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Liberty County, Georgia – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Oct 152015

Liberty County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,453.[1] The county seat is Hinesville.[2]

Liberty County is part of the Hinesville, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Savannah-Hinesville-Statesboro, GA Combined Statistical Area.

Liberty county was established in 1777. It is named for the popular American ideal of liberty.[3] Sunbury was first designated the county seat in 1784. In 1797, the seat was transferred to Riceboro and in 1837 it was transferred again to Hinesville.[4]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 603 square miles (1,560km2), of which 490 square miles (1,300km2) is land and 113 square miles (290km2) (18.7%) is water.[5] Liberty is in the Ogeechee River basin.

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 61,610 people, 19,383 households, and 15,138 families residing in the county. The population density was 119 people per square mile (46/km). There were 21,977 housing units at an average density of 42 per squaremile (16/km). The racial makeup of the county was 46.64% White, 42.84% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 1.76% Asian, 0.43% Pacific Islander, 4.43% from other races, and 3.37% from two or more races. 8.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to 2005 Census Estimates Liberty County had a population that was 44.5% African-American, 44.4% Non-Hispanic white, 7.2% Latino, 3.1% non-Hispanics who reported multiple races, 1.9% Asian and 0.5% of both Native Americans and Pacific Islanders.

There were 19,383 households out of which 50.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.90% were non-families. 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the county the population was spread out with 32.00% under the age of 18, 17.90% from 18 to 24, 33.90% from 25 to 44, 12.20% from 45 to 64, and 3.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 111.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,477, and the median income for a family was $35,031. Males had a median income of $25,305 versus $20,765 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,855. About 13.50% of families and 15.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 19.90% of those age 65 or over.

Coordinates: 3148N 8128W / 31.80N 81.46W / 31.80; -81.46

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Liberty County, Georgia – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Bergen County NJ for Liberty (Hackensack, NJ) – Meetup

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Oct 072015

Please note: we are no longer associated with Campaign for Liberty.

We are a grassroots group of local individuals who share a common bond, freedom and liberty!We strive to root ourselves in the principles of truth, freedom, and prosperity. The diversity among our members ranges from age, ethnic background, beliefs/religions, as well as political views (or lack thereof). The expression of sovereignty and self-ownership that radiates from our members is what makes our group unique.

Our group comprises many creative and productive members of society, including philosophers, engineers, activists, entrepreneurs, lawyers, educators, doctors, explorers, and other concerned members of the community. We aim to improve ourselves as individuals, and in turn, the world in which we live.

Since its inception, our group has been rooted in truth and freedom. We strongly support the principles of truth, individual liberty, personal success, self defense, non-aggression, and true free trade.

We have recognized a moral imperative to imbue the true meaning of individual sovereignty in the hearts and minds of others, to exercise our natural and inherent rights to freedom of expression, and to address issues commonly ignored. Our interests vary as individuals, but as a group we work to address some of, but not limited to, the following:

– INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY – financial & economic freedom – private barter systems – personal growth / self-improvement – natural living practices / healthy food – alternative energy technologies – consciousness / enlightenment

As a group wemaintain an equal level of respect for one another’s values and opinions, and we encourage participation by not having an online forum or message board on the site.

Therefore, if you want to share with the group, you have to come out to events and participate! We try to keep emails to the group at a minimum, we don’t want to intrude or flood your inbox, so you’ll know when you receive an email from us it will be an important one, regarding new meetups, updates, reminders, etc.

Sign up, keep checking the calendar, feel free to attend every event, or only the ones that capture your interest. The hardcore 24/7’ers are just as welcome as the weekend warriors. Join us, we look forward to meeting you!


New Jersey Federal Representatives:

House: Find your Rep by Zip

NJ Representatives:


New Jersey Sate Assembly and Senate:

New Jersey:

Bergen County Representatives:




County Clerk:


Corporate Members of the Council on Foreign Relations


Recommended Videos:

The American Dream(re: Federal Reserve / Economy – animated 29 mins)

America: Freedom to Fascism(112 mins)

Fabled Enemies(Re: War on Terror, 102 mins)

Fiat Empire(Re: Federal Reserve System, 59 mins)

Overview of America(30 mins)

Philosophy of Liberty(8 mins)

The War Machine by Joe Rogan(9 mins)

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Bergen County NJ for Liberty (Hackensack, NJ) – Meetup

Liberty House Restaurant – Jersey City, NJ

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Oct 022015

Perfect Night Reviewed on 12/03/2012 Tracy S

The Liberty House was the site of our perfect Thanksgiving weekend wedding. Our family and friends were blown away at absolutely everything: the views, the gardens, the cocktail room, the reception space, and the food. Danielle was an AMAZING help for the year we planned our… Read More wedding and was always quick to respond to our many requests and the evening went off without a hitch. The staff at the Liberty House were phenomenal and worked so hard to make sure we were comfortable, fed, and filled with liquor! The space was beautiful and I can’t wait to return year after year to have an anniversary dinner at their restaurant.

I got married the week Hurricane Sandy hit the east coast. The entire state of New Jersey was in chaos and devastation. The Liberty House helped me have my dream wedding. Despite power loss and generator usage, they did everything in their power to make sure the wedding was as… Read More perfect as it could get. The entire venue was filled with candle light, the food was AMAZING, and the service was outstanding. My wedding turned out absolutely amazing – even without power!

I just had my wedding at the Liberty House and it was an AMAZING wedding. The staff, especially Danielle, Miriam and Virginia went above and beyond! Everything was great from the food to the service. My guests were raving to me all night (and still are) about how wonderful the… Read More place was. There really is no better backdrop for your wedding than the amazing views of NYC.

My wedding day was everything I hoped for, and more. I originally planned on having my wedding at a venue in Brooklyn, since that is where I reside. After my first walk through at the Liberty House I was convinced this was where I would marry the love of my life. Alex Argenio… Read More was my wedding coordinator and she was absolutely Amazing!!! She helped with planning all the details and made sure to be there on the big to ensure everything went as planned. We had the ceremony at the garden with 150 guest and I couldn’t be happier with how everything turned out. Having the ceremony and reception at the same location was the best decision for us, I think it helped in keeping everything on schedule and made it convenient for the guest to transition. I am so grateful for Vicky the maitre’d who took care of everything the groom and I needed for the night, she was phenomenal!!! I wanted a real wedding where family and friends could eat, drink and have a good time and The Liberty House was the perfect venue for such a special occasion. Following the wedding our guest were raving about the great customer service from the staff, how delicious the food was and the amazing back drop. The city view across the water combined with the greenery of the garden as well as the fire pits and modern chic outdoor decor made it for a stunning ambiance. Deciding where to have a once in a lifetime event it’s hard as It is, pick a place where they understand that notion and how much you’ll treasure these moments. Good luck bride to be !!!

The Liberty House is an amazingly beautiful venue for a wedding. The views of the city are breathtaking, and all our guests were blow away. We were married in the Liberty Room on the main level. What made our wedding unique is that during the reception we didnt have people… Read More all crammed on the dancefloor. Some people were dancing, some were sitting outside by the firepits toasting marshmallows, others were lighting sparklers, and others were enjoying a cigar and espresso. There was something for everyone. The food is also amazing, and there is tons of it! All our guests commented on how great the food was, and how wonderful and attentive the waitstaff was. The entire staff at the Liberty House was professional, helpful, and very kind. They are masters of creating an amazing wedding day and a countless number of our guests said it was the best wedding they have ever attended. It was the perfect venue for us, and I cant thank the Liberty House staff enough for helping create my dream wedding day!

Flawless Wedding First let me start by saying if Danielle Villa is not your coordinator then she should be! As she is AMAZING!! We had chosen the LH house due to the amazing views of NYC, which would allow for us to have a personal wedding with ~60 guests. The benefits… Read More that Danielle brought We are very busy with our jobs as both my wife and I do a lot of global travel, and we no longer live in NJ, so planning a remote wedding around our work schedules was hectic to say the least. So when we had a question we were delighted to get a quick and concise response from Danielle within 24 hours, and most of the time is was in less than 3 hrs. She was great at detailing out the next steps, as well as offering suggestions for the event. She set up the room, ceremony and our special champagne celebration perfectly! She made it a flawless, drama free day! Benefits of the Liberty house.our guests loved loved loved the food at the cocktail hour. And the views of Manhattan were amazing, especially since it was a blue moon that night. For our event we chose to do the cocktail hour first, this gave our guests time to get to know the venue and mingle with each other. From there we moved to the ceremony where we had the chairs set up in a heart shape, and a champagne bucket in each row allowing for an immediate toast after our I dos. We then moved back to cocktails for a short period before starting dinner. Dinner quickly moved to dancing, more pictures of the skyline, cake and Smores (which were a HUGE hit!). The service the day of our wedding was over the top. We had Chris that ensured things flowed as scheduled, and Elizabeth as our personal attendant and she made sure we had everything we needed. Our goal was to have an informal, fun event that our friends and family would rave about. And that is exactly what we got. Every guest could not say enough about the venue, food, view, and overall day. Overall, would not change a thing when it comes to the Liberty House. And can not stress enoughDanielle is a MUST to have in your corner!

Had our wedding reception at The Liberty House on June 7. Could not have asked for a better experience! Being an event planner, I had high expectations….Danielle Villa and the entire Liberty House staff blew me AWAY. I am more than thrilled with the way everything turned out…. Read More The view is to die for, the food is amazing, and the staff is so attentive (my bridal consultant, Leslie was a DOLL!). You don’t find this combination anywhere else. Our guests can’t stop talking about our wedding. Said it is the best they’ve ever been to! All thanks to the amazing Liberty House. To Danielle and team — thank you for EVERYTHING. it was my dream day!

Our wedding was almost a month ago and we are still getting compliments. All our guest raved about how beautiful the Liberty House was and how delicious the food tasted. My now husband and I had such a pleasant experience dealing with all the staff throughout our… Read More planning. On the day of our wedding, they made it such a special experience. We did not have to go to the bar once as our drinks were always being filled by the bridal attendant. My sister need a pin for my hair and the attendant appeared and had one for her to use. Everything was amazing and we are still talking about how much fun we had at the Liberty House.

When we visited the Liberty House for a friends wedding, we were in awe. We aspired that the venue would be our own one day and it was! We loved our wedding experience there too! We scheduled an appointment and got assigned Danielle. What a fire cracker! I loved her from the… Read More moment I met her. She was friendly, honest, professional, and REAL! When my fiance and I got home the appointment that night, we were still glowing! We called Danielle the next day and locked in our date! We got to know Danielle pretty well over the next few months, especially my husband who I assigned to our payments. We inundated her with silly questions, which were new to us, and she answered them all in a timely matter. She was always one step ahead and knew what documents/info to send over at the appropriate times. The days leading up to the wedding were stressful but having Danielle’s final meeting was soothing. We finalized all the details and made a checklist. She was so well organized that it made everything easy. The day of the wedding, everything went off without a hitch! Everything was set up where it was supposed to be and my bridal assistant, Leslie was a gem! Always pleasant and always asking if I needed anything! She was so accommodating; Ive never been so attended to and it felt great on such a special day! Thank you for the memories Liberty House! You are what we dreamt of! Lastly, leaving you with a few helpful tips: – Bring 4 people to your tasting trial. It makes it more fun and its a great way to include your bridal party. Six people was a little too crowded, especially when you had to share a salad. – You get what you pay for. Is the LH more than other locations, sure, but you cant beat the location. Perhaps, switch your wedding to the afternoon to save some bucks. We did. – Make a list of all supplies dropped off at the LH prior to the wedding. This ensures that nothing gets left behind!

