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Michael Cera is part of the Illuminati
Conspiracies and stuff. Twitter: https://twitter.com/KornTheKobe Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/KornOnTheKobe.

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Pokmon Ash Gray: The Orange Islands | Episode 2
In this episode I prepare to take on the first gym leader of the Orange Islands! Be sure to drop a like! Subscribe: http://bit.ly/1AQnPtQ Twitter: https://twitter.com/AppleCodeGaming Facebook:…

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Newswise WASHINGTON, DC (October 23, 2014)One billion Facebook users generate 2.7 billion likes per day (or 1,875,000 every minute). Increasingly, social media has become a form of social and political engagement, and 47 percent of Facebook users have liked political cause-related comments. Protected free speech is a luxury the Western world has long enjoyed. Does clicking the universally understood thumbs-up like constitute actual speech? It conveys a message understood by most, but should it command constitutional protection? A recent article in the National Communication Associations First Amendment Studies journal explores legal precedents surrounding this form of communication and surveys Facebook users attitudes.

In the case of Bland v. Roberts, an employee was fired for liking a campaign lobbying against his boss. The employee claimed the right to free speech, but the judge ruled that in the absence of sufficient speech, the case could not proceed to trial. The employee was not reinstated. An ensuing debate revealed that large numbers of individuals felt this judgment would lead to fear and inhibition, and deter free expression of ideas and opinions onlinethe chilling effect. Ironically, the First Amendment protects symbolic language, even rude gestures such as the finger. If it can stretch this far, then surely it is not unreasonable to expect coverage for the Facebook thumbs up. In the context of todays morphing methods of communication, is the law failing to keep up?

The authors developed a study of Facebook users and devised a First Amendment Scale to examine the value of computer source code communication and its relation to free speech. Four hundred forty-four participants took part. More than half had liked political content in the past. Four hypotheses were tested and all proved true:

1. Like users most certain of who would see their like expected recipients to understand their meaning. 2. Those who felt they had sent a message with a like were sure that recipients understood. 3. Participants believed when using like on political content that their posts were constitutionally protected. 4. Those using like to convey a message believed that this should be protected by the First Amendment.

The most common interpretations for like amongst participants were agree, support, and generally endorse a person, place, or idea. Overall, participants believed that a like was akin to speech as described in the First Amendment.

The twist in the tale is that on appeal, the Bland v. Roberts judgment was reversed, finding that the thumbs up indeed qualified for protection. In both offline and online domains, each community of social practice negotiates its own language conventions and creates its own democracy of meaning. The parsing of the First Amendment will continue to be influenced by these communities, note the studys authors, Susan H. Sarapin of Troy University and Pamela Morris of the University of WisconsinLa Crosse. They finish by urging further research on the chilling effect and its potential negative impact on freedom of speech online.

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Should a Facebook "Like" Be Protected Free Speech?



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By: Carl Orell

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Media freedom as valuable as human rights – Prof Hargopal – Tv9
Media freedom as valuable as human rights – Prof Hargopal Download Tv9 Android App: http://goo.gl/T1ZHNJ Subscribe to Tv9 Telugu: http://goo.gl/x4OEU8 Like us on Facebook: http://www….

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Get a YouTube tab on Facebook!
Today I show you how to use VidIQ to add a YouTube Page to your Facebook Fan Page for FREE! by Zesty Mike http://bit.ly/ZestyMike Join the #FreedomFamily http://www.freedom.tm – Be…

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“Life, Liberty, the Pursuit of Substance” by Relevant Discord (Rough, Acoustic Sneak Preview)
Official Website: http://www.relevantdiscord.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/relevantdiscord Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/relevantdiscord…

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Mamata against free speech in West Bengal?
A youth was arrested in Malda district of West Bengal on the charge of making a derogatory remark against Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Facebook. The pol…

By: TIMES NOW

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Garth Brooks – Beaches Of Cheyenne – Marshall Taylor
Comment, Rate it, Subscribe to my videos! Thanks so much for listening! This is a cover of “Beaches Of Cheyenne” by Garth Brooks Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Marshall.Tay… You can…

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Bitcoin Update 10/18/2014
Please subscribe to my Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCp2H5Nwn6ry402F2pofZWXg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Mrcluster87/152185951511384 MrCluster 87 Blog: …

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Do not curb media freedom – T journos – Tv9
Do not curb media freedom -T journos Download Tv9 Android App: http://goo.gl/T1ZHNJ Subscribe to Tv9 Telugu: http://goo.gl/x4OEU8 Like us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/tv9telu…

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Hoeven and Fake Australian Crop Circles – Illuminati Deception.
Hoeven and Fake Australian Crop Circles. Illuminati Infiltration at crop circle Facebook pages.

