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Problem and Compulsive Gambling

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Jun 242016
 

CMHC Business Hours: Monday thru Friday, 8:00am – 5:00pm Phone: (512) 471-3515 – Student Services Building 5th Floor Topics How to tell if gambling is a problem Alternatives to gambling What if a friend has a gambling problem? Where can I find help? Resources

One of the biggest problems related to gambling and other addictions is that the person engaging in the addictive behavior may be the last to realize there is a problem. You may have sought out this website because you wondered about your own gambling or the gambling habits of someone you care about. We’re glad that you had the courage to do so, and hope the following information will increase your understanding of this issue.

Gambling can include betting on sporting events, playing on-line or video poker, playing cards, betting on games of skill, buying lottery tickets and many other activities.

Some people can gamble occasionally without it affecting their lives seriously, but many can’t. A recent study estimates that three quarters of a million young adults in the United States engage in problem gambling. Closer to home, a study by the Texas Council on Problem and Compulsive Gambling found that teenagers and young adults are at much greater risk for developing serious gambling problems than are adults.

Gambling addiction is a disease, similar to alcohol addiction, in that gamblers often lose control over their behavior and face serious consequences. For many people, gambling problems may increase in severity gradually. Over time, gambling may:

According to the Texas Council on Problem and Compulsive Gambling, “problem gambling” is an early stage of the disease, characterized by personal and relationship problems related to gambling. “Compulsive gambling” is the advanced stage and involves behavior that is out of control.

If you think a friend has a gambling problem, show your concern. Don’t avoid the topic. Do avoid lectures and verbal attacks. Don’t continue the conversation if you begin to feel impatient or angry. You may encounter defensiveness and denial. Don’t take this personally, but make it clear you’re concerned and tell the person how his or her gambling behavior affects you. You may have to set limits with the person. Don’t be persuaded into excusing, justifying, overlooking, enabling or participating in the person’s self-defeating behaviors. Helping a friend pay a debt may seem to temporarily alleviate the problem, but it can actually perpetuate the problem by contributing to a feeling of invincibility that some gamblers develop.

If the person agrees that he or she has a problem, try to:

Gamblers Anonymous International (GA) Consult this site for a list of meetings worldwide. Contact them at 213-386-8789 for more information. The Austin Chapter of GA will be able to tell you where and when meetings are held locally: 512-860-2958.

UT’s Counseling & Mental Health Center (CMHC) Call 512-471-3515 for information on setting up an appointment with a counselor. CMHC also offers the CMHC Crisis Line: dial 512-471-CALL for a telephone counselor.

Helpguide.org A website with additional information on problem and compulsive gambling.

Born to Lose: Memoirs of a Compulsive Gambler by Bill Lee The compelling autobiography of a man who struggled with gambling in many forms before learning to understand his addiction.

Gam-Anon.org A website with information on a twelve-step program for problem gamblers’ spouses, family members, or close friends.

Your First Step To Change Your First Step to Change is an interactive website to help you gauge the impacts of gambling behavior and consider how to change it.

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South Florida Events & Restaurants – southflorida.com

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Jun 192016
 

The parade and street festival drew tens of thousands of people in honor of the Stonewall Riots of 1969 on Saturday, June 18.

Cena Modern Italian Restaurant recently started a happy hour from Tuesday to Thursday, just in time for summer.

The self-professed seasonal, sustainable and locally sourced restaurant is now in Delray Beach.

Scarfone’s Coal Fired Pizza is now Big Rooster’s Southern Table.

Ben Crandell

Pioneering hip-hop trio announces new concerts with release of single ‘Cuba Isla Bella.’

Ben Crandell

Tribute band Brit Floyd does not shy away from iconic art-rock band’s ambitious excesses.

Ben Crandell

Pop-culture icon brings music from No. 1 album ‘The Life of Pablo’ on his first U.S. tour in three years.

Phillip Valys

The top things to do, see and hear in South Florida June 13-19.

‘Children of Hangzhou’ exhibit presents glimpse of Chinese culture through kids’ eyes.

CityWrights offers workshops, panels and sessions in downtown Miami from June 23 to 26.

Sharon Potts’ Miami-set novel ‘Someone Must Die’ exposes a fractured family.

The fifth annual contest is looking for the city’s best comedian, singer, bartender, dessertmaker and drag queen.

Next season will involve teams representing four South Florida cities.

Guide to gambling at Seminole Hard Rock, The Isle, Gulfstream and more

The arithmetic of comedy is not that difficult. If you produce logically linked laughs every five minutes in a feature film you have created a classic. Deliver random chuckles every 10 minutes and your movie is pretty good. Provide the best fun in a pile of outtakes shown in the end credits and…

Hollywood thrillers promise a few hours of escapist adventure. But that pales in comparison to the long and arduous adventure of growing up. In “Raiders! The Story of the Greatest Fan Film Ever Made,” directors Jeremy Coon and Tim Skousen tell the story of a group of boys who spent eight summers…

Starting Sunday, Facets Cinematheque on West Fullerton begins a monthly film series titled “Silent Sundays,” and the first one’s a dooz. I was late in making my first encounter with the 1924 French silent “L’Inhumaine,” a riot of cubist, surrealist and freshly minted art deco influences. At this…

The weirdly touching documentary “De Palma” is catnip for cinephiles, at least those who haven’t written off its subject, filmmaker and eternal provocateur Brian De Palma, decades ago as a hopeless, unrepentant, voyeuristic, Hitchcock-addicted perv. Now 75, De Palma more or less owns up to that…

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CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Ascension – NEW ADVENT

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Jun 172016
 

Help support New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more all for only $19.99…

See also The Feast of the Ascension.

The elevation of Christ into heaven by His own power in presence of His disciples the fortieth day after His Resurrection. It is narrated in Mark 16:19, Luke 24:51, and in the first chapter of the Acts of the Apostles.

Although the place of the Ascension is not distinctly stated, it would appear from the Acts that it was Mount Olivet. Since after the Ascension the disciples are described as returning to Jerusalem from the mount that is called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, within a Sabbath day’s journey. Tradition has consecrated this site as the Mount of Ascension and Christian piety has memorialized the event by erecting over the site a basilica. St. Helena built the first memorial, which was destroyed by the Persians in 614, rebuilt in the eighth century, to be destroyed again, but rebuilt a second time by the crusaders. This the Moslems also destroyed, leaving only the octagonal structure which encloses the stone said to bear the imprint of the feet of Christ, that is now used as an oratory.

Not only is the fact of the Ascension related in the passages of Scripture cited above, but it is also elsewhere predicted and spoken of as an established fact. Thus, in John 6:63, Christ asks the Jews: “If then you shall see the son of Man ascend up where He was before?” and 20:17, He says to Mary Magdalen: “Do not touch Me, for I am not yet ascended to My Father, but go to My brethren, and say to them: I ascend to My Father and to your Father, to My God and to your God.” Again, in Ephesians 4:8-10, and in Timothy 3:16, the Ascension of Christ is spoken of as an accepted fact.

The language used by the Evangelists to describe the Ascension must be interpreted according to usage. To say that He was taken up or that He ascended, does not necessarily imply that they locate heaven directly above the earth; no more than the words “sitteth on the right hand of God” mean that this is His actual posture. In disappearing from their view “He was raised up and a cloud received Him out of their sight” (Acts 1:9), and entering into glory He dwells with the Father in the honour and power denoted by the scripture phrase.

APA citation. Wynne, J. (1907). Ascension. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01767a.htm

MLA citation. Wynne, John. “Ascension.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. .

Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Joseph P. Thomas.

Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. March 1, 1907. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.

Contact information. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. Regrettably, I can’t reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads.

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How Cloning Works | HowStuffWorks

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Jun 172016
 

On Jan. 8, 2001, scientists at Advanced Cell Technology, Inc., announced the birth of the first clone of an endangered animal, a baby bull gaur (a large wild ox from India and southeast Asia) named Noah. Although Noah died of an infection unrelated to the procedure, the experiment demonstrated that it is possible to save endangered species through cloning.

Cloning is the process of making a genetically identical organism through nonsexual means. It has been used for many years to produce plants (even growing a plant from a cutting is a type of cloning).

Animal cloning has been the subject of scientific experiments for years, but garnered little attention until the birth of the first cloned mammal in 1996, a sheep named Dolly. Since Dolly, several scientists have cloned other animals, including cows and mice. The recent success in cloning animals has sparked fierce debates among scientists, politicians and the general public about the use and morality of cloning plants, animals and possibly humans.

In this article, we will examine how cloning works and look at possible uses of this technology.

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Molecular Cloning

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Jun 172016
 

Molecular Cloninghas served as the foundation of technical expertise in labs worldwide for 30 years. No other manual has been so popular, or so influential. Molecular Cloning, Fourth Edition, by the celebrated founding author Joe Sambrook and new co-author, the distinguished HHMI investigator Michael Green, preserves thehighly praised detail and clarity of previous editions and includes specific chapters and protocols commissioned for the book from expert practitioners at Yale, U Mass, Rockefeller University, Texas Tech, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Washington University, and other leading institutions. The theoretical and historical underpinnings of techniques are prominent features of the presentation throughout, information that does much to help trouble-shoot experimental problems.

For the fourth edition of this classic work, the content has been entirely recast to include nucleic-acid based methods selected as the most widely used and valuable in molecular and cellular biology laboratories.

Corechapters from the third edition have been revised to feature current strategies and approaches to the preparation and cloning of nucleic acids, gene transfer, and expression analysis. They are augmented by 12 new chapters which show how DNA, RNA, and proteins should be prepared, evaluated, and manipulated, and how data generation and analysis can be handled.