My experience with the Liberty House was AMAZING! From beginning to end, Danielle was professional, knowledgeable, and extremely reliable. Throughout the planning process she was very helpful and easy to reach. We had both our ceremony and reception at the Liberty House. Our… Read More reception was in the Liberty Room downstairs, which also gave us access to the outdoor patio. I was very concerned about the weather, but Danielle continually assured me that they would make it work. We ended up having perfect weather, but I knew even if we didnt that Danielle would work hard to make sure everything was beautiful. You cant beat the food or atmosphere of the Liberty House. Our guests said it was the best food they ever tasted! The staff and service at the Liberty House is experienced and efficient. Leslie was my bridal assistant and I have to say that she was a life saver. From the second I stepped off the bus she was right there to help me with my dress and continued to be attentive until I stepped back on the bus at the end of the night. She was experienced and knowledgeable and helped the day to run smoothly for not only myself and my husband, but for our parents and the rest of the bridal party as well. Overall, the Liberty House was just wonderful! I would recommend them to anyone!

The Liberty House far exceeded all my expectations for our wedding reception. The room was stunning, the food was amazing, and the service was beyond compare. I worked closely with Danielle Villa through my two year engagement – she provided us great, responsive service and had… Read More amazing ideas on how to enhance our reception. We were fortunate enough to have a beautiful, clear, October night where people were able to hang out outside in the park during cocktail hour and on the balcony during the reception – and the view of NYC provided the perfect backdrop. Our bridal attendant Leslie was so amazing- she knew exactly what I needed before I knew I needed it!! I felt so taken care of all day and knew I was in capable hands from the moment we selected The Liberty House to host our reception. People are still raving about our beautiful wedding!!

Liberty House Restaurant was the perfect place for our wedding! The food was outstanding, the space is gorgeous, and the views of downtown Manhattan are stunning. Mara McMullen and her team kept me sane the months, weeks, and days leading up to our wedding and helped me with… Read More planning every step of the way. We could not have been happier with the Liberty House and look forward to spending our anniversaries at the restaurant year after year!

I got married at the Liberty House on November 7, 2014 and my guests are STILL talking about it. It was the most amazing wedding and it was everything I had ever dreamed of. I worked with Mara who was incredibly professional, responsive, and super sweet to deal with. She… Read More answered every question I had and worked with me on anything and everything I needed. I would highly recommend her to any bride looking for someone to help make your day a special one. The day/night was unbelievable. First of all the food is exceptional. My guests were raving about it (and still are). Everything from the cocktail hour to the main course and was just absolutely delicious. The view is unbeatable. I love Manhattan and having that be the backdrop of our wedding venue was magical. Walking into the room truly takes your breath away. I had Leslie as my bridal attendant that day and she was beyond amazing. She was there for anything I needed and was such a pleasure. Ladies ask for Leslie because she is amazing and such a wonderful person. She made every request I had and saw them through perfectly. I really cannot say enough about the wonderful experience I had at the Liberty House. Everyone there is amazing and the service the staff provided was outstanding. Here we are almost two weeks later and people who attended our wedding said two things: One, it was the best wedding they have ever been to, and two, the Liberty House was beautiful, the food was excellent, and its a one of a kind place. If you are a bride looking to steer clear from the typical catering hall feel, definitely look into Liberty House. Also the pictures you will get will blow you away. The backdrop of Manhattan is beautiful and my pictures came out amazing. Overall I was so incredibly happy with everything. It truly was the best day of our lives and we have to thank the wonderful staff there for all they did for us but especially to Mara, Leslie, and of course our maitre d Chris who made our day so special. We couldnt have asked for a better day and a better place to have our wedding.

The Liberty House was an amazing wedding venue from start to finish. I initially chose the wedding for the NYC skyline and it did not disappoint. My guest were all amazed with the view and all wanted to know how I found this venue space. In terms of the event the liberty house… Read More was great in adding little extras to my decorations and details to ensure a great reception look. They were very attentive during the entire event and made sure all of my needs and guests needs were met. I couldn’t be happier with the venue or service.

My daughter & son in law chose this venue for the breathtaking view of Manhattan. That turned out to be just one of the outstanding attributes of this venue. The food was exceptional, the service was above & beyond. We worked with Danielle as coordinator and Leslie as the… Read More bridal attendant. They both outdid themselves and couldn’t do enough for my daughter on the most important day of her life. Thank you to all at The Liberty House for a night we will never forget.

Our son and daughter in law held their wedding reception at The Liberty House in New Jersey earlier this month. We cannot say enough about the venue and the service. Our journey began with Danielle Villa as our coordinator and we were thrilled to be working with her. She was… Read More delightful and answered all of our questions. She responded almost immediately to every question or request. She was as happy as we were to be having this event. She made it oh so easy and fun. Stressless as it were. Jeanne Cretella, the owner of the venue also went out of her way to welcome us and make certain we were pleased with the service. The food was plentiful and very delicious. The service was a 10. The venue looked spectacular and the Manhattan view cannot be duplicated. We could not have asked for more. It was wonderful – a 15 out of 10 !!! We highly recommend this for your special day. Our guests would as well.

First things first.. My wedding was held on October 11th 2014. I am at a complete loss for words at how amazing it all turned out. The liberty house is a beautiful location and Danielle was amazing to work with. She helped bring my vision to life. From the beginning to the end I… Read More felt like a princess. My bridal attendant was on top of everything as well. My guests are still raving about the cocktail hour, dinner and viennese hour. I couldn’t be more happier that I chose the liberty house as the venue to work with and working with Danielle made it that much smoother. She is efficient and on top of things 110% and whoever else has their wedding here will feel the exact same way. Thank you landmark hospitality and Danielle for making my wedding fabulous!!

The Liberty House truly exceeded our expectations. To begin, the venue is spectacular with clear views of the downtown skyline. We worked with Danielle to coordinate and she was 100% on top of every last detail, helping to ease any concerns prior to the big day. Our maitre d and… Read More bridal attendant were phenomenal as well and the service was top notch from cocktail hour to end. We were so we’ll taken care of, I don’t know how anyone could do without this awesome team!

Our wedding coordinator Vivian was amazing! My friends and family loved the venue. The staff in the Liberty Room did a great job! A big thanks to the Liberty House Staff!!!!

We had both our wedding ceremony and reception at Liberty House and everything exceeded our expectations! Everyone we worked with was amazing, Mara was great, super helpful and easy to work with. The location and view are spectacular, add to that fantastic food, signature… Read More drinks, gorgeous fire pits, s’mores, people are still talking about it weeks later! I cannot recommend this venue enough, our day was magical and I couldn’t imagine having it anywhere else.

We had our wedding at the Liberty House and if you are at all considering having your wedding there, do it. NOW. Everything about it was amazing. Even if you can forget about the beautiful view and grounds (which you can’t), the food, staff, location – anything you can think… Read More of for a venue, was just perfect. We received so many compliments throughout the night and people are still talking about it days later. We loved every second of this experience and that is in large part thanks to the amazing people at Liberty House – especially Mara (our fantastic coordinator), Leslie (our amazing bridal attendant), Chris and another woman whose name I unfortunately can’t remember.

Liberty House was wonderful! It’s expensive but definitely worth it! The food, service, views and professionalism was outstanding. Our guest raved about the reception. Mara was our event coordinator and she was extremely personable, organized and professional. By husband and… Read More I had some last minute changes the week before the wedding and she was more than accommodating. My bridal attendant was fabulous! She brought us water a couple times while we were taking pictures and went above and beyond. Liberty House also packaged up all of our items for the reception and had them ready within 20 minutes. It was wonderful because we did not lose anything!

Danielle and the entire staff at The Liberty House made my wedding day the most amazing day of my life! No detail was left out and Danielle was incredible to work with. It was raining until 30 minutes before my wedding ceremony but Danielle had faith that everything would work… Read More out and it did! She had her entire staff wiping down chairs and tables up until minutes before guests arrived to ensure I had the wedding of my dreams. From the most delicious food to the most breathtaking grounds, I would recommend The Liberty House to anyone looking for the whole package. Thank you Danielle!

I have to say that I was nervous about this place, but my “Dreammaker” was the best ever. She never broke a sweat, and made our whole day amazing and flawless. They have the most attentive staff! My family is vegetarian, but they loved everything from the cocktail hour to the… Read More buffet dinner. There were soo many options for both the vegetarians and non-vegetarians.

I mean this place is truly amazing. From the views to the food to the service there was not a place they faltered even a little. Danielle was my coordinator and she was warm and helpful and answered all mine and my parents questions without a hint of annoyance. We had a bridal… Read More attendant the night of the event and let me tell you she was amazing as well. Never was my glass empty or my veil out of place. My wedding was perfect and I love that all of guests were able to enjoy the scenic views! Not a single complaint. I would also like to note that we were initially interested in Maritime Parc(across the parking lot) but have found their service lacking and of course their views are not as amazing. With the lawn at Liberty House as a wedding ceremony option, we are so so happy we chose Liberty House instead!

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Liberty House Restaurant – Jersey City, NJ

Liberty Flames College Football Clubhouse – ESPN

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Sep 242015


Josh Woodrum threw for 260 yards and two touchdowns, Damian King threw a touchdown pass on a trick play, and Liberty defeated Montana 31-21 on Saturday night.

12dJake Trotter

West Virginia continues to play good defense, and young receivers Shelton Gibson and Jovon Durante continue to impress in a win against Liberty.


Skyler Howard threw three touchdown passes and Wendell Smallwood scored twice, leading West Virginia to a 41-17 victory over Liberty on Saturday.


No more scheduling FCS opponents. That’s the message West Virginia coach Dana Holgorsen is sending to his fellow FBS programs.


Josh Woodrum connected with Darrin Peterson on a pair of touchdowns as Liberty defeated Delaware State 32-13 in a season opener for both teams on Saturday night.


Ron Brown, the former Nebraska assistant who took a job under Bo Pelini at Youngstown State in January, is leaving the Penguins to become associate head coach and receivers coach at Liberty.


Villanova comeback tops Liberty 29-22 in FCS


Liberty outlasts James Madison 26-21


Liberty edges Coastal Carolina 15-14 to win title


Charleston Southern hangs on to tip Liberty, 38-36


Abnar carries Liberty past Monmouth, 34-24

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Liberty Flames College Football Clubhouse – ESPN

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Liberty – Home

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Sep 242015

Please note that Liberty is no longer in development. Any issue reports made will not be resolved.

Also, Liberty does not work with Halo: The Master Chief Collection and there are no plans to add support for it in the future.


Liberty is the first Halo 4, Halo: Reach, Halo: Combat Evolved Anniversary, Halo 3, and Halo 3: ODST campaign editor that is 100% free and doesn’t require registration. It also supports more features than all of the current editors around. 100% of it was made from our own research and we had no help at all from anyone who already had information on campaign saves. It is licensed under the version 2 of the GNU General Public License (GPL).


Liberty was developed by 3 people:

With special thanks to:


anniversary/halo 3/odst/halo 4;



Q: When I load a modified Halo: Combat Evolved Anniversary save, why does it say my save is corrupt?

A: We don’t know what causes this, but we are trying to work it out. Just press A and it will let you play your mods. (However, if you die before getting a checkpoint, it will restart the level).

Q: I get an exception saying my save is an invalid package…watdo?

A: Well, that means it isn’t a valid Halo campaign save (only Halo 3, ODST, Reach, Halo 4, and Anniversary saves are supported) or it is corrupted. Try getting a new one.

Q: When i try to load a save from my USB, why can’t it detect my flash drive?

A: Make sure that you don’t have any other device viewers open. Also, make sure that your device actually has a save on it. Start a mission, save and exit, and make sure that it gets saved to your device.

Q: I edited my ODST save to give myself invincibility, but my character glitched up. Why?

A: ODST has issues with invincibility in some missions. If you’re having problems, your only choice is to play that section of the mission legitimately.