By: Costa Rica

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Islands Of Chill – No.15 Jamaica, Selected by DJ Maretimo, Beautiful Chillout Flight
Every 14 days new mixes, subscribe to my Youtube-Channel ! Become a Facebook fan: https://www.Facebook.com/DJMaretimo Islands Of Chill – No.15 Jamaica, Selected by DJ Maretimo Enjoy this…

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Lamborghini Aventador LP720-4 Crazy Fireworks with Armytrix Titanium Exhaust/Liberty Walk
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Minister for Finance Michael Noonan announced the ending of the so-called double Irish tax structure. Photograph: Alan Betson

The international movement against aggressive tax planning by multinationals, which saw the Government this week announce the closing of a tax structure used by Google, Facebook and others, holds significant opportunties for Ireland, according to research by the Department of Finance.

The research concludes that the practice by multinationals of directing large amounts of their turnover to offshore tax havens where their intellectual property resides is set to come under ever greater pressure.

This in turn will prompt multinationals to look to move their intellectual property from tax havens and Ireland should continue to monitor change in this area, as a competitive tax rate could become highly relevant.

The research by the department concludes the work being done by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, which is aimed at drafting new global rules for corporate taxation, fits with the policy that has operated in Ireland since the 1950s.

This is because the OECD is seeking to create a greater alignment between where the substance of a companys business resides and where it pays tax. Historically, Ireland has used its low corporation tax base to attract real and substantial business activities here.

The same research notes the importance and risk to Irelands economy that lie in the fact it is so dependent on foreign direct investment. A paper by the Revenue Commissioners that forms part of the research shows one 1 out of every 8 in tax raised in 2012 came from corporation tax, and almost three-quarters of the corporation tax raised in 2008 to 2012 came from foreign-owned multinationals.

The top ten companies were responsible for 24 per cent of the corporation tax raised. Furthermore, foreign multinationals have higher productivity than most domestic companies and wages tend to be twice those paid by indigenous firms.

In his budget speech on Tuesday, Minister for Finance, Michael Noonan announced the ending of the so-called double Irish tax structure, where companies could book sales from around Europe and further afield to their operating company in Ireland, before that company paid huge royalty or licence payments to another, Irish-registered company that was tax resident offshore.

At the same time, he announced plans to put in place a so-called knowledge development box, a structure that would create tax advantages for companies that locate their intellectual property here.

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Global tax changes create Irish opportunity



Monster hunter freedom unite PSP DIRECTO
Redes Sociales— STEAM http://steamcommunity.com/groups/TheSpicaGamesOficial#curation Pagina de Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SpicaGames Twitter https://twitter.com/#!

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KatanaProds – ” Freedom ” HipHop Instrumental – Free Use
Descarga, dowload it: http://alturl.com/henss De esta manera queda inagurado este canal. Instrumental de libre uso. Follow me on Facebook. Click here : https://www.facebook.com/katanaprods.

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Edward Snowden Leaks NSA Spying at Dropbox, Facebook + Google
Edward Snowden leaked new documents revealing that the NSA has been placing undercover operatives in communications companies and companies like Dropbox, Facebook and Google to access …

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Documents describe “contractual relationships” between NSA and U.S. companies, as well as undercover operatives at some U.S. companies.

Documents describe contractual relationships between NSA and U.S. companies, as well as undercover operatives at some U.S. companies.

by Jeff Larson and Julia Angwin ProPublica, Oct. 15, 2014, 10:59 a.m.

ProPublica investigates the threats to privacy in an era of cellphones, data mining and cyberwar.

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Newly disclosed National Security Agency documents suggest a closer relationship between American companies and the spy agency than have been previously disclosed.

The documents, published last week by The Intercept, describe “contractual relationships” between the NSA and U.S. companies, as well as the fact that the NSA has “under cover” spies working at or with some U.S. companies.

While not conclusive, the material includes some clear suggestions that at least some American companies are quite willing to help the agency conduct its massive surveillance programs.

The precise role of U.S. companies in the NSA’s global surveillance operations remains unclear. Documents obtained by Edward Snowden and published by various news organizations show that companies have turned over their customers’ email, phone calling records and other data under court orders. But the level of cooperation beyond those court orders has been an open question, with several leading companies, such as Apple, Google, Microsoft and Facebook, asserting that they only turn over customer information that is “targeted and specific” in response to legal demands.

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NSA Documents Suggest a Close Working Relationship Between NSA, U.S. Companies



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