The new content includes methods for studying interactions between cellular components, such as microarrays, next-generation sequencing technologies, RNA interference, and epigenetic analysis using DNA methylation techniques and chromatin immunoprecipitation. To make sense of the wealth of data produced by these techniques, a bioinformatics chapter describes the use of analytical tools for comparing sequences of genes and proteins and identifying common expression patterns among sets of genes.

Building on thirty years of trust, reliability, and authority, the fourth edition of Molecular Cloning is the new gold standardthe one indispensable molecular biology laboratory manual and reference source.

Highlights of the new edition:

Praise for the previous edition:

Any basic research laboratory using molecular biology techniques will benefit from having a copy on hand of the newly published Third Edition of Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual…the first two editions of this book have been staples of molecular biology with a proven reputation for accuracy and thoroughness. The Scientist

In every kitchen there is at least one indispensable cookbook…Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual fills the same niche in the laboratory (with) information to help both the inexperienced and the advanced user. (It) has once again established its primacy as the molecular laboratory manual and is likely to be found on lab benches…around the world. Trends in Neurosciences

Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual has always been the laboratory mainstay for protocols and techniques. It has a pure-bred ancestry, and the new edition does not disappoint. (It) includes information panels at the end of each chapter that describe the principles behind the protocols…. The addition of this information extends Molecular Cloning from an essential laboratory resource into a new realm, one merging the previous prototype with a modern molecular monograph…the next generation of Molecular Cloning not only carries on the proud heritage of the first two editions but also admirably expands on that tradition to provide a truly essential laboratory manual. Trends in Microbiology

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Teilhard de Chardin and Transhumanism

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Jun 172016
 

by Eric Steinhart Department of Philosophy William Paterson University Journal of Evolution and Technology

Vol. 20 Issue 1 – pgs 1-22

December 2008

from JournalOfEvolutionAndTechnology Website

Omega Point Theology Being Used As Framework For ‘Christian’ Transhumanism

Tomorrow’s Nephilim As Spiritual Leaders Of New Global Order

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin was among the first to give serious consideration to the future of human evolution. His work advocates both biotechnologies (e.g., genetic engineering) and intelligence technologies. He discusses the emergence of a global computation-communication system (and is said by some to have been the first to have envisioned the Internet).

He advocates the development of a global society.

Teilhard is almost surely the first to discuss the acceleration of technological progress to a Singularity in which human intelligence will become super-intelligence. He discusses the spread of human intelligence into the universe and its amplification into a cosmic intelligence. More recently, his work has been taken up by Barrow and Tipler; Tipler; Moravec; and Kurzweil.

Of course, Teilhards Omega Point Theory is deeply Christian, which may be difficult for secular transhumanists.

But transhumanism cannot avoid a fateful engagement with Christianity. Christian institutions may support or oppose transhumanism. Since Christianity is an extremely powerful cultural force in the West, it is imperative for transhumanism to engage it carefully.

A serious study of Teilhard can help that engagement and will thus be rewarding to both communities.

1. Introduction Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955) was a Jesuit paleontologist.[1] He combined his scientific study of the fossil record with his Christian faith to produce a general theory of evolution. Teilhards body of work has much to offer transhumanists, who advocate the use of technology to enhance human capacities and see current human beings as in transition to posthuman forms.

There are several specific reasons for transhumanists to study Teilhards work.

The first reason is that Teilhard was one of the first to articulate transhumanist themes. Transhumanists advocate the ethical use of technology for human enhancement. Teilhard’s writing likewise argues for the ethical application of technology in order to advance humanity beyond the limitations of natural biology. Teilhard explicitly argues for the use of both bio-technologies (e.g., genetic engineering) and intelligence technologies, and develops several other themes often found in transhumanist writings.

He discusses the emergence of a global computation-communication system, and is said by some to have been the first to have envisioned the Internet (Kreisberg, 1995). He advocates the development of an egalitarian global society. He was almost certainly the first to discuss the acceleration of technological progress to a kind of Singularity in which human intelligence will become super-intelligence.

He discusses the spread of human intelligence into the universe and its amplification into a cosmic-intelligence.

The second reason for transhumanists to study Teilhard is that his thought has influenced transhumanism itself. In particular, Teilhard develops an Omega Point Theory.

An Omega Point Theory (OPT) claims that the universe is evolving towards a godlike final state.

Teilhards OPT was later refined and developed by Barrow and Tipler (1986) and by Tipler alone (1988; 1995).

Ideas from the Barrow-Tipler OPT were, in turn, taken up by many transhumanists (see, for example, Moravec (1988; 2000) and Dewdney (1998)). Kurzweil also articulates a somewhat weaker OPT.

He says:

evolution moves inexorably toward our conception of God, albeit never reaching this ideal

(2005: 476; see also 375, 389-390)

Many transhumanists work within the conceptual architecture of Teilhards OPT without being aware of its origins. Indeed, Teilhard is mostly ignored in the histories of transhumanism; e.g., he is mentioned once and only in passing in Bostroms (2005) detailed history of the transhumanist movement.

The third reason for transhumanists to study Teilhard is that he develops his transhumanist ideas within a Christian context. Teilhard shows how one might develop a Christian transhumanism. Although some secular transhumanists may be inclined to react negatively to any mention of Christianity, such hostility may prove politically costly.

Transhumanism and Christianity are not essentially enemies.

They share some common themes (Hopkins, 2005). Of course, it is understandable that many transhumanists reject the superstitious aspects of Christian doctrine and the authoritarian aspects of Christian institutions. Likewise, Teilhard wants to abandon those aspects of Christianity. He argues that Christ is at work in evolution, that Christ is at work in technology, and that the work of Christ ultimately aims at the perfection of human biology. Christianity is a complex network of doctrines and institutions.

A study of Teilhard can help transhumanists to locate and carefully cultivate friends in that network and to locate, and carefully defend against, opponents.

The fourth reason for transhumanists to study Teilhard is that they are likely to need to defend themselves against conservative forms of Christianity. The dominant forms of Christianity today (at least in the USA) are conservative. As the cultural visibility of transhumanism grows, conservative Christians will increasingly pay it their attention.

They may feel increasingly threatened by transhumanism and come to see it as a heresy (Bainbridge, 2005). Various conservative Christians have already opposed transhumanism (Wiker, 2003; Hook, 2004; Daly, 2004; Hart, 2005). Since Christianity is an extremely powerful cultural force in the West, it is imperative for transhumanism to engage it carefully.

Conservative Christian forces have already opposed various biotechnologies (such as embryonic stem cell research and cloning) and may oppose all the enhancement techniques that transhumanists advocate. Conservative Christianity currently has the political power to effectively shut transhumanism down in the West.

Teilhard was attacked by conservative Catholics, and transhumanists may have to fight similar battles over similar issues. And yet Teilhard gained a surprisingly large following both within and beyond the church.[2]

A study of his work can help transhumanists develop nuanced strategies for defending against attacks from conservative Christians.

The fifth reason for transhumanists to study Teilhard is that they may want to build bridges to liberal and progressive forms of Christianity. Teilhard believed that science and technology have positive roles to play in building the City of God in this world.

A study of Teilhards work may help transhumanists to explore the ways that transhumanism can obtain support:

from Christian millenarianism (see Bozeman, 1997; Noble, 1999)

from Irenaean and neo-Irenaean theodicies (see Hick, 1977; Walker, Undated)[3]

from liberal Protestantism (see Arnow, 1950)

from process theology (see Cobb and Griffin, 1976)

Teilhard believed that everyone has a right to enter the kingdom of heaven it isnt reserved for any special sexual, racial, or economic elite.

A study of Teilhards writings can help transhumanism embrace a deep conception of social justice and expand its conception of social concern (see Garner, 2005). A study of Teilhard can help transhumanists make beneficial conceptual, and even political, connections to progressive Christian institutions.

My goal in this paper is to present the thought of Teilhard de Chardin in a way that is defensible and accessible to transhumanists.

Teilhard was working in the early twentieth century, at a time when biology was primitive and computer science non-existent. Many of his ideas are presented in a nineteenth-century vocabulary that is now conceptually obsolete.

My method is to present these ideas in a charitable way using a contemporary conceptual vocabulary, and to show how they have been refined by transhumanists such as Tipler, Moravec, and Kurzweil. One might say this paper offers a transhumanist reading of Teilhard or even a Teilhardian transhumanism. Since I make extensive use of computational ideas, I am offering a computational model of Teilhards thought.

I thereby hope to make his ideas accessible and to encourage further study of Teilhard among transhumanists.

Teilhard produced an extensive body of work that may be of interest to them;[4] there is also an enormous secondary literature on Teilhard, much of which may be of great interest to transhumanists.[5]

2. Teilhard and computation

2.1 Complexity and logical depth Physical things can be compared in terms of their size, mass, and so on. But they can also be compared in terms of their complexity. Complexity is an objective physical property and the scale of complexities is an objective physical scale.

Teilhard says:

the complexity of a thing… [is] the quality the thing possesses of being composed (a) of a larger number of elements, which are (b) more tightly organized among themselves…. [Complexity depends] not only on the number and diversity of the elements included in each case, but at least as much on the number and correlative variety of the links formed between these elements.

(Teilhard, 1959, The Future of Man, page 98; henceforth abbreviated FUT.)

A first refinement of Teilhards thought requires that we update his definition of complexity.

We can define the complexity of an object as the amount of computational work it takes to simulate the object. It takes a more powerful computer to simulate a more complex object. Bennett (1990) makes this idea more precise by defining complexity as logical depth.

He says:

Logical depth = Execution time required to generate the object in question by a near-incompressible universal computer program, i.e., one not itself computable as output of a significantly more concise program…. Logically deep objects… contain internal evidence of having been the result of a long computation or slow-to-simulate dynamical process.

(Bennett, 1990: 142.)