Pre-Release Teaser FATX Save Loader Demo Bipd Swapping Demo

images (version;



Liberty – Home

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Home – Liberty Elementary School District

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Sep 242015

Thank youfor visiting Liberty Elementary School District

Liberty Elementary School District is located roughly 30 miles west of Phoenix, Arizona. The district covers approximately 285 square miles of both rural and suburban communities. Libertys boundaries span county land as well as the cities of Buckeye and Goodyear. Founded in 1887, Liberty is one of the oldest school districts in Arizona. The building currently being used for music class at one of our schools was built in 1910 and is the oldest still in use school building in the state. The Liberty District consists of four K-8 schools and one PreK-8 school.

In the Liberty District our mission is to build world-class schools in our neighborhoods. Our goal is to provide every one of our students with a world class education and our programs, foci and instruction are tailored to achieve that goal. One way that Liberty is working toward this goal is by offering an extensive array of education options for parents and students. For example, in recent years our schools have been innovating and maximizing their strengths by implementing a unique school focus. These foci include S.T.E.M.(Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics), IB (International Baccalaureate), Leadership, Agricultural Sciences, Visual and Performing Arts and Dual Language Immersion. Liberty District also offers open enrollment opportunities for students. Open enrollment gives parents and students that might go to another school in the district, or go to a school in a neighboring district, the option to choose which school and focus is right for them. All of our schools offer the usual programs that you would expect to find in most schools like art, music, PE and sports. However, the schools also have some more unique programs like Graphics Arts, Foreign Language, Choir, Concert Band, Drama Club, Science Club, Lego Robotics Club and Math Counts.

Normal Hours of Operation 8:00 am to 4:30 pm M-F Closed on Holidays

SummerHours of Operation 8:00 am to 4:30 pm M-Th Closed on Holidays

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Home – Liberty Elementary School District

 Posted by at 9:46 am  Tagged with: – Home of the Cape Liberty Cruise Port …

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Sep 222015

Re-establishing a long, proud history, Cape Liberty marks the return of passenger ships sailing from New Jersey. In our twelfth year, Cape Liberty has been responsible for the safe passage of over 320,000 passengers – the second largest passenger volume among Northeast and Mid-Atlantic coast ports.

Cape Liberty has unparalleled views of the Statue of Liberty, New York Harbor and the Manhattan skyline. We offer ample parking, a convenient location and easy access to start and end your trip.

In 2015, we are again offering year-round cruises to the Eastern and Southern Caribbean. From February through April, and in November and December, we offer 7-night and 8-night cruises to the Bahamas. From May through October, we offer 5-night, 6-night, 7-night, 9-night, and 10-night cruises to Bermuda and the Caribbean. And, in August through October, cruises to Canada and New England.

Vessels sailing from Cape Liberty Cruise Port in 2015 include Royal Caribbean’s Liberty of the Seas, Quantum of the Seas, Serenade of the Seas, and Celebrity Cruises’ Summit. We will also be introducing Royal Caribbean’s Anthem of the Seas in November.

Cape Liberty is an integral part of the multi-billion dollar redevelopment of The Peninsula.

In the early stages of a major transformation by the City of Bayonne, The Peninsula will be home to new residents and businesses that will overlook a neighboring golf course, marina and park.

Cape Liberty…Your Closest Point to Sea.

View post: – Home of the Cape Liberty Cruise Port …

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Liberty Township NJ Real Estate & Homes for Sale in …

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Sep 222015

11 Birch Dr

Liberty Township, NJ

Liberty Township, NJ

Courtesy of Weichert Realtors – Phillipsburg

Liberty Township, NJ

Liberty Township, NJ

Courtesy of Weichert Realtors – Randolph

Liberty is a township in Warren County, in the Allentown-Bethlehem metro area. It is part of the eastern region of the Lehigh Valley. The rural community of Liberty is ideal for those who prefer open space, rolling hills, rich woodlands, and a country lifestyle. Scattered retail shops provide daily conveniences, with larger malls nearby. In addition to picturesque farms and attractive residential development, this area features the nearby Panther Valley Country Club, breathtaking Saxton Falls, a portion of beautiful Jenny Jump Forest, and Allamuchy Mountain State Park. Interstate 80 combines with bus service to New York and Pennsylvania for convenient transportation links. Playgrounds, parks, athletic fields, tennis courts, sports leagues, supervised programs, 4-H Club, and community programs provide quality options for leisure hours.

28 listings in Liberty Township, NJ with an estimated median home price of $237,500

(Data as of 9/20/2015)


Each WEICHERT franchised office is independently owned and operated. 2015 Weichert, Realtors. All rights reserved.

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Liberty House | A Landmark Hospitality venue

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Sep 222015

The Liberty House Restaurant, located on the waterfront of Jersey City, boasts a perfect, unobstructed view of the breathtaking New York City skyline. The full-service multi star restaurant, as well as the two large event spaces, faces the New York skyline for all guests to enjoy. Located adjacent to Liberty Landing Marina, the Liberty House Restaurant offers a menu of seasonal fare, fresh sushi and seafood, incredible steaks, chops and daily specials. The same quality of service is evident in the catering menus and is the reason Liberty House has been voted one of the best weddings venues in NJ year after year. Outdoor dining is offered spring through fall to make it a perfect weeknight setting for reconnecting with friends and family. From live music in summer months to cocktails on the patio in front of the fire pits, Liberty House Restaurant has something for everyone. Liberty House Restaurant even offers marshmallows for roasting at the fire pits so you can practice making the perfect smore. Every month Liberty House Restaurant offers new dinner specials and exciting new dishes to tempt the palate. From the bestselling Bacon and Bourbon night to Liberty Houses March Madness of Mac N Cheese month, where a new Mac N Cheese is offered every day. At Liberty House Restaurant there is something exciting happening each month. Combining the best views of NYC with the best wedding venue in NJ makes for an unforgettable wedding and event experience. Two completely separate event spaces and beautiful gardens face the famous skyline, making the Liberty House a top choice for engaged couples in the tri state area. We have the top event planners, our memory makers, who have extensive wedding experience and know how to make your event a huge success. Over the past years, couples have voted Liberty House one of the best wedding venues in NJ. Amazing cuisine, perfect NYC views and our memory makers are the perfect ingredients for your next event!

The Liberty House Restaurant, located on the waterfront of Jersey City, boasts a perfect, unobstructed view of the breathtaking New York City skyline. The full-service multi star restaurant, as well as the two large event spaces, faces the New York skyline for all guests to enjoy. Located adjacent to Liberty Landing Marina, the Liberty House Restaurant offers a menu of seasonal fare, fresh sushi and seafood, incredible steaks, chops and daily specials. The same quality of service is evident in the catering menus and is the reason Liberty House has been voted one of the best weddings venues in NJ year after year. Outdoor dining is offered spring through fall to make it a perfect weeknight setting for reconnecting with friends and family. From live music in summer months to cocktails on the patio in front of the fire pits, Liberty House Restaurant has something for everyone. Liberty House Restaurant even offers marshmallows for roasting at the fire pits so you can practice making the perfect smore. Every month Liberty House Restaurant offers new dinner specials and exciting new dishes to tempt the palate. From the bestselling Bacon and Bourbon night to Liberty Houses March Madness of Mac N Cheese month, where a new Mac N Cheese is offered every day. At Liberty House Restaurant there is something exciting happening each month. Combining the best views of NYC with the best wedding venue in NJ makes for an unforgettable wedding and event experience. Two completely separate event spaces and beautiful gardens face the famous skyline, making the Liberty House a top choice for engaged couples in the tri state area. We have the top event planners, our memory makers, who have extensive wedding experience and know how to make your event a huge success. Over the past years, couples have voted Liberty House one of the best wedding venues in NJ. Amazing cuisine, perfect NYC views and our memory makers are the perfect ingredients for your next event!

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Statue of Liberty – New Jersey

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Sep 222015

A Symbol of Friendship

Located on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, the statue commemorates the friendship between the United States and France that began during the American Revolution. Her official name is “Liberty Enlightening the World.”

The statue – also known as “Lady Liberty” – has many symbolic features. Her torch represents liberty. In Roman numbers, her tablet reads “July 4, 1776,” America’s independence day.

Her crown has 25 windows, recognizing the gemstones found on the earth and the heaven’s rays shining over the world. The rays of her crown symbolize the seven continents and seven seas. At her feet are chains, representing the tyranny of colonial rule from which America escaped.

Building the Statue

In 1876 French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi began designing the statue. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, the designer of the Eiffel Tower, worked with him. While Bartholdi developed the look of the statue, Eiffel worked on the framework. Bartholdi made the statue out of copper sheets, and Eiffel made the framework of steel. In July 1884, the statue was completed in France.

Richard Morris Hunt, designer of New York City’s first apartment building, designed the pedestal. The construction of the pedestal was completed in April 1886.

In addition to the architectural challenges of building the statue and pedestal, both countries faced challenges in getting money for the project. The French charged public fees, held fundraising events, and used money from a lottery to finance the statue.

In America, boxing matches, plays, art exhibitions, and auctions were used to raise money with limited success. Joseph Pulitzer, founder of the Pulitzer Prize, was able to more successfully motivate Americans with critical editorials in his newspaper, The World, and financing was completed in 1885.

On June 19, 1885, the French ship Isere arrived in New York Harbor with the Statue of Liberty. The statue was divided into 350 pieces held in 214 crates during the shipment. Over the next four months, a group of workers re-assembled Lady Liberty on the pedestal at Fort Wood on Bedloe Island, as Liberty Island was then known.

Thousands of people came to Fort Wood on October 28, 1886, as President Grover Cleveland officially accepted the statue.

Events in Statue History

In 1924, the statue became a national monument. Bedloe’s Island, home to Fort Wood and the statue, was renamed Liberty Island in 1956. That same year Ellis Island was included with Liberty Island to make up the Statue of Liberty National Monument. As the Lady Liberty’s 100th birthday neared, the country began working to restore the monument.

Starting in 1982, $87 million was raised for the restoration. When statue’s restoration began in 1984, the United Nations named it a World Heritage Site. The statue was re-opened on July 5, 1986, for her centennial celebration.

Visitors have not been able to enter the Statue of Liberty since September 11, 2001, but the island remains open. A fundraising drive is currently underway to make the necessary security and safety upgrades to re-open the statue itself.

Statue Statistics

Statue of Liberty – New Jersey

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Insurance Made Easy in New Jersey | Liberty Insurance

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Sep 222015

For over 80 years, Liberty Insurance has been a customer-focused agency, dedicated to professional service, and true partners with our clients throughout Monmouth County and the state of New Jersey. As an independent agency full of caring and knowledgeable experts, we always strive to provide our customers with options for the various products that meet their unique insurance goals, as well as to provide impeccable service tailored to their specific needs. We are Liberty Insurance, and we are here to streamline the insurance process for you.

Liberty Insurance is dedicated to helping our clients insure their risks across all facets of their lives. With roots as a commercial insurance agency, we have grown and matured with our clients over the years. Our clients tell us that, like accountants and attorneys, we are one of their trusted business advisers. We also currently offer personal insurance products, financial services, retirement planning, and many other products and services that cater to the needs of our customers. As such a versatile and multi-faceted agency, we have experienced agents here to help you find the balance between your unique insurance needs and the coverages to meet them. By partnering with us, you will receive a package of protection that is tailored specifically to you, your family, and your business.

Our experienced, licensed professionals at Liberty Insurance counsel you, so you feel like youre talking with a trusted partner and friend, rather than a salesperson. We value you, understand your needs, and want the best for your future.

At Liberty Insurance, we believe in insurance as a process, rather than a niche. Our agents understand the insurance process may seem complicated and daunting, and we take the complex details and turn them into something manageable and even enjoyable for you as you find the coverage you need. As a client, you will receive the best counsel, advocacy, and service our agents can provide to make you feel safe and secure as you manage your risk.

Interested in learning more about partnering with Liberty Insurance? Call us today at (800) 940-1774, or fill out the online quote form, and we will be in touch with you. Lets get started managing your risk today!

