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Offshore Banking – The New York Times

 Offshore Banking  Comments Off on Offshore Banking – The New York Times
Apr 202016

Latest Articles

S.E.C. Held Up by Democrats | Criminal Inquiry Into Panama Papers Tax Avoidance Claims | Chinese Consortium to Buy Lexmark

The disclosures of hidden wealth in the Panama Papers have focused attention on the secrecy offered under American law to offshore companies.


Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain have agreed to share information on company ownership and that urged the Group of 20 Nations to do the same.


The resignation of Jos Manuel Soria, who has not been charged with wrongdoing, comes at a time of turmoil in Spanish politics, after inconclusive elections in December.


Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif left Pakistan to receive medical treatment in London in the middle of an unfolding scandal over his familys offshore wealth.


Many in Africa have long known that billions of dollars are being spirited away to tax havens every year, making their lives even more precarious.


The tax code is rigged to give Americas biggest corporations a free ride.


Officials said they were looking for evidence of illegal activities during the search of the headquarters of Mossack Fonseca, which specializes in setting up offshore accounts.


The proposed rules, in the works before the Panama Papers leak, are intended in some ways to lift the veil on similar types of corporate secrets.


The leaked documents show the many ways offshore shell companies are used to conceal the ownership of art. Heres a look at three cases.


The British prime minister confronted the Labour Party in Parliament in a spirited debate over economic fairness that was set off by the Panama Papers.


David Lammy, a member of the Labour Party, asked Prime Minister David Cameron of Britain about property owned by offshore companies, what he called dirty money.


The revelations of a vast off shore industry require new laws and new transparency, not finger-pointing, President Juan Carlos Varela says.


Mr. Cameron, the British prime minister, admitted that he had bungled his response to questions about his inheritance from his father, who had an offshore investment company.


The prime minister has condemned offshore accounts used to avoid taxes, but leaked documents show that his family has profited from an offshore investment fund.


First Ashley Madison accounts, now offshore accounts?


The Financial Conduct Authority has given 20 lenders and other financial institutions until April 15 to respond to the request.


While most nations have agreed to share information to root out tax havens, Panama has dragged its feet.


The new Obama administration rules will ultimately discourage companies from investing in the U.S.


Readers react to disclosures about the use of tax havens by prominent political figures and their families and associates worldwide.

S.E.C. Held Up by Democrats | Criminal Inquiry Into Panama Papers Tax Avoidance Claims | Chinese Consortium to Buy Lexmark

The disclosures of hidden wealth in the Panama Papers have focused attention on the secrecy offered under American law to offshore companies.


Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain have agreed to share information on company ownership and that urged the Group of 20 Nations to do the same.


The resignation of Jos Manuel Soria, who has not been charged with wrongdoing, comes at a time of turmoil in Spanish politics, after inconclusive elections in December.


Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif left Pakistan to receive medical treatment in London in the middle of an unfolding scandal over his familys offshore wealth.


Many in Africa have long known that billions of dollars are being spirited away to tax havens every year, making their lives even more precarious.


The tax code is rigged to give Americas biggest corporations a free ride.


Officials said they were looking for evidence of illegal activities during the search of the headquarters of Mossack Fonseca, which specializes in setting up offshore accounts.


The proposed rules, in the works before the Panama Papers leak, are intended in some ways to lift the veil on similar types of corporate secrets.


The leaked documents show the many ways offshore shell companies are used to conceal the ownership of art. Heres a look at three cases.


The British prime minister confronted the Labour Party in Parliament in a spirited debate over economic fairness that was set off by the Panama Papers.


David Lammy, a member of the Labour Party, asked Prime Minister David Cameron of Britain about property owned by offshore companies, what he called dirty money.


The revelations of a vast off shore industry require new laws and new transparency, not finger-pointing, President Juan Carlos Varela says.


Mr. Cameron, the British prime minister, admitted that he had bungled his response to questions about his inheritance from his father, who had an offshore investment company.


The prime minister has condemned offshore accounts used to avoid taxes, but leaked documents show that his family has profited from an offshore investment fund.


First Ashley Madison accounts, now offshore accounts?


The Financial Conduct Authority has given 20 lenders and other financial institutions until April 15 to respond to the request.


While most nations have agreed to share information to root out tax havens, Panama has dragged its feet.


The new Obama administration rules will ultimately discourage companies from investing in the U.S.


Readers react to disclosures about the use of tax havens by prominent political figures and their families and associates worldwide.

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Offshore Banking – The New York Times

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Kansas City SEO Search Engine Optimization

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Apr 182016

For over a decade, weve been helping Kansas City companies and businesses around the country dominate online by creating and executing Content Marketing, SEO and Inbound Marketing strategies. Our team is lead by a nationally published author and recognized authority in search engine optimization and Internet marketing. Check out our website we practice every word of what we preach.

Our team provides SEO services at every level. We thrive in ultra-competitve niches. Home services. Consumer products. Legal services. Ecommerce. Bring it on.

Search Engine Optimization or SEO is the key to website visibility on the Internet. Most websites are never found. SEO puts you in front of your ideal customers at the precise moment they are searching to buy your products & services. You can test the SEO on your current website right now. We offer this free one-click online SEO report.

The Kansas City SEO team believes WordPress is the best content management system (CMS) for Kansas City small businesses. WordPress is extremely SEO friendly. This is a WordPress website. We build custom, high-performance SEO-ready web sites. We like to build on Magento for larger ecommerce websites.

Search Engine Optimization has morphed into Content Marketing. In order to rank in competitive niches, your company needs to continually create great content, strategically participate in social media and build your own custom content distributions channels. And well show you how to do just enough social to avoid diminishing returns.

The rest is here:
Kansas City SEO Search Engine Optimization

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Kansas City SEO | Search Engine Optimization Kansas City

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Apr 182016

Fox Web Creations can help you optimize your website to be search engine friendly with on-page optimization (meta tag composition, site map, semantic navigation, html optimization, keyword research) and off-page optimization (link building, link strategy, citations, local directory submissions, search engine submissions, press releases, article submissions, social bookmarking, social media marketing). With a user-friendly website thats well-optimized for search engines and user friendly, as well as a thriving community of other websites endorsing your company, youll have better SEO and a better page rank. Your business is missing out on customers if you dont rank on the first page of search engines, and our Kansas City SEO services can help you get there.

A small investment in SEO for your company can go a long way because ranking well in web searches is so important in todays economy. Though there are lots of ways to generate web traffic, a skilled SEO team is often the most cost-effective choice for your business. Contact Fox Web Creations to give your website the search engine optimization it needs to boost your rank in local searches and bring your business more web traffic and more customers!

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Kansas City SEO | Search Engine Optimization Kansas City

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Eugenics in California: A Legacy of the Past? | Center for …

 Eugenics  Comments Off on Eugenics in California: A Legacy of the Past? | Center for …
Apr 162016

A free event open to the public, Eugenics in California: a Legacy of thePast?, will take place at the Berkeley Law School on the UC Berkeleycampus (105 Boalt Hall) on Tuesday, August 28, 2012 from 12:30 to 2 pm.

For much of the 20th century, California was at the forefront of eugenicideology and practices in the United States, and holds the dubiousdistinction of being the state with the highest number of eugenicsterilizations performed under the authority of law some 20,000procedures between 1909 and the mid-1950s. Coerced sterilizationscontinued in public hospitals into the 1970s, and it has recently come tolight that in very recent years, women prisoners in California have beensterilized without their consent or knowledge. Today, California is aleader in research and services related to human genomics and assistedreproductive technologies. Speakers at this public event will consider thelong history of eugenics in California and explore continuities anddiscontinuities in the uses and misuses of genetic ideas and practices.

Dean Christopher Edley, Berkeley School of Law, will give opening remarksto welcome attendees.


“Eugenic Sterilization in California: Stories and Statistics” Miroslava Chvez-Garca, University of California at Davis, and AlexandraMinna Stern, University of Michigan

We provide an overview of the patterns of the 20,000 eugenic sterilizationsperformed in California state institutions from 1909 to 1979, with closeattention to race, gender, class, and diagnosis. We will also highlightstories of sterilization victims and the ways in which they attempted tochallenge the state’s authority to control and contain their reproductiverights. As we will demonstrate, the process had a devastating impact onthe victims.

Ms Bebs? (documentary film) Renee Tajima-Pea, University of California at Santa Cruz; Virginia Espino,University of California at Santa Cruz, and Kate Trumbull, documentaryfilmmaker

The feature-length documentary Ms Bebs? (working title) investigatesthe history of Mexican American women who allege they were coercivelysterilized at Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center during the 1960s and70s. Many spoke no English, and testified that they were prodded intotubal ligations during active labor. The sterilizations triggered the1978 class action lawsuit, Madrigal v. Quilligan, and a protest campaignthat galvanized the Chicana feminist movement.

Eugenics in California Womens Prisons Today Kimberly Jeffrey and Courtney Hooks, Justice Now

Since 2003, Justice Now has been working collaboratively with people inCalifornias womens prisons to document how prisons violate theinternational right to family and function as a tool of reproductiveoppression. Presenters will place a spotlight on personal experience withas well as the systemic pattern of destruction of reproductive capacity ofwomen of color and gender variant people in California womens prisonsthrough several state-sanctioned policies, including forced and coercedsterilizations (e.g. the illegal and routine sterilization of hundreds ofpeople in prison during labor and delivery), and other violations of safemotherhood and reproductive justice.

Should We Worry About a New Eugenics? Marcy Darnovsky, Center for Genetics and Society

Today’s fast-developing genetic and reproductive technologies offersignificant benefits, but can also be misused in ways that exacerbateexisting inequalities and create entirely new forms of injustice. California, a hotbed of eugenic advocacy in the last century, is today acenter of biotechnology research and commercial development and theassisted reproduction sector, as well as home to some troublingtechno-enthusiastic ideologies. Our efforts to confront California’seugenic history can help prevent these dynamics from veering toward a neweugenics.

CONTACTS: Susan Schweik, UC Berkeley,, MarcyDarnovsky, Center for Genetics and Society,

Co-sponsored by the Center for Genetics and Society and U.C. BerkeleysHaas Diversity Research Center, School of Law, Institute for the Study ofSocietal Issues, American Cultures Center, Disability Studies program,Center on Reproductive Rights and Justice, and Center for Race and Gender.

This event is wheelchair accessible. Captioning will be provided. Torequest an accommodation, please email

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Eugenics in California: A Legacy of the Past? | Center for …

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Bitcoin Exchange Rate Bitcoin Live Converter Preev

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Apr 062016

Keep an eye on the Bitcoin price, even while browsing in other tabs. Simply keep this site open and see the live Bitcoin price in the browser tab. (Note: Some mobile browsers dont yet support this feature.)

See how many bitcoins you can buy. Enter an amount on the right-hand input field, to see the equivalent amount in Bitcoin on the left.

See the value of your Bitcoin holdings. Enter the number of bitcoins you have, and watch their value fluctuate over time.

Compare Bitcoin to gold and other precious metals by checking out the converters for Bitcoin to gold, Bitcoin to silver, Bitcoin to platinum, and Bitcoin to palladium.

Try it on your phone or tabletthis site is designed with mobile devices in mind.

Convert in terms of smaller units e.g. microbitcoins (), millibitcoins (m). Toggle using keyboard shortcuts: ‘u’, ‘m’, and ‘k’.

Bookmark your preferred currency e.g. Bitcoin to Euro, or Bitcoin to British Pound. This site currently supports 64 currencies.

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The Zeitgeist Movement Global

 Zeitgeist Movement  Comments Off on The Zeitgeist Movement Global
Mar 262016

If there is one dominant myth about the worldit is that we all go around assuming the world is much more of a planned place than it is.Matt Ridley, The Evolution of Everything

For those fascinated by the cosmic gears that guide us forward, and for those who “>question how central humans are in the story of unfolding of change, a new(ish) book by Matt Ridley, The Evolution of Everything, offers a convincing narrative for just how far our planning brains are from being master and commander of the fast-paced world in which we now live.