Teilhard observes that increasingly complex systems are emerging in our universe over time.

We can plot this emergence on a graph with two axes: a time axis and a complexity axis (Teilhard, 1973, My fundamental vision in Towards the Future, page 166; henceforth abbreviated MFV). Teilhard refers to the emergence of increasingly complex systems as complexification. Today we are more likely to talk about self-organization. But the idea is the same.

According to Bennett, we should expect more complex objects to appear later in any evolutionary process.

Teilhard would agree.

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Space Adventures, Ltd. | Home

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Jun 152016
 

November 18, 2014

Reasons you should fly to space

At Space Adventures we are often asked why private citizens should fly to space. So I asked our previous spaceflight client, Richard Garriott, who spent 12 days on the International

October 7, 2014

10 Best Photos of Earth Taken By Astronauts

Pictures Taken From Space Provide a Look into the Space Travel Experience Since the first astronauts returned with photos showing our planet from a new perspective, our desire to see

July 18, 2014

Taking the Next Step for Mankind

Forty-Five Years After the First Landing, Sights are Set for the Moon Once Again. On July 20, 1969 (45 years ago on Sunday), Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the

July 10, 2014

When Life Imitates Art

How Real Space Programs Are Inspired By The Movies. Drawing inspiration from real events is a staple in the entertainment industry, but less common is when science takes a cue

July 1, 2014

To HollywoodAnd Beyond!

A Look at How Weightless Flights Have Revolutionized the Production Industry. Today marks 19 years since the premiere of Ron Howards blockbuster movie, Apollo 13. Considered one of the most

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Online Gambling Sites & Games Guide | Gambling.com

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Jun 132016
 

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Online bingo has been growing at a rapid rate. The latest figures estimate that in the UK alone there are more than four million players — great news for this quick-fire group game with a highly social core.

While some countries have resisted the move from brick-and-mortar casinos to online gambling, many have welcomed the phenomenon, changing the landscape and culture of casino gambling forever.

Fantasy sports have been around for decades, tracing its roots back to 1980 when the original fantasy league started around Americas pastime, baseball. From that early league, fantasy sports have grown to encompass a huge variety of sports and formats, including the dramatic rise of Daily Fantasy Sports.

Recent advances in technology have meant that, while some lotteries are only open to residents of the same country, others can now be played by a global audience. This makes lottery betting today a more exciting and varied prospect than ever before.

According to Adweek, as of 2014 mobile users were spending over 85% of their time using apps, with 32% of this spent gaming and 17% on social media site Facebook. With so many more people reliant on their phones, the gambling industry responded, finding new and exciting ways for gamers to get online.

Switching from conventional multi-currency gambling websites to Bitcoin-only sites might seem a bit daunting, but it can also be a lucrative opportunity. There are a range of pros and cons that users should consider before signing up, especially now that Bitcoin gambling sites are becoming increasingly competitive.

The online poker scene has exploded in the last decade, offering an altogether different experience from live poker games in brick-and-mortar casinos, while retaining the high level of skill required to master the deck.

Online betting is more than just having your local bookies at your fingertips, it’s about finding creative ways to maximise enjoyment and profit from some of the greatest, most exciting and even the most obscure events from around the world.

The term “betting markets” covers a broad swath of events, basically anything that one could reasonably take bets on. While the sports world is the largest, odds on non-sports events can all be found at various online casinos.

When one thinks of bingo, variety is not the first thing that springs to mind, even though it is an integral part of the online bingo world. Most people think of bingo as one all-encompassing game, but that is not the case.

Casino games are the ‘Bell-of-the-Ball’ in terms of gambling offerings, as most top operators ensure their development teams concentrate a majority of their power on creating and optimizing casino games above even poker or bingo games.

Daily Fantasy Games represent a new paradigm in sports betting, and are also lightning rods for legislation in the United States. Regulation in that country appears imminent, and once a system for oversight is in place these games have the potential to drastically alter how players around the world enjoy sports.

Most popular casino games have a companion Live Dealer version offered by at least one operator if not them all. From the fan-favourite blackjack to the more risky Roulette, Live Dealer casino games should never be hard to find.

Long gone are the days when physical location limited a player’s gaming options thanks to online casinos. One such feature that is growing in popularity is lottery betting, which now allows customers to participate in the world’s largest lotteries from the comfort of their own home.

Poker has experienced a surge in popularity in the last decade or so, and nowhere has that translated into growth more than the world of online poker.

Slots and poker are the two games perhaps most associated with online casinos (and casinos in general), so it makes sense that gaming providers figured out a way to combine them years ago in the form of video poker.

Whether in a physical gambling hall or a digital one, slot games are afforded prime real estate, and for good reason as they are among the most popular and entertaining games around.

Poker Networks allow online casinos to draw from a massive player base to ensure that their games are always full. By offering multiple sites the same base software with personalized design schemes, both parties benefit alongside the players.

Depositing and withdrawing funds from an online casino account has never been easier, thanks to the rise of dedicated payment services and improvements in software that allow sites to accept funds from many different sources.

The software provider that an online casino chooses to partner with is one of the most crucial aspects of that casino’s identity. Beyond determining site functionality, the games available at a given casino is also affected by who they work with.

Community has long been at the heart of bingo’s success but with the iGaming revolution taking the industry by storm, it’s no surprise some are beginning to consider bingo software the primary engine of online bingo.

It can be easy to overlook the underlying software at an online betting hub, especially when getting lost in the flurry of numbers and odds on screen. The design and organization of these sites certainly play a major role in the betting experience.

Mobile gambling is one of the fastest growing sectors of the gaming industry. A quality mobile platform is a must-have for internet casinos, and a variety of studios have specialists dedicated to creating those platforms, much to the delight of gamers on the go.

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Cloning Fact Sheet – Genome.gov

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Jun 122016
 

Cloning What is cloning?

The term cloning describes a number of different processes that can be used to produce genetically identical copies of a biological entity. The copied material, which has the same genetic makeup as the original, is referred to as a clone.

Researchers have cloned a wide range of biological materials, including genes, cells, tissues and even entire organisms, such as a sheep.

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Yes. In nature, some plants and single-celled organisms, such as bacteria, produce genetically identical offspring through a process called asexual reproduction. In asexual reproduction, a new individual is generated from a copy of a single cell from the parent organism.

Natural clones, also known as identical twins, occur in humans and other mammals. These twins are produced when a fertilized egg splits, creating two or more embryos that carry almost identical DNA. Identical twins have nearly the same genetic makeup as each other, but they are genetically different from either parent.

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There are three different types of artificial cloning: gene cloning, reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning.

Gene cloning produces copies of genes or segments of DNA. Reproductive cloning produces copies of whole animals. Therapeutic cloning produces embryonic stem cells for experiments aimed at creating tissues to replace injured or diseased tissues.

Gene cloning, also known as DNA cloning, is a very different process from reproductive and therapeutic cloning. Reproductive and therapeutic cloning share many of the same techniques, but are done for different purposes.

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Gene cloning is the most common type of cloning done by researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI). NHGRI researchers have not cloned any mammals and NHGRI does not clone humans.

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Researchers routinely use cloning techniques to make copies of genes that they wish to study. The procedure consists of inserting a gene from one organism, often referred to as “foreign DNA,” into the genetic material of a carrier called a vector. Examples of vectors include bacteria, yeast cells, viruses or plasmids, which are small DNA circles carried by bacteria. After the gene is inserted, the vector is placed in laboratory conditions that prompt it to multiply, resulting in the gene being copied many times over.

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In reproductive cloning, researchers remove a mature somatic cell, such as a skin cell, from an animal that they wish to copy. They then transfer the DNA of the donor animal’s somatic cell into an egg cell, or oocyte, that has had its own DNA-containing nucleus removed.

Researchers can add the DNA from the somatic cell to the empty egg in two different ways. In the first method, they remove the DNA-containing nucleus of the somatic cell with a needle and inject it into the empty egg. In the second approach, they use an electrical current to fuse the entire somatic cell with the empty egg.

In both processes, the egg is allowed to develop into an early-stage embryo in the test-tube and then is implanted into the womb of an adult female animal.

ltimately, the adult female gives birth to an animal that has the same genetic make up as the animal that donated the somatic cell. This young animal is referred to as a clone. Reproductive cloning may require the use of a surrogate mother to allow development of the cloned embryo, as was the case for the most famous cloned organism, Dolly the sheep.

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Over the last 50 years, scientists have conducted cloning experiments in a wide range of animals using a variety of techniques. In 1979, researchers produced the first genetically identical mice by splitting mouse embryos in the test tube and then implanting the resulting embryos into the wombs of adult female mice. Shortly after that, researchers produced the first genetically identical cows, sheep and chickens by transferring the nucleus of a cell taken from an early embryo into an egg that had been emptied of its nucleus.

It was not until 1996, however, that researchers succeeded in cloning the first mammal from a mature (somatic) cell taken from an adult animal. After 276 attempts, Scottish researchers finally produced Dolly, the lamb from the udder cell of a 6-year-old sheep. Two years later, researchers in Japan cloned eight calves from a single cow, but only four survived.

Besides cattle and sheep, other mammals that have been cloned from somatic cells include: cat, deer, dog, horse, mule, ox, rabbit and rat. In addition, a rhesus monkey has been cloned by embryo splitting.

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Despite several highly publicized claims, human cloning still appears to be fiction. There currently is no solid scientific evidence that anyone has cloned human embryos.

In 1998, scientists in South Korea claimed to have successfully cloned a human embryo, but said the experiment was interrupted very early when the clone was just a group of four cells. In 2002, Clonaid, part of a religious group that believes humans were created by extraterrestrials, held a news conference to announce the birth of what it claimed to be the first cloned human, a girl named Eve. However, despite repeated requests by the research community and the news media, Clonaid never provided any evidence to confirm the existence of this clone or the other 12 human clones it purportedly created.