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Liberty House Restaurant reservations in Jersey City, NJ …

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Sep 222015

Dining Style: Casual Elegant

Cuisines: American, Contemporary American

Hours of Operation: Brunch: Sunday: 11:00am – 3:00pm; Lunch: Tuesday – Saturday: 12:00pm – 3:00pm; Dinner: Tuesday – Saturday: 5:00pm – 11:00pm, Sunday: 5:00pm – 10:00pm.

Dress Code: Casual Dress

Price Range: $31 to $50

Payment Options AMEX, Discover, MasterCard, Visa

Phone Number: (201) 395-0300


Entertainment: Live music Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday.

Parking Details: Validated Parking.

Public Transit: Take NJ LightRail to Liberty State Park. The Liberty State Park Shuttle picks up at the LightRail stop and drops off right at Liberty House.

Executive Chef: Ken Trickilo

Private Party Facilities: Liberty House boasts numerous open-air terraces, two tented pavilions and an outdoor garden in addition to several unique and distinct rooms:

Grand Ballroom Located on the 2nd floor, the Grand Ballroom boasts a vaulted 30ft cathedral ceiling, exposed duct and wood work, finished metal, and neutral colors. Floor-to-ceiling windows afford breathtaking, panoramic views, while French doors allow access to a wrap-around terrace.

The Liberty Room Located on the 1st floor, the Liberty Room opens up to a Garden Pavilion as well as the Manhattan skyline, open-air terraces, and entrance to our 8,000 square foot garden.

Gardens at Liberty House The Liberty House Gardens offer segmented areas featuring herbs, wildflowers, natural grasses, and life-size chess set, all with the Manhattan skyline as its backdrop.

Private Party Contact: (866) 683-3586x

Additional: Banquet/Private Rooms, Bar Dining, Bar/Lounge, Beer, Counter Seating, Dancing, Entertainment, Full Bar, Happy Hour, Non-Smoking Area, Patio/Outdoor Dining, Private Room, Smoking Area, Smoking Area (patio only), Takeout, View, Weekend Brunch, Wheelchair Access, Wine, Wine Bar

Special Events & Promotions: For information on all of our upcoming events, please visit

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Liberty State Park – 316 Photos – Parks – Jersey City, NJ …

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Sep 222015

I love this park so much! I’ve been here multiple times and I still manage to discover something new every time. First off, this park is HUGE! It’s really hard to see everything this park has to offer in just one day, especially when you take into account the secret parts (I’m not even being facetious either, look up miniature castle at LSP). This park has a little something for everyone. It’s great for biking, walking, picnics, photography, fishing, anything that you’re into.

I’ll admit that the walk into LSP using the Morris Canal footbridge is a bit suspect, but once you get past that, it’ll infinitely get better. At the end of the tree lined path, you’ll hit the water where there’s the Ellis Island ferry, 9/11 monuments, historical railroads and terminals. Here you’ll get the best shots of NYC.

Moving forward!!! After you’re done with the north end, there’s 2 main walk/bike paths, one along the water and the other on Freedom Way. They both go in the same direction, more or less, but are vastly different. The path along the water is beautiful and I highly recommend this path if you are a first timer. The boardwalk is lined with benches and has a nice view of Ellis Island, NY and the Statue of Liberty. Often times you’ll see people fishing here or flying kites nearby. If you keep walking this path until the very end, and I mean, until the very end, past the BBQ/picnic tables, past the Liberation monument and US Flag Plaza, you’ll eventually hit National Golf Club which looks like a building straight out of the Jetsons. Just keep going!! Pretend you’re Siddhartha listening to the water, because if you keep following it, you’ll end up seeing a wooden bridge, marshes, a different view of the SOL and a lookout point (which is closed due to Sandy). It’s so wonderfully quiet and peaceful once you hit this point. But your journey ends there because you’ll reach a closed community and I’m not trying to get anyone arrested for trespassing.

The other path option on Freedom Way is not as scenic, but is still very cool. I’ve been to LSP over 50x and it’s on this particular path that I keep discovering new things. Walking along Freedom Way is a little like taking a red pill, you have no idea how deep the rabbit-hole goes. This path isn’t as crowded and is geared towards people who want to exercise. There’s a wide bike shoulder lane on the right and a par course on the left that has very basic exercise equipment. If you keep to the left, you’ll hit the Richard J. Sullivan Natural Area, which is home to many adorable ducks and geese in the summer time. Nearby is the Interpretive Center, which is an ecological and educational facility, and also your starting point if you were trying to find the miniature castle. Along Freedom Way, you’ll find a lot of worn paths, taking them is up you to, but I’ve taken many and I’ve always been pleasantly surprised where I ended up.

In short, this park is beautiful and I cannot say enough about it. LSP is definitely worth a visit and makes a wonderful day trip or getaway from the city.

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Planning Guide for Statue of Liberty, Liberty State Park …

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Sep 222015

Visiting the Statue of Liberty National Monument and limited access of Ellis Island featuring the Wall of Honor is a memorable experience for people from all over the world. Here are some tips to make your trip easy and more enjoyable.

All possible combinations with recommended time alotment and latest arrival time that allow for completion.

Its easy to use public transportation to visit the Statue of Liberty National Monument or limited access of Ellis Island featuring the Wall of Honor.

The ticket office is located inside historic Castle Clinton at Battery Park. We recommend using public transportation to get to Battery Park as parking is very limited in lower Manhattan. Visit for more information about public transportation in Manhattan. Battery Park is also accessible by taxi.

Take any of the following lines:

M1, M6 or M15 to South Ferry (last stop).

From the East Side take the FDR Drive South to Exit 1, South Ferry Battery Park. From the West Side take the Westside Highway South (Route 9A) to Battery Park.

The ticketing and departure areas at Liberty State Park are located by the historic Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal near the water. There is plenty of parking here for a modest fee. This is an ideal departure location for you if you are traveling by car, motorhome or private bus. Liberty State Park is also accessible by taxi, ferry and public transportation. More details are available at the Liberty State Park website.

New Jersey turnpike, exit 14-B follow signs to Liberty State Park.

Take the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail (HBLR) to the Liberty State Park Station, then walk or bike 1 mile on Audrey Zapp Drive to the ticket office area located by the CRRNJ Terminal. From the ticket office/security tent areas, walk 1/3 of a mile to the ferry gangway for departures.

At the entrance of Liberty State Park, the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail is accessible by PATH at the Hoboken Station or Newport (Jersey City) Station. More information about NJ Transit’s Hudson-Bergen Light Rail (HBLR)-Liberty State Park station.

Take the Liberty Landing Ferry Service from the World Financial Terminal in New York to Liberty Landing Marina within Liberty State Park, NJ.Visitors with ferry tickets to the Statue of Liberty National Monument and Ellis Island will receive a $2 discount on the fare to Liberty Landing Marina when purchasing tickets aboard the Liberty Landing Ferry.

For more trip planning information visit – Liberty Landing Ferry Service.

Dress for the season when you visit the Statue of Liberty National Monument and the Ellis Island Immigration Museum. During the summer months temperatures can rise to the high 90’s with high humidity. In the winter temperatures are chilly. Be sure to dress in layers in case conditions change suddenly.

Be sure to wear comfortable shoes as you will be walking a great deal during your visit.

There are concession stands on all the boats which sell healthy snacks and beverages, as well as merchandise. There are also concession stands and gift stores on both Liberty and Ellis Island.

Before accessing the Pedestal and Crown areas of the Statue, all visitors with backpacks, food and drinks must place these items in key-secured visitor lockers. Lockers are located and can be rented in the security tent area for a nominal fee.

The Statue of Liberty National Monument and Ellis Island often have ongoing special exhibits, as well as special programs and tours, that may be offered on the day you visit. Please be sure to check with rangers on Liberty and Ellis Islands for the programs that are available on the day of your visit. For park program information online, please visit

There are several nearby National and State parks in the area you should consider visiting after your experience at the Statue of Liberty National Monument and Ellis Island.

For more information please visit the National Parks of New York Harbor or National Parks of New York Harbor Conservancy.

For sights and events in New Jersey visit the Hudson County Tourism website.

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Map of Liberty NC | Liberty North Carolina |

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Sep 112015

Liberty is a town in Randolph County, North Carolina, United States. Originally named Liberty Oak, the town was founded in 1809 near the plantation of John Leak (according to: The Town of Liberty). The first church within the town was the Liberty Christian Church (now the United Church of Christ) founded on October 11, 1884. The town’s first school, the Liberty Academy, was founded on May 6, 1885 as a charter school and helped to foster the town’s early reputation as a place of higher learning. Liberty is home to the mother church of the Southern Baptist Religion (Sandy Creek Baptist Church), World Skeet Shoot Champion Craig Kirkman, and is the birthplace of professional baseball player Joe Frazier. Liberty is also home to The Liberty Antiques Festival a world famous antiques’ show that draws such famous faces as Julia Roberts and other Hollywood celebrities. Also The Liberty Showcase who has had many famous Nashville recording stars such as Ronnie McDowell, Lorrie Morgan, Gene Watson, Exile, and many more. The movies “Killers Three” (1968) and “Children of the Corn II: The Final Sacrifice” (1992) were filmed in Liberty and the surrounding areas.

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Academics | Official Page | Liberty University

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Aug 212015

Academic overview

Liberty University offers hands-on learning, flexible study options and advanced academic facilities like the Jerry Falwell Library.

Liberty offers undergraduate degreesandgraduate degrees, through residential or online programschoose from more than 520programs of study.

Once youre in the classroom, you can have peace of mind about your professors. In addition to their impressive doctorates and advanced degrees, every Liberty professor goes through a rigorous interview process that confirms a born-again relationship with Christ and a commitment to teaching excellence.

Liberty University is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges to award associate, bachelors, masters, specialist, and doctoral degrees. Contact the Commission on Colleges at 1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, Georgia 30033-4097 or call (404)679-4500 for questions about the accreditation of Liberty University.

The Commission requests that it be contacted to learn about the accreditation status of Liberty University, to file a third-party comment at the time of Libertys decennial review, or to file a complaint against Liberty University for alleged non-compliance with a standard or requirement.Normal inquiries about the institution, such as admission requirements, financial aid, educational programs, etc., should be addressed directly to Liberty University.

A number of programs are approved by accrediting and licensing bodies for specific disciplines. For more information see: Institutional and Program Accreditation.

Liberty is a member of the Association of Christian Schools International.

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USS Liberty incident – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Aug 182015

The USS Liberty incident was an attack on a United States Navy technical research ship, USSLiberty, by Israeli Air Force jet fighter aircraft and Israeli Navy motor torpedo boats, on 8 June 1967, during the Six-Day War.[3] The combined air and sea attack killed 34 crew members (naval officers, seamen, two Marines, and one civilian), wounded 171 crew members, and severely damaged the ship.[4] At the time, the ship was in international waters north of the Sinai Peninsula, about 25.5nmi (29.3mi; 47.2km) northwest from the Egyptian city of Arish.[1][5]

Israel apologized for the attack, saying that the USS Liberty had been attacked in error after being mistaken for an Egyptian ship.[6] Both the Israeli and U.S. governments conducted inquiries and issued reports that concluded the attack was a mistake due to Israeli confusion about the ship’s identity,[2] though others, including survivors of the attack, have rejected these conclusions and maintain that the attack was deliberate.[7]

In May 1968, the Israeli government paid US$3,323,500 (US$22.5 million 2015) in compensation to the families of the 34 men killed in the attack. In March 1969, Israel paid a further $3,566,457 to the men who had been wounded. On 18 December 1980, it agreed to pay $6 million as settlement for the final U.S. bill of $17,132,709 for material damage to Liberty herself plus 13 years’ interest.[8]

USSLiberty was originally the 7,725 long tons (7,849t) (light) civilian cargo vessel Simmons Victory, a mass-produced, standard-design Victory Ship, the follow-on series to the famous Liberty Ships, which supplied the United Kingdom and Allied troops with cargo. it was acquired by the United States Navy, converted to an Auxiliary Technical Research Ship (AGTR),[9] and began her first deployment in 1965, to waters off the west coast of Africa. it carried out several more operations during the next two years.