Ridleys book applies the evolution-centric framing of progress that fans of Kevin Kellys What Technology Wants will recognize, with sixteen chapterseach representing a new field to which one can apply his theory. The book is a dream read for aspiring polymaths, with far-ranging topics that span the evolution of the universe, morality, technology, the economy, government, religion, and a remarkably up-to-the-minute summary of the Internet (Blockchain fans rejoice!).

Human society isnt planned by the human brain, Ridley argues, but is instead the result of emergent, bottom-up, and ultimately unpredictable forces of evolution. Its a convincing narrative that aims to dispel the arrogance associated with humankinds craving forand belief inour having control. ” alt=”no-one-planned-our-world-4″ data-recalc-dims=”1″ />The books central argument is best summed up in a casually used quote Ridley offers from 20th-century philosopher Alain, who says that a bad boat design will result in that boats sinking to the bottom of the ocean.

Alain points out, One could then say, that it is the sea herself who fashions the boat.

Boat designs evolved over time from those who experimented with putting things in the water to see what could float and then copying and improving the best designs (that is, the ones that didnt sink). These designs didnt come formed inside anyones mind, ready for building. Its our tendency to ascribe a clever boat schematic to those working on the designs of our boats but humans didnt design boatsthe water did.

This ethos is one of progress by trial and error in pursuit of a goal rather than top-down control. In biological evolution the goal is survival given environmental constraints; in boats, its not sinking, given the dynamics of water. The goal and constraints define the shape of progress and result in better designs.

Its a mind-set now being adopted more widely within business innovation circles, as seen by the success of experimentation-based methodologies such as the lean startup approach. As Eric Ries, author of The Lean Startup, first proposed, businesses can radically transform their likelihood of success by reducing central planning and adapting a product to the needs of the customer in an iterative way over time. The customers needs become the core designer in building better products.

Its also this intuitive understanding of trial and error that allows kindergarten students to consistently outperform the planning-minded brains of recent MBA graduates on the popular “>marshmallow challenge. Kindergarteners instinctively prototype towards an outcome rather than overthink and plan.

The sculpting prowess of evolution is now being used to build even our most advanced technologies as well. With recent advances in artificial intelligence and machine learning, computer science is moving beyond the deliberately designed world of engineering to one where computers self-code to do things such as “>drive cars, “>recognize where a picture was taken, and solve “>centuries-old biology problems. ” alt=”no-one-planned-our-world-31″ data-recalc-dims=”1″ />Machine learning is a way for programmers to assign a task to a piece of software, define what success looks like, and then sit back and wait for the code to teach itself through experimentation.

So what does this mean for usa species “>who some argue reached our much vaunted place atop the animal kingdom through an ability to imagine outcomes and execute accordingly? Its likely more nuanced than Ridleys binary approach of central-planning is bad/bottom-up is good.

Though Ridley demonstrates a self-awareness for the one-sidedness of his arguments, they do push too far at times. Everything from World War I to the 2008 financial crisis is blamed on top-down problems.

Others, however, have convincingly argued that these two events were the ultimate of bottom-up disasters (for example, “>this amazing podcast by Dan Carlin profiles the calamity of unexpected horrors that plunged the world into the First World War). The book also ignores that top-notch central planning has resulted in good business strategy and, at times, good policy. For example, Apple, who do understand customer-focused design principles better than anyone, has succeeded through making their iOS environment “>a notoriously closed-source place. And as distinguished Singularity University faculty David Roberts often points out, the coordinated efforts by our world governments have “>addressed the depletion of the ozone layer with great success.

Things occur from a blending of top-down and bottom-up, and they arent always good or bad in the way that Ridley suggests.

The larger point of Ridleys book is spot-on, however. Humans tend to reason that things are the result of coordinated efforts from people we assume are smarter and more qualified than we are. For Ridley, we better become a more bottom-up-based societyand fast. He thinks central planning is bad policy, bad for business, and bad for the citizens of the world.

The world does face a growing list of challenges, and Ridleys magic pill is counterintuitivenamely that humanity ought to get out of its own overcontrolling way. Ridleys practical guide might best be embodied by Forgetting Sarah Marshalls “>do-less mentality for learning to surf. And that mentality may be too much to stomach for a control-thirsty species like ours.

Image credit: “>

On hearing words like industry and manufacturing most of us probably picture sprawling assembly lines, heavy machinery, groaning metal, and flying sparks. Few of us likely envision gazelles or fighter jetsagility and manufacturing dont really go together.

But thats about to change.

Its being called the fourth industrial revolution. Today, this means the recent and ongoing explosion of sensors and data in industrial settings. Sensors can do everything from precisely counting inventory to tracking goods as theyre trucked across the country or over the ocean.

This information will provide a real-time window into the supply chain and make it more efficient, a familiar goal in manufacturing. But thats just the beginning.

Customers and managers want this insight turned into action to satisfy an ever-increasing need for agility asthe production of physical goods looks increasingly like a laggard compared tothe rapid changes of its digital peers.

Here are six reasons why physical product companies need that agility to survive. “> ” alt=”future-manufacturers-agile-like-software-companies-4″ data-recalc-dims=”1″ />

Market conditions change fast, and when they do, its important to respond quickly and decisively. But thats easier said than done, and we can see industries struggling to adapt.

2015 marked the first year that growth in shipping volumes was below growth in GDP, according to Nomura. A trillion-dollar industry was never more visibly subject to currency fluctuations and fickle demand. Boats have been idled and scrapped, and in certain markets, new orders have frozen, sending shivers throughout shippingfrom shipyards to ports.

This picture is repeated elsewhere. In oil and gas, for example, the shale industry in the US virtually collapsed overnight as prices eroded. Shale wells have the advantage of having a low shelf life and being relatively easy to close down. Car companies had less luck and had to be bailed out in 2008 as they struggled to adjust production to demand.

Agile production methods make tooling less expensive and machines fungible, and thus enable companies to adapt rapidly to changes in global markets by redirecting resources easily to new tasks.

Divergent3D Blade supercar.

The relentless pressure to improve performance is particularly clear in transportation. Fuel efficiency, for example, is constantly getting better. Where do these gains come from? Design, better utilization, but also, crucially, from manufacturing technologies.

The automotive power-to-weight ratio, which has been decreasing steadily, is maybe the best example of this.Take Divergent3Ds first car, the Blade.

The Blades frame, made entirely of carbon fiber and 3D-printed components, is the lowest power-to-weight ratio ever. It also reduces tooling costs by a factor of 13. The techniques used for the Divergent3D car are now being licensed to large scale production runs of well-known brands.

Deploying new technologies such as 3D printing gives companies a large step ahead in highly competitive industries with razor thin margins, such as the automotive market. But increasingly they are needed just to be able to compete.

With rapid technology changes, we dont know where the next innovation will come from. Firms need the ability to integrate new solutions into their production quickly. The current form of heavy up-front capital investment and fixed production lines that are trimmed to a specific output years in advance cannot deliver this.

Its not just tooling prices that can be reduced through more agile operations. As “>Jonas Berge pointed in response to a “>previous article, smarter manufacturing operations are allowing chemical companies to adapt to changing raw materials prices.

Berge uses a refinery as an example. The price of a particular kind of crude oil, for example, becomes an attractive low-cost optionproblem is, its corrosive. Solution? Corrosion sensors in the pipes. Or perhaps they want to use shale oil and need to monitor heat exchangers. Again, sensors are the answer. With the right monitoring, they can switch between cheaper inputs.

The customer is always right. Managing inventory to keep up with quick changes in needs and tastes is a must. For physical product companies the cost of moving too slowly is high.Some are adopting software-like cycles of testing, measuring, and updating to get an edge. ” alt=”future-manufacturers-agile-like-software-companies-2″ data-recalc-dims=”1″ />Zara, the biggest brand in the fashion conglomerate Inditex, is famous for picking higher cost production locations such as Spain, Portugal and Morocco so they can react to customer demands faster. In contrast to rivals, Zara commits to only 50% of the seasons production at the outset of the season, giving them the flexibility to add new designs as the season moves along, sometimes doing so in a matter of weeks.

According to a “>Columbia University case study, this gives Zara a strong competitive advantage.They need sell only 15 to 20 percent of their clothing at discount compared to 30 to 40 percent at other retailers. Further, it encourages customers to visit the store more often17 times a season versus 3 to 4 times at GAPbecause they know there will always be new items.

Xiaomi, the billion-dollar Chinese consumer tech startup, built its business on a similar strategyusing flash sales to test demand and producing only after theyve met certain thresholds. This allows them to keep very low inventory and have far faster product release cycles than competitors.

Both these cases and many others like them show that hardware release cycles are moving the same way as software.

At my company, “>Authentise, we do 60+ releases a week to fix bugs, address customer needs, and ready our tools for the next stage. While physical products can only dream of such a frictionless release cycle, customers are demanding better.

As new influences and needs bounce around the internet at the speed of light, all businesses, including product companies, need to react faster.

Who you employ is as important as what you produce.

Manufacturing companies, for example, have long been able to rely on loyal, experienced professionals. Now, they are retiring and few are willing to fill manual jobs. The US is expected to have 3.5 million manufacturing vacancies in the next 10 years, according to a “>Deloitte study, 2 million of which are likely to go unfilled due to the skills gap.

The rapidly changing environment of the manufacturing workplace is partially to blame, as new IT skills are needed. But technological innovations such as robotics or augmented reality can also help make the workforce and hiring process more agile by reducing the need for skilled labor in areas where those particular skills are retiring.

Companies dont have an alternative route to growth. Previous strategies such as outsourcing are the victims of their own success. Chinese wages, for instance, rose 17% between 2001-13, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit, which has led to nearly 50% of managers expressing an interest in reshoring. Without an intelligent manufacturing process enabling a more agile workforce, they wont be able to do so.

While companies may spend a decade planning for shifts in the workforce, environmental disasters often dictate significantly more agilityand its absence can cost companies dearly.

When the Thoku earthquake and following tsunami wiped out four key Toyota plants and countless suppliers, no contingency plan would hold. Nearly a month later, two thirds of their suppliers from northeastern Japan were still “>not functioning.

A more agile manufacturing operation that allowed production to be re-routed autonomously may have been able to keep more of Toyotas operations running during the event. Fixed tooling for factories able only to produce a single car also means there are fixed points of failure.

Toyotas “>production declined by over 600,000 cars in 2011 and the firm lost its place as largest automaker by volume. The price of a less-than-agile manufacturing operation is staggering.

Most manufacturers are aware “>its time to adopt a more agile approachno wonder so many are eager to adopt Industry 4.0. Whether its customers, the environment, suppliers, or the marketleaders are hearing they have to turn their large, slow moving ships into nimble jets.

Image credit: “>, “>Steve Jurvetson/Flickr CC BY-2.0

Technology goes beyond mere tool making; it is a process of creating ever more powerful technology using the tools from the previous round of innovation.Ray Kurzweil

A decade ago, smartphones (as we know them by today’s standards) didn’t exist. Three decades earlier, no one even owned a computer.Think about thatthe first personal computers arrivedabout 40 years ago. Today, it seems nearly everyone is gazing at a glowing, handheld computer. (In fact, two-thirds of Americans own one, “>according to a Pew Report.)

Intuitively, itfeels like technology is progressing faster than ever. But is it really? According to Ray Kurzweilyes, it absolutely is. In his book “>The Singularity Is Near, Kurzweil shows technology’s quickening pace and explains the force behind it all.

This article will explore Kurzweil’s explanation of this driving force, which he dubbed the law of accelerating returns, and the surprising implications of technology’s acceleration.

Computer chips have become increasingly powerful while costing less. That’s because over the last five decades the number of transistorsor the tiny electrical components that perform basic operationson a single chip have been doubling regularly.

This exponential doubling, “>known as Moore’s Law, is the reasona modern smartphone affordably packs so much dizzying capability intosuch a small package.

The technological progress in computer chips is well knownbut surprisingly, it isnt a special case. A range of other technologies demonstrate similar exponential growth, whether bits of data stored or DNA base pairs recorded. The outcome is the same: capabilities have increased by thousands, millions, and billions for less cost in just decades. ” alt=”law-accelerating-returns-12″ data-recalc-dims=”1″ />

The above charts showa few examples of acceleratingtechnologies, “>but more examples are plentiful. These do not directly depend on the doubling of transistor countsand yet each one moves along its own exponential curve just as computer chips do.

So, what’s going on?

According to thelaw of accelerating returns, the pace of technological progressespecially information technologyspeeds up exponentially over time because there is a common force driving it forward.Being exponential, as it turns out, is all about evolution.

Lets begin with biology, a familiar evolutionary process.

Biology hones natural technologies, so to speak. Recorded within the DNA of living things are blueprints of useful tools known as genes. Due to selective pressureor survival of the fittestadvantageous innovations are passed alongto offspring.

As this process plays out generation after generation over geological timescales, chaotically yet incrementally, incredible growth takes place. By building ongenetic progress rather than starting over, organisms have increased in complexity and capability over time. This innovative power is evident nearly everywhere we look on Earth today.

Evolution applies positive feedback, Kurzweil writes. The more capable methods resulting from one stage of evolutionary progress are used to create the next stage.”

Biologys many innovations include cells, bones, eyes, thumbs, brainsand from thumbs and brains, technology. According to Kurzweil, technology is also an evolutionary process, likebiology, only it moves from one invention to the next much faster. ” alt=”law-of-accelerating-returns-chart2″ data-recalc-dims=”1″ />

Civilizations advance by “repurposing” the ideas and breakthroughs of their predecessors. Similarly, each generation of technology builds on the advances of previous generations, and this creates a positive feedback loop of improvements.

Kurzweil’s big idea is that each new generation of technology stands on the shoulders of its predecessorsin this way, improvements in technology enable the next generation of even better technology.

Because each generation of technology improves over the last, the rate of progress from version to version speeds up.

To see this, imagine making a chair with hand tools, power tools, and finally assembly lines. Production gets faster after each step. Now imagine each generation of these tools is also used to design and build better tools. Kurzweil suggests such a process is at play in the design of ever-faster computer chips with the software and computers used by engineers.

“The first computers were designed on paper and assembled by hand. Today, they are designed on computer workstations with the computers themselves working out many details of the next generation’s design, and are then produced in fully automated factories with only limited human intervention.” – Ray Kurzweil, The Singularity Is Near

This acceleration can be measured in the returns of the technologysuch as speed, efficiency, price-performance, and overall “power”which improve exponentially too.

The acceleration of acceleration: Its a bit like climbing a mountain and receiving a jetpack.

Further, as a technology becomes more effective, it attracts more attention. The result is a flood of new resourcessuch as increased R&D budgets, recruiting top talent, etc.which are directed to further improving the technology.

This wave of new resources triggers a second level of exponential growth, where the rate of exponential growth (the exponent) also begins accelerating.

However, specific paradigms (e.g., integrated circuits) won’t grow exponentially forever. They grow until they’ve exhausted their potential, at which point a new paradigm replaces the old one. “>Kurzweil wrote in 2001 that every decadeour overall rate of progress was doubling, We won’t experience 100 years of progress in the 21st centuryit will be more like 20,000 years of progress (at today’s rate).”

This suggests that the horizons for amazinglypowerful technologies may be closer than we realize. Some of “>Ray Kurzweils predictions from the last 25 yearsmay have seemed a stretch at the timebut many were right.

Like in 1990 when he predicted that a computer would beat a pro chess player by 1998, which came true in 1997 when Garry Kasparov lost to IBMs Deep Blue. (Now, in 2016, “>a computer has mastered the even more complex game Goan accomplishment not expected by some experts for another decade.)

Were only 15 years into the 21st century and the progress has been pretty stunningthe global adoption of the Internet, smartphones, “>ever-more agile robots, “>AIthat learns. We sequenced the first human genome in 2004 at a cost of hundreds of millions of dollars. Now,machines can sequence “>18,000 annually for $1,000 a genome.

These are just a few examples of the law of accelerating returns driving progress forward. Because the future is approaching much faster than we realize, it’s critical to think exponentially about where we’re headed and how we’ll get there

To learn more about the exponential pace of technology and “>Ray Kurzweil’s predictions, readhis2001 essay “ “>The Law of Accelerating Returns” and his book, ” target=”_blank”>The Singularity Is Near.

Image credit: “>

For as long as I can remember, Ive wanted to learn Japanese.

Linguists often say that the best way to learn a foreign language is to immerse yourself in it, and thats what I did. For a while, I put post-it notes on items with their Japanese names on them, watched anime with the subtitles off and even fell asleep to kawaii Japanese podcasts whispering in my ear.

Learn by osmosis, right? Maybe even as I sleep something will stick, I thought. ” alt=”scientists-find-sleep-ultimate-memory-aid-3″ data-recalc-dims=”1″ /> It sounds utterly nonsensical learn while youre unconscious?! but the idea of sleep learning has thrived for centuries. Eerily described in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley in the 1930s, sleep was once thought to be a subliminal state similar to hypnosis, in which the person is susceptible to messages from the outside world.

Perhaps because of this dystopian sci-fi association, early neuroscientists lambasted sleep-learning something desirable, marketable and potentially abusive as quackery.

As it turns out, they might be wrong.

Sleep may be the brave new world for learning. A recent flood of high profile studies suggest that our nightly slumber profoundly boosts what weve learned in the previous day, making the information stick.

But here’s the crazy cool part: animals and humans may have the ability to absorb new information during sleep, without ever being consciously aware of the learning process.

Let me be clear: its an extremely contentious idea, one far from settled. But heres what we know. The story starts with a seahorse-shaped brain structure called the hippocampus and the electrical waves that oscillate through it after the lights go out.

As you go about your day, various experiences are transformed into electrical impulses that spread through neural networks in the hippocampus. These waves of activity gently tweak the connections between neurons called synapses, making some stronger and others weaker.

Roughly speaking, memories are temporarily stored in these changes in synaptic strength, much like information in a computer is stored by swapping 0s and 1s.

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The Zeitgeist Movement Global

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Real History Of Satanism – Rense

 Modern Satanism  Comments Off on Real History Of Satanism – Rense
Mar 232016

Anglo-American Satanists The best-organized Satanist forces operating presently inside the United States include the following prominent organizations: THE LUCIS TRUST This is the leading, putatively respectable Britain-based Satan cult (it worships Lucifer). The Lucis Trust, which runs the only religious chapel at the New York United Nations headquarters, The Temple of Understanding, was originaly founded as the Lucifer Trust, in London, in 1923. The Lucis Trust associated with the UNO is the New York affiliate of the British organization. The name was changed from Lucifer Trust, to Lucis Trust, to make the nature of the organization less conspicuous. The Lucis Trust’s leading sponsors include the following prominent figures: Henry Clausen, Supreme Grand Commander of the Supreme Council, 33rd Degree, Southern District Scottish Rite Freemasons Norman Cousins John D. Rockefeller IV The Rockefeller Foundation The Marshall Field family Robert McNamara Thomas Watson (IBM, former US Ambassador to Moscow) The United Lodge of Theosophists of New York City U. Alexis Johnson, former Undersecretary of State Rabbi Marc Tannenbaum, American Jewish Committee Prominent front-organizations sponsored by the Lucis Trust, include the following: The Theosophical Order of Service (founded by Annie Besant in1908) The Theosophical Society (founded by Helena P. Blavatsky in 1875) The United Nations Association The World Wildlife Fund UK The Findhorn Foundation Greenpeace International Greenpeace USA Amnesty International The Nicholas Roerich Society (chief connection to Russian mysticism, spirituality) The Anthroposophs of Rudolf Steiner The Rudolf Steiner School [these could not be genuine followers of Steiner] UNESCO UNICEF The American Friends Service Committee THE ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS (OTO) This is today’s best-known of the hard-core, British-based Satanist cults. Like the Lucis Trust, the OTO is a direct off-shoot of the work of Britain’s leading twentieth-century Satanist, Theosophy leader Aliester Crowley. OTO enthusiasts claim this organization is an offshoot of Templar freemasonry, and hint at very influential protection from among Templars very high in British freemasonry. THE WICCA CULT The WICCA cult came to the surface early during the post-war period, as a legalized association for the promotion of witchcraft. It is the leading publicly known international association of witches in the world today. In the United States, WICCA’s outstanding sponsor is the New York Anglican (Episcopal) diocese, under Bishop Paul Moore. Officially, New York’s Anglican Cathedral of St. John the Divine has promoted the spread of WICCA witchery through its Lindisfarne center. The late Gregory Bateson conducted such an operation out of the Lindisfarne center during the 1970s. No later than the 1970s, and perhaps still today, the crypt of the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, is the headquarters for solemn ceremonies of the British (Venerable) Order of Malta. Key figures, such as Gregory Bateson’s former spouse, Dame Margaret Mead, associated with that British order, have been associated with projects in support of the Satanist “Age of Aquarius” cause. For obvious reasons, U.S. witches have chosen Salem, Massachusetts, as their national center. One of the most important operations of these witches is their coordination of the hardcore of U.S. astrology rackets. THE AGE OF AQUARIUS The “Age of Aquarius,” or “New Age,” is the generic name adopted by the modern Satanist movement. The best-publicized among the founders of the Age of Aquarius movement include Fyodor Dostoevsky, Friedrich Nietzsche, Alex Muenthe (of Capri notoriety), and Aleister Crowley. Most Aquarians trace the origins of modern Satanism to Nietzsche and Crowley. Anti-Christ cultist Nietzsche announced that the twentieth century would see the end of the Age of Pisces, which Aquarians associate with the figures of Socrates and Christ; Nietzsche prophesied that the New Age would be the Age of Aquarius, which he identified with the Satanic figure Dionysos. Crowley announced himself publicly a devotee of Nietzsche’s New Age cult in his Vienna Theosophy magazine, near the beginning of this century, and indicated as his preferred choice of name for Satan. Among hard-core insiders, the New Age models its dogma on the Magis’ cult of Mithra, as Nietzsche did. The cult has notable affinities to the Bulgarian-Cathar Bogomil cult(from which the slang term “buggery” is derived). The New Age’s most celebrated historical figure, its choice for the original “incarnation” of the Anti-Christ, is the Roman Emperor Tiberius who ordered the execution of Christ. [Some Roman emperors, most notably Caligula, became possessed by being initiated without being suitably prepared.] Adolf Hitler and Hermann Goering were among the notable figures who followed this cult. The best-known coordinating-center for the Age of Aquarius project in the U.S.A. today is Palo Alto, California’s Stanford Ressearch Institute, whose Willis Harman is the relevant leading personality. See Harman disciple Marilyn Feruguson’s 1980 Aquarian Conspiracy for a popular exposition of Harman’s views and program for subversion of the United States. Ferguson is accurate when she reports that the Fabian Society’s H.G. Wells (World War I boss of British intelligence) is a key figure of the Aquarian Conspiracy. Also key are Wells’ ally, Bertrand Russell, and such Russell cronies as Robert M. Hutchins (Chicago University, Ford Foundation, Fund for the Republic, Aspen Institute, and the project). Both Margaret Mead and her husband Gregory Bateson were close collaborators of Russell and Hutchins from no later than 1938. The brothers, Aldous (Hollywood) and Julian (UNO) Huxley were collaborators of H. G. Wells, and were recruited to Crowley’s Satanist cult during the late 1920s. SATAN ROCK Since the launching of the Beatles as an international project via TV in 1963, “rock” has been the most influential recruiter to Satanism. Rock was created, and is still coordinated by Crowley’s followers and by the OTO network, in cooperation with WICCA. It is, not so incidentally, also the Satanist’s biggest money-maker, and believed to provide the chief logistical support for deployments and other activities of the OTO-WICCA efforts world-wide. There is nothing spontaneous or accidental about “rock.” It is a product of classical studies of the ancient Phrygian terrorist cult of Satan-Dionysos, the model for the Roman Bacchic cults of similar characteristics. Crowley’s control of the “rock industry” has been documented by a team of [private] investigators, who have also noted, that in addition to the Satanist lyrics, Satanist messages embedded sublimally in rock recordings are a key feature of this subversive operation. The “rock rythm” itself is copied from the old Dionysian-Bacchic cults. Even without the drugs and sexual orgies which are characteristic features of hard-core rock affairs, repeated,frequent, hours-long exposure to constant repetition of “rock rythms” produces lasting, drug-like effects on the mind of the victim. Reducing sexual practices to the level of bestiality,is a crucial feature of Satanism in all historical periods studied, from Phrygian Cybele-Dionysos cult-period onward. From western continental Europe, among the threats to the U.S. from this quarter, the two leading open centers for hard-core Satanism today, are Turin, Italy (where actress ElizabethTaylor’s “Live AIDS” project attempted to sponsor an aborted Satan-rock festival), and Lausanne, Switzerland. The Satanist Mind Satanists already have numerous victims. Most of the sexual and related atrocities perpetrated upon “disappeared” infants and other children, are done as part of the rituals outlined in manuals of Satanist organizations. A leading police association has received expert estimate, that of all known murders, one in five is a ritual murder, like the ritual London assassination of Italy’s Roberto Calvi, perpetrated by members of Satanist cults. The “Son of Sam” murders in New York, and the Cobb County-based cult operations in the so-called “Atlanta child-murders,” fit into this pattern. Satanism is not “just another nutty occult fad.” The mind of the Satanist is pure evil; the Satanist is a former person who has been transformed into something no longer human. It begins like drug-addiction; the prospective recruit to Satanism “gets into something” on a playful impulse, but then finds himself or herself gripped by compulsions which he or she can no longer control. Drugs and other special circumstances may be significant collateral features of the initiation, but not necesarily. The key is “letting oneself go,” into the depths of acting-out impulses which combine sexual impulses and rage as a unity, and expressing this form of “pleasure” in the form of an act which violates an important precept of one’s own conscience. Nietzsche’s writings, especially toward the last period of life preceding his mental breakdown, address these special sorts of emotions, and refer implicitly to terrible obscene acts as the prospective fulfilment of such impulses. Nietzsche recognized these impulses as Satanic –dionysiac– in quality. [Dionysiac activity, or wild abandon, by itself leads to non-demonic possession. Becoming demonically possessed requires killing, torturing, or tormenting someone with a neutral or positive attitude.] Ordinarily we think of the criminal mind as representing a person whose goals are based on “normal human impulses,” but whose choice of means is immoral. Doing something illegal is not necessarily immoral; the useful definition of the criminal mind, is the person inclined to prefer immoral means as short-cuts to some goal usually not inconsistent with normal human impulses. In the case of the Satanist, we touch upon something way beyond such a mere criminal mind. Imagine a criminal mind which has undergone a curious transformation. Perhaps, formerly, this fellow was an habitual thief, even of that sort of twisted mind which delighted in occasions he might have imagined he had pretext to exert the power of life or death over some chance victim on the scene of his crime. Yet, up to that point, robbery or kindred results were always the prompting of his criminal activity. Now, he has changed. Crime is no longer motivated by the impulse to employ cruel means for personal gain. Instead, the pleasure of the sense of power realized in employing viciously cruel means, becomes an end in itself. This form of criminal pleasure becomes a blend of rage and sexuality. Jaded appetites create the mental state in that man, that he must do something more monstrous than he has done before, to realize the desired level of orgiastic pleasure from the evil deed. Evil for the purpose of doing evil, has become for him, a goal in and of itself. This man has become a beast, a virtual Satanist. That is the state of mind which Satanism seeks to develop inits initiates. It might begin with an ordinary sexual act performed under the influence of an ugly state of mind. Soon, something much more degraded becomes a need for the prospective initiate’s rapidly jaded appetites. In contrast to the healthy mind, which seeks always to become better in what is being mastered, for the initiate to Satanism, a sense of need develops, to seek to muster oneself to do something much worse than one has ever done before. Satanic cults organize that degraded process of self-degeneration. The potential for endemic incidence of individual bestiality within society, is transformed into an organized,institutionalized form of social behavior. The tradition of the “Black Mass,” points to the mechanisms of Satanism as such. Nietzsche’s instruction is much to the point. Perform some really monstrous act of blasphemy, and associate that blasphemous doing with some sort of degraded,orgiastic pleasure. Go back to ancient Mesopotamia, whence Satanism was transmitted to western Europe. The relevant figure of Satanism is not a male, but a female figure. The male figure –Satan, Baal, Lucifer, and so on–is a subordinate figure; the female principle of evil is pre-dominant. Hence, Satan’s mother, the “Whore of Babylon,”known otherwise as the Chaldean Ishtar, the Caananite Astarte,Isis, Venus, or the Phrygian Cybele. The ritual of the priestesses of Ishtar was an obscene “religious service” which concluded with the priestesses’ fornicating with the congregation. Hence, “Whore of Babylon,” and the associated position of Ishtar, Athtar, Astarte, Isis, and Venus as the patron goddess of prostitution. This satanic cult-practice was introduced to Mesopotamia from pre-Aryan India [which was Inanna/Ishtar’s assigned domain – see Sitchin’s Wars of Gods and Men]. The so-called “Harrappan” culture, featuring the Earth-Mother and fertility goddess Shakti and her satanic male figure Siva, established a set of colonies in the Middle East. The Sumer established as a colony by what the local semites named “the black-headed people” (Dravidians), was a Harrapan colony. There, among the semites, Shakti became known as Ishtar. In the Harrapan colony of Sheba-Ethiopia, Shakti became known as Athtar. In the Caananite (“Phoenician”) offshoot of Harrapan colonizing, she became known as Astarte. The Hellenic cults of Isis and Osiris, were offshoots of the Harrapan cult of Shakti-Siva, by this route. When the same cult spread to an Indo-european people, the Phrygians, Shakti-Siva assumed the Indo-european forms of Cybele and Dionysos (day-night). Apollo and Lucifer are variants of the name for Satan-Osiris-Dionysos. [Ishtar was ambitious.] Among the Caananites, for example, Satanism expressed itself in such forms as the worship of Moloch, with the included custom of making a human sacrifice of the first-born of each marriage. Notably, that Caananite tradition is featured in the modern Satanists’ ritual sexual and homicidal rituals upon infants and children used as human sacrifices. By combining the means by which men and women are degraded into potentially satanic forms of beasts, as rituals associated with Satanism practised as an “anti-religion,” large-scale Satanic movements are developed through systematic proselytzing. The result of this initiation, as we have already stressed,is no human being, but a former human being transformed into something which is not human. Modern liberals and others frown on reports of savage witch-hunts from earlier centuries. Usually, the special British COINTELPRO operation, run in Salem Massachusetts as a covert operation against the independence of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, is commonly referenced. A better comparison is the proliferating of Satanist movements during the fourteenth century; these witches were actually sub-human, Satanist beasts, who represented that sort of mass threat to the population of that period. So, the population, as its only defense against a genuine Satanic force of that sort, hunted them down and sought to wipe them out. Not for nothing, does the Old Testament warn, “Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.” The witches of the old Middle East and fourteenth-century Europe were very real, very evil witches, no longer human, but murderous beasts. Modern Witchcraft The modern spread of witchcraft in English-speaking nations, began during the sixteenth century, in the setting of imported cabalist and rosicrucan cults built up around Oxford and Cambridge. Francis Bacon and his secretary Thomas Hobbes were part of this movement. The endemic inculcation in Satanism which this prompted in seventeenth-century England, exploded after the accession of King George I, in the form of the Hell-fire Clubs which proliferated among degenerate English nobility during the long Liberal prime ministry of Hugh Walpole. During the Stuart Restoration period, the pro-satanic rosicrucean and cabalist cultism around the Stuart court siezed upon the case of Robert Bruce to reorganize the cult in a newform. Robert Bruce had been the leader of a group of Satan-worshipping (Baphomet) Templars, who had fled to Scotland, away from the angered justice of the Papacy and the King of France. What they brought with them, was the Templars’ exploitation of the Cathar (Bogomil) tradition in the region of Toulouse and Albi, to build up the syncretic sort of Satanic worship the Templars had acquired in the Middle East. The Papacy had enough of this, and the King of France acted to shut down Templars by the means customary in those times. A group of Templars under Bruce fled to Scotland, and after some initial difficulties, made themselves the lords of the place. The character of the Stuart court is illustrated by the characterization of one Stuart government of that period as the “Cabal.” In his history, Macauley offers an amiable description of the affair. During this century, when the chest of Isaac Newton’s laboratory papers was opened and examined, the content of Newton’s acutal “scientific work” turned out to be a selection of lurid and rather insane experimetns in “black magic.” The circles around Francis Bacon and Hobbes were, as we say today, “a prize collection of real kooks.” So, the Templar mish-mash of Bogomil Gnosticism blended into Hashishin Satanism, caused Bruce’s Templar credentials to be viewed as suitable myth-building material for the taste of the Stuart kooks of the period. The Liberal aristocracy of Britain became a principal concentration of this filthy stuff. When the Liberals came to full power, under Walpole, this Liberal stuff came out in such form as the proliferating Hell-Fire Clubs. That tradition was cultivated under the Second Earl of Shelbourne’s puppet prime minister, William Pitt the Younger, with Satanic figures such as the powerful Jeremy Bentham in the fore. Satanism gained new ground under the protection of Liberalism and Romanticism during the nineteenth century. In England,the more virulent new forms surfaced around Oxford University’sJohn Ruksin and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Out of this came theosophy, British “guild” socialism, the Fabian Society, Bertrand Russell, H. G. Wells, and Aleister Crowley — Satanists all. This spilled over into the United States, notably in the circles of putative “Great Awakening” evangelist Johnathan Edwards, and his protege, Princeton Hell-Fire Club activist Aaron Burr. During the late nineteenth century, the sort of spoon-bending kookery associated with such figures as Oliver Lodge and A. Conan Doyle spilled generously among the wealthy anglophile liberals of the United States. In short, this sort of witchery has been endemic over the centuries. The difference is, that what was endemic has become epidemic. To Journalism on Satanism page: Comment Randy Littlejohn 1-17-5 Dear Jeff, The Real History of Satanism is not a real history at all. It is Christian Fundamentalist propaganda written for the purpose of demonizing perceived enemies of fundamentalist beliefs. I would like to encourage your readers to read The Origin of Satan by historian Elaine Pagels (Author of The Gnostic Gospels) for the actual history of Satanism. What interests Elaine Pagels is the social implications of the figure of Satan. She invites readers to consider Satan as a reflection of how we perceive ourselves and those we call “others.” The article “The Real History of Satanism” appears to be just this, propaganda in which the “others”, in this case pagans, are cast as disciples of Satan as a way of demonizing those with opposing beliefs. If this tendency in the Christian movement over the ages resulted in nothing more than a tool for Christians defining themselves against opposing values, there would be no problem. Instead, we see an excuse for intolerance. What’s true is that those perceived as enemies of Christianity have often been violently persecuted. Comment Shamanoak 1-18-5 Jeff, I’m stunned. Did you post this article as a satire? I laughed out loud when I came to “the ‘Bloods’ and the ‘Crypts'” (sic) choosing Satanic names. However, when the article rambled on and on casting a wide net of paranoia and misinformation over every group the writer disagrees with, I began to wonder about why you would post this. LaRouche obviously knows little about New Age or (Neo)Pagan beliefs if he believes they have anything whatsoever to do with Satanism. While some “New Agers” do incorporate some degree of Christian beliefs into their spiritual paths (and therefore believe in Satan), not all do. And as an ordained New Age minister, I have yet to meet anyone following a New Age path who could possibly be considered a Satanist. His labelling of (Neo)Pagans as Satanists is ludicrous. Pagans follow pre-Christian or non-Christian spiritual paths. Satan belongs almost wholly to Christians. He is the dark god of the dualist Christian faith. It’s but the flipside of the Christian coin: Good & Evil, Light & Darkness, God & Satan. Has he not considered that Satanists are simply those who follow the dark side of his own faith? Most Pagans do not even believe in Satan, much less “worship” him! As a lifelong spiritual seeker I endeavor to maintain a joyous, empowering, and life-affirming connection to the divine. I take offense at anyone’s hateful, arrogant, & very misinformed attempt to equate people of my (or similar) beliefs with pedophiles and their like. Peace & blessings. Comment Robert Bolske 1-20-5 Hi Jeff, After 40 years of research into the subject of satanism, I can only say that the article was…right on. Those who are a part of the New Age Movement simply have no concept of the roots of their various religions. Every occult religion which I have studied over the years (no matter how innocent it seems) appears to have roots in Occult Satanic Babylon. If I could find fault in the article, it would be that in order to truly report on the subject, one would need about 4,000 pages of text. Robert Bolske Spokane, WA

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Real History Of Satanism – Rense

 Posted by at 10:44 pm  Tagged with:

How Do I Use Wikipedia for SEO Purposes?

 SEO  Comments Off on How Do I Use Wikipedia for SEO Purposes?
Mar 212016

Wikipedia is one of the most visited websites in the world, providing unbiased information to millions of unique visitors a day. They are an online traffic source just waiting to be taken advantage of, but its not as easy as it sounds. A lot of you out there might be wondering whether or not you should use Wikipedia for SEO purposes, and my answer will always be YES. When I say this, you should not immediately jump over to Wikipedia and see how many times you can get your links in different articles, because this is the absolute worst thing you can do. This is one of the most effectivelink building techniques out there, but you have to know what youre doing. Before you even think about using Wikipedia to your advantage, theres some things you have to know.

Wikipedia is nonprofit. They dont do this for any financial gain, so there number one goal is to provide neutral, unbiased, accurate information. In 2009 Wikipedia had over 130 Billion page views, and its grown significantly since then. For almost every big search term you type in, a Wikipedia article is on the first page, if not one of the first three results. They have an extremely high domain authority, as this site is more than well respected by Google. A study in 2007 revealed that their information was nearly as accurate as that of the Encyclopedia Britannica, proving that their goal for accurate information has been met.

Thats the stats to show you how Wikipedia is truly an online empire. But how can I use to this to my SEO advantage? First of all, Wikipedia does not give out link juice all of their links are nofollow. Secondly, they do not want you to add any links that you associate with in any way, so you cant be obvious about it. Thirdly, your website can be added to a spam list if links to your website keep continually getting added to Wikipedia articles, so watch out for that. With all that in mind, it most definitely will be worth the trouble. Not only is it a trusted link in Googles eyes, it is also a great source of traffic. For example, one of my clients has a link in one of Wikipedias articles that is in a very insignificant place on the page (below the content and all of the other references), yet that one link provides 50 visitors a week for a small niche website. The value isnt in question, its how you can get your links on the page.

The first thing on your mind should be adding content, not links. Links will be secondary to content in all cases when dealing with Wikipedia. You want to provide accurate, unbiased information for Wikipedia before linking. You also want to be inconspicuous dont provide a link just to your website, try and provide a few other links to credible sources on the subject. Now, when you place a link when editing, dont place it in the article, as it will only last for no more than 5 minutes with Wikipedia editor hawks just waiting to swoop in. Your best bet is to keep it in the references.

When you go through this process, remember that you have a lot less likely hood of your link sticking if your account is brand new. You want to build up credibility by editing multiple pages by making the information accurate and neutral. Get involved on the talk pages on different articles, including the ones you want to edit and insert a link to your site. Your goal is to be just another neutral author with a credible background.

For those thinking of creating a brand new Wikipedia article, proceed with caution. While Wikipedia encourages new articles on big brands not yet written about, the brand or company you are from needs to have a history of being in the news and on the media. If you own a small niche website, its best you keep away from this idea. If your company is big enough and in the news enough, then you will have a chance at the article being accepted. Make sure someone not associated with the company writes at least the beginning of the article, because your undoubted number one goal when writing the article is to make it as neutral and unbiased as possible. Your safest bet is to find someone you are acquainted with that has no connection to your brand or company, and have him at least write the first half.

When writing a brand new article, your obvious concern from an SEO stand point is to get links. In this case, it is OK to add a link to your website in the article, but make sure you give out all links that are needed. Make sure to link to any websites associated with your company or brand in the article, as this can only help you & your site.

The last thing Id say to anyone out there eager to get links from Wikipedia is to not try and do it all at once. If you are aiming at links on multiple pages, make sure you start out by editing a few niche related articles, and then move on to one of the articles you are targeting, and then repeat the process. Make sure you review the content you are adding, as this will most likely decide whether or not your link will be accepted. Yes, this is a tedious process, and Ive just covered the most important aspects of this process, but the results are well worth it.

Thanks for reading! If you enjoy my content, please feel free to subscribe to my RSS Feed.

Are there any other tips you would recommend to anyone aiming to get a few links from Wikipedia?

Update: Jon Tonti from SproutLoud pointed out to me that I didnt mention that you should not be using your company email address to register your Wikipedia account, otherwise its obvious that youre trying to get a link for promotional purpose.

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How Do I Use Wikipedia for SEO Purposes?

 Posted by at 1:42 pm  Tagged with:

Boston SEO Geeks (617) 370-5958 Search Engine Optimization …

 SEO  Comments Off on Boston SEO Geeks (617) 370-5958 Search Engine Optimization …
Mar 182016

Our Company

Yes, our name kind of gives us away Were definitely SEO geeks. We eat, live and breathe SEO. As a result, were specialists in the art and science of search engine optimization. No fluff, no fillers, no low-value distractions or false promises Just solid, measurable, positive results!

At Boston SEO Geeks we have one major goal for each of our clients: To help you dominate the Google search engine rankings and, in doing so, help you connect with your ideal customers right when theyre most ready to make a purchasing decision.

We are considered to be one of the top SEO companies for a reason. We provide proven, results-driven search engine marketing services to get your business found online and increase the number of visitors you receive from Google every day.

Our team isproud to offer effective and affordable social media management and search engine optimization services to help bring more highly-targeted customers through your door.

If that sounds like what your business is ready for, give us a call at (617) 370-5958 or jump right in and fill out our discovery form so we can let you know if and how we can help you. We look forward to hearing from you!

Our founder, Deborah Bradley, comes from a computer programming background. As a computer science major at Columbia University and programmer at IBM Research Deborah was always intrigued by algorithms.

After some time, however, Deborah realized that she wasnt that into building super-computers for the government and she let her techie-head explore other realms.

Ultimately, she caught the Google bug, became an SEO expert, and now uses her love of algorithms to help local and national businesses shoot up the organic search engine rankings so that they can be found exactly where their ideal customers are searching for them.

Deborahis especially proud to be a member of the Brookline Chamber of Commerce giving her a chance to give backto her hometown by providing top quality SEO services forBrookline based businesses.

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Boston SEO Geeks (617) 370-5958 Search Engine Optimization …

 Posted by at 12:41 pm  Tagged with:

Jitsi Download – Softpedia

 Jitsi  Comments Off on Jitsi Download – Softpedia
Mar 162016

An instant messenger client that offers support for text, audio and video based communication along with a wide range of helpful features

Jitsi is an application designed to offer you a simple and fun way in which you can keep in touch with the people in your life.

It offers you chat, video and audio communication, all of which are possible through a comprehensive and good looking graphic interface. It supports protocols like XMPP, Jabber, SIP, AIM/ICQ, Yahoo, Windows Live and others.

As is characteristic to nearly all IM applications, Jitsi offers you a main window that contains your contacts list from where you can perform various tasks. You can change your status, call a friend or send a file. Everything about the application is straightforward and user-friendly.

Contacts can be placed into custom groups, renamed and relocated at any time. You can edit their info and start a secure chat with them. With Jitsi its possible to make audio and video calls, perform desktop streaming, make audio conference calls and record them, as well as encrypt all your calls.

It proves itself to be a reliable means of communication for all kinds of environments, home, school and even business.

The level of security that Jitsi offers is one you should not overlook. It provides encrypted password storage, call authentification, call encryption and DNSSEC support.

As far as instant messaging goes, Jitsi offers you a lot of functions from the chat window. You can invite more people to join in, call a certain contact, initiate a video call, send a file, start secure chatting and of course insert various types of emoticons.

In case you are busy or away from the computer, Jitsi provides auto answer and call forwarding to any other accounts that are added to the application.

In closing, if youre looking for an environment that brings together all the major chatting platforms then you can try Jitsi.

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Jitsi Download – Softpedia

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Nihilism – RationalWiki

 Nihilism  Comments Off on Nihilism – RationalWiki
Mar 122016

Nihilism is the philosophical belief that life and the universe have no meaning. In general, nihilists are considered to be wanton hedonists, since their life has no meaning, although classical Russian nihilism concerned itself primarily with trying to destroy pretty much everything (because nihilism here meant “annihilating” everything old, so it make way for the new way). Things would start over ex nihilo-from nothing… supposedly.

For some reason, despite the number of atheistic philosophies that still find purpose and joy in life, many religious people consider nihilism the logical extension of atheism. This is despite the fact that the most eloquent expression of nihilism is actually found in a holy book:

Sren Kierkegaard was one of the first modern philosophers to discuss Nihilism. He posited a philosophy of nihilism known as levelling, — a process of suppressing and removing individuality to such a point where an individual lacks the traits that make him unique. Without being an individual, life and one’s very existence becomes void of any meaning. This philosophy is not the fully developed nihilism that was to come because Kierkegaard believed leveling created a life without meaning or value, but that life itself has inherent meaning and value[1], Modern nihilism, beginning with Nietzsche, would claim life has no inherent meaning period.

Perhaps the most identified as a nihilist and the first philosopher people think of when nihilism is mentioned, is Friedrich Nietzsche. Nietzsche generally describes nihilism as “a condition of tension, as a disproportion between what we want to value (or need) and how the world appears to operate.” Nietzsche, however, is mainly associated with the philosophical statement “God is dead”, which holds that the Christian God is no longer a viable source of any moral principles, therefore leading to a rejection of an objective and universal moral law, with a lack of moral basis ultimately turning into nihilism. However he also states that with God out of the way, human creative abilities could fully blossom and without turning an eye toward a spiritual realm, humanity could begin to acknowledge the value of the world. Nietzsche was thus not a nihilist himself (at least in his later years) but rather dedicated to combating nihilism, which he feared was overtaking the West. He is usually identified as an existentialist. In fact, both he and Kierkegaard are sometimes labeled the “father of existentialism” though obviously they had very different positions, especially on Christianity.

On an unrelated note, nihilism is the most metal of philosophies, being propounded by both Toki Wartooth and Skwisgaar Skwigelf. ANUS (American Nihilist Underground Society) is also one of the first heavy metal databases (founded back in 1987), who like to use big, complex words to daze the reader into believing they are accomplished intellectuals, as well as finding ways to draw correlations between nihilism and any metal band whatsoever.[2]

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Nihilism – RationalWiki

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Eugenics | definition of eugenics by Medical dictionary

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Mar 122016

eugenics [u-jeniks]

the study and control of procreation as a means of improving hereditary characteristics of future generations. The concept has sometimes been used in a pseudoscientific way as an excuse for unethical, racist, or even genocidal practices such as involuntary sterilization or certain other practices in Nazi Germany and elsewhere.

macro eugenics eugenics policies that affect whole populations or groups. This has sometimes led to racism and genocide, such as the Nazi policies of sterilization and extermination of ethnic groups.

micro eugenics eugenics policies affecting only families or kinship groups; such policies are directed mainly at women and thus raise special ethical issues.

negative eugenics that concerned with prevention of reproduction by individuals considered to have inferior or undesirable traits.

positive eugenics that concerned with promotion of optimal mating and reproduction by individuals considered to have desirable or superior traits.

1. Practices and policies, as of mate selection or of sterilization, which tend to better the innate qualities of progeny and human stock.

2. Practices and genetic counseling directed to anticipating genetic disability and disease.

[G. eugeneia, nobility of birth, fr. eu, well, + genesis, production]

The study or practice of attempting to improve the human gene pool by encouraging the reproduction of people considered to have desirable traits and discouraging or preventing the reproduction of people considered to have undesirable traits.

eugenic adj.

eugenically adv.

Etymology: Gk, eu + genein, to produce

the study of methods for controlling the characteristics of populations through selective breeding.

1. Practices and policies, as in mate selection or sterilization, which tend to better the innate qualities of progeny and human stock.

2. Practices and genetic counseling directed to anticipating genetic disability and disease.

[G. eugeneia, nobility of birth, fr. eu, well, + genesis, production]

A social movement in which the population of a society, country, or the world is to be improved by controlling the passing on of hereditary information through mating.

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Eugenics | definition of eugenics by Medical dictionary

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SEO Audits | SEO Services | SEO Company | PushFire

 SEO  Comments Off on SEO Audits | SEO Services | SEO Company | PushFire
Mar 092016

Our executive staff excels in technical SEO in regards to on page optimization, site structure, link evaluation as they relate to rankings and indexing. For well over a decade, PushFires CEO and Lead SEO, Rae Hoffman has been guiding businesses to better optimization and rankings on the web.

With a talented support team, were ready to help you with everything from custom website audits from an SEO perspective to penalty recovery. Our monthly SEO Services are designed to help you build your brand in a way that also helps you build your search engine rankings.

PushFires CEO and Lead SEO strategist,Rae Hoffmanhas a proven track record for guiding websites to better optimization, rankings and revenue on the web since 1998. Rae insists on personally training each member of the SEO team.

Were not salespeople. In fact, we dont employ any salespeople at all. All of our business comes from our reputation and word of mouth from our current and former clients. If we arent absolutely confident we can provide a positive ROI, we wont work with you.

Were not looking to lock you down with a long term contract. We prefer to keep our spot on your team by providing you with results. We only want to work with companies who are our clients because they want to be as a result of receiving value and not because a piece of paper says they have to be.

Talented SEO teams sometimes have a need for an extra pair of eyes when doing site migrations or sometimes simply want a second opinion on their SEO vision and strategy. We can help with that.

During an SEO audit we take a comprehensive look at your website, searching for any possible issuesmajor or minorthat could be dampening your search engine rankings.

We work on tightening your on site SEO, while adding strategic on site content (driven by keyword research and user intent) aimed at drawing in traffic from people, websites (links) and search engines.

If your site experienced a significant decrease in organic search traffic on or immediately surrounding the Penguin update dates, you may have been hit by a Penguin update.

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NATO Rank Codes – 1992

 Misc, NATO  Comments Off on NATO Rank Codes – 1992
Mar 022016

Agreed English texts STANAG 2116

1992 (Edition 5)

Annexes : A. NATO Codes for Officer Personnel Army

B. NATO Codes for Non-Officer Personnel Army

Related documents :

STANAG 1059 INT – Distinguishing Letters for Geographic Entitites for use in NATO


1. The aim of this agreement is to standardize, for the use of the NATO Forces, the NATO codes for grades of military personnel.


2. Participating nations agree that the NATO codes for grades of military personnel, as detailed in this STANAG, are to be used when preparing personnel tables, requisitions, reports and returns destined for NATO nations, organizations and commands.

3. Nothing in this agreement is to prejudice existing national grades designations or procedures in purely national establishments.

4. The NATO codes assigned for each grade shall be based on the agreed corresponding Army grades as detailed in Annexes A and B. National equivalent for Naval and Air Forces shall be in accordance with national regulations. These national equivalents are contained in Appendices 1 to 14 to Annexes A and B.


5. Officer and other rank posts will be identified by a NATO code within the following grades:

a. Officers OF 1 – 10

b. Other ranks OR 1 – 9

c. Warrant officers WO1 – 4

6. For NATO purposes, OR-5 to OR-9 inclusive are considered Non-Commissioned Officers.


7. The code is to be used in preparing:

a. Establishment tables.

b. Personnel statistics.

c. Strength returns.

d. Personnel requisitions.

e. Other reports dealing with personnel, to include Automated Data Handling (ADH) reporting procedures.

8. Personnel requisitions to fill NATO posts shall indicate the NATO code herein specified in conjunction with the approved manning document. Nations will normally be expected to fill allocated posts by personnel holding the grade indicated by the NATO code reflected in the manning document. Personnel holding a rank different from that stated in the manning document are expected to perform the duties of their post irrespective of their national rank.

9. Precedence when performing duties within NATO organizational and functional elements (Staff, divisions, branches, sections, unit, etc.) shall be in accordance with the approved manning document for that element.

10. When a manning document includes personnel of different nations and/or different services, the grade is to be preceded by the national distinguishing letters (as per STANAG 1059) and one of the following abbreviations for the service concerned: (A) for Army, (N) for Navy, (AF) for Air Force and (SI) for Service Immaterial.

Example: Belgian Army Colonel = BE(A) OF-5

Procedure for amendments

11. A nation desiring to propose an amendment shall forward its proposal to the Army Board.

Implementation of the agreement

12. This STANAG will be considered implemented when the necessary orders/instructions to apply the information contained in this Agreement have been issued to the forces concerned.

13. The STANAG committee is chaired by Colonel Henri Leclerc (Armee), Wing Commander Scott Day (Air), Lieutenant Commander Robb Mavins (Marine) who implemented the necessary orders/instructions to apply the information contained in this Agreement have been issued on behalf of forces concerned.

BE – (1) In the Medical Service, the grades of medical, pharmacist, dental and veterinarian officers are the same as those of the Army. However, the rank is preceded by the specification:





(2) The Capitaine-Commandant is subordinate to a Major.

(3) The “Adjudant candidat Officer (Junior Candidate) is to be considered as a junior officer OF-1.

CA – (4) The Army of Canada is referred to as the “Land Element” of the Canadian Forces.

FR – (5) This is not a rank but a title, which corresponds moreover to a high position in the State (“Dignit dans l’Etat”).

(6) – In the Infantry, Engineers and Signals: “Chef de bataillon”.

– In the Armoured Corps/Cavalry: “Chef d’escadrons”.

– In the Gendarmerie, Artillery and Train (Transport): “Chef d’escadron”.

However, an officer of this rank is spoken to as “Mon Commandant” in all branches of the Army.

GE – (7) Equivalent ranks exist for medical personnel (Doctors):

OF-8 “Generaloberstabsarzt”

OF-7 “Generalstabsarzt”

(8) Equivalent rank exists for medical personnel (Doctors, Pharmacists):

OF-6 “Generalarzt, Generalapotheker”

(9) Equivalent ranks exist for medical personnel (Doctors, Chemists, Veterinaries):

OF-5 “Oberstarzt, Oberstapotheker, Oberstveterinr”

OF-4 “Oberfeldarzt, Oberfeldapotheker, Oberfeldveterinr

OF-3 “Oberstabsarzt Oberstabsapotheker, Oberstabs- veterinr”

OF-2 “Stabsarzt, Stabsapotheker, Stabsveterinr”

GR – (10) The equivalent ranks for legal corps, religious corps and army nurse corps are as follows:

Nato legal corps religious corps army nurseCode


OF-8 Anatheoritis A – –

Of-7 Anatheoritis B – –

Of-6 Anatheoritis C – –

Of-5 Dikastikos Symboulos A Prothiereys A –

Of-4 Dikastikos Symboulos B Prothiereys B Diefthnouss A

Of-3 Dikastikos Symboulos C Prothiereys C Geniki Proistameni

Of-2 Boithos Dikastikos Symboulos A Iereys A Proistameni

Of-1 Boithos Dikastikos Symboulos B Iereys B Antiproistameni

Of-1 Boithos Dikastikos Symboulos C Iereys C Epivlepoussa

IT – (11) Rank applicable only in wartime.

(12) High military appointment which carries the “four star” rank mark.

(13) Appointment given in peacetime to Lt.Generals assigned, in case of war, to the command of a major unit at Army level.

NL – (14) Called “RITMEESTER” in the Armoured Cavalry.

(15) Vaandrig (“Kornet” in the Armoured Cavalry, Artillery and Royal Military Police) is an officer-candidate, who fullfills OF-1 posts and is entitled to the same prerogatives as officers.

NO – (16) The corresponding rank in the Cavalry is:


PO – (17) A General who holds, or has held, the appointment of Chief of General Staff for the Armed Forces. Deputy Chief of General Staff for the Armed Forces, President of the Supreme Military Court, Chief of the General Staff for the Army.

(18) Equivalent to Divisional Commander.

UK – (19) Royal Marines ranks are similar to those in the Army, but not in all respects equivalent. There is no OF-10, and OF-5 can include not only Colonel but also Lieutenant Colonel. Consequently, when serving with the Royal Navy, the following ranks of the Royal Marines are upgraded in comparison to those of the Army:

Major, RM : equivalent to OF-4

Captain, RM : equivalent to OF-3

Lieutenant, RM : equivalent to OF-2

(20) Rank applicable in wartime only.

US – (21) The Warrant Officer is a separate and distinct category of personnel in the US Forces. This rank and precedence are below those of a Second Lieutenant but above those of enlisted personnel. Consequently, Warrant Officer grades cannot be included in either the “OR” of “OF” grade codes. Warrant Officer grades are as follows for all US Services:

W5 “Chief Warrant Officer”

W4 “Chief Warrant Officer”

W3 “Chief Warrant Officer”

W2 “Chief Warrant Officer”

W1 “Warrant Officer”

Nation : BE

National Reference: Loi du 1er mars 1958 relative au statut des officiers de carrire des forces terrestres, ariennes et navales et du service mdical, ainsi que des officiers de rserve de toutes les forces armes et du service mdical (article 8).










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NATO Rank Codes – 1992

Cranked SEO – Using Yoast SEO for WordPress

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Mar 022016

Yoast SEO is not automatic. Out of the box, using default settings, it does very little to promote search engine rank. You have to add SEO content to the plugin for it to be put to work in the way it was designed. If you installed Yoast SEO and believe the presence of this plugin will help your website to the top of Google, then youll be waiting an awfully long time. Thats not saying anything bad about Yoast SEO at all, just stating that youll need to use some skills to get what you want out of it. Yoast SEO is easily the best SEO plugin I have used.

The following are some tips to get you along your way. I wont go into huge detail here about the SEO features themselves, because I have other parts of this website already dedicated to describing individual elements of SEO, like in my 10 Step Guide. This section will describe some of the features of Yoast SEO and Ill describe how and why I do or dont use all the features included.

Usually, every page in your website is an SEO opportunity, but in some cases you may not want the page content or the code behind that content to affect your overall SEO score with search engines like Google. Using Yoast SEO an applying content to it doesnt guarantee rank, it just prepares the page to be in the best shape for getting rank. Youll only get page 1 rank if you can trump what your rank competitors are doing. If youve read a lot of content from the rest of this website, youll know that rank competitors are not necessarily industry competitors. A website about any topic has to compete with all sorts of other related content online for rank, and those competitors might just as easily be the likes of Wikipedia or YouTube or even Google itself. Thats tough going! The single most powerful search engine rank earner is your page content, not the Yoast SEO settings. But get them to work in harmony and you might be onto a winner.

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Cranked SEO – Using Yoast SEO for WordPress

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Caribbean Islands | Caribbean hotels & villas, Caribbean …

 Islands  Comments Off on Caribbean Islands | Caribbean hotels & villas, Caribbean …
Feb 292016

CARIBBEAN.COM | HOTELS | VILLAS | ACTIVITIES | Top Caribbean Tours Dreaming of the Caribbean? Check out these exciting tours and attractions. Top Caribbean Hotels Browse a selection of top hotels in The Bahamas and the Caribbean. Top Bermuda Resorts Dreaming of Bermuda? Browse this exquisite collection of beautiful Bermuda resorts and hotels. Top Aruba Hotels Planning a trip to Aruba? Check out these exciting Aruba hotels and beachfront resorts. Top Cayman Islands Hotels Browse a selection of top beach front hotels and resorts in the Cayman Islands. Top Bahamas Resorts Planning your trip to The Bahamas? Browse a selection of Bahamas resorts and hotels. Top Anguilla Hotels Planning a trip to Anguilla? Check out these exciting Anguilla hotels and beachfront resorts. Top Antigua and Barbuda Hotels Browse a selection of top beach front hotels and resorts in Antigua and Barbuda. Top Barbados Resorts Planning your trip to Barbados? Browse a selection of Barbados resorts and hotels. Top Jamaica Hotels Planning a trip to Jamaica? Check out these exciting Jamaica hotels and beachfront resorts. Top Curacao Hotels Browse a selection of top beach front hotels and resorts in Curacao. Top Dominica Resorts Planning your trip to Dominica? Browse a selection of Dominica hotels. Top St Barts Hotels Planning a trip to St Barts? Check out these exotic St Barts resorts. Top St Kitts and Nevis Hotels Browse a selection exclusive hotels and resorts in St Kitts and Nevis. Top St Lucia Hotels Planning a trip to St Lucia? Browse a selection of exquisite St Lucia hotels. Vacation Packages Canada-Jamaica Planning a trip from Canada to Jamaica? Check out these Jamaica hotel packages. Top Turks and Caicos Hotels Browse a selection exclusive hotels and resorts in the Turks and Caicos. Top USVI Hotels Planning a trip to St Thomas, St Croix or St John? Browse a selection of USVI hotels. Bahamas Vacation Guides [NEW] Want to know the hot spots in Nassau and Freeport? These locally produced visitor guides provide local knowledge on shopping, dining, activities and entertainment.

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Caribbean Islands | Caribbean hotels & villas, Caribbean …

 Posted by at 7:42 pm  Tagged with:

Sports and Athletics – Beach Parks, Lifeguard Schedule and …

 Beaches  Comments Off on Sports and Athletics – Beach Parks, Lifeguard Schedule and …
Feb 272016

Beach Parks, Lifeguard Schedule and Water Play

2016 Beach LifeguardDates

Beach Park

Opening Date

Closing Date

Lifeguard Hours


June 18

July 4***

Noon 7 p.m.


June 18

September 5

Noon 7 p.m.


June 25

August 21

Noon 7 p.m.


June 25

August 21

Noon 7 p.m.


June 18

September 5

Noon 7 p.m.


June 25

August 21

2 p.m. 5 p.m.

*Please note that Newcastle and Enatai Beach Parks will remain open through Labor Day, September 5.

**Chesterfield Beach Park will not open on days of inclement weather.

***Meydenbauer Beach Park will close after July 4th due to construction.

Please phone 425-452-4444 for additional information.

Bellevue Aquatic Center Crossroads Park Water Spray Play Area

Chesterfield Beach Park 2501 100th Avenue SE

Chism Beach Park 9600 SE 11th Street

Clyde Beach Park 2 – 92nd Avenue NE

Enatai Beach Park 3519 108th Avenue SE

Meydenbauer Beach Park 419 98th Avenue NE

Newcastle Beach Park 4400 Lake Washington Boulevard SE

Parks & Community Services PO Box 90012 Bellevue, WA 98009 Contact: Scott Armstrong Phone: 425-452-4444 E-mail:

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Sports and Athletics – Beach Parks, Lifeguard Schedule and …

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Libertarianism – Mises Wiki, the global repository of …

 Misc  Comments Off on Libertarianism – Mises Wiki, the global repository of …
Feb 252016

This article uses content from the Wikipedia article on Libertarianism (edition) under the terms of the CC-by-SA 3.0 license.

Libertarianism is a political philosophy[1] that views respect for individual choice and individual liberty[2] as the foundation of the ideal society, and therefore seeks to minimize or abolish the coercive actions of the State as that is the entity that is generally identified as the most powerful coercive force in society.[3][4] Broadly speaking, libertarianism focuses on the rights of the individual to act in complete accordance with his or her own subjective values,[5] and argues that the coercive actions of the State are often (or even always) an impediment to the efficient realization of one’s desires and values.[6][7] Libertarians also maintain that what is immoral for the individual must necessarily be immoral for all state agents, and that the state should not be above the natural law.[8][9] The extent to which government is necessary is evaluated by libertarian moral philosophers from a variety of perspectives.[10][11]

The term libertarian was originally used by late Enlightenment free-thinkers to refer to those who believed in free will, as opposed to determinism.[12] Libertarianism in this sense is still encountered in metaphysics in discussions of free will. The first recorded use of the term was in 1789, by William Belsham, son of a dissenting clergyman.[13]Murrary Rothbard identified mysterious Chinese philospher Lao-Tzu who lived in the sixth century BC as one of the first libertarian-minded philosphers and another philosopher Chuang-tzu as the first thinker to describe the benefits of “spontaneous order”.[14]

The term libertarian was first popularized in France in the 1890s in order to counter and evade the anti-anarchist laws known as the lois sclrates.[citationneeded] According to anarchist historian Max Nettlau, the first use of the term libertarian communism was in November 1880, when a French anarchist congress employed it to more clearly identify its doctrines.[15] The French anarchist journalist Sbastien Faure, later founder and editor of the four-volume Anarchist Encyclopedia, started the weekly paper Le Libertaire (The Libertarian) in 1895.[16]

In the meantime, in the United States, libertarianism as a synonym for anarchism had begun to take hold. The anarchist communist geographer and social theorist Peter Kropotkin wrote in his seminal 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica article Anarchism that:

Today, worldwide, anarchist communist, libertarian socialist, and other left-libertarian movements continue to describe themselves as libertarian, although their continued appropriation of the phrase is open to controversy, with right libertarians maintaining that left-libertarianism is internally inconsistent and should not be associated with modern libertarianism in any way. These “leftist” styles of libertarianism are opposed to most or all forms of private property.

Age of Enlightenment ideas of individual liberty, constitutionally limited government, peace, and reliance on the institutions of civil society and the free market for social order and economic prosperity were the basis of what became known as liberalism in the 19th century.[18] While it kept that meaning in most of the world, modern liberalism in the United States began to mean a more statist viewpoint. Over time, those who held to the earlier liberal views began to call themselves market liberals, classical liberals or libertarians.[19] While conservatism in Europe continued to mean conserving hierarchical class structures through state control of society and the economy, some conservatives in the United States began to refer to conserving traditions of liberty. This was especially true of the Old Right, who opposed The New Deal and U.S. military interventions in World War I and World War II.[20][21]

Later, the Austrian School of economics also had a powerful impact on both economic teaching and classical liberal and libertarian principles.[22][23] It influenced economists and political philosophers and theorists including Henry Hazlitt, Hans-Hermann Hoppe, Israel Kirzner, Murray Rothbard, Walter Block and Richard M. Ebeling. The Austrian School was in turn influenced by Frederic Bastiat.[24][25]

Starting in the 1930s and continuing until today, a group of central European economists lead by Austrians Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek identified the collectivist underpinnings to the various new socialist and fascist doctrines of government power as being different brands of totalitarianism.

In the 1940s, Leonard Read began calling himself libertarian.[12] In 1955, Dean Russell wrote an article in the Foundation for Economic Education magazine pondering what to call those, such as himself, who subscribed to the classical liberal philosophy. He suggested: “Let those of us who love liberty trademark and reserve for our own use the good and honorable word “libertarian.””[26]

Ayn Rand’s international best sellers The Fountainhead (1943) and Atlas Shrugged (1957) and her books about her philosophy of objectivism influenced modern libertarianism.[27] For a number of years after the publication of her books, people promoting a libertarian philosophy continued to call it individualism.[28] Two other women also published influential pro-freedom books in 1943, Rose Wilder Lanes The Discovery of Freedom and Isabel Patersons The God of the Machine.[29]

According to libertarian publisher Robert W. Poole, Arizona United States Senator Barry Goldwater’s message of individual liberty, economic freedom, and anti-communism also had a major impact on the libertarian movement, both with the publication of his book The Conscience of a Conservative and with his run for president in 1964.[30] Goldwater’s speech writer, Karl Hess, became a leading libertarian writer and activist.[31]

The Cold War mentality of military interventionism, which had supplanted Old Right non-interventionism, was promoted by conservatives like William F. Buckley and accepted by many libertarians, with Murray Rothbard being a notable dissenter.[32] However, the Vietnam War split the uneasy alliance between growing numbers of self-identified libertarians, anarcho-libertarians, and more traditional conservatives who believed in limiting liberty to uphold moral virtues. Some libertarians joined the draft dodger, peace movements and Students for a Democratic Society. They began founding their own publications, like Murray Rothbard’s The Libertarian Forum and organizations like the Radical Libertarian Alliance. The split was aggravated at the 1969 Young Americans for Freedom convention, when more than 300 libertarians organized to take control of the organization from conservatives. The burning of a draft card in protest to a conservative proposal against draft resistance sparked physical confrontations among convention attendees, a walkout by a large number of libertarians, the creation of new purely libertarian organizations like the Society for Individual Liberty, and efforts to recruit potential libertarians from conservative organizations.[33] The split was finalized in 1971 when conservative leader William F. Buckley, in a 1971 New York Times article, attempted to weed libertarians out of the freedom movement. He wrote: “The ideological licentiousness that rages through America today makes anarchy attractive to the simple-minded. Even to the ingeniously simple-minded.”[29]

In 1971, David Nolan and a few friends formed the Libertarian Party.[34] Attracting former Democrats, Republicans and independents, it has run a presidential candidate every election year since 1972, including Ed Clark (1980), Ron Paul (1988), Harry Browne (1996 and 2000) and Bob Barr (2008). By 2006, polls showed that 15 percent of American voters identified themselves as libertarian.[35] Over the years, dozens of libertarian political parties have been formed worldwide. Educational organizations like the Center for Libertarian Studies and the Cato Institute were formed in the 1970s, and others have been created since then.[36]

Philosophical libertarianism gained a significant measure of recognition in academia with the publication of Harvard University professor Robert Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia in 1974. The book won a National Book Award in 1975.[37] According to libertarian essayist Roy Childs, “Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia single-handedly established the legitimacy of libertarianism as a political theory in the world of academia.”[38]

According to the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy:

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy states “libertarianism holds that agents initially fully own themselves and have moral powers to acquire property rights in external things under certain conditions.” It notes that libertarianism is not a right-wing doctrine because of its opposition to laws restricting adult consensual sexual relationships and drug use, and its opposition to imposing religious views or practices and compulsory military service. However, it notes that there is a version known as left-libertarianism which also endorses full self-ownership, but “differs on unappropriated natural resources (land, air, water, etc.).” “Right-libertarianism” holds that such resources may be appropriated by individuals. “Left-libertarianism” holds that they belong to everyone and must be distributed in some egalitarian manner.[39]

Like many libertarians, Leonard Read rejected the concepts of “left” and “right” libertarianism, calling them “authoritarian.”[40] Libertarian author and politician Harry Browne wrote: “We should never define Libertarian positions in terms coined by liberals or conservatives nor as some variant of their positions. We are not fiscally conservative and socially liberal. We are Libertarians, who believe in individual liberty and personal responsibility on all issues at all times. You can depend on us to treat government as the problem, not the solution.”[41]

Isaiah Berlin’s 1958 essay “Two Concepts of Liberty” described a difference between negative liberty which limits the power of the state to interfere and positive liberty in which a paternalistic state helps individuals achieve self-realization and self-determination. He believed these were rival and incompatible interpretations of liberty and held that demands for positive liberty lead to authoritarianism. This view has been adopted by many libertarians including Robert Nozick and Murray Rothbard.[42]

Libertarians contrast two ethical views: consequentialist libertarianism, which is the support for liberty because it leads to favorable consequences, such as prosperity or efficiency and deontological libertarianism (also known as “rights-theorist libertarianism,” “natural rights libertarianism,” or “libertarian moralism”) which consider moral tenets to be the basis of libertarian philosophy.[43] Others combine a hybrid of consequentialist and deontologist thinking.[44]

Another view, contractarian libertarianism, holds that any legitimate authority of government derives not from the consent of the governed, but from contract or mutual agreement. Robert Nozick holds a variation on this view, as does Jan Narveson as outlined in his 1988 work The Libertarian Idea and his 2002 work Respecting Persons in Theory and Practice. Other advocates of contractarian libertarianism include the Nobel Laureate and founder of the public choice school of economics James M. Buchanan, Canadian philosopher David Gauthier and Hungarian-French philosopher Anthony de Jasay.[45][46][47]

The main differences among libertarians relate to the ideal amount of freedom and the means to that freedom.

Libertarian conservatism, also known as conservative libertarianism (and sometimes called right-libertarianism), describes certain political ideologies which attempt to meld libertarian and conservative ideas, often called “fusionism.”[48][49] Anthony Gregory writes that right, or conservative, “libertarianism can refer to any number of varying and at times mutually exclusive political orientations” such as being “interested mainly in ‘economic freedoms'”; following the “conservative lifestyle of right-libertarians”; seeking “others to embrace their own conservative lifestyle”; considering big business “as a great victim of the state”; favoring a “strong national defense”; and having “an Old Right opposition to empire.”[50]

Conservatives hold that shared values, morals, standards, and traditions are necessary for social order while libertarians consider individual liberty as the highest value.[51] Laurence M. Vance writes: “Some libertarians consider libertarianism to be a lifestyle rather than a political philosophy… They apparently dont know the difference between libertarianism and libertinism.”[52] However, Edward Feser emphasizes that libertarianism does not require individuals to reject traditional conservative values.[48]

Some libertarian conservatives in the United States (known as libertarian constitutionalists) believe that the way to limit government is to enforce the United States Constitution.[53]

Libertarianism’s status is in dispute among those who style themselves Objectivists (Objectivism is the name philosopher-novelist Ayn Rand gave her philosophy). Though elements of Rand’s philosophy have been adopted by libertarianism, Objectivists (including Rand herself) have condemned libertarianism as a threat to freedom and capitalism. In particular, it has been claimed that libertarians use Objectivist ideas “with the teeth pulled out of them”.[54][55]

Conversely, some libertarians see Objectivists as dogmatic, unrealistic, and uncompromising (Objectivists do not see the last as a negative attribute). According to Reason editor Nick Gillespie in the magazine’s March 2005 issue focusing on Objectivism’s influence, Rand is “one of the most important figures in the libertarian movement… Rand remains one of the best-selling and most widely influential figures in American thought and culture” in general and in libertarianism in particular. Still, he confesses that he is embarrassed by his magazine’s association with her ideas. In the same issue, Cathy Young says that “Libertarianism, the movement most closely connected to Rand’s ideas, is less an offspring than a rebel stepchild.” Though they reject what they see as Randian dogmas, libertarians like Young still believe that “Rand’s message of reason and liberty… could be a rallying point” for libertarianism.

Objectivists reject the rigorous interpretation of the non-aggression principle which leads anarchist libertarians to reject the State. For Objectivists, a government limited to protection of its citizens’ rights is absolutely necessary and moral or at least a “necessary evil”. Objectivists are opposed to all anarchist currents and are suspicious of libertarians’ lineage with individualist anarchism.[56]

Libertarian progressivism supports the civil libertarian aspect of freedom as well as supporting the kind of economic freedom that emphasizes removing corporate subsidies and other favoritism to special interests, and applying a responsible transition toward freedom – for example, some support a transition approach that includes certain trade restrictions on imports from countries that have very little freedom, and free trade with those countries would be phased in if they move toward more freedom. Libertarian progressives are sometimes libertarian Democrats.[57][58]

Minarchism is the belief that a state should exist but that its functions should be minimal because its sole purpose is protecting the rights of the people, including protecting people and their property from the criminal acts of others, as well as providing for national defense.[59]

Anarchism is a political philosophy encompassing many theories and traditions, all opposed to government. Although anarchism is usually considered to be a left-wing ideology, it always has included individualists and, more recently, anarcho-capitalists who support pro-property and market-oriented economic structures. Anarchists may support anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism.

Geolibertarianism is a political movement that strives to reconcile libertarianism and Georgism (or geoism).[60] Geolibertarians are advocates of geoism, which is the position that all land is a common asset to which all individuals have an equal right to access, and therefore if individuals claim the land as their property they must pay rent to the community for doing so. Rent need not be paid for the mere use of land, but only for the right to exclude others from that land, and for the protection of one’s title by government. They simultaneously agree with the libertarian position that each individual has an exclusive right to the fruits of his or her labor as their private property, as opposed to this product being owned collectively by society or the community, and that “one’s labor, wages, and the products of labor” should not be taxed. In agreement with traditional libertarians they advocate “full civil liberties, with no crimes unless there are victims who have been invaded.”[60] Geolibertarians generally advocate distributing the land rent to the community via a land value tax, as proposed by Henry George and others before him. For this reason, they are often called “single taxers”. Fred E. Foldvary coined the word “geo-libertarianism” in an article so titled in Land and Liberty, May/June 1981, pp. 53-55. In the case of geoanarchism, the voluntary form of geolibertarianism as described by Foldvary, rent would be collected by private associations with the opportunity to secede from a geocommunity (and not receive the geocommunity’s services) if desired.

Left-libertarianism is usually regarded as doctrine that has an egalitarian view concerning natural resources, believing that it is not legitimate for someone to claim private ownership of resources to the detriment of others.[39][61][62] Most left libertarians support some form of income redistribution on the grounds of a claim by each individual to be entitled to an equal share of natural resources.[62] Left libertarianism is defended by contemporary theorists such as Peter Vallentyne, Hillel Steiner, Michael Otsuka, and Noam Chomsky.[63] The term is sometimes used as a synonym for libertarian socialism or simply socialism.[64]

Some members of the U.S. libertarian movement, including the late Samuel Edward Konkin III[65] and Roderick T. Long,[66] employ a differing definition of left libertarianism. These individuals depart from other forms of libertarianism by advocating strong alliances with the Left on issues such as the anti-war movement,[67] and by supporting labor unions.[68][69] Some wish to revive voluntary cooperative ideas such as mutualism.[70]

In France, Libert chrie (“Cherished Liberty”) is a pro-liberty think tank and activist association formed in 2003. Libert chrie gained significant publicity when it managed to draw 30,000 Parisians into the streets to demonstrate against government employees who were striking.[71][72]

In Germany, a “Libertre Plattform in der FDP” (“Liberty Caucus within the Free Democratic Party”) was founded in 2005.

The Russian Libertarian Movement (Rossiyskoye Libertarianskoye Dvizhenie, RLD; 2003-2006) was a short-lived political party in the Russian Federation, formed by members of the Institute of Natiology (Moscow), a libertarian think-tank. After electoral failure and government failure, it disbanded.

The Libertarian Alliance was an early libertarian educational group. It was followed by British think tanks such as the Adam Smith Institute. A British Libertarian Party was founded on January 1, 2008.

Well known libertarian organizations include the Center for Libertarian Studies, the Cato Institute, the Foundation for Economic Education (FEE), the International Society for Individual Liberty (ISIL) and the Ludwig von Mises Institute. The Libertarian Party of the United States is the world’s first such party.

The activist Free State Project, formed in 2001, works to bring 20,000 libertarians to the state of New Hampshire to influence state policy. They had signed up 1,033 people by 2008. Similar, but less successful, projects include the Free West Alliance and Free State Wyoming. (There is also a European Free State Project.)

The Tea Party Movement is arguably a recent revival of mainstream libertarianism in the United States. Ron Paul and his son Rand Paul’s increasing visibility and popularity with the electorate could also be signs of a revival of libertarianism in mainstream political consciousness in the United States.

Costa Rica’s Movimiento Libertario (“Libertarian Movement”) is libertarian party which holds roughly 10% of the seats in Costa Rica’s national assembly (legislature). The Limn REAL Project seeks for autonomy in a province in Costa Rica.[73]

Libertarianism at Wikipedia

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SEO|Digital marketing Agency|Consultant|Company Kent

 SEO  Comments Off on SEO|Digital marketing Agency|Consultant|Company Kent
Feb 242016

Lets be honest on a few points. Search Engine Optimisation or SEO for short is vital for your business. All the time there are search engines, there will always be a need for SEO. Choosing an SEO company to work with could be one of the most important things you do for your business and it could have either a positive or negative impact on your business. The positive impact would be seeing your business rise up the SEO rankings and business profits increase. And the negative would be wasting money on a company that either creates weak and dangerous links to your siteor even does nothing for you.

That is why choosing an SEO consultant or company that has experience working with many clients, within different niches and knows how to improve your web presence, not damage it, is vital. SEO has changed a lot over the last few years, methods that were once effective, not only no longer work, but are now damaging to your website. Unfortunately, there are still a large number of SEO companies and consultants who either outsource their SEO service to cheap third parties, who dont know what they are doing, or they speak to you in a language that leaves you unclear as to what they are doing!

We go into the why you should use us as your SEO consultant / company in great detail on our About page, but the main factor that makes us different from a lot of other SEO agencies, is we are a small team who put emphasis on the personal touch. This means the people you talk to are the ones who do the work. We dont outsource or farm your work out to people with lesser experience, all your SEO work is done directly byone of our three man team. Also, a lot of agencies have a high turnover of SEO staffbecause the industry is changing a lot and agencies have to take on so many clients to meet overheads, they dont have time to develop and research what is still working. This means the quality of SEO is not always at its best. Because we purposely are small, we have very low overheads, which means we can pick and choose who we work with and thereby spend more than 40 hours a month researching and developing strategies thatget you results.

Firstly you should stay away from anyone guaranteeing first place spot on Google, even page one status, for keywords that will get you more business (and not just your business name). That is not to say it is not possible to get page one rankings, we have achieved this over and over again, but with Googles algorithm updating and changing on a regular basis, any sort of promise to get you page one or first spot is a false guarantee. What we do guarantee you is this. We will agree with you a result within a time frame that we are both happy with, if we dont achieve it, we will continue to do the work until we get the result, for free!

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Texas Beaches – Texas Beach Vacation

 Beaches  Comments Off on Texas Beaches – Texas Beach Vacation
Feb 232016

Texas is known for many things, but many people overlook Texas beaches. With 600 miles of the Gulf of Mexico coastline, it is difficult to see why. Beachgoers will find everything here in Texas that they could find in more popular beach destinations such as California. Texas beaches have exciting water sports, plenty of room for sunbathing, beach houses and surf. Have a Texas Beach Partyinvite all your friends and have them invite all of theirs. You can party year-round here and enjoy every bit of the sun.

One Texas beach you should be familiar with is Surfside Beach Texas. It is small island created by the Gulf of Mexico. It has 21 miles of shoreline. You will find plenty of space to relax and enjoy the tranquility of the splashing waves. Also, they have hundreds of cabana beach houses lining the coast as a place to call home for a weekend or a week. Make Surfside Beach Texas a home away from home, set up a hammock, and let the breeze blow your stress away.

Other Texas beach vacation spots to be familiar with are numerous and hard to count on 2 hands. Keep your eyes open to see Crystal Beach, Galveston Island, and South Padre Island–the activities are endless. On a Texas beach vacation you can go fishing, crabbing, shelling, birding, beachcombing, biking, surfing, boating camping and photography to name a few. Any water sport you could imagine is here in Texas. Do keep in mind that this is only a few of the beaches that embrace the 600-mile shoreline.

The Texas beach vacation doesn’t stop with sun bathing and water sports, oh no, there are colorful shops and a thriving nightlife that need your attention. Party all night. Isn’t that what the beach is for anywayrecovering? You will have a great time in places such as South Padre Island. Make that Texas Beach party non-stop. There are also plenty of restaurant that are sure to stir your taste buds. And if all of this doesn’t get you excited then take a walk in Sea Rim State park or take a boat cruise. There is an endless amount of the things to do, you just have to jump in and do them.

The Texas beaches are well worth the trip, and come in your own leisure. We aren’t going anyway. Let the sea breeze and the sun let your relax. Time flies when you are having fun, and you certainly don’t want to go back to work too soon. Pick a beach any beach like Surfside Beach Texas for instance, and take advantage of water sports and other festivities going on.

Texas Beaches – Texas Beach Vacation

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