In 2004, a group led by Woo-Suk Hwang of Seoul National University in South Korea published a paper in the journal Science in which it claimed to have created a cloned human embryo in a test tube. However, an independent scientific committee later found no proof to support the claim and, in January 2006, Science announced that Hwang’s paper had been retracted.

From a technical perspective, cloning humans and other primates is more difficult than in other mammals. One reason is that two proteins essential to cell division, known as spindle proteins, are located very close to the chromosomes in primate eggs. Consequently, removal of the egg’s nucleus to make room for the donor nucleus also removes the spindle proteins, interfering with cell division. In other mammals, such as cats, rabbits and mice, the two spindle proteins are spread throughout the egg. So, removal of the egg’s nucleus does not result in loss of spindle proteins. In addition, some dyes and the ultraviolet light used to remove the egg’s nucleus can damage the primate cell and prevent it from growing.

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No. Clones do not always look identical. Although clones share the same genetic material, the environment also plays a big role in how an organism turns out.

For example, the first cat to be cloned, named Cc, is a female calico cat that looks very different from her mother. The explanation for the difference is that the color and pattern of the coats of cats cannot be attributed exclusively to genes. A biological phenomenon involving inactivation of the X chromosome (See sex chromosome) in every cell of the female cat (which has two X chromosomes) determines which coat color genes are switched off and which are switched on. The distribution of X inactivation, which seems to occur randomly, determines the appearance of the cat’s coat.

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Reproductive cloning may enable researchers to make copies of animals with the potential benefits for the fields of medicine and agriculture.

For instance, the same Scottish researchers who cloned Dolly have cloned other sheep that have been genetically modified to produce milk that contains a human protein essential for blood clotting. The hope is that someday this protein can be purified from the milk and given to humans whose blood does not clot properly. Another possible use of cloned animals is for testing new drugs and treatment strategies. The great advantage of using cloned animals for drug testing is that they are all genetically identical, which means their responses to the drugs should be uniform rather than variable as seen in animals with different genetic make-ups.

After consulting with many independent scientists and experts in cloning, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) decided in January 2008 that meat and milk from cloned animals, such as cattle, pigs and goats, are as safe as those from non-cloned animals. The FDA action means that researchers are now free to using cloning methods to make copies of animals with desirable agricultural traits, such as high milk production or lean meat. However, because cloning is still very expensive, it will likely take many years until food products from cloned animals actually appear in supermarkets.

Another application is to create clones to build populations of endangered, or possibly even extinct, species of animals. In 2001, researchers produced the first clone of an endangered species: a type of Asian ox known as a guar. Sadly, the baby guar, which had developed inside a surrogate cow mother, died just a few days after its birth. In 2003, another endangered type of ox, called the Banteg, was successfully cloned. Soon after, three African wildcats were cloned using frozen embryos as a source of DNA. Although some experts think cloning can save many species that would otherwise disappear, others argue that cloning produces a population of genetically identical individuals that lack the genetic variability necessary for species survival.

Some people also have expressed interest in having their deceased pets cloned in the hope of getting a similar animal to replace the dead one. But as shown by Cc the cloned cat, a clone may not turn out exactly like the original pet whose DNA was used to make the clone.

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Reproductive cloning is a very inefficient technique and most cloned animal embryos cannot develop into healthy individuals. For instance, Dolly was the only clone to be born live out of a total of 277 cloned embryos. This very low efficiency, combined with safety concerns, presents a serious obstacle to the application of reproductive cloning.

Researchers have observed some adverse health effects in sheep and other mammals that have been cloned. These include an increase in birth size and a variety of defects in vital organs, such as the liver, brain and heart. Other consequences include premature aging and problems with the immune system. Another potential problem centers on the relative age of the cloned cell’s chromosomes. As cells go through their normal rounds of division, the tips of the chromosomes, called telomeres, shrink. Over time, the telomeres become so short that the cell can no longer divide and, consequently, the cell dies. This is part of the natural aging process that seems to happen in all cell types. As a consequence, clones created from a cell taken from an adult might have chromosomes that are already shorter than normal, which may condemn the clones’ cells to a shorter life span. Indeed, Dolly, who was cloned from the cell of a 6-year-old sheep, had chromosomes that were shorter than those of other sheep her age. Dolly died when she was six years old, about half the average sheep’s 12-year lifespan.

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Therapeutic cloning involves creating a cloned embryo for the sole purpose of producing embryonic stem cells with the same DNA as the donor cell. These stem cells can be used in experiments aimed at understanding disease and developing new treatments for disease. To date, there is no evidence that human embryos have been produced for therapeutic cloning.

The richest source of embryonic stem cells is tissue formed during the first five days after the egg has started to divide. At this stage of development, called the blastocyst, the embryo consists of a cluster of about 100 cells that can become any cell type. Stem cells are harvested from cloned embryos at this stage of development, resulting in destruction of the embryo while it is still in the test tube.

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Researchers hope to use embryonic stem cells, which have the unique ability to generate virtually all types of cells in an organism, to grow healthy tissues in the laboratory that can be used replace injured or diseased tissues. In addition, it may be possible to learn more about the molecular causes of disease by studying embryonic stem cell lines from cloned embryos derived from the cells of animals or humans with different diseases. Finally, differentiated tissues derived from ES cells are excellent tools to test new therapeutic drugs.

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Many researchers think it is worthwhile to explore the use of embryonic stem cells as a path for treating human diseases. However, some experts are concerned about the striking similarities between stem cells and cancer cells. Both cell types have the ability to proliferate indefinitely and some studies show that after 60 cycles of cell division, stem cells can accumulate mutations that could lead to cancer. Therefore, the relationship between stem cells and cancer cells needs to be more clearly understood if stem cells are to be used to treat human disease.

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Gene cloning is a carefully regulated technique that is largely accepted today and used routinely in many labs worldwide. However, both reproductive and therapeutic cloning raise important ethical issues, especially as related to the potential use of these techniques in humans.

Reproductive cloning would present the potential of creating a human that is genetically identical to another person who has previously existed or who still exists. This may conflict with long-standing religious and societal values about human dignity, possibly infringing upon principles of individual freedom, identity and autonomy. However, some argue that reproductive cloning could help sterile couples fulfill their dream of parenthood. Others see human cloning as a way to avoid passing on a deleterious gene that runs in the family without having to undergo embryo screening or embryo selection.

Therapeutic cloning, while offering the potential for treating humans suffering from disease or injury, would require the destruction of human embryos in the test tube. Consequently, opponents argue that using this technique to collect embryonic stem cells is wrong, regardless of whether such cells are used to benefit sick or injured people.

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Last Reviewed: May 11, 2016

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Cloning Fact Sheet – Genome.gov

Is Facebook protected under the First Amendment? – May. 12, 2016

 Misc  Comments Off on Is Facebook protected under the First Amendment? – May. 12, 2016
May 172016
 

“If Facebook ignores this request they could receive a subpoena, so I suspect they will cooperate,” said Stephen Strauss, a former journalist who is now an attorney at Bryan Cave specializing in First Amendment issues.

He was referring to a letter sent by Senator John Thune to Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg seeking an explanation of how Trending stories are selected and whether any conservative stories were taken out of the list or liberal leaning stories were inserted.

Joe Larsen of Sedgwick Law agrees that it would be risky for Facebook to ignore the request.

“That’s just not a good idea, even where… I can see no clear legal basis for Senator Thune’s request,” Larsen said. “I expect Facebook will provide quite a bit of information.”

Related: Did Facebook suppress conservative news?

One piece of what Thune is seeking was revealed Thursday when The Guardian published Facebook’s manual for people who manage the Trending topics feature. Facebook confirmed the veracity of the 20 page document, which reveals that there is a lot of human decision making in choosing the stories on top of what the company’s algorithms suggest. The manual includes when stories can be “injected” into the Trending topics list.

The controversy began on Monday when Gizmodo published a report with anonymous allegations that former contractors had ignored Facebook’s algorithms for its Trending topics section and that links to conservative news stories were “routinely” suppressed.

Thune demanded to know exactly how Facebook decides what news stories to publish and to see a list of all the stories that were previously not distributed or manually inserted into Trending topics.

As a platform that’s used by over 222 million people in the United States, the company is able to influence the perceptions of a large chunk of the U.S. population, Thune said.

Facebook has denied that anyone improperly tinkered with the list or that they were instructed to do so. A company spokesman said, “We have received Sen. Thune’s request for more information about how Trending Topics works, and look forward to addressing his questions.”

Related: Facebook’s ‘trending topics’ spark debate

According to Strauss, Thune’s request was legitimate.

“I think that this situation is different than an inquiry into a news organization’s content,” he said. “In this case Facebook has a ‘trending’ feature, and Facebook affirmatively stated particular standards for this ‘trending’ feature, and now there is some question as to the veracity of those representations.”

Mark Bailen, a media attorney at BakerHostetler, disagrees. He argues that Facebook has the same right to distribute the news “without interference from the government” as any company or individual.

“It’s well established that the government has no role in dictating what is newsworthy,” said Bailen. “The idea that the government is going back and looking into and investigating [Facebook’s activities in distributing the news] conflicts with decades of jurisprudence under the First Amendment.”

Floyd Abrams, a prominent First Amendment attorney, compares Thune’s request to one issued by Congress in the 1970s when politicians sought to require CBS to turn over outtakes of a controversial CBS documentary, “The Selling of the Pentagon.” The network refused and eventually the inquiry was dropped.

“It was an example of a news organization that was prepared to take great risks to defend its editorial independence,” said Abrams.