During the Six-Day War between Israel and several Arab nations, the United States of America maintained a neutral country status.[10] Several days before the war began, the USS Liberty was ordered to proceed to the eastern Mediterranean area to perform a signals intelligence collection mission in international waters near the north coast of Sinai, Egypt.[11] After the war erupted, due to concerns about her safety as she approached her patrol area, several messages were sent to Liberty to increase her allowable closest point of approach (CPA) to Egypt’s and Israel’s coasts from 12.5 and 6.5nmi (14.4 and 7.5mi; 23.2 and 12.0km), respectively, to 20 and 15nmi (23 and 17mi; 37 and 28km), and then later to 100nmi (120mi; 190km) for both countries.[12] Unfortunately, due to ineffective message handling and routing, the CPA change messages were not received until after the attack.[12]

According to Israeli sources, at the start of the war on 5 June, General Yitzhak Rabin (then IDF Chief of Staff) informed Commander Ernest Carl Castle, the American Naval Attach in Tel Aviv, that Israel would defend its coast with every means at its disposal, including sinking unidentified ships. Also, he asked the U.S. to keep its ships away from Israel’s shore or at least inform Israel of their exact position.[13][14]

American sources said that no inquiry about ships in the area was made until after the Liberty attack ended. In a message sent from U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk to U.S. Ambassador Walworth Barbour, in Tel Aviv, Israel, Rusk asked for “urgent confirmation” of Israel’s statement. Barbour responded: “No request for info on U.S. ships operating off Sinai was made until after Liberty incident.” Further, Barbour stated: “Had Israelis made such an inquiry it would have been forwarded immediately to the chief of naval operations and other high naval commands and repeated to dept [Department of State].”[15]

With the outbreak of war, Captain William L. McGonagle of Liberty immediately asked Vice Admiral William I. Martin at the United States Sixth Fleet headquarters to send a destroyer to accompany Liberty and serve as its armed escort and as an auxiliary communications center. The following day, 6 June, Admiral Martin replied: “Liberty is a clearly marked United States ship in international waters, not a participant in the conflict and not a reasonable subject for attack by any nation. Request denied.”[16] He promised, however, that in the unlikely event of an inadvertent attack, jet fighters from the Sixth Fleet would be overhead in ten minutes.

Meanwhile, on 6 June, at the United Nations, in response to United Arab Republic complaints that the United States was supporting Israel in the conflict, U.S. Ambassador Arthur Goldberg said to the Security Council that aircraft of the Sixth Fleet were several hundred miles from the conflict,[12] indicating that elements of the Sixth Fleet itself were far from the conflict. When the statement was made this was the case, since Liberty, now assigned to the Sixth Fleet, was in the central Mediterranean Sea, passing between Libya and Crete;[17] but she would ultimately steam to about 13nmi (15mi; 24km) north of the Sinai Peninsula.[18]

On the night of 7 June Washington time, early morning on 8 June, 01:10Z or 3:10am local time, the Pentagon issued an order to Sixth Fleet headquarters to tell Liberty to come no closer than 100nmi (120mi; 190km) to Israel, Syria, or the Sinai coast (Oren, p.263).[19]:5, 58 (Exhibit N)

According to the Naval Court of Inquiry[20]:23 ff, 111 ff and National Security Agency official history,[21] the order to withdraw was not sent on the radio frequency that Liberty monitored for her orders until 15:25 Zulu, several hours after the attack, due to a long series of administrative and message routing problems. The Navy said a large volume of unrelated high-precedence traffic, including intelligence intercepts related to the conflict, were being handled at the time; and that this combined with a shortage of qualified Radiomen contributed to delayed sending of the withdrawal message.[20]:111 ff

Official testimony combined with Liberty’s deck log say that throughout the morning of the attack, 8 June, the ship was overflown, at various times and locations, by Israeli Air Force (IAF) aircraft.[18] The primary aircraft type was the Nord Noratlas; there were also two unidentified delta-wing jets at about 9:00am Sinai time (GMT+2).[18]Liberty crewmembers say that one of the Noratlas aircraft flew so close to Liberty that noise from its propellers rattled the ship’s deck plating, and that the pilots and crewmembers waved to each other.[22] It was later reported, based on information from Israel Defense Forces sources, that the over-flights were coincidental, and that the aircraft were hunting for Egyptian submarines that had been spotted near the coast.[23]

At about 5:45am Sinai time, a ship-sighting report was received at Israeli Central Coastal Command (CCC) about Liberty, identified by an aerial naval observer as “apparently a destroyer, sailing 70 miles [110km] west of Gaza.”[24] The vessel’s location was marked on a CCC Control Table, using a red marker, indicating an unidentified vessel.[25] At about 6:00am, the aerial naval observer reported that the ship appeared like a U.S. Navy supply ship; the red marker was replaced with a green marker to indicate a neutral vessel, at about 9:00am.[25] At that same time, an Israeli jet fighter pilot reported that a ship 20 miles (32km) north of Arish had fired at his aircraft after he tried to identify the vessel.[25] Israeli naval command dispatched two destroyers to investigate, but they were returned to their previous positions at 9:40am after doubts emerged during the pilot’s debriefing.[25] After the naval observer’s Noratlas landed and he was debriefed, the ship he saw was further identified as the USS Liberty, based on its “GTR-5” hull markings.[26] USS Liberty’s marker was removed from CCC’s Control Table at 11:00am, due to its positional information being considered stale.[27]

At 11:24am, Israeli Chief of Naval Operations received a report that Arish was being shelled from the sea.[27] An inquiry into the source of the report was ordered to determine its validity.[27] The report came from an Air Support Officer in Arish.[28] Additionally, at 11:27am Israeli Supreme Command Head of Operations received a report stating that a ship had been shelling Arish, but the shells had fallen short.[28] (Investigative journalist James Bamford points out that Liberty had only four .50 caliber machine guns mounted on her decks and, thus, could not have shelled the coast.[29] ) The Head of Operations ordered that the report be verified, and determine whether or not Israeli Navy vessels were off the coast of Arish.[28] At 11:45am, another report arrived at Supreme Command saying two ships were approaching the Arish coast.[28]

The shelling and ships reports were passed from Supreme Command to Fleet Operations Control Center.[28] The Chief of Naval Operations took them seriously, and at 12:05pm torpedo boat Division 914 was ordered to patrol in the direction of Arish.[28]

Division 914, codenamed “Pagoda”, was under the command of Commander Moshe Oren.[28] It consisted of three torpedo boats numbered: T-203, T-204 and T-206.[28] At 12:15pm, Division 914 received orders to patrol a position 20 miles (32km) north of Arish.[28] As Commander Oren headed toward Arish, he was informed by Naval Operations of the reported shelling of Arish and told that IAF aircraft would be dispatched to the area after the target had been detected.[28]

Chief of Staff Yitzhak Rabin was concerned that the supposed Egyptian shelling was the prelude to an amphibious landing that could outflank Israeli forces. Rabin reiterated the standing order to sink any unidentified ships in the area, but advised caution, as Soviet vessels were reportedly operating nearby.[23]

At 1:41pm, the torpedo boats detected an unknown vessel 20 miles northwest of Arish and 14 miles (23km) off the coast of Bardawil.[1][30] The ship’s speed was estimated on their radars.[30] The Combat Information Center officer on T-204, Ensign Aharon Yifrah, reported to the boat’s captain, Commander Moshe Oren, that the target had been detected at a range of 22 miles (35km), that her speed had been tracked for a few minutes, after which he had determined that the target was moving westward at a speed of 30 knots (56km/h; 35mph). These data were forwarded to the Fleet Operations Control Center.[30]

The speed of the target was significant because it indicated that the target was a combat vessel.[30] Moreover, Israeli forces had standing orders to fire on any unknown vessels sailing in the area at over 20 knots (37km/h; 23mph), a speed which, at the time, could only be attained by warships. The Chief of Naval Operations asked the torpedo boats to double-check their calculations. Yifrah twice recalculated and confirmed his assessment.[23][30] A few minutes later, Commander Oren reported that the target, now 17 miles (27km) from his position, was moving at a speed of 28 knots (52km/h; 32mph) on a different heading.[31] Bamford, however, points out that Liberty’s top speed was far below 28 knots. His sources say that at the time of the attack Liberty was following her signal-intercept mission course along the northern Sinai coast, at about 5 knots (9.3km/h; 5.8mph) speed.[29]

The data on the ship’s speed, together with its direction, indicated that it was an Egyptian destroyer fleeing toward port after shelling Arish. The torpedo boats gave chase, but did not expect to overtake their target before it reached Egypt. Commander Oren requested that the Israeli Air Force dispatch aircraft to intercept.[23][30] At 1:48pm, the Chief of Naval Operations requested dispatch of fighter aircraft to the ship’s location.[32]

The IAF dispatched two Mirage III fighter jets that arrived at Liberty at about 2:00 pm.[33] The formation leader, Captain Iftach Spector, attempted to identify the ship.[33] He communicated via radio to one of the torpedo boats his observation that the ship appeared like a military ship with one smokestack and one mast.[34] Also, he communicated, in effect, that the ship appeared to him like a destroyer or another type of small ship.[34] In a post-attack statement, the pilots said they saw no distinguishable markings or flag on the ship.[34]

At this point, a recorded exchange took place between a command headquarters weapons systems officer, one of the air controllers, and the chief air controller questioning a possible American presence. Immediately after the exchange, at 1:57pm, the chief air controller, Lieutenant-Colonel Shmuel Kislev, cleared the Mirages to attack.[23][35]

After being cleared to attack, the Mirages dived on the ship and attacked with 30-mm cannons and rockets.[36] The attack came a few minutes after the crew completed a chemical attack drill, with Captain McGonagle on the command bridge.[37] The crew was in “stand-down mode”, with their helmets and life jackets removed,[23] except battle readiness “modified condition three” was set which meant that the ship’s four .50 caliber machine guns were manned and ammunition ready for loading and firing.[38][39] Eight crewmen were either killed immediately or died later, and 75 were wounded.[40] Among the wounded was McGonagle, who was hit in the right thigh and arm.[41] During the attack, antennas were severed, gas drums caught fire, and the ship’s flag was knocked down. McGonagle sent an urgent request for help to the Sixth Fleet, “Under attack by unidentified jet aircraft, require immediate assistance.”

