silicon Valley as it looks to build a new generation of smart weapons.

By QUENTIN HARDY

Fund-Raisers Pitch for Trump at Hedge Fund Conference | Online Art Auctioneers to Merge

Secretary of Defense Ashton B. Carter takes his bridge-building message to Silicon Valley despite skepticism among some in the tech community.

By JOHN MARKOFF

A submersible robot in humanoid form, developed at Stanford University, completed its first dive in April, recovering a 17th-century vase.

By JAMES GORMAN

Mr. Cohen, an abstract painter, developed Aaron, a software program that learned to create art in a manner similar to freehand drawing.

By WILLIAM GRIMES

Regulators and others question whether robo-advisers, which assemble investment portfolios online, can grasp clients situations the way humans can.

By TARA SIEGEL BERNARD

The two-foot-tall robot Xianer dwells in a Buddhist temple, dispensing wisdom about religion and life.

By DIDI KIRSTEN TATLOW

Silicon Valley has fallen in love with A.I. assistants, but so far theyre hardly impressive. Is it the industrys fault, or is it ours?

By JENNA WORTHAM

The company reported a 21 percent decline in first-quarter earnings for the first quarter, though operating earnings per share were above estimates.

By STEVE LOHR

Wall Street Veterans Bet on Low-Income Homebuyers | Jose Cuervo Said to Be Preparing for I.P.O.

These automated software critters are growing in popularity, especially now that theyre doing more than pretending to be a human in a call center.

By JIM KERSTETTER

Features being added to Googles calendar will let users program in their aspirations for times when they dont have work or meetings scheduled.

By QUENTIN HARDY

Read more here:

Artificial Intelligence – The New York Times

 Posted by at 4:54 am  Tagged with:

NACDL: Symposium Report: The Fourth Amendment in the Digital Age

 Fourth Amendment  Comments Off on NACDL: Symposium Report: The Fourth Amendment in the Digital Age
Jun 132016
 

ABA Journal’s Blawg 100 (2015)

by John Wesley Hall Criminal Defense Lawyer and Search and seizure law consultant Little Rock, Arkansas Contact / The Book http://www.johnwesleyhall.com

2003-16, online since Feb. 24, 2003

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Fourth Amendment cases, citations, and links

Latest Slip Opinions: U.S. Supreme Court (Home) Federal Appellate Courts Opinions First Circuit Second Circuit Third Circuit Fourth Circuit Fifth Circuit Sixth Circuit Seventh Circuit Eighth Circuit Ninth Circuit Tenth Circuit Eleventh Circuit D.C. Circuit Federal Circuit Foreign Intell.Surv.Ct. FDsys, many district courts, other federal courts, other Military Courts: C.A.A.F., Army, AF, N-M, CG State courts (and some USDC opinions)

Google Scholar Advanced Google Scholar Google search tips LexisWeb LII State Appellate Courts LexisONE free caselaw Findlaw Free Opinions To search Search and Seizure on Lexis.com $

Research Links: Supreme Court: SCOTUSBlog S. Ct. Docket Solicitor General’s site SCOTUSreport Briefs online (but no amicus briefs) Curiae (Yale Law) Oyez Project (NWU) “On the Docket”Medill S.Ct. Monitor: Law.com S.Ct. Com’t’ry: Law.com

General (many free): LexisWeb Google Scholar | Google LexisOne Legal Website Directory Crimelynx Lexis.com $ Lexis.com (criminal law/ 4th Amd) $ Findlaw.com Findlaw.com (4th Amd) Westlaw.com $ F.R.Crim.P. 41 http://www.fd.org FBI Domestic Investigations and Operations Guide (2008) (pdf) DEA Agents Manual (2002) (download) DOJ Computer Search Manual (2009) (pdf) Stringrays (ACLU No. Cal.) (pdf)

Congressional Research Service: –Electronic Communications Privacy Act (2012) –Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (2012) –Outline of Federal Statutes Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping (2012) –Federal Statutes Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping (2012) –Federal Laws Relating to Cybersecurity: Discussion of Proposed Revisions (2012) ACLU on privacy Privacy Foundation Electronic Frontier Foundation NACDLs Domestic Drone Information Center Electronic Privacy Information Center Criminal Appeal (post-conviction) (9th Cir.) Section 1983 Blog

“If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn’t, and they don’t.” Me

I still learn something new every day. Pete Townshend, The Who 50th Anniversary Tour, “The Who Live at Hyde Park” (Showtime 2015)

“I can’t talk about my singing. I’m inside it. How can you describe something you’re inside of?” Janis Joplin

“Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government.” Shemaya, in the Thalmud

“A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one’s attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced.” Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev’d Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).

“The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence.” Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).

“Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment.” Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).