Related: Senate demands answers from Facebook

“I don’t mean to suggest that Facebook must remain silent when it is under attack. But it should take care not to cede its own hard won authority about what articles to cite or recommend to Congress.”

One issue about this controversy that troubles some is the way that Facebook depicts its role in selecting what news is shown.

“It has always represented itself as an unbiased aggregator of news on its trending site,” according to Larsen. “That is, Facebook says it doesn’t have an editorial position.”

After the Gizmodo report was published, Facebook Trending manager Tom Stocky wrote that the company has “rigorous guidelines in place for the review team to ensure consistency and neutrality.”

Those guidelines don’t allow reviewers to suppress or prioritize political perspectives or media outlets, he says. And these are the guidelines that Thune and others want to know more about.

The company’s official description of the feature is simply: “a list of topics and hashtags that have recently spiked in popularity on Facebook. This list is personalized based on a number of factors, including Pages you’ve liked, your location and what’s trending across Facebook.”

Until the Gizmodo report, many people weren’t aware that Facebook had a team to oversee the Trending Topics feature.

Suzy Fulton, a technology lawyer said that it’s possible someone might sue Facebook based on fraud or deceptive practices — but it would be hard to see what the damages would be, “even assuming you have a valid claim to begin with.”

“We are certainly a litigious society,” she said. “[But] you can opt out, you can go to Fox or some other conservative news media for your news if you feel Facebook is not telling the right story on its Trending Topics.”

CNNMoney (New York) First published May 12, 2016: 1:58 PM ET

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Is Facebook protected under the First Amendment? – May. 12, 2016

Kansas City SEO Search Engine Optimization | (913) 489-7866

 SEO  Comments Off on Kansas City SEO Search Engine Optimization | (913) 489-7866
Apr 182016
 

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is the processin which you move your Kansas City business Website closer to the organic first page rankings of Google, Yahoo and Bing.

Its not technical. Its not magic. Its just dedicatedhard work done by people who know what it takes to get asite moving towards the first page of the most popular search engines. SEO is not Search Engine Marketing (SEM), or themore common term Pay-Per-Click.

Your SEO journey to optimized page one search results, starts with afree evaluation of where you currently stand for the key wordsthat are important to your company.

It doesnt matter what city you are in, or what type of business you run, we CAN get your Kansas City, Overland Park, Olathe, Kansas business Web site moving to the first page of Google.

It all starts with a phone call (913) 489-7866where we explain what it actually takes, and what it costs to get on the first page of Google.

We do have the skills and experience to inexpensively move your Kansas City site way up the list in Google. But how high up the list is a factor of many things, all of which we can help you understand, implement on your site.Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is not Search Engine Marketing (SEM), there is a significant difference between the two.

Just to make sure were talking the same terms

Kansas City SEO is not the Kansas City Pay-Per-Click (PPC) ads at the top of a Google search result screen.

SEO are the organic results below the ads in Google.

We do provide (PPC) support to clients. The cost of PPC is determined almost 100 percent by how much the competition is currently paying Google to be at the top the ad section. To be at the top of the ads you have to be willing to pay more to Google than your competition is paying. PPC is simple, inexpensive (less than $500) to set up, but can be expensive to run monthly depending on what your competition is currently paying to Google. Theres no way to know this Google cost without doing a couple hours of analysis at our hourly rate of $80.

SEO is a long term marketing strategy where you try to get your site to show up well in the organic (below the ad section in Google). You cannot pay Google to be in the organic section, so you have to spend more time on SEO than your competition to get to the top of the organic section.

SEO is a marathon, not a sprint. You have to just spend the time and, depending on whos already on the first page of Google, it could take more than a year to get on the first page of Google in the organic section. Its just depends on how much time you want to spend. Time = money. Someone has to spend the time doing these sixthings.

1. Do the analysis and come up with the top key words you want to be found for in Google.

2. Modify your Web site content one time in support ofthe top key words you want to be found for in Google.

3. Continually, on your Web site provide the consumer with fresh new information forthe top key words you want to be found for in Google. (Blogging is a good way to do this on your site)

4. Be bigger on the Internet than your Web site forthe top key words you want to be found for in Google. (Social media)

5. Have a marketing strategy that gets lots of people visiting your Web site. Google loves a busy traffic Web site.

6. Make your Web Design Responsive or Mobile.

If you do thesesixthings above, and never stop, you will see upward movement for your Key Words in the Google search results. The closer you get to page one results in Google, the more you have to work. Remember, you have to bump off those already on the first page of Google by doing more than they are. They got to the first page by working at it.

So the cost of doing items 1 thru 6above vary based on the current competition and what you have to do more than they are currently doing. All the 6above are time activities. Whos going to spend the time doing them.

We are proud to offer the following additional list of services:

Kansas City Website Development

Kansas City Search Engine Optimization( SEO )

Kansas City Web Design Services for Non-Profits

Kansas City Mobile Responsive Web Design

Kansas City WordPress Web Designers

Visit link:
Kansas City SEO Search Engine Optimization | (913) 489-7866

 Posted by at 4:42 am  Tagged with:

Ready-Made (Shelf) Offshore Companies Price List, off the …

 Offshore Companies  Comments Off on Ready-Made (Shelf) Offshore Companies Price List, off the …
Mar 202016
 

Our offshore shelf companies (ready made off-shore companies) were incorporated specifically for our customers who want a vintage offshore shelf company or just a shelf offshore company for immediate use.

These shelf companies all come with a nominee shareholder and nominee director. The documents included are: Certificate of Incorporation; Memorandum and articles of Association; Letter of Appointment of first Director; Declaration of Trust from the nominee shareholder; Power of Attorney from the nominee director; Minutes of the first meeting of the founders; Share Certificates; Register of Shareholders; Register of Directors; Apostille set of the incorporation documents.

The services provided also include: First year government filing fees; Registered agent services, (first year); Registered office, (first year); International express delivery (with the tracking number) by FedEx or DHL.

The table provides a list of ready-made offshore companies and their prices from which you can make your selection.

JURISDICTION

Date:

Renewal date:

US $

UK

Euro

Anguilla IBC:

Bluconnex Ltd.

02.2012

2965 US

1900

2190

Anguilla LLC:

BOSSLIFE PRODUCTIONS LLC

05.2013

2275 US

1455

1700

Dominica IBC:

Aurora Services Ltd

01.2014

1530 US

815

990

21st Century Technologies Inc

07.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

ADI Manufacturing Limited

07.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

AITECH Services S.A

08.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Annex Corporation

08.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Boden Select Investments Corporation

07.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Bolte Property Developers Limited

08.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Catwalk Enterprises Inc

07.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Century Development and Investment Inc

08.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Das Geld GmbH

07.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Datacast Limited

08.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

DexTrex Limited

08.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Earth Inc Traders S.A

08.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Etalics Investment Ltd

08.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Finetex Consulting Limited

08.2008

2450 US

1600

1850

Flexrate Marketing Inc

08.2008

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Ready-Made (Shelf) Offshore Companies Price List, off the …

 Posted by at 12:44 pm  Tagged with:

Mindjammer The Roleplaying Game Mindjammer Press

 Transhuman  Comments Off on Mindjammer The Roleplaying Game Mindjammer Press
Mar 202016
 

Transhuman Science-Fiction Roleplaying in the Far Future

It is the Second Age of Space. The light of human civilisation, which had flickered and threatened to die, burns bright again with contact with the thousand worlds of space. Humankind laughs, filled with the joys and power of a new-found youth, and strides forth to bring its message of hope and regeneration to the stars The Songs of Old Earth, Book I

The ENnie Award-winning transhuman science-fiction RPG setting returns, in a new edition updated and completely rewritten for the Fate Core rules. Containing all the rules needed to play, including:

Mindjammer The Roleplaying Game can be used to play in the New Commonality of Humankind, or as a complete and detailed transhuman space opera rules set for any science-fiction setting.

Never has there been a greater time of opportunity. Old certainties are dying; the universe is in flux, and for the first time in ten thousand years no one knows what the future will bring. So charge your blaster, thoughtcast your orders to the starship sentience, and fire up the planing engines come and defend the light of humanitys greatest civilisation as it spreads to the stars!

A complete standalone roleplaying game. This book is all you need to play.

Mindjammer The Roleplaying Game is the core rulebook in the Mindjammer line of transhuman science-fiction roleplaying adventure and novels. Join us as we travel through the New Commonality of Humankind, Old Earths greatest civilisation, and rediscover the lost colonies of the distant past.

Transhumanism is a major theme in Mindjammer. Everywhere hyperadvanced technology and synthetic intelligence are transforming humankind, changing individuals into something more than human something other. Play characters caught up in the turmoil of a transformative civilisation: humans, divergent hominids, uplifted animals, synthetic beings. You can even play a sentient starship character!

Characters who survive and thrive grow to be more capable and powerful. More than that, however, your Mindjammer characters can begin to push the very boundaries of what it means to be human. Mindjammer provides detailed rules for how your character can transcend human limitations: acquire multiple bodies, become the sentience embodied in an entire city or even world; step beyond the boundaries of time, language, and individuality. Choose the direction the evolution of the human species will take!

Mindjammer takes place in the far future. Its default setting, the New Commonality of Humankind, is over ten thousand years old, until recently an ancient and stagnant slower-than-light civilisation centred in Manhome, the solar system of Old Earth, and a handful of surrounding star systems. 200 years ago, the Commonality discovered faster-than-light travel, and has been expanding out into the galaxy, discovering lost colonies it settled by slower-than-light generation and stasis ship many thousands of years before.

The Commonality is at once strange and familiar. A vast interstellar shared consciousness called the Mindscape links all Commonality citizens by neural implant, tying the overstretched civilisation together. The Core Worlds around Old Earth are complex and highly advanced, as far from our 21st century and as incomprehensible as we are from the Stone Age. On the ever-expanding Frontier there are civilisations more like our own and just as many far stranger. Everywhere there is turmoil and conflict.

