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Genetic engineering – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Human Genetic Engineering  Comments Off on Genetic engineering – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aug 042015
 

Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism’s genome using biotechnology. It is therefore a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes within and across species boundaries to produce improved or novel organisms. New DNA may be inserted in the host genome by first isolating and copying the genetic material of interest using molecular cloning methods to generate a DNA sequence, or by synthesizing the DNA, and then inserting this construct into the host organism. Genes may be removed, or “knocked out”, using a nuclease. Gene targeting is a different technique that uses homologous recombination to change an endogenous gene, and can be used to delete a gene, remove exons, add a gene, or introduce point mutations.

An organism that is generated through genetic engineering is considered to be a genetically modified organism (GMO). The first GMOs were bacteria generated in 1973 and GM mice in 1974. Insulin-producing bacteria were commercialized in 1982 and genetically modified food has been sold since 1994. Glofish, the first GMO designed as a pet, was first sold in the United States December in 2003.[1]

Genetic engineering techniques have been applied in numerous fields including research, agriculture, industrial biotechnology, and medicine. Enzymes used in laundry detergent and medicines such as insulin and human growth hormone are now manufactured in GM cells, experimental GM cell lines and GM animals such as mice or zebrafish are being used for research purposes, and genetically modified crops have been commercialized.

IUPAC definition

Process of inserting new genetic information into existing cells in order to modify a specific organism for the purpose of changing its characteristics.

Note: Adapted from ref.[2][3]

Genetic engineering alters the genetic make-up of an organism using techniques that remove heritable material or that introduce DNA prepared outside the organism either directly into the host or into a cell that is then fused or hybridized with the host.[4] This involves using recombinant nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) techniques to form new combinations of heritable genetic material followed by the incorporation of that material either indirectly through a vector system or directly through micro-injection, macro-injection and micro-encapsulation techniques.

Genetic engineering does not normally include traditional animal and plant breeding, in vitro fertilisation, induction of polyploidy, mutagenesis and cell fusion techniques that do not use recombinant nucleic acids or a genetically modified organism in the process.[4] However the European Commission has also defined genetic engineering broadly as including selective breeding and other means of artificial selection.[5]Cloning and stem cell research, although not considered genetic engineering,[6] are closely related and genetic engineering can be used within them.[7]Synthetic biology is an emerging discipline that takes genetic engineering a step further by introducing artificially synthesized material from raw materials into an organism.[8]

If genetic material from another species is added to the host, the resulting organism is called transgenic. If genetic material from the same species or a species that can naturally breed with the host is used the resulting organism is called cisgenic.[9] Genetic engineering can also be used to remove genetic material from the target organism, creating a gene knockout organism.[10] In Europe genetic modification is synonymous with genetic engineering while within the United States of America it can also refer to conventional breeding methods.[11][12] The Canadian regulatory system is based on whether a product has novel features regardless of method of origin. In other words, a product is regulated as genetically modified if it carries some trait not previously found in the species whether it was generated using traditional breeding methods (e.g., selective breeding, cell fusion, mutation breeding) or genetic engineering.[13][14][15] Within the scientific community, the term genetic engineering is not commonly used; more specific terms such as transgenic are preferred.

Plants, animals or micro organisms that have changed through genetic engineering are termed genetically modified organisms or GMOs.[16] Bacteria were the first organisms to be genetically modified. Plasmid DNA containing new genes can be inserted into the bacterial cell and the bacteria will then express those genes. These genes can code for medicines or enzymes that process food and other substrates.[17][18] Plants have been modified for insect protection, herbicide resistance, virus resistance, enhanced nutrition, tolerance to environmental pressures and the production of edible vaccines.[19] Most commercialised GMO’s are insect resistant and/or herbicide tolerant crop plants.[20] Genetically modified animals have been used for research, model animals and the production of agricultural or pharmaceutical products. They include animals with genes knocked out, increased susceptibility to disease, hormones for extra growth and the ability to express proteins in their milk.[21]

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Genetic engineering – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Posthuman Organisation

 Posthuman  Comments Off on The Posthuman Organisation
Aug 042015
 

I have explored and written about posthuman ideas since the 1980’s and have discussed with many people the validity of particular views of the future. One debate concerns the Trans-human 500 year transition period claim versus the opinion shared by me that some of us in the developed world are already Posthuman(our skeletons are now a different shape from homo-sapiens of the C19th and C20th D-shaped not round). The Industrial Revolution was the trans stage, cut out the middle-man Posthuman NOW!

PRIMAL EYE BOOK

Complete Theory of Mind synopsis- see menu page for these films at http://www.extropia.net

Primal Eye documentary

Part One of Nine – 8 mins 30 secs video.

Steve Nichols presents his Primal Eye theory, with Prof. Richard Gregory, Dr. Rupert Sheldrake, Chester Zoo and more.

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The Posthuman Organisation

Moz – Official Site

 SEO  Comments Off on Moz – Official Site
Jul 312015
 

Otterbox.com & LifeProof.com David DuBois SEO Specialist

Moz builds easy to use, affordable tools that give me exactly what I need. Its easy for me to spend money with Moz knowing that Rand is a leader in the industry and understands exactly what us SEOs/marketers want.

Razorfish Jon Clark Director, SEO

The automation in Moz tools allows my team to focus on strategy and insights vs. running keyword reports manually or scheduling individual site crawls every few weeks. The simplicity of their tools mitigates the learning curve for new hires, allowing them to immediately jump in and add value.

99designs Jessica Hill SEO Manager

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Moz – Official Site

Astronomy Picture of the Day – Official Site

 Astronomy  Comments Off on Astronomy Picture of the Day – Official Site
Jul 282015
 

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

2015 July 28

Explanation: What’s happening over Bryce Canyon? Two different optical effects that were captured in one image taken earlier this month. Both effects needed to have the Sun situated directly behind the photographer. The nearest apparition was the common rainbow, created by sunlight streaming from the setting sun over the head of the photographer, and scattering from raindrops in front of the canyon. If you look closely, even a second rainbow appears above the first. More rare, and perhaps more striking, are the rays of light that emanate out from the horizon above the canyon. These are known as anticrepuscular rays and result from sunlight streaming though breaks in the clouds, around the sky, and converging at the point 180 degrees around from the Sun. Geometrically, this antisolar point must coincide with the exact center of the rainbows. Located in Utah, USA, Bryce Canyon itself contains a picturesque array of ancient sedimentary rock spires known as hoodoos.

Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff (MTU) & Jerry Bonnell (UMCP) NASA Official: Phillip Newman Specific rights apply. NASA Web Privacy Policy and Important Notices A service of: ASD at NASA / GSFC & Michigan Tech. U.

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Astronomy Picture of the Day – Official Site

Americas #1 Cryptocurrency: The Secret Currency …

 Cryptocurrency  Comments Off on Americas #1 Cryptocurrency: The Secret Currency …
Jul 242015
 

A sudden avalanche of folks have been asking about this pitch again, so I thought Id re-share and update my thoughts on something I wrote in the Friday File for the Irregulars back in October of 2013 so yes, this is getting a little old. Much of this is from that original note, or from my update back in January of 2014, though Ive gone through and updated my thoughts (and some of the numbers) a little bit.

From my quick glance, the core of the spiel from the Stansberry folks hasnt changed much for this Secret Currency since then, other than to call it the #1 Cryptocurrency now that that term has entered the popular lexicon (and indeed, the ad is not dramatically different than it was when I first covered similar ads of theirs five or six years ago).

The one thing thats particularly different in the last year or two is that they use the curiosity about Bitcoin to catch your attention

The ad back in 2013 started out as a warning about Bitcoin:

Urgent Message for U.S. Investors:

Do NOT buy Bitcoin until you watch this public message

This is the true story of alternative currencies in America the one you wont hear anywhere else. The story only wealthy families know. Please take five minutes to watch this message and avoid making a very costly Bitcoin mistake.

And then went on to compare Bitcoin to a host of past internet failures or value-destroyers like Webvan and Pets.com and Groupon, and then makes the argument that the secret currency does the same things Bitcoin does (provide some privacy, get away from the US dollar, etc.).

Which is sort of true I have some experience with both this secret currency and with Bitcoin, I tinkered with Bitcoin myself for a to see how it worked and whether it might be a viable alternative to using credit cards, and Im not all that impressed with how useful it might become at the moment though I still have maybe half a bit coin sitting in a wallet somewhere.

This is how they introduce the ad now:

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Americas #1 Cryptocurrency: The Secret Currency …

Download – Bitcoin

 Bitcoin  Comments Off on Download – Bitcoin