“There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today.” Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).

“The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property.” Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)

“It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment.” United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)

“The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has notto put it mildlyrun smooth.” Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).

“A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable.” Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)

“For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. … But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected.” Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)

Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Governments purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding. United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)

Libertythe freedom from unwarranted intrusion by governmentis as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark. United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)

“You can’t always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need.” Mick Jagger & Keith Richards

“In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Catholic. Then they came for meand by that time there was nobody left to speak up.” Martin Niemller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]

You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men! —Pep Le Pew

Read this article:
NACDL: Symposium Report: The Fourth Amendment in the Digital Age

 Posted by at 12:49 pm  Tagged with:

Patri’s World

 Seasteading  Comments Off on Patri’s World
Jun 122016
 

To see what I’m up to lately, Follow me on Twitter, Facebook, or read one of my many blogs.

My life in San Jose, California is centered around my children Tovar and Iselle, my amazing fiance Brit Benjamin, my job at Google, my venture fund Zarco Investment Group, and my work at The Seasteading Institute, a small non-profit whose mission is “To establish permanent, autonomous ocean communities to enable experimentation and innovation with diverse social, political, and legal systems”. Please consider joining TSI and helping us increase competition in government.

Most people come across me via my views on politics, which are described in some of these essays, talks, and papers::

Some other projects:

If you need to correspond with me, I can be reached for personal things as patrissimo-at-gmail-dot-com and for work things as patri-at-seasteading-dot-org. Everything addressed to me gets at least a skim within a day or two, and I fully read most of it, but I unfortunately often don’t have the time to respond to it quickly, at length, or sometimes at all. If you promise not to take it personally, I’ll promise to use my time to do awesome things 🙂 . (Here’s a good piece on the philosophy behind this.)

The rest is here:

Patri’s World

 Posted by at 12:38 am  Tagged with:

Boston SEO Services 508-561-8276 | SEO in Boston, MA

 SEO  Comments Off on Boston SEO Services 508-561-8276 | SEO in Boston, MA
May 292016
 

Do You Have A Great Looking Website But Its Lacking Visitors?

As you have probably now realized a great looking website is only part of the puzzle when it comes to marketing online now, you need TRAFFIC

Thats where we come in, using our process we will hunt down the best traffic for your business and make Google send it to you. We know exactly how to make Google LOVE your website and put it in front of more customers and clients.

Stop losing money to your competitors and turn your website into a money making machine.

There are 2 major factors when it comes to getting customers online.

Boston SEO Services has a proven track record of search engine domination. Find out how our Boston SEO Companycan take you to the top of Google.

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Boston SEO Service can get your company to #1 in the real Google search results. Dominate the search results by using our industrial strength search engine optimization.

We are Bostons #1 ranking website for many search engine optimization and web design search terms. This is not by mistake, we know exactly what is needed to get a website ranking on the first page of Google for very competitive search terms. Our search rankings are solid and have held up to the latest Google algorithm updates and in most cases get stronger.

Most likely, if you arrived at this web site, you are looking for a way to increase your presence of the internet. Maybe you have tried to optimize your website yourself and have become frustrated in the lack of results that you are getting. Or, even more frustrating would be that you have spent thousands or even tens of thousands of dollars for search engine optimization without any increase in visibility or return on investment. You may have even had a top ranking website that has drastically dropped in the search rankings after a Google update. This can leave you feeling helpless and that your website is floating aimlessly in the massive Google ocean. SEO still works and we can help your business succeed online.

Our Boston SEO and web design company provides industrial strength search engine optimization and web design. What that means is that we focus on results and not the packaging. In other words, like industry professionals that use products that arent available to the general public, our search engine optimization and web design services are not your run of the mill, cookie cutter types of solutions. With this type of individualized attentionwe are limited to the number of clients that we can take on at any given moment, so please contact us to find out if there are any spots currently open for SEO Boston or Boston Web Design.

Most people treat the search engines like a phone book and now with more and more people using portable handheld devices, people are finding it easier to speak or type something into their smart phone than it would be to call information or use the phone book. Think about it, when was the last time you looked something up or called 411 for information. Not only that, but the majority of people look to the internet for solutions to their problems. That being said, sadly most people will not search past the first or second page of search results even though there are many more useful website beyond those pages. Being in the first 10-15 search results will have a dramatic impact on your companies online success.

Most people treat the search engines like a phone book and now with more and more people using portable handheld devices, people are finding it easier to speak or type something into their smart phone than it would be to call information or use the phone book. Think about it, when was the last time you looked something up or called 411 for information. Not only that, but the majority of people look to the internet for solutions to their problems. That being said, sadly most people will not search past the first or second page of search results even though there are many more useful website beyond those pages. Being in the first 10-15 search results will have a dramatic impact on your companies online success.

Find out why we are the best seo company in the USA

Summary

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Boston SEO | SEO Boston

Description

Welcome to Boston SEO Services. We are the #1 choice for many SEO search terms according to the real Google search results. Call our Boston SEO experts today to get started on your way to #1 in the real Google search results.

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Boston SEO Services 508-561-8276 | SEO in Boston, MA

Home – Birmingham SEO Agency

 SEO  Comments Off on Home – Birmingham SEO Agency
May 222016
 

Get On Page One Of Google

Dominate the search engines by getting to the top spot, with superior SEO services. No other marketing company comes close to the results that we provide you, and you can guarantee that they will be scratching their heads to how in the world we are putting your website on page one. Many marketing agencies will promise you everything you want to hear just to make the sale, however we provide real results that you can rely on.

Get your business in front of more people on the internet. Its no question that traffic provides the lifeblood to businesses, and without it they will fail to grow and eventually run out of cash. No other form of online advertising provides the explosive growth and potential that search engine optimization gives you. Although we dont promise any more customer conversions, we can guarantee that you will get in front of a heck of a lot of them.

Better results than traditional advertising media such as radio and print, because clicks beat bricks and the current moment. Its now official. Online sales and e-commerce is rapidly becoming a force to be reckoned with, and anyone who isnt ahead of the curve will be left in the dust. Quit relying on old ways to get your business in front of people, and fast forward to accelerate your growth with internet marketing.

See more here:
Home – Birmingham SEO Agency

What is SEO (search engine optimization)? – Definition from …

 SEO  Comments Off on What is SEO (search engine optimization)? – Definition from …
May 172016
 

Search engine optimization (SEO) is an area of website development that seeks to improve the way content is ranked by search engines in organic search results. Various approaches are taken to achieve that goal, including making sure the website architecture makes it easy for visitors to find content and that pages are mobile-friendly and load quickly.

Although there are legitimate companies that help Web sites improve their rankings, according to Google’s page about SEO, most such offers that arrive in e-mail messages are of little-to-no value. The search engine’s own Webmaster often gets SEO marketing offers suggesting that Google doesn’t show up well in search results (which is quite unlikely). Google’s recommendation for Webmasters? “Reserve the same skepticism for unsolicited e-mail about search engines as you do for “burn fat at night” diet pills or requests to help transfer funds from deposed dictators.”

Instead of trying to game the system, sites should focus on providing visitors with useful content and a good user experience (UX). Partly because of the proliferation of bogus offers, the term search engine optimization has gotten a negative reputation in some circles. To put the focus on the website visitor, it has been suggested that acronym SEO should stand for search experience optimization.

Before starting an SEO project, site owners should carefully read through the webmaster guidelines that each search engines provides and follow recommended best practices. Not only will doing so help pages rank better, but failure to follow recommendation could result in the site being improperly indexed. Worse still, the site could be completely blacklisted from the search engine. Certain black hat SEO techniques, such as keyword stuffing, are considered to be the SEO equivalent of spamming, and search engines will penalize them.

This was last updated in November 2015

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How to: Use Tor for Windows | Surveillance Self-Defense

 Tor Browser  Comments Off on How to: Use Tor for Windows | Surveillance Self-Defense
May 162016
 

What is Tor?

Tor is a volunteer-run service that provides both privacy and anonymity online by masking who you are and where you are connecting. The service also protects you from the Tor network itself.

For people who might need occasional anonymity and privacy when accessing websites, Tor Browser provides a quick and easy way to use the Tor network.

The Tor Browser works just like other web browsers, except that it sends your communications through Tor, making it harder for people who are monitoring you to know exactly what you’re doing online, and harder for people monitoring the sites you use to know where you’re connecting from. Keep in mind that only activities you do inside of Tor Browser itself will be anonymized. Having Tor Browser installed on your computer does not make things you do on the same computer using other software (such as your regular web browser) anonymous.

Open a browser like Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Microsoft Internet Explorer, or Microsoft Edge and go to:

https://www.torproject.org/projects/torbrowser.html.en

If you are using a search engine to look for the Tor Browser, make sure that the URL is correct.

Do not use any other source, and if you are prompted to accept alternative HTTPS (SSL/TLS) security certificates, do not proceed.

Click the large Download button, or scroll down to the Tor Browser Downloads section. Click on your desired language and OS version (Windows 32/64-bit).

Some browsers will ask you to confirm whether you want to download this file. Internet Explorer 11 shows a bar at the bottom of the browser window. For any browser, it is best to save the file first before proceeding. Click the Save button.

This example shows Tor Browser version 5.0.3 which is the current version at the time of writing this guide. There may be a more recent version of Tor Browser available for download by the time you read this, so please download and use the current version that Tor Project provides.

After the download is complete, you might get an option to open the folder where the file was downloaded to. The default location is the Downloads folder. Double-click on the file torbrowser-install-5.0.3_en-US.exe.

After double-clicking on the Tor Browser installer, a window will open with a warning about the origin of the software. You should always take these warnings seriously and make sure you trust the software you want to install and that you got an authentic copy from the official site over a secure connection. Since you know what you want, and you know where to get the software, and the download was from the Tor Project’s secure HTTPS site, go ahead and click Run.

A small window will open asking what language you want to use for the Tor Browser. There are several to choose from. Pick the language you want and click the OK button.

You’ll find a new window that will tell you where the Tor Browser will be installed. The default location is your desktop. You can change this to be a different location if you want, but for now keep the default.

The installation process is complete when you see a window that says you have completed the installation process. If you click the Finish button, the Tor Browser will start immediately and Start Tor Browser shortcuts will be added to the Start Menu and Desktop.

The first time Tor Browser starts, you’ll get a window that allows you to modify some settings if necessary. You might have to come back and change some configuration settings, but go ahead and try to connect to the Tor network by clicking the Connect button.

A new window will open with a green bar that illustrates Tor Browser connecting to the Tor network.

The first time Tor Browser starts it might take a bit longer than usual; but be patient, within a minute or two Tor Browser will open and congratulating you.

Click on the Tor Onion logo in the upper left of Tor Browser then the Privacy and Security Settings.

Some features of a normal web browser can make you vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks. Other features have previously had bugs in them that revealed users’ identities. Turning the security slider to a high setting disables these features. This will make you safer from well-funded attackers who can interfere with your Internet connection or use new unknown bugs in these features. Unfortunately, turning off these features can make some websites unusable. The default low setting is fine for everyday privacy protection, but you can set it to high if you are worried about sophisticated attackers, or if you don’t mind if some websites do not display correctly.

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How to: Use Tor for Windows | Surveillance Self-Defense

Affordable SEO by Salterra helping your company rank, ALL …

 SEO  Comments Off on Affordable SEO by Salterra helping your company rank, ALL …
May 122016
 

Why is Blogging so important to SEO?

Having a blog is one of the easiest ways to increase your websites rankings in the search engine. Lets face it, we ALL have something to say! Dont believe me?? Check out the concept of social media, its a perfect platform for every one of us to speak out mind, and share our pictures of randomness. Lets just make it work for you and your business. The important details that will enhance your site; like SEO strategies, relevant keywords and relevant content are in the blog just pick a topic and stay consistent. Optimizing your website helps search engines read and understand your content, strengthens your reputation, and increases the chances of dominating the search engine. (This is one place where domination isnt necessarily a bad thing) Here I will share with you the most important aspects of optimization and having a blog:

Sweet, sweet SEO dreams! What!? you dont dream of SEO? I bet your dream of expanding your business and building an empire! Its definitely a similar strategy. Search engine optimization is easier with a website that is optimized for CMS (Content Management Systems) and Blogging. This is mainly because the program handles all data and keyword tags. Link metrics are built behind the scenes in a CMS, so optimization is easier and the Google bots can easily pick up your data. (You remember us talking about the bots before, dont you? They are good, no worries) This data stores important and relevant information inside your content such as: Titles Descriptions Headers Internal links New pages Sitemaps SEO friendly URLs Plugins and Extensions This saves you much time and optimizes the linking potential; like a well oiled machine. Link structure is important, and CMS systems typically are easy for search engines to index because they create good internal link structures. Proper internal linking is important, as it sub-categorizes all your content for the search engines. Another quick tidbit to think about is SEO friendly images, they will let search engine spiders understand your content more efficiently. Even if I lost you back at the content list, just know that we at Salterra are working diligently to make your empirical dreams come true!! Call us today.

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Affordable SEO by Salterra helping your company rank, ALL …

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How to Optimize Your Website for Search Engine Use

 SEO  Comments Off on How to Optimize Your Website for Search Engine Use
May 122016
 

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One Methods:Page Format IssuesCommunity Q&A

Content still reigns as the king in the world of Search Engine Optimization (SEO). Some websites get on top of search engine rankings because of high-powered link building campaigns, but when you talk about visitor loyalty and traffic retention (and yes, public consumption), it will always require that good old optimized content.

Ad

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Complete all image attributes. Pictures dress up your pages but search engines don’t really know how to deal with them unless you complete all the nitty-gritty details like title, caption, alternate text, description. Be ethical though, don’t use it as an opportunity to cram an extra few keywords onto the page as this will likely have a negative impact on your search engine ranking. Some people search for what they are looking for via Google image search, if your image is highly visible then your potential customers will likely visit your page.

4

Diversify internal anchor text links. There needs to be variations in the text when one creates those blue-highlighted anchor text links. The links on a page are what the search engine spiders follow in determining where they are being led. The text used in the links are used in helping the search engines figure out what the page it leads to is all about.

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Incorporate branded keyword terms. Incorporating your branded keywords into your SEO campaign is also important when it comes to link building and anchor text. If you continually use the same non-branded keywords as anchor text links throughout content it appears to the search engines that you are trying to manipulate search results for that term. Instead, you want to keep your anchor text linking natural. A good way to do so is to link to the brand a significant amount of the time, since thats probably how someone with no SEO knowledge would link back to your website.

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Take note of word count. Although its been a classic rule that readers online do not read, it simply doesnt mean that one has to deprive the online users of good, meaty content. Stick to at least 250 words a page. SEOs know that writing down for an appropriate length of text means being more able to include more related terms for the target keywords. In order to help with the page-browsing experience, consider using large fonts to draw the eye to key headline points. This will make for a page that is broken up well into sections that answer the question the reader is looking for.

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Avoid duplicate content. The content on your website should be unique from other pages on your site, and from external sites as well. Consider using a tool such as Siteliner to look for duplicate content.

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Title Tags The first is your page title. Its very important to put keywords in your page title; specifically try to get important keywords first and try to limit the overall length of your page title. Well-constructed title tags contain the main keyword for the page. It should contain less than 65 characters with no stop words such as: a, if, the, then, and, an, to, etc. Your title tag should also be limited to the use of alphanumeric characters, hyphens, and commas.

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Header Tags Next, its important to look at the header tags on your site-h1, h2, h3, h4 and so on. H1 is the most significant. Make sure you have the most important keyword labeled as h1 tag. This will help you with ranking for your site, especially if someone is searching for that particular key word or phrase.

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Page Content Next up is the content. You definitely want to put your keywords in the contents somewhere, but the object, though, is to make sure the content is very well written for visitors to your website. You want to insert the keywords for that page only where it makes sense. Page content should have between 300 and 700 words of descriptive content that contains the keywords specified in the keywords meta tag for the page. You also want to try to optimize your URLs. Make sure to include important keywords in the URL.

4

Meta Tags Next are the Meta keywords and Meta description. These are pieces of code behind the scene. The code should look something like this: It should be placed directly under the title tag code

Your site title

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Navigation Next is to have proper navigation. Each page of your site should contain links to every other page so search engine spiders can find every page. This is an important step for the proper indexing and page ranking for your site.

6

Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 309,886 times.

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Kansas City SEO Search Engine Optimization | (913) 489-7866

 SEO  Comments Off on Kansas City SEO Search Engine Optimization | (913) 489-7866
Apr 182016
 

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is the processin which you move your Kansas City business Website closer to the organic first page rankings of Google, Yahoo and Bing.

Its not technical. Its not magic. Its just dedicatedhard work done by people who know what it takes to get asite moving towards the first page of the most popular search engines. SEO is not Search Engine Marketing (SEM), or themore common term Pay-Per-Click.

Your SEO journey to optimized page one search results, starts with afree evaluation of where you currently stand for the key wordsthat are important to your company.

It doesnt matter what city you are in, or what type of business you run, we CAN get your Kansas City, Overland Park, Olathe, Kansas business Web site moving to the first page of Google.

It all starts with a phone call (913) 489-7866where we explain what it actually takes, and what it costs to get on the first page of Google.

We do have the skills and experience to inexpensively move your Kansas City site way up the list in Google. But how high up the list is a factor of many things, all of which we can help you understand, implement on your site.Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is not Search Engine Marketing (SEM), there is a significant difference between the two.

Just to make sure were talking the same terms

Kansas City SEO is not the Kansas City Pay-Per-Click (PPC) ads at the top of a Google search result screen.

SEO are the organic results below the ads in Google.

We do provide (PPC) support to clients. The cost of PPC is determined almost 100 percent by how much the competition is currently paying Google to be at the top the ad section. To be at the top of the ads you have to be willing to pay more to Google than your competition is paying. PPC is simple, inexpensive (less than $500) to set up, but can be expensive to run monthly depending on what your competition is currently paying to Google. Theres no way to know this Google cost without doing a couple hours of analysis at our hourly rate of $80.

SEO is a long term marketing strategy where you try to get your site to show up well in the organic (below the ad section in Google). You cannot pay Google to be in the organic section, so you have to spend more time on SEO than your competition to get to the top of the organic section.

SEO is a marathon, not a sprint. You have to just spend the time and, depending on whos already on the first page of Google, it could take more than a year to get on the first page of Google in the organic section. Its just depends on how much time you want to spend. Time = money. Someone has to spend the time doing these sixthings.

1. Do the analysis and come up with the top key words you want to be found for in Google.

2. Modify your Web site content one time in support ofthe top key words you want to be found for in Google.

3. Continually, on your Web site provide the consumer with fresh new information forthe top key words you want to be found for in Google. (Blogging is a good way to do this on your site)

4. Be bigger on the Internet than your Web site forthe top key words you want to be found for in Google. (Social media)

5. Have a marketing strategy that gets lots of people visiting your Web site. Google loves a busy traffic Web site.

6. Make your Web Design Responsive or Mobile.

If you do thesesixthings above, and never stop, you will see upward movement for your Key Words in the Google search results. The closer you get to page one results in Google, the more you have to work. Remember, you have to bump off those already on the first page of Google by doing more than they are. They got to the first page by working at it.

So the cost of doing items 1 thru 6above vary based on the current competition and what you have to do more than they are currently doing. All the 6above are time activities. Whos going to spend the time doing them.

We are proud to offer the following additional list of services:

Kansas City Website Development

Kansas City Search Engine Optimization( SEO )

Kansas City Web Design Services for Non-Profits

Kansas City Mobile Responsive Web Design

Kansas City WordPress Web Designers

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Kansas City SEO Search Engine Optimization | (913) 489-7866

 Posted by at 4:42 am  Tagged with:

Rochester SEO – SEO Rochester NY – Results Guaranteed

 SEO  Comments Off on Rochester SEO – SEO Rochester NY – Results Guaranteed
Apr 162016
 

Welcome, we are Rochester SEO, and we specialize in affordable search engine optimization in Rochester, NY. You most likely landed on this page by searching for SEO or SEO company in one of the major search engines. Or, maybe you saw one of our videos on YouTube and clicked over to our site. We help businesses just like yours increase their online visibility by positioning our clients websites in front of targeted customers that are searching for a solution to a problem.

If your website isnt on the first page of Googles search results for your company, goods or services, you are losing money every month to your competitors that are positioned ahead of you. You could be wondering why do I need a search engine optimization company on a local level? The reason is simple: because the internet, along with smartphones and tablets, have replaced the yellow pages in most homes when someone is performing a local search. People are now turning more to local searches online to find businesses that can solve their problems and meet their needs.

As one of the most cutting-edge SEO agencies in Rochester New York, we build and optimize websites that get found and chosen. We can give you the spike in traffic that your website needs and make sure your website has the proper optimization and appears on Google ahead of your competition in the Flower City or anywhere in the nation. Our digital marketing experience and knowledge means we know how to get your website to the top where it will be seen and selected ahead of all the other sites out there.

We would like to offer you a free consultation and business website analysis, and then provide you with a genuine assessment of your online presence and the changes we can make to improve your online marketing and increase your advertising ROI.

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Rochester SEO – SEO Rochester NY – Results Guaranteed

 Posted by at 3:41 am  Tagged with:

SEO Rochester NY – Search Engine Optimization Services

 SEO  Comments Off on SEO Rochester NY – Search Engine Optimization Services
Apr 162016
 

home > services > SEO (search engine optimization packages)

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) includes optimization of Web site text and programming for specific keywords to enhance the performance of the natural (organic) page rankings within search engines. This enhancement improves page rankings within search engines, resulting in the increase in traffic from Internet users. SEO services are a key element to effective Internet search marketing.

Search engines have two types of listings: paid listings, which are usually labeled as “sponsored links” on the right side of the page, and natural (organic) listings, which are not paid for and typically appear on the left side. See how our customers are benefiting from search optimization.

Many organizations may have invested in developing a Web site only to discover that they are not getting their site listed or ranked favorably on search engines. We can help.

Search engine optimization packages offer businesses affordable SEO services to improve your search ranking. Patrick LaJuett offers several SEO packages. We can also create a custom SEO package to fit your needs. We utilize a proprietary search optimization process centered around clean presentation of relevant, quality content.

* Google, Yahoo, MS Bing

Don’t wait until Google indexes your new links and pages. Using an XML Site map, be proactive and push content out rather than wait to have it pulled in. XML Sitemap Generation and Submission.

Periodically analyzing and resubmitting your XML sitemap to Google and optimizing keywords, page titles and content will boost your site’s ranking. We will evaluate page content, keywords, phrases, titles, make recommendations and modifications as needed.

Google, Yahoo & Bing offer Local search listings that help customers find companies in a specific geographic location. Because many businesses are local, being listed under local search makes sense. Let us take care of submitting your Website so that it’s listed properly in the leading local directories. Learn more about our local search tune-ups.

A leading Online sports equipment store (ValleBaseball.com) is meticulously optimized for top search engine positioning on a monthly basis. Web traffic has increased every month since the inception of our SEO campaign. The result is more sales! – Learn more –

Nobles Defense is a recently launched Website designed and architected by LaJuett Web Solutions to be search engine friendly. The site currently ranks high on Google when searching for keywords “criminal defense lawyer rochester”. The Website was built from the ground up and has been live since July 2010. See the results of our SEO efforts and what we can do to help you.

SEO maintenance is one of the most important points of our search engine optimization approach along with search rank analysis, site optimization and site promotion. Search engines are continuously refreshing their index and changing their algorithms. Your Web site placement position will constantly change. Websites can have a high ranking today, but may slip as more sites get listed in this site category. It is therefore necessary to monitor your Web site’s search rank and traffic stats frequently and implement periodic positioning maintenance. Our SEO maintenance program will continually assess your site listing to keep it at or near the top. Call 585.210.0018 or Email us for more details.

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SEO Rochester NY – Search Engine Optimization Services

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SEO Tutorials | Lynda.com

 SEO  Comments Off on SEO Tutorials | Lynda.com
Apr 072016
 

Learn today’s online marketing techniques and find out how how to build a successful online marketing campaign for all digital channels: search, video, social, email, and display.

Learn to customize filters, tags, segments, and even the data that flows into Google Analytics, to generate better reports about your web traffic and make more intelligent decisions about where to focus your marketing efforts.

Learn to develop a content strategy to analyze and shape the tone, voice, and visual style for your brand.

SEO for ecommerce is different. Get strategies tailored for optimizing an online store to improve page rankings and build traffic.

Investigates the anatomy of a link, how links affect page ranking, and the properties that make an excellent inbound link.

Walks step-by-step through the process of reviewing the content and markup of a web site to improve its ranking in search engine results.

Learn about today’s top SEO tools for technical optimization, content optimization, offsite optimization, and competitive research.

Learn how to use structured data to make your webpages more meaningful to search engines and web crawlers and provide a richer browsing experience to users.

Learn how to use SEO tools and techniques to research the competition online. Find out what keywords your competitors are optimizing forand then outrank them on search engine results pages.

Attract international visitors to your websites with these SEO tips. Learn how to determine target markets and optimize your website’s technical aspects and content for countries and languages around the world.

Learn how to manage your own analytics, user tracking, campaign tracking, remarketing, and other website code with Google Tag Manager.

Learn how to quickly expand your customer base using low-cost and innovative growth-hacking marketing techniques.

Master the foundational concepts of search engine optimization. Learn the strategy behind great SEO, including keyword planning, content optimization, link building, and SEO for ecommerce, local search, and mobile audiences.

Get practical techniques for writing for the web, including tips on front-loading content, avoiding jargon, and keeping your content up to date.

Achieve maximum visibility in search rankings with these local SEO strategies.

Learn the top five ways you can market your brand and earn revenue from your videos on YouTube.

Learn how to create a winning presence and earn revenue from your videos on YouTube.

Testing website pages to improve conversions is a core practice in digital marketing. These tutorials provide a detailed, actionable framework for all conversion rate optimization efforts.

Improve your conversion rate and lift your revenue, by putting website testing and optimization principles into practice with Optimizely.

Start here to learn how to become a successful affiliate. Learn effective, ethical affiliate marketing techniques and tactics.

Make sure your marketing campaigns keep up with the pace of mobile. Learn how to prep your website and emails for mobile visitors, launch SMS campaigns, advertise on mobile, and much more.

Learn how to craft compelling marketing copy to engage with your customers.

Learn the top 5 tips to writing search-friendly press releases.

Learn how to research keywords, apply them to your website, and create ad campaigns around keywords. Increase your site traffic and better understand your user’s intent with keywords.

Design a website that will better promote and sell your music. Learn how to balance looks and usability, incorporate SEO, and avoid common design mistakes.

Learn how to stand out from the crowd, make your content compelling, and build a significant market presence for your company in this talk with an Internet marketing insider.

Discover how semantics (the process of adding markup, microdata, and metadata to a page) makes websites more search engine friendly, more meaningful, and more future-proof.

Drive more visitors to your WordPress site by performing search engine optimization, or SEO, with the help of two powerful plugins.

Optimize your videos for search engines and convert the traffic to achieve your business goals.

Illustrates the basics of setting up a Pinterest account and aggregating inspiration from around the web.

Introduces web marketers, web designers, business owners, and executives to the world of online marketing.

Make web sites more accessible and search engine friendly through proper markup and web standards compliance.

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SEO Tutorials | Lynda.com

Singularitarianism – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Singularitarianism  Comments Off on Singularitarianism – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mar 232016
 

Singularitarianism is a movement[1] defined by the belief that a technological singularitythe creation of superintelligencewill likely happen in the medium future, and that deliberate action ought to be taken to ensure that the Singularity benefits humans.

Singularitarians are distinguished from other futurists who speculate on a technological singularity by their belief that the Singularity is not only possible, but desirable if guided prudently. Accordingly, they might sometimes dedicate their lives to acting in ways they believe will contribute to its rapid yet safe realization.[2]

Time magazine describes the worldview of Singularitarians by saying that “they think in terms of deep time, they believe in the power of technology to shape history, they have little interest in the conventional wisdom about anything, and they cannot believe you’re walking around living your life and watching TV as if the artificial-intelligence revolution were not about to erupt and change absolutely everything.”[1]

Inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil, author of the 2005 book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology, defines a Singularitarian as someone “who understands the Singularity and who has reflected on its implications for his or her own life”; he estimates the Singularity will occur around 2045.[2]

Singularitarianism coalesced into a coherent ideology in 2000 when artificial intelligence (AI) researcher Eliezer Yudkowsky wrote The Singularitarian Principles,[2][3] in which he stated that a Singularitarian believes that the singularity is a secular, non-mystical event which is possible and beneficial to the world and is worked towards by its adherents.[3]

In June 2000 Yudkowsky, with the support of Internet entrepreneurs Brian Atkins and Sabine Atkins, founded the Machine Intelligence Research Institute to work towards the creation of self-improving Friendly AI. MIRI’s writings argue for the idea that an AI with the ability to improve upon its own design (Seed AI) would rapidly lead to superintelligence. These Singularitarians believe that reaching the Singularity swiftly and safely is the best possible way to minimize net existential risk.

Many people believe a technological singularity is possible without adopting Singularitarianism as a moral philosophy. Although the exact numbers are hard to quantify, Singularitarianism is a small movement, which includes transhumanist philosopher Nick Bostrom. Inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil, who predicts that the Singularity will occur circa 2045, greatly contributed to popularizing Singularitarianism with his 2005 book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology .[2]

What, then, is the Singularity? It’s a future period during which the pace of technological change will be so rapid, its impact so deep, that human life will be irreversibly transformed. Although neither utopian or dystopian, this epoch will transform the concepts we rely on to give meaning to our lives, from our business models to the cycle of human life, including death itself. Understanding the Singularity will alter our perspective on the significance of our past and the ramifications for our future. To truly understand it inherently changes one’s view of life in general and one’s particular life. I regard someone who understands the Singularity and who has reflected on its implications for his or her own life as a singularitarian.[2]

With the support of NASA, Google and a broad range of technology forecasters and technocapitalists, the Singularity University opened in June 2009 at the NASA Research Park in Silicon Valley with the goal of preparing the next generation of leaders to address the challenges of accelerating change.

In July 2009, many prominent Singularitarians participated in a conference organized by the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) to discuss the potential impact of robots and computers and the impact of the hypothetical possibility that they could become self-sufficient and able to make their own decisions. They discussed the possibility and the extent to which computers and robots might be able to acquire any level of autonomy, and to what degree they could use such abilities to possibly pose any threat or hazard (i.e., cybernetic revolt). They noted that some machines have acquired various forms of semi-autonomy, including being able to find power sources on their own and being able to independently choose targets to attack with weapons. They warned that some computer viruses can evade elimination and have achieved “cockroach intelligence.” They asserted that self-awareness as depicted in science fiction is probably unlikely, but that there were other potential hazards and pitfalls.[4] Some experts and academics have questioned the use of robots for military combat, especially when such robots are given some degree of autonomous functions.[5] The President of the AAAI has commissioned a study to look at this issue.[6]

Science journalist John Horgan has likened singularitarianism to a religion:

Let’s face it. The singularity is a religious rather than a scientific vision. The science-fiction writer Ken MacLeod has dubbed it the rapture for nerds, an allusion to the end-time, when Jesus whisks the faithful to heaven and leaves us sinners behind. Such yearning for transcendence, whether spiritual or technological, is all too understandable. Both as individuals and as a species, we face deadly serious problems, including terrorism, nuclear proliferation, overpopulation, poverty, famine, environmental degradation, climate change, resource depletion, and AIDS. Engineers and scientists should be helping us face the world’s problems and find solutions to them, rather than indulging in escapist, pseudoscientific fantasies like the singularity.[7]

Kurzweil rejects this categorization, stating that his predictions about the singularity are driven by the data that increases in computational technology have been exponential in the past.[8]

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Singularitarianism – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Posted by at 10:45 pm  Tagged with:



Pierre Teilhard De Chardin | Designer Children | Prometheism | Euvolution