The Mirages left after expending their ammunition, and were replaced by two Dassault Mysteres armed with napalm bombs. The Mysteres released their payloads over the ship and strafed it with their cannons. Much of the ship’s superstructure caught fire.[23][33] The Mysteres were readying to attack again when the Israeli Navy, alerted by the absence of return fire, warned Kislev that the target could be Israeli. Kislev told the pilots not to attack if there was any doubt about identification, and the Israeli Navy quickly contacted all of its vessels in the area. The Israeli Navy found that none of its vessels were under fire, and the aircraft were cleared to attack. However, Kislev was still disturbed by a lack of return fire, and requested one last attempt to identify the ship. Captain Yossi Zuk, leader of the Mystere formation, made an attempt at identification while strafing the ship. He reported seeing no flag, but saw the ship’s GTR-5 marking. Kislev immediately ordered the attack stopped. Kislev guessed that the ship was American.[23]

The fact that the ship had Latin alphabet markings led Chief of Staff Rabin to fear that the ship was Soviet. Though Egyptian warships were known to disguise their identities with Western markings, they usually displayed Arabic letters and numbers only. Rabin ordered the torpedo boats to remain at a safe distance from the ship, and sent in two Hornet (Arospatiale Super Frelon) helicopters to search for survivors. These radio communications were recorded by Israel. The order also was recorded in the torpedo boat’s log, although Commander Oren alleged not to have received it. The order to cease fire was given at 2:20pm, twenty-four minutes before the torpedo boats arrived at the Liberty’s position.[42] At 2:35pm, Liberty was hit by a torpedo launched from one of the torpedo boats.[43]

During the interval, crewmen aboard Liberty hoisted a large American flag. During the early part of the air attack and before the torpedo boats were sighted, Liberty sent a distress message that was received by Sixth Fleet aircraft carrier USS Saratoga.[40] Aircraft carrier USS America dispatched eight aircraft. The carrier had been in the middle of strategic exercises. Vice-Admiral William I. Martin recalled the aircraft minutes later.[23]

McGonagle testified at the naval court of inquiry that during “the latter moments of the air attack, it was noted that three high speed boats were approaching the ship from the northeast on a relative bearing of approximately 135 [degrees] at a distance of about 15 [nautical] miles. The ship at the time was still on [westward] course 283 [degrees] true, speed unknown, but believed to be in excess of five knots.”[20]:38 McGonagle testified that he “believed that the time of initial sighting of the torpedo boats … was about 14:20 [2:20 pm]”, and that the “boats appeared to be in a wedge type formation with the center boat the lead point of the wedge. Estimated speed of the boats was about 27 to 30 knots [50 to 56km/h],” and that it “appeared that they were approaching the ship in a torpedo launch attitude.”[20]:38

When the torpedo boats arrived, Commander Oren could see that the ship could not be the destroyer that had supposedly shelled Arish or any ship capable of 30 knots (56km/h) speed. Oren believed it was a slower-moving vessel that had either serviced the destroyer or evacuated enemy soldiers from the beach.[citation needed] He ordered the squadron not to attack pending better identification “although this was difficult due to the billowing clouds of smoke that enveloped the vessel; only her bow, part of her bridge and the tip of her mast could be discerned.”[citation needed] At 6,000 meters (20,000ft), T-204 paused and signalled “AA” “identify yourself.”[citation needed] Due to damaged equipment, McGonagle could only reply with “AA” using a handheld Aldis lamp.[citation needed] Oren recalled receiving a similar response from the Ibrahim el Awal, an Egyptian destroyer captured by Israel during the Suez Crisis, and was convinced that he was facing an enemy ship.[citation needed]

He consulted an Israeli identification guide to Arab fleets and concluded the ship was the Egyptian supply ship El Quseir, based on observing its deckline, midship bridge and smokestack. The captain of boat T203 reached the same conclusion independently. The boats organized into battle formation, but did not attack.[42][44]

As the torpedo boats rapidly approached, Captain McGonagle ordered a sailor to proceed to machine gun Mount 51 and open fire.[20]:38 However, he noticed that the boats appeared to be flying an Israeli flag, and “realized that there was a possibility of the aircraft having been Israeli and the attack had been conducted in error.”[20]:39 Captain McGonagle ordered the man at gun mount 51 to hold fire, but a short burst was fired at the torpedo boats before the man was able to understand the order.[20]:39 McGonagle observed that machine gun Mount 53 began firing at the center torpedo boat at about the same time gun mount 51 fired, and that its fire was “extremely effective and blanketed the area and the center torpedo boat.”[20]:39 Machine gun mount 53 was located on the starboard amidships side, behind the pilot house.[20]:16 McGonagle could not see or “get to mount 53 from the starboard wing of the bridge.”[20]:39 So, he “sent Mr. Lucas around the port side of the bridge, around to the skylights, to see if he could tell [Seaman] Quintero, whom [he] believed to be the gunner on Machine gun 53, to hold fire.”[20]:39

Ensign Lucas “reported back in a few minutes in effect that he saw no one at mount 53.”[20]:39 Lucas, who had left the command bridge during the air attack and returned to assist Captain McGonagle immediately before a torpedo hit the ship,[20]:14 believed that the gunfire sound was likely from ammunition cooking off, due to a nearby fire.[20]:16 Prior to this time, after a torpedo hit the ship, Lucas had granted a request from Quintero to fire at the torpedo boats before heat from a nearby fire chased him from gun mount 53.[20]:26,27 (McGonagle later testified, at the Court of Inquiry, that this was likely the “extremely effective” firing event he had observed.[20]:49)

After coming under fire, Commander Oren repeatedly requested permission from naval headquarters to return fire, and chief naval controller Izzy Rahav finally approved.[citation needed] Shelling by the torpedo boats killed Liberty’s helmsman.[43] The torpedo boats then launched five torpedoes at the Liberty.[45] At 1235Z (2:35 local time)[43] a torpedo hit Liberty on the starboard side forward of the superstructure, creating a 40ft (12m) wide hole in what had been a former cargo hold converted to the ship’s research spaces and killing 25 servicemen, almost all of them from the intelligence section, and wounding dozens.[23][46] It has been said the torpedo hit a major hull frame that absorbed much of the energy; crew members reported that if the torpedo had missed the frame the Liberty would have split in two. Russian linguist and U.S. Marine Corps Staff Sergeant Bryce Lockwood later commented: “I would never deny that it was God that kept the Liberty afloat!”.[7] The other four torpedoes missed the ship.

The torpedo boats then closed in and strafed the ship’s hull with their cannons and machine guns.[citation needed] According to some crewmen, the torpedo boats fired at damage control parties and sailors preparing life rafts for launch. (See disputed details below.) A life raft which floated from the ship was picked up by T-203 and found to bear US Navy markings. T-204 then circled Liberty, and Oren spotted the designation GTR-5, but saw no flag.[citation needed] It took until 3:30pm to establish the ship’s identity. Shortly before the Liberty’s identity was confirmed, the Saratoga launched eight aircraft armed with conventional weapons towards Liberty. After the ship’s identity was confirmed, the General Staff was notified and an apology was sent to naval attach Castle. The aircraft approaching Liberty were recalled to the Saratoga.[23]

According to transcripts of intercepted radio communications, published by the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA), at about 2:30pm, near the beginning of the torpedo boat attack, two IAF helicopters were dispatched to Liberty’s location. The helicopters arrived at about 3:10pm, about 35 minutes after a torpedo hit the ship. After arriving, one of the helicopter pilots was asked, by his ground-based controller, to verify that the ship was flying an American flag. The helicopters conducted a brief search for crew members of the ship who may have fallen overboard during the air attack. No one was found. The helicopters left the ship at about 3:20pm.

At about 4pm, two hours after the attack began, Israel informed the U.S. embassy in Tel Aviv that its military forces had mistakenly attacked a U.S. Navy ship. When the ship was “confirmed to be American” the torpedo boats returned at about 4:40pm to offer help;[47] it was refused by the Liberty. Later, Israel provided a helicopter to fly U.S. naval attach Commander Castle to the ship.[48] (pp.32,34)

In Washington, President Lyndon B. Johnson had received word from the Joint Chiefs of Staff that Liberty had been torpedoed by an unknown vessel at 9:50am eastern time. Johnson assumed that the Soviets were involved, and hotlined Moscow with news of the attack and the dispatch of jets from Saratoga. He chose not to make any public statements and delegated this task to Phil G. Goulding, who was an Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs at a time.[49]

Soon afterward, the Israelis said that they had mistakenly attacked the ship. The Johnson administration conveyed “strong dismay” to Israeli ambassador Avraham Harman. Meanwhile, apologies were soon sent by Israeli Prime Minister Levi Eshkol, Foreign Minister Abba Eban, and charg d’affaires Efraim Evron. Within 48 hours, Israel offered to compensate the victims and their families.[42]

Though Liberty was severely damaged, with a 39ft wide by 24ft high (12 m x 7.3 m) hole and a twisted keel, her crew kept her afloat, and she was able to leave the area under her own power. Liberty was later met by the destroyers USS Davis and USS Massey, and the cruiser USS Little Rock. Medical personnel were transferred to Liberty, and she was escorted to Malta, where she was given interim repairs. After these were completed in July 1967, Liberty returned to the U.S. She was decommissioned in June 1968 and struck from the Naval Vessel Register. Liberty was transferred to United States Maritime Administration (MARAD) in December 1970 and sold for scrap in 1973.

From the start, the response to Israeli statements of mistaken identity ranged between frank disbelief and unquestioning acceptance within the administration in Washington. A communication to the Israeli Ambassador on 10 June, by Secretary Rusk stated, among other things: “At the time of the attack, the USS Liberty was flying the American flag and its identification was clearly indicated in large white letters and numerals on its hull. … Experience demonstrates that both the flag and the identification number of the vessel were readily visible from the air…. Accordingly, there is every reason to believe that the USS Liberty was identified, or at least her nationality determined, by Israeli aircraft approximately one hour before the attack. … The subsequent attack by the torpedo boats, substantially after the vessel was or should have been identified by Israeli military forces, manifests the same reckless disregard for human life.”[50]

George Lenczowski notes: “It was significant that, in contrast to his secretary of state, President Johnson fully accepted the Israeli version of the tragic incident.” He notes that Johnson himself only included one small paragraph about the Liberty in his autobiography,[51] in which he accepted the Israeli explanation of “error”, but also minimized the whole affair and distorted the actual number of dead and wounded, by lowering them from 34 to 10 and 171 to 100, respectively. Lenczowski further states: It seems Johnson was more interested in avoiding a possible confrontation with the Soviet Union, …than in restraining Israel.[52]

McGonagle received the Medal of Honor, the highest U.S. medal, for his actions.[53][54] The Medal of Honor is generally presented by the President of the United States in the White House,[54][55] but this time it was awarded at the Washington Navy Yard by the Secretary of the Navy in an unpublicized ceremony, breaking with established tradition.[54]

Other Liberty sailors received decorations for their actions during and after the attack, but most of the award citations omitted mention of Israel as the perpetrator. In 2009, however, a Silver Star awarded to crewmember Terry Halbardier, who braved machine-gun and cannon fire to repair a damaged antenna that restored the ship’s communications, in the award citation named Israel as the attacker.[56]

American inquiries, memoranda, records of testimony, and various reports involving or mentioning the Liberty attack include, but are not limited to, the following:

The U.S. Naval Court of Inquiry record contains testimony by fourteen Liberty crew members and five subject matter experts; exhibits of attack damage photographs, various messages and memoranda; and findings of fact. The testimony record reveals “a shallow investigation, plagued by myriad disagreements between the captain and his crew.”[57] As to culpability, “It was not the responsibility of the court to rule on the culpability of the attackers, and no evidence was heard from the attacking nation”, the court concluded that “available evidence combines to indicate … (that the attack was) a case of mistaken identity.” Additionally, the Court found that “heroism displayed by the Commanding Officer, officers and men of the Liberty was exceptional.”

The Joint Chief of Staff’s Report contains findings of fact related only to communication system failures associated with the Liberty attack. It was not concerned with matters of culpability, nor does it contain statements thereof.

The CIA Memoranda consist of two documents: one dated June 13, 1967, and the other dated June 21, 1967. The June 13 memorandum is an “account of circumstances of the attack … compiled from all available sources.” The June 21 memorandum is a point-by-point analysis of Israeli inquiry findings of fact. It concludes: “The attack was not made in malice toward the U.S. and was by mistake, but the failure of the IDF Headquarters and the attacking aircraft to identify the Liberty and the subsequent attack by torpedo boats were both incongruous and indicative of gross negligence.”

The Clark Clifford Report consists of a review of “all available information on the subject” and “deals with the question of Israeli culpability”, according to its transmittal memorandum. The report concludes: “The unprovoked attack on the Liberty constitutes a flagrant act of gross negligence for which the Israeli Government should be held completely responsible, and the Israeli military personnel involved should be punished.”

The Senate Foreign Relations Committee Testimony contains, as an aside matter during hearings concerning a foreign aid authorization bill, questions and statements from several senators and responses from then Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara, about the Liberty attack. For the most part, the senators were dismayed about the attack, as expressed by Senator Bourke B. Hickenlooper: “From what I have read I can’t tolerate for one minute that this [attack] was an accident.” Also, there was concern about obtaining more information about the attack, as expressed by Committee chairman J. William Fulbright: “We asked for [the attack investigation report] about two weeks ago and have not received it yet from Secretary Rusk. … By the time we get to it we will be on some other subject.” Secretary McNamara promised fast delivery of the investigation report (“…you will have it in four hours.”), and concluded his remarks by saying: “I simply want to emphasize that the investigative report does not show any evidence of a conscious intent to attack a U.S. vessel.”[58]

The House Armed Services Committee investigation report is titled, “Review of Department of Defense Worldwide Communications”. It was not an investigation focused on the Liberty attack; although, the committee’s report contains a section that describes communications flow involved with the Liberty incident.

The NSA History Report is, as its name connotes, a historical report that cited the U.S. Naval Court of Inquiry record, various military and government messages and memorandum, and personal interviews for its content. The report ends with a section entitled, “Unanswered Questions”, and provides no conclusion regarding culpability.

The Liberty Veterans Association (composed of veterans from the ship) states that U.S. congressional investigations and other U.S. investigations were not actually investigations into the attack, but rather reports using evidence only from the U.S. Navy Court of Inquiry, or investigations unrelated to culpability that involved issues such as communications. In their view, the U.S. Navy Court of Inquiry is the only actual investigation on the incident to date. They say it was hastily conducted, in only 10 days, even though the court’s president, Rear Admiral Isaac Kidd, said that it would take six months to conduct properly. The inquiry’s terms of reference were limited to whether any shortcomings on the part of the Liberty’s crew had contributed to the injuries and deaths that resulted from the attack.[59] According to the Navy Court of Inquiry’s record of proceedings, four days were spent hearing testimony: two days for fourteen survivors of the attack and several U.S. Navy expert witnesses, and two partial days for two expert U.S. Navy witnesses. No testimony was heard from Israeli personnel involved.

The National Archives in College Park, Maryland includes in its files on casualties from the Liberty copies of the original telegrams the Navy sent out to family members. The telegrams called the attack accidental. The telegrams were sent out June 9, the day before the Navy Court of Inquiry convened.

Two subsequent Israeli inquiry reports and an historical report concluded the attack was conducted because Liberty was confused with an Egyptian vessel and because of failures in communications between Israel and the U.S. The three Israeli reports were:

In the historical report, it was acknowledged that IDF naval headquarters knew at least three hours before the attack that the ship was “an electromagnetic audio-surveillance ship of the U.S. Navy” but concluded that this information had simply “gotten lost, never passed along to the ground controllers who directed the air attack nor to the crews of the three Israeli torpedo boats.”

The Israeli government said that three crucial errors were made: the refreshing of the status board (removing the ship’s classification as American, so that the later shift did not see it identified), the erroneous identification of the ship as an Egyptian vessel, and the lack of notification from the returning aircraft informing Israeli headquarters of markings on the front of the hull (markings that would not be found on an Egyptian ship). As a common root of these problems, Israel blamed the combination of alarm and fatigue experienced by the Israeli forces at that point of the war when pilots were severely overworked.

After conducting his own fact-finding inquiry and reviewing evidence, Judge Yerushalmi’s decision was: “I have not discovered any deviation from the standard of reasonable conduct which would justify committal of anyone for trial.” In other words, he found no negligence by any IDF member associated with the attack.

Some intelligence and military officials dispute Israel’s explanation.[63]

Dean Rusk, U.S. Secretary of State at the time of the incident, wrote:

I was never satisfied with the Israeli explanation. Their sustained attack to disable and sink Liberty precluded an assault by accident or some trigger-happy local commander. Through diplomatic channels we refused to accept their explanations. I didn’t believe them then, and I don’t believe them to this day. The attack was outrageous.[64]

Retired naval Lieutenant Commander James Ennes, a junior officer (and off-going Officer of the Deck) on Liberty’s bridge at the time of the attack, authored a book titled Assault on the Liberty describing the incident during the Six Day War in June 1967 and saying, among other things, that the attack was deliberate.[65] Ennes and Joe Meadors, also survivors of the attack, run a website about the incident.[66] Meadors states that the classification of the attack as deliberate is the official policy of the USS Liberty Veterans Association,[67] to which survivors and other former crew members belong. Other survivors run several additional websites. Citing Ennes’s book, Lenczowski notes: Liberty’s personnel received firm orders not to say anything to anybody about the attack, and the naval inquiry was conducted in such a way as to earn it the name of “coverup”.[52]

In 2002, Captain Ward Boston, JAGC, U.S. Navy, senior counsel for the Court of Inquiry, said that the Court of Inquiry’s findings were intended to cover up what was a deliberate attack by Israel on a ship that the Israelis knew to be American. In 2004, in response to the publication of A. Jay Cristol’s book The Liberty Incident, which Boston said was an “insidious attempt to whitewash the facts”, Boston prepared and signed an affidavit in which he said that Admiral Kidd had told him that the government ordered Kidd to falsely report that the attack was a mistake, and that Boston and Kidd both believed the attack was deliberate.[68] On the issue Boston wrote, in part:

The evidence was clear. Both Admiral Kidd and I believed with certainty that this attack, which killed 34 American sailors and injured 172 others, was a deliberate effort to sink an American ship and murder its entire crew. Each evening, after hearing testimony all day, we often spoke our private thoughts concerning what we had seen and heard. I recall Admiral Kidd repeatedly referring to the Israeli forces responsible for the attack as ‘murderous bastards.’ It was our shared belief, based on the documentary evidence and testimony we received first hand, that the Israeli attack was planned and deliberate, and could not possibly have been an accident.

Cristol wrote about Boston’s professional qualifications and integrity, on page 149 of his book:

Boston brought two special assets in addition to his skill as a Navy lawyer. He had been a naval aviator in World War II and therefore had insight beyond that of one qualified only in the law. Also, Kidd knew him as a man of integrity. On an earlier matter Boston had been willing to bump heads with Kidd when Boston felt it was more important to do the right thing than to curry favor with the senior who would write his fitness report.

Cristol believes that Boston is not telling the truth about Kidd’s views and any pressure from the U.S. government.[69] Cristol, who also served as an officer of the U.S. Navy’s Judge Advocate General, suggests that Boston was responsible in part for the original conclusions of the Court of Inquiry and, that by later declaring that they were false, Boston has admitted to “lying under oath.” Cristol also notes that Boston’s statements about pressure on Kidd were hearsay, and that Kidd was not alive to confirm or deny them. He also notes that Boston did not maintain, prior to his affidavit and comments related to it, that Kidd spoke of such instructions to Boston or to others. Finally, Cristol provides a handwritten 1991 letter from Admiral Kidd[70] that, according to Cristol, “suggest that Ward Boston has either a faulty memory or a vivid imagination”.

The Anti-Defamation League supports Cristol’s opinion:

… according to his own account, Boston’s evidence of a cover-up derives not from his own part in the investigation but solely on alleged conversations with Admiral Kidd, who purportedly told him he was forced to find that the attack was unintentional. Kidd died in 1999 and there is no way to verify Boston’s statements. However, Cristol argues that the ‘documentary record’ strongly indicated that Kidd ‘supported the validity of the findings of the Court of Inquiry to his dying day.'[71]

According to James Ennes, however, Admiral Kidd urged Ennes and his group to keep pressing for an open congressional probe.[72]

The following arguments, found in official reports or other sources, were published to support that the attack was due to mistaken identity:

Several books and the BBC documentary USS Liberty: Dead in the Water argued that Liberty was attacked in order to prevent the U.S. from knowing about the forthcoming attack in the Golan Heights, which would violate a cease-fire to which Israel’s government had agreed.[75] However, Syria did not accept the cease fire until 9 June, after the attack on Liberty.[76] Russian author Joseph Daichman, in his book History of the Mossad, states Israel was justified in attacking the Liberty.[77] Israel knew that American radio signals were intercepted by the Soviet Union and that the Soviets would certainly inform Egypt of the fact that, by moving troops to the Golan Heights, Israel had left the Egyptian border undefended.[78]

Lenczowski notes that while the Israeli decision to “attack and destroy” the ship “may appear puzzling”, the explanation seems to be found in Liberty’s nature and its task to monitor communications on both sides in the war zone. He writes, “Israel clearly did not want the U.S. government to know too much about its dispositions for attacking Syria, initially planned for 8 June, but postponed for 24 hours. It should be pointed out that the attack on Liberty occurred on 8 June, whereas on 9 June at 3am, Syria announced its acceptance of the cease-fire. Despite this, at 7am, that is, four hours later, Israel’s minister of defense, Moshe Dayan, “gave the order to go into action against Syria.”[79] He further writes that timely knowledge of this decision and preparatory moves toward it “might have frustrated Israeli designs for the conquest of Syria’s Golan Heights” and, in the sense of Ennes’s accusations, provides “a plausible thesis that Israel deliberately decided to incapacitate the signals-collecting American ship and leave no one alive to tell the story of the attack.”[80]

U.S. Ambassador to Israel, Barbour, had reported on the day of the Liberty attack that he “would not be surprised” by an Israeli attack on Syria, and the IDF Intelligence chief told a White House aide then in Israel that “there still remained the Syria problem and perhaps it would be necessary to give Syria a blow.”[81]

The 1981 book Weapons by Russell Warren Howe says that Liberty was accompanied by the Polaris ballistic missile-armed Lafayette-class submarine USSAndrew Jackson, which filmed the entire episode through its periscope but was unable to provide assistance. According to Howe: “Two hundred feet below the ship, on a parallel course, was its ‘shadow’the Polaris strategic submarine Andrew Jackson, whose job was to take out all the Israeli long-range missile sites in the Negev if Tel Aviv decided to attack Cairo, Damascus or Baghdad. This was in order that Moscow would not have to perform this task itself and thus trigger World War Three.”[82]

James Bamford, a former ABC News producer, in his 2001 book Body of Secrets,[83] says Israel deliberately attacked Liberty to prevent the discovery of what he described as war crimes, including the killing of Egyptian prisoners of war by the IDF that he alleges was taking place around the same time in the nearby town of El-Arish.[84] However according to CAMERA his claim that 400 were executed has been cast into doubt since reporters present in the town claimed that there had in fact been a large battle and this was the main cause of casualties.[85] Bamford also claimed that eyewitness Gabi Bron had claimed he saw 150 people executed by Israeli troops at El-Arish.[83] However Gabi Bron claimed to have only seen 5 people executed by Israeli troops.[86][87]

The press release for the BBC documentary film Dead in the Water states that new recorded and other evidence suggests the attack was a “daring ploy by Israel to fake an Egyptian attack” to give America a reason to enter the war against Egypt. Convinced that the attack was real, President of the United States Lyndon B. Johnson launched allegedly nuclear-armed aircraft targeted against Cairo from a U.S. aircraft carrier in the Mediterranean. The aircraft were recalled only just in time, when it was clear the Liberty had not sunk and that Israel had carried out the attack. An information source for the aircraft being nuclear-armed, James Ennes, later stated:

Although America could not send conventionally armed jets, reports still come in that four jet bombers were catapulted from the carrier America with nuclear bombs aboard. Even today there is no official confirmation of that launch and much high-level denial. A nuclear launch has been strongly denied by Secretary McNamara, Admiral Martin (now deceased), Admiral Geis (deceased), Admiral Moorer, and Americas skipper, Admiral David Engen (deceased) and others. Yet eyewitness reports persist. Clearly no such launch could have been intended for offensive purposes. Surely nuclear weapons would not have been used in defense of the USS Liberty.

It is clear that I was mistaken about the aircraft involved, as F4s do not carry nuclear weapons. Others tell me that the aircraft that were launched carried Bullpup missiles, which might easily be mistaken for nuclear bombs. And we learned much later that the USS America was involved in a nuclear weapons loading drill at the very time the ship learned of the attack on the Liberty and that this drill is one factor that delayed America’s response to our call for help. It is also possible that those were the weapons seen by our sources.

Also confusing this issue is an oral history report from the American Embassy in Cairo, now in the LBJ Library, which notes that the Embassy received an urgent message from Washington warning that Cairo was about to be bombed by US forces, presumably in mistaken retaliation for the USS Liberty attack. That strange message was never explained or cancelled.[88]

The video also provides hearsay evidence of a covert alliance of U.S. and Israel intelligence agencies.[89]

Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and a critic of the official United States Government version of events, chaired a non-governmental investigation into the attack on the USS Liberty in 2003. The committee, which included former U.S. ambassador to Saudi Arabia James E. Akins, held Israel to be culpable and suggested several theories for Israel’s possible motives, including the desire to blame Egypt and bring the U.S. into the Six Day War.[90]

According to John Loftus and Mark Aarons in their book, The Secret War Against the Jews, USS Liberty was attacked because the Israelis knew that Liberty’s mission was to monitor radio signals from Israeli troops and pass troop movement information to the Egyptians.[91][unreliable source?]

Within an hour of learning that the Liberty had been torpedoed, the director of the U.S. National Security Agency, LTG Marshall S. Carter, sent a message to all intercept sites requesting a special search of all communications that might reflect the attack or reaction. No communications were available. However, one of the airborne platforms, a U.S. Navy EC-121 aircraft that flew near the attacks from 2:30pm to 3:27pm, Sinai time (1230 to 1327 Z), had collected voice conversations between two Israeli helicopter pilots and the control tower at Hatzor Airfield following the attack on the Liberty.[92]

On 2 July 2003, the NSA released copies of the recordings made by the EC-121 and the resultant translations and summaries.[93] These revelations were elicited as part of a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit by Florida bankruptcy judge and retired naval aviator Jay Cristol. Two linguists who were aboard the EC-121 when the recordings were made, however, said separately that at least two additional tapes were made that have been excluded from the NSA releases up to and including a 8 June 2007, release.[7]

English transcripts of the released tapes indicate that Israel still spoke of hitting an Egyptian supply ship even after the attack had stopped.[94][95] After the attack, the rescue helicopters are heard relaying several urgent requests that the rescuers ask the first survivor pulled out of the water what his nationality is, and discussing whether the survivors from the attacked ship will speak Arabic.[96]

A summary report of the NSA-translated tapes[97] indicates that at 1234Z Hatzor air control began directing two Israeli Air Force helicopters to an Egyptian warship, to rescue its crew: “This ship has now been identified as Egyptian.” The helicopters arrived near the ship at about 1303Z: “I see a big vessel, near it are three small vessels…” At 1308Z, Hatzor air control indicated concern about the nationality of the ship’s crew: “The first matter to clarify is to find out what their nationality is.” At 1310Z, one of the helicopter pilots asked the nearby torpedo boats’ Division Commander about the meaning of the ship’s hull number: “GTR5 is written on it. Does this mean something?” The response was: “Negative, it doesn’t mean anything.” At 1312Z, one of the helicopter pilots was asked by air control: “Did you clearly identify an American flag?” No answer appears in the transcript, but the air controller then says: “We request that you make another pass and check once more if this is really an American flag.” Again, no response appears in the transcript. At about 1314Z, the helicopters were directed to return home.

The NSA reported that there had been no radio intercepts of the attack made by the Liberty herself, nor had there been any radio intercepts made by the U.S. submarine USSAmberjack.

On 10 October 2003, The Jerusalem Post ran an interview with Yiftah Spector, one of the pilots who participated in the attack,[98] and thought to be the lead pilot of the first wave of aircraft. Spector said the ship was assumed to be Egyptian, stating that: “I circled it twice and it did not fire on me. My assumption was that it was likely to open fire at me and nevertheless I slowed down and I looked and there was positively no flag.” The interview also contains the transcripts of the Israeli communications about the Liberty. The journalist who transcribed the tapes for that article, Arieh O’Sullivan, later confirmed that “the Israeli Air Force tapes he listened to contained blank spaces.”[7]

The Liberty’s survivors contradict Spector. According to subsequently declassified NSA documents: “Every official interview of numerous Liberty crewmen gave consistent evidence that indeed the Liberty was flying an American flagand, further, the weather conditions were ideal to ensure its easy observance and identification.”[99]

On 8 June 2005, the USS Liberty Veterans Association filed a “Report of War Crimes Committed Against the U.S. Military, June 8, 1967” with the Department of Defense (DoD). They say Department of Defense Directive 2311.01E requires the Department of Defense to conduct a thorough investigation of the allegations contained in their report. DoD has responded that a new investigation will not be conducted since a Navy Court of Inquiry already investigated the facts and circumstances surrounding the attack.

As of 2006, the NSA has yet to declassify “boxes and boxes” of Liberty documents. Numerous requests under both declassification directives and the Freedom of Information Act are pending in various agencies including the NSA, Central Intelligence Agency, and Defense Intelligence Agency. “On 8 June 2007, the National Security Agency released hundreds of additional declassified documents on the Israeli attack on the USS Liberty, a communications interception vessel, on 8 June 1967.”[100]

On 2 October 2007, The Chicago Tribune published a special report[7] into the attack, containing numerous previously unreported quotes from former military personnel with first-hand knowledge of the incident. Many of these quotes directly contradict the NSA’s position that it never intercepted the communications of the attacking Israeli pilots, saying that not only did transcripts of those communications exist, but also that it showed the Israelis knew they were attacking an American naval vessel.

Two diplomatic cables written by Avraham Harman, Israel’s ambassador in Washington, to Abba Eban Israel’s minister of foreign affairs, have been declassified by Israel and obtained from the Israel State Archive. The first cable, sent five days after the attack, informs Eban that a U.S. informant told him (Harman) that there was “clear proof that from a certain stage the pilot discovered the identity of the ship and continued the attack anyway.”[15] The second cable, sent three days later, added that the White House is “very angry” because “the Americans probably have findings showing that our pilots indeed knew that the ship was American.”[7]

Documents of the Israeli General Staff meetings, declassified in October 2008, show no discussion of a planned attack on an American ship.[101]

On 30 October 2014, Al Jazeera English broadcast a documentary film containing recent first-hand accounts by several survivors of the incident.[102]

Many of the events surrounding the attack are the subject of controversy:

We learned that the ship had been attacked in error by Israeli gunboats and aircraft. Ten men of the Liberty crew were killed and a hundred were wounded. This heartbreaking episode grieved the Israelis deeply, as it did us.

Survivors of the attack

Sources other than survivors

Coordinates: 312324N 332248E / 31.3900N 33.3800E / 31.3900; 33.3800

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USS Liberty incident – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Latest Updates | Young Americans for Liberty

 Liberty  Comments Off on Latest Updates | Young Americans for Liberty
Aug 182015

Too often I see newly forming YAL chapters struggle to achieve official school recognition. Although being officially recognized by your school is not a requirement for creating an awesome YAL chapter, it definitely helps when it comes time to reserve space for meetings or events, request school funding, and ultimately add more legitimacy. The First Amendment legally binds public colleges and universities, therefore if you attend a school that accepts tax-payer money in order to function, then your school is legally not allowed to deny the recognition of your YAL chapter based off of ideology alone.

Each school is different, but most institutions will require that a student organization have a faculty advisor and a certain number of members in order to achieve official recognition. To be clear, you must adhere to your school’s requirements to be officially recognized. However, sometimes schools won’t even give you the opportunity to meet those requirements, but instead deny you official recognition before you have a chance to play by their rules.

If you apply for official recognition from your school, and the administration denies your request, it is essential that you ask the administration to supply you with a copy of the specific policy that they are referencing which gives them ‘legitimacy’ to deny official recognition of your YAL chapter.If your school’s administration is unable to point you to a specific policy, then politely remind them that there are not reasonable grounds for denying official recognition. Make sure all exchanges with your school’s administration are done through email so you can have concrete evidence of all communications.

Commonly, I see schools deny YAL chapters official recognition because they believe the student organization will be ‘politically affiliated’. If this is the case, it is important to remind the administration that YAL is a non-partisan student organization that aims to identify, educate, train, and mobilize student activists dedicated to winning on principle. As a 501(c)3 non-profit, YAL does not endorse any candidates, political parties, or specific legislation.

Other times, a school will try to claim that there are ‘too many existing political groups on campus’ or that YAL’s views align too closely with another student organization with an already established presence. This is considered viewpoint discrimination, and is completely unconstitutional.

It is important to remember that private colleges and universities do not necessarily have to adhere toConstitution(although, I think we can all agree that they absolutely should), unless they make an explicit promise to freedom of speech or freedom of expression within their policies.

If you attend a public college or university and have gone through the necessary steps to get officially recognized, but your school stillrefuses to give your YAL chapter official recognition, then contact YAL’s Free Speech Director at for further assistance.

Also, be sure to check out YAL’s handy resource on obtaining school recognition!

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Latest Updates | Young Americans for Liberty

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Town of Liberty, NC

 Liberty  Comments Off on Town of Liberty, NC
Aug 132015

Welcome tothe official Townof Liberty NCwebsite.

We believe you will find it informative and we encourage any and all suggestions to make it even better. Liberty is a charming, inviting, friendly rural Town in the Piedmont region that is convenient to larger cities.Liberty is hometo The Liberty Antiques Festival held twice a year, located20 miles northeastfrom Asheboro and the North Carolina Zoo; 20 miles southwestfrom Burlington and excellent shopping; 20 miles southfrom Greensborowith major transportation hubs; 30 miles from High Point and the semi-annual Furniture Market; and regionally accessible to the State Capital of Raleigh and surrounding areas.

Our Mayor, Town Council, and Administrative Staff along with the invaluable assistance of the many great citizens who sit on our advisory boards and others who volunteer their time and services, all work diligently to make our community a great place to be in North Carolina. Please enjoy our web site and our town, and feel free to contact town hall at any time. The Liberty Team looks forward to serving you and making Liberty an even better place to live, work, visit and play.

Liberty Mission Statement

Liberty is an All American town in the Heart of N.C. We are rooted in our heritage, embracing the present while moving towards the future. We are a diverse community united in our efforts to promote growth, leadership, economic development and family values.

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Town of Liberty, NC

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Liberty Safes, Liberty Gun Safes

 Liberty  Comments Off on Liberty Safes, Liberty Gun Safes
Aug 132015

For items weighing over 150 lbs we include a free curbside delivery, this will get the truck to your home or business, they will unload the safe with a lift gate to the ground level. The carrier will call in advance to schedule delivery. Depending on the weight of the safe you may want to arrange for additional help to bring the safe inside. Please contact us before the item ships if you live on a rural route, area not serviced by freight carriers, or on an Island. If you have a narrow, steep, or inaccessible driveway for an 18 wheel truck and trailer, you will need to upgrade to our Bronze, Gold or Platinum level service (generally delivered on a 26′ truck). If inaccessible by a 26′ truck or larger, please call us for further options.

For items under 150 lbs the order will be shipped with FedEx or UPS and occasionally USPS.

Shipping Options

FREE Shipping (Standard): Free curbside delivery with liftgate to the ground level.

Bronze: 1-2 person delivery to garage or first dry area. No weight limitation, stairs or pallet removal.

Gold: Inside placement (ground level delivery only) pallet and debris removal.

Platinum: Inside placement, up to 2 flights of stairs, pallet and debris removal. 900lb weight limitation for this service.

Questions? Feel free to give us a call! 855-248-6723

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Liberty Safes, Liberty Gun Safes

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Pierre Teilhard De Chardin | Designer Children | Prometheism | Euvolution | Transhumanism