Human Space the theoretical limit of human colonisation by the Diaspora slower-than-light generation and stasis ships extends to a possible 10,000 light years from Old Earth, a sizable proportion of the galactic disk. Commonality Space the limit of current Commonality contact and integration over the past two centuries is much smaller, perhaps 3000 light years in diameter. The schematic below shows the hearts of the 27 Commonality sectors, including the Core Worlds.

Mindjammer is a Fate Core game. Its also standalone, meaning it contains all the rules you need to play. That includes the essentials from the Fate Core SRD, customised and dials set for this action-packed science-fiction setting. It also provides new rules derived from the Fate Core, many of which are released as Open Content under the Open Gaming License.

Mindjammers new rules include rules for creating and playing constructs such as starships, space stations, cities, installations, and vehicles; rules for organisations such as corporacies, governments, and armies and space navies, and for running conflicts between them; and rules for describing and even playing whole cultures. Derived from the Mindjammer 1st edition culture conflict rules but fully consistent with the Fate Core system, the culture rules allow you to run teams of culture agents manipulating entire cultures in the turmoil of Rediscovery.

One of the major features of the Mindjammer game is its emphasis on generating and playing in a science-fiction setting which feels deep and realistic. The rules for planets, star systems, and alien life have been developed with that in mind drawing on the current state of play in cosmology, planetology, and xenoscience, they provide a programmatic way to generate and describe encounters and encounter locations in a way which supports rich science-fiction adventure.

And thats not all. Although these rules are couched in the Fate Core context, theyre also very modular, and can be used in any science-fiction game. Do you want your science-fiction environments to include black holes, molecular clouds, protoplanetary disks, exotic biospheres, and rich and consistent ecosystems? Look no further.

Mindjammer The Roleplaying Game is the first in an extensive line of Mindjammer RPG products. Although the core book contains all the rules you need to play, we have a product pipeline of adventures, campaign packs, atlases, and sourcebooks detailing the New Commonality of Humankind and the Mindjammer universe. Coming soon:

Future products include the Commonality Atlas 1: The Darradine Restoration, The Black Zone, Twilight, Commonality Atlas 2: The Successor States, Solenine, The Comsentience Sourcebook, and much more!

This website itself is a content resource for your Mindjammer games.

Mindjammer is also the name of the first novel in the Mindjammer series, available now from Mindjammer Press! By ENnie award-winning RPG author Sarah Newton, its an action-packed tale of mind-bending technologies in the unimaginably far future, as the human race struggles to fulfil its transhuman destiny.

In the seventeenth millennium, the New Commonality of Humankind is expanding, using newly-discovered faster-than-light travel to rediscover lost worlds colonised in the distant past. Its a time of turmoil, of clashing cultures, as civilizations shudder and collapse before the might of a benevolent empire ten millennia old.

In the Solenine Cluster, things are going from bad to worse, as hyper-advanced technologies destabilise a society in chaos. Thaddeus Clay and his special ops team from the Security and Cultural Integrity Instrumentality are on the trail of the Transmigration Heresy. But what they find is something beyond even their imagining and something which could tear the whole Commonality apart!

Available now from DriveThru, Amazon.com (trade paperback / ebook) and Amazon.co.uk (trade paperback / ebook), and hobby and game stores everywhere!

Complex, gripping, and the most original sci-fi youre likely to get G*M*S Magazine A very exciting and intelligently-written novel that should be on the reading list of every SF fan! Stargazers World William Gibson-like in the intensity of the ideas it introduce a heady mixture of action, crunchy science fiction elements and that perennial cyberpunk or transhuman question: what does human mean? Science-fiction may have a new star forming in its firmament. Shores of Night Thrilling adventure and mystery wrapped up with an inventive, mind-bending look at mankinds future. Howard Andrew Jones, author of The Desert of Souls

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Mindjammer The Roleplaying Game Mindjammer Press

 Posted by at 12:43 pm  Tagged with:

First Amendment (U.S. Constitution) – The New York Times

 Misc  Comments Off on First Amendment (U.S. Constitution) – The New York Times
Mar 192016
 

Latest Articles

Arguments in the jury trial start Monday in a case the celebrity wrestler says is about privacy, but the defendant, Gawker, argues is about the First Amendment.

By ERIK ECKHOLM

The state is one of eight that are considering blanket legal protection for discrimination on religious grounds. Its bill is one of the most alarming.

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD

The company, in its fight with the F.B.I., is defending its phones on grounds that its code represents free speech, and there is some precedent.

By STEVE LOHR

Crisis pregnancy centers in California are in a battle with the state over a new law requiring them to post a notice that free or low-cost abortion care is available.

By ERIK ECKHOLM

A judges order to release secret documents raises questions about how much involvement courts should have over settlements related to corporate wrongdoing.

By PETER J. HENNING

Mr. Kennedy defended John Gotti Sr., Huey P. Newton and Timothy Leary and won freedom for Jean S. Harris, who killed the Scarsdale Diet doctor.

By SAM ROBERTS

In recent years, the Supreme Court has waved the First Amendment banner ever higher to undermine long-accepted governmental regulatory authority.

By LINDA GREENHOUSE

In a California case, the justices are considering whether government workers who choose not to join a union may still be required to pay for collective bargaining.

By ADAM LIPTAK

A federal judge has warned that prosecutors may be going too far when they ask witnesses to keep quiet about receiving a subpoena.

By STEPHANIE CLIFFORD

Some legal scholars are asking whether it is time to reconsider the clear and present danger standard for curbing the freedom of speech.

By ERIK ECKHOLM

A federal appeals court, in a case involving an Asian-American dance-rock band, struck down part of a law that let the government reject trademarks it deemed offensive or disparaging to others.

By RICHARD SANDOMIR

An array of leading hip-hop artists, including T.I., Big Boi and Killer Mike, filed a Supreme Court brief in support of a high school student punished for posting a rap song that drew attention to complaints about sexual harassment.

The Alabama lawyer opposed The New York Times in a case that resulted in a Supreme Court decision establishing greater leeway for criticism of government officials and other public figures.

By BRUCE WEBER

On university campuses, First Amendment rights are colliding with inclusivity.

By NICHOLAS KRISTOF

Religious Arbitration Used for Secular Disputes | Soros Withdraws $490 Million From Janus Capital

A University of Michigan professor writes that many see this as yet another way the First Amendment is being hijacked.

A new class-action lawsuit says that New York City has a policy and a history of violating protesters constitutional rights.

Congressional Republicans are pushing a bill that would deliberately warp the bedrock principle of religious freedom under the Constitution.

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD

As a county clerk, Kim Davis is required to issue marriage licenses to anyone who may legally get married, which includes same-sex couples.

By JESSE WEGMAN

An appeals court upheld restrictions on protesters First Amendment rights to gather and wave signs on the plaza in front of the Supreme Court.

By JACKIE CALMES

Arguments in the jury trial start Monday in a case the celebrity wrestler says is about privacy, but the defendant, Gawker, argues is about the First Amendment.

By ERIK ECKHOLM

The state is one of eight that are considering blanket legal protection for discrimination on religious grounds. Its bill is one of the most alarming.

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD

The company, in its fight with the F.B.I., is defending its phones on grounds that its code represents free speech, and there is some precedent.

By STEVE LOHR

Crisis pregnancy centers in California are in a battle with the state over a new law requiring them to post a notice that free or low-cost abortion care is available.

By ERIK ECKHOLM

A judges order to release secret documents raises questions about how much involvement courts should have over settlements related to corporate wrongdoing.

By PETER J. HENNING

Mr. Kennedy defended John Gotti Sr., Huey P. Newton and Timothy Leary and won freedom for Jean S. Harris, who killed the Scarsdale Diet doctor.

By SAM ROBERTS

In recent years, the Supreme Court has waved the First Amendment banner ever higher to undermine long-accepted governmental regulatory authority.

By LINDA GREENHOUSE

In a California case, the justices are considering whether government workers who choose not to join a union may still be required to pay for collective bargaining.

By ADAM LIPTAK

A federal judge has warned that prosecutors may be going too far when they ask witnesses to keep quiet about receiving a subpoena.

By STEPHANIE CLIFFORD

Some legal scholars are asking whether it is time to reconsider the clear and present danger standard for curbing the freedom of speech.

By ERIK ECKHOLM

A federal appeals court, in a case involving an Asian-American dance-rock band, struck down part of a law that let the government reject trademarks it deemed offensive or disparaging to others.

By RICHARD SANDOMIR

An array of leading hip-hop artists, including T.I., Big Boi and Killer Mike, filed a Supreme Court brief in support of a high school student punished for posting a rap song that drew attention to complaints about sexual harassment.

The Alabama lawyer opposed The New York Times in a case that resulted in a Supreme Court decision establishing greater leeway for criticism of government officials and other public figures.

By BRUCE WEBER

On university campuses, First Amendment rights are colliding with inclusivity.

By NICHOLAS KRISTOF

Religious Arbitration Used for Secular Disputes | Soros Withdraws $490 Million From Janus Capital

A University of Michigan professor writes that many see this as yet another way the First Amendment is being hijacked.

A new class-action lawsuit says that New York City has a policy and a history of violating protesters constitutional rights.

Congressional Republicans are pushing a bill that would deliberately warp the bedrock principle of religious freedom under the Constitution.

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD

As a county clerk, Kim Davis is required to issue marriage licenses to anyone who may legally get married, which includes same-sex couples.

By JESSE WEGMAN

An appeals court upheld restrictions on protesters First Amendment rights to gather and wave signs on the plaza in front of the Supreme Court.

By JACKIE CALMES

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First Amendment (U.S. Constitution) – The New York Times

Coronation Internet Marketing Ltd. – Phoenix SEO

 SEO  Comments Off on Coronation Internet Marketing Ltd. – Phoenix SEO
Feb 112016
 

UpdatedApril 26, 2015

Coronation Internet Marketing is the premier Phoenix SEO company, online advertising service and marketing consultancy in the metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona area.

Would you like to control your market instead of your competitors? Call the best search engine optimizationconsultants in Phoenix, AZ now at(480) 630-0104 to start dominating your competition. Please leave a message if we dont answer outside of office hours.

At the moment, there are huge business opportunities in Gilbert, Chandler, Mesa, Glendale, and Tempe, Surprise as well as the greater Phoenix, AZ area.

Studies show that advertisers forked over a massive $40 billion dollars in payment for Google Adwords advertising just to spread the word about their businesses in search results. We can guarantee you similar high quality traffic for which advertisers paid Google a fortune for but it will just be for a considerably small amount of the cost.

Also, we can offer high quality website design, marketing consulting as well as a lot more. Just call our SEO officetoday at (480) 630-0104. (If its outside of regular business hours, please leave us a message.)

In case you happen to own a business or a company in Phoenix, Arizona, you need to know that SEO (search engine optimization) services are very important for the growth and prosperity of your venture. Today, and for the last couple of years, SEO has been an integral part of internet advertising. In fact, many businesses are continuing to incorporate search engine optimization into their marketing policy. Therefore, if you arent doing the same, it is the reason you are unable to compete with the big guys.

Although owners of small businesses may not entirely understand the advantages that online advertising brings, let alone SEO, it is important that they try their search engine optimization options so as to maximize visibility for their products and services. SEO is the great equalizer. It is the only place small business owners can match their more seasoned and well-established competitors.

Search engines help people find solutions to simple queries online. For instance, a person may want to know where a favorite restaurant is located in their neighborhood. Others want a lawyer or even a plumber. When users key in specific keywords into search engines, individuals will be presented with numerous results. The results are usually arranged according to relevance or importance to the entered keywords.

Without search engines, it would not be easy for people to locate information online. Simply put, search engine optimization enables people to find the information they need on the internet. This is by use of keywords or even the business brand. This is why it is important that you rank on the top of the search engine results page so that users can easily find your website.

Do you want to rank on the first page in Google? Just call the top search engine marketingservice in the Greater Phoenix, AZ area at (480) 630-0104. Calling us outside of business hours? Leave a message and well call you back ASAP.

In just a few short months weve been able tohave our business rank on the first page of Google for a number of keyword terms compared to other SEO companies in the Phoenix valley. Imagine what we can do for your company.

Our first page rankings as of August 2014.

Since most web users depend on search engines like Google or Bing to get products and services, making use of search engine optimizationservices as an integral part of any internet marketing strategy makes a whole lot of sense. For a small business in Phoenix, it means that you can make buyers find your products or services a lot more cheaply. This in turn translates to growth of the venture.

However, business owners are sometimes reluctant to trust Phoenix search engine optimizationcompanies to improve marketing. This is because of a few companies out there that are actually out to con unsuspecting business owners. This is because such businesses can be overwhelmed by the complexity of what SEO is and how it is achieved. But if a business owner gets a solid marketing firm that can offer good references (like we can), it can benefit their businesses in a great way.

The following are some of the ways that your businesses would benefit if they sought the services of a top consultant for SEO like Coronation Internet Marketing Ltd.

When people use search engines to look for something on the web, they are normally given some options which they have to individually look at in order to determine if it gives them what they want. Research shows that the majority of people will choose the first few sites that rank at the top of the search results page. You want your site to be clicked? You need to appear on the top of the search engine results page (SERP).

There are many things that come into play when improving the website ranking of your business and this includes the URL structure and the content. However, upon properly utilizing all the elements, your website will get more visibility. Since customers will have an easier time locating your business, they are likely to contact you for your products and services.

With SEO, the ranking of your page will stay ahead of the competition for a long time. This goes a long way to ensure that customers are able to access your website in future. In short, the impacts of an effective search engine optimization campaign lasts long to give you a continued presence on the web.

It is not possible for your products or even services to sell if people in greater Phoenix (or anywhere else, for that matter) do not know of them. This is precisely what SEO does. It ensures that people are aware of your business. Even if the initial response does not lead to significant sales, the publicity that you will get is very good for your business when you look at it in the long term. Brand recognition can almost certainly lead to better sales because more and more people will become familiar with your product or service. The more they know of it, the more they are likely to trust it. If your website generates high traffic, consistent sales are just a matter of time.

For every marketing campaign, expect that it will come with its own costs. In most cases, advertising campaigns are very costly. But with Phoenix SEO services, you can advertise your products and services and get an even higher turnover while not breaking the bank for it. This is especially important for a small business that is just starting out and therefore does not have the financial muscle to launch robust advertising campaigns.

As part of our SEO Phoenix marketing, your website will be restructured and rebuilt so that it is turned into the hub of your content online. Not only does this cater to your market but it also fills the website with fresh and highly relevant information. Molding your web into a traffic magnet makes your products and services sell more. To achieve this, you need to work with experienced Phoenix web designers and internet marketers who have the capability to not only improve visitors experience but also remove unwanted fluff from your site.

If you want your company website to rank on the first page on Googles search engine results page, do not hesitate to call the premier Phoenix SEO consultants at (480) 630-0104. Dont be afraid to call us outside of business hours and leave a message. Well call you back as soon as we can.

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Coronation Internet Marketing Ltd. – Phoenix SEO

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Georgia SEO

 SEO  Comments Off on Georgia SEO
Feb 052016
 

We are Georgia SEO experts helping small and large businesses build and rank their websites in order to increase their exposure to customers and ultimately impact their businesses success by increasing their sales. Through white hat search engine optimization methods both onpage SEO and offpage SEO, we have a proven track record of building beautiful websites which are search engine friendly enabling us to provide our clients first page rankings on the major search engines, like Google, Bing, and Yahoo.

Seriously.first page. If you are not on the first page of Google, you are missing out on a huge amount of traffic and customers. If you are paying an SEO company and your site isnt on the first page of Google, you need to stop wasting your money and find someone who will deliver. Even if its not Georgia SEO.find somebody who will get you results!

We are located in Atlanta, GA and we serve all of Georgia and surrounding areas. Because we offer online services, we easily work with clients throughout the state of Georgia, the Southeast, and beyond!

Call us today if you need a new website or help ranking an existing site. And stop paying for SEO that doesnt work! We can show you example after example of websites we have built and ranked for clients. Call us today!

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Georgia SEO

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First Amendment Day – UNC Center for Media Law and Policy

 Misc  Comments Off on First Amendment Day – UNC Center for Media Law and Policy
Jan 312016
 

Each year, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill celebrates First Amendment Day. This campus-wide, daylong event is designedto both celebrate the First Amendment and explore its role in the lives of Carolinastudents. Students and other members of the university community read from banned books,sing controversial music and discuss the publicuniversitys special role as a marketplace of ideas and the need to be tolerant when others exercise their rights. First AmendmentDay is observed during National Banned Books Week.

First Amendment Day is organized by the UNC Center for Media Law and Policy. The UNC Center for Media Law and Policy is a collaboration between the School of Media and Journalism and the School of Law. Generous funding for the days events is provided by Time Warner Cable.

The seventh annual First Amendment Day was held onSeptember 29, 2015.

Be part of the conversation by tweeting with the hashtag #uncfree

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First Amendment Day – UNC Center for Media Law and Policy

Charleston SEO Firm | The Leader in South Carolina SEO

 SEO  Comments Off on Charleston SEO Firm | The Leader in South Carolina SEO
Jan 262016
 

Every day thousands of people search for businesses online. 91% of them will click on websites they find on the first page. What does this means for you and your business? It means you have an opportunity to get more website traffic, get more leads and earn more money.

Most websites are filled with on-page errors that contribute to poor search rankings. Duplicate content or meta information, spammy links or a poor site link structure and navigation are often the culprits. In order for your site to rank well, it must be targeted towards your business, products and services. And more importantly, it has to be search-engine friendly. Thats where the Charleston SEO Firm comes in.

Most Internet marketing companies claim they can get you great search engine rankings. Unfortunately, many of those companies cant show any real results theyve attained with real clients. Charleston SEO has achieved numerous results with real SC clients.

An even worse problem in the Internet marketing business is companies that are able to achieve results but that do so with shady link building schemes that Google will ultimately punish them for. The Charleston SEO Firm will never participate in any black hat or gray area of optimization. We believe in writing superior, 100% unique content that gets the attention of the search engines and serves as the foundation of a multifaceted campaign incorporating web development, content marketing and social media.

We care about our clients sites and online reputations, and understand that taking risky shortcuts to achieve higher rankings can harm a business more than it can help in the long run. Our campaigns enable your website to climb the rankings naturally and not as the result of some spammy strategy of which Google and Bing disapprove.

At the Charleston SEO Firm, we dont just guess what keywords your prospective clients are typing into the search engines. We research exactly what is being typed and target those search terms in order to send you more qualified traffic. Targeted web traffic results in higher conversion rate and more business.

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While our Internet marketing and SEO system will provide great results, it will not happen overnight. It usually takes 3-6 months for the efforts of an SEO campaign to fully register with the major search engines. However, it is well worth the wait when youre talking about doubling or tripling your web traffic. After the 3-6 months, you will enjoy top results for your targeted keyword, which will drive those extra phone call and Internet contacts forms you need to take your business to the next level.

Whatever your budget is, you can achieve more online with The Charleston SEO Firm. With plans starting at $300/month, any business can benefit from our system. Get a free quote today for all your SEO and Charleston Internet Marketing needs.

The Charleston SEO Firm is a marketing firm as well as an SEO Charleston Firm. We know how to nail down your demographic and then reach them consistently with the right messaging. We specialize in new website design, content marketing, social media and Google AdWords campaigns. We use our own, unique strategies to deliver quality traffic to your website and make sure your site is set up to convert that traffic into leads.

After our one-on-one consultation, Charleston SEO Firm will lay out a strategy and proposal designed specifically for your needs. Our SEO experts are eager to talk with you today about your Internet marketing campaign. We can help you evaluate where you stand online, and well share insights on web design, content and SEO best practices and what you can do to improve. We are here to help with all of your Charleston website marketing and search engine optimization needs!

Most Charleston SEO companies dont even have any case studies or a single result posted on their websites! How is that possible? They are claiming they will put you on the first page, yet they cant show one client they have helped. The Charleston SEO Firm posts all results so you can see for yourself where our clients rank. Click here and see for yourself.

Increase your web traffic. Get better leads. Make more money. Call the Charleston SEO Firm today.

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Charleston SEO Firm | The Leader in South Carolina SEO

Adoption History: Eugenics – University of Oregon

 Eugenics  Comments Off on Adoption History: Eugenics – University of Oregon
Jan 112016
 

Worries about the bad blood of children available for adoption were a prominent feature of the adoption landscape during the first four decades of the twentieth century. They help to explain why most child welfare professionals favored family preservation over adoption. At the time, a vigorous eugenics movement sought to control the reproduction of genetically inferior people through sterilization (called negative eugenics) and encourage the reproduction of genetically superior people (called positive eugenics). The movement drew support from Americans of all political persuasions. Henry Chapin, a famous pediatrician whose wife, Alice, founded one of the first specialized adoption agencies, claimed that the divergent fertility rates of rich and poor were fueling the demand for adoptable babies because citizens with better genetic endowment were more likely to suffer from infertility. For Chapin, eugenic factors always mattered in adoption. Not babies merely, but better babies, are wanted.

Fears about childrens quality or stock were shared by ordinary people as well as professionals and policy-makers. In 1928, one couple wrote to the U.S. Childrens Bureau, We are very anxious to adopt a baby but would like to get one that we know about its parentage. Are there any homes or orphanages where a person can find out whether there is insanity, fits, or other hereditary diseases in its ancestors? We would like to have one from Christian parentage. In addition to religious preferences, specifications for gender, racial, ethnic, and national qualities in children illustrated popular ideas about heredity. Physical health, mental health, criminality, educability, sexual morality, intelligence, and temperament were all associated with blood.

Before 1940, eugenic concerns were expressed frequently and bluntly. Henry Herbert Goddard, a national authority on feeble-minded children, insisted that compassion for needy children was shortsighted because adoption was a crime against those yet unborn. The eugenic threat adoption posed, according to Goddard, was directly tied to illegitimacy. Unmarried mothers were likely to be feeble-minded themselves and have feeble-minded children whose adoptions would contaminate the gene pool by reproducing future generations of defectives. Goddard advocated segregating these children and adults in benevolent institutions, where their dangerous sexuality could be contained.

Even professionals who believed in making adoption work believed that it was a social crime to place inferior children with parents who expectedand deservednormal children. Agencies sometimes required parents to return children if and when abnormal characteristics appeared and laws, such as the Minnesota Adoption Law of 1917, treated feeble-mindedness as cause for annulment. Medical writers in the popular press warned parents to be careful whom you adopt. Adopters faced frightening risks because children unlucky enough to need new parents were also unlucky enough to be genetic lemons.

Tragic stories of unregulated adoptions which ignored or overlooked the hard facts of bad heredity were publicized by reformers determined to institute minimum standards and protect couples from their own foolish desires to adopt newborns and infants. Professionals used mental tests and other assessment techniques to reveal hard-to-detect problems. Elaborate genealogies, extending well beyond parents to grandparents and other natal relatives, were considered evidence of thoroughness in child placement. Case records showed that many social workers expected anti-social behavior of all kinds to be passed intergenerationally from birth parents to children. Nature-nurture studies often reflected eugenic convictions about the heritability of intelligence and tried to establish scientifically the maximum tolerable gap between hereditary background and adoptive home.

Many people believe that eugenics disappeared in America after the specter of Nazism made eugenics synonymous with racism and genocide. While public discussion of taint and degeneration certainly decreased after World War II, blood and biology remained central themes in adoption history. Anxieties about miscegenation in transracial adoptions and international adoptions, as well as strenuous efforts to make racial predictions and offer genetic counseling in cases of mixed-race infants illustrate that eugenics did not disappear so much as change into a less aggressive, more polite form.

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Adoption History: Eugenics – University of Oregon

University of Illinois Repeals the First Amendment for Its …

 Misc  Comments Off on University of Illinois Repeals the First Amendment for Its …
Dec 182015
 

Late Friday afternoon (August 22), the University of Illinois broke its three-week long silence on the controversy regarding the Chancellor’s revocation of a tenured offer to Steven Salaita, who had accepted a faculty position in the American Indian Studies Program at the flagship campus at Urbana-Champaign. Chancellor Phyllis Wise and Board of Trustees Chairman Christopher Kennedy both issued statements explaining the revocation, but in terms far more alarming than the original decision itself. It is not an exaggeration to say that the Chancellor and the Board of Trustees have now declared that the First Amendment does not apply to any tenured faculty at the University of Illinois.

A bit of background to Friday’s bombshell statements. Last October, Professor Salaita, then teaching at Virginia Tech, accepted a tenured offer from the Urbana-Champaign campus. He went through the regular appointments process at the University of Illinois, and received approval by the relevant departments and deans after a review of his scholarship and teaching. The offer, which he accepted, was conditional on approval by the Board of Trustees. Such approval clauses are typical in all teaching contracts and had, previously, been pro forma at Illinois, as they are at all serious universities: it is not the job of the Board of Trustees of a research institution to second-guess the judgment of academics and scholars. Well before the Board took the matter up, even University officials were describing Salaita as a faculty member, and he moved to Illinois and was scheduled to teach two classes this fall.

Salaita also has a Twitter account. “Tweets” are limited to 140 characters, so the medium is conducive primarily to spontaneous and superficial commentary. As a Palestinian-American and scholar of colonialism, Salaita tweeted extensively about the Israeli attack on Gaza. Contrary to the initial misrepresentations put into circulation by far right websites, none of the tweets were either anti-semitic or incitements to violence. Some were vulgar, some juvenile, some insulting, some banal. The First Amendment unequivocally protects Salaita’s right to express every one of those opinions on a matter of public concern, and to do so, if he wants, with vulgarity and insults. As a matter of American constitutional law, this is not a close case.

Part of the First Amendment’s protection of such speech is that government, including a state university, is prohibited from punishing the speaker for his expression or viewpoint. Revoking a job offer because of such speech would, again, be clearly unconstitutional. Salaita’s constitutional and contractual claims will no doubt be adjudicated in court, and the University should lose.

That now brings us to Friday’s shocking statements. Chancellor Wise declared that “we cannot… tolerate… personal and disrespectful words or actions that demean and abuse either viewpoints themselves or those who express them.” Yet as a matter of well-settled American constitutional law, the University of Illinois must tolerate “words… that demean and abuse either viewpoints themselves or those who express them.” The University has no choice, both as a matter of constitutional law and as a matter of its contractual commitment with its faculty to academic freedom. Scathing critiques of both viewpoints and authors abound in almost all scholarly fields; it would be the end of serious scholarly inquiry and debate were administrators to become the arbiters of “good manners.” More simply, it would be illegal for the University to start punishing its faculty for failure to live up to the Chancellor’s expectations for “civil” speech and disagreement.

The university, of course, need not and should not tolerate the mistreatment of students in the classroom, but there is no evidence of any such pedagogical misconduct in this case; indeed, the public evidence is that Salaita is a successful and popular teacher. No serious university evaluates pedagogical fitness based on speculative inferences from twitter accounts, yet the Chancellor’s statement implies that this is what Illinois has done in this instance. Faculty have pedagogical and professional obligations to their students, but that does not include the obligation to refrain from expressing views, whether about matters of public concern or matters within the purview of a faculty member’s scholarship, that some student somewhere might find upsetting, leading that student to conclude that that faculty member might not “value[] that student as a human being.” A student’s entitlement is to be treated seriously and professionally in the classroom; students have no entitlement to never find the views of their professors offensive or upsetting.

Chairman Kennedy’s statement is even worse than the Chancellor’s. While endorsing the Chancellor’s abrogation of the constitutional and contractual rights of the faculty, he goes even further, declaring that “there can be no place” for “disrespectful and demeaning speech” “in our democracy, and therefore, there will be no place for it in our university.” We may certainly hope for more civility in public life, but “disrespectful and demeaning speech” not only has an extensive presence in our democracy (as everyone knows), it has a constitutionally protected place as well, as the United States Supreme Court has repeatedly affirmed. Yet Chairman Kennedy says he believes only in “free speech tempered in respect for human rights.” But there is no doctrine of “free speech tempered in respect for human rights” in American constitutional law. It is a national embarrassment that a public official, the Chairman of the University of Illinois’s Board of Trustees, apparently does not know even the basic facts about the American constitutional system.

At moments like this, one wonders: Where are the lawyers? Chancellor Wise and Chairman Kennedy have made statements that commit the University of Illinois to illegal because unconstitutional courses of action. They should resign, or be removed from office, before doing further damage to one of the nation’s great research universities. Their public statements make clear they are unfit to lead academic institutions in which both freedom of speech and freedom of research and inquiry are upheld.

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University of Illinois Repeals the First Amendment for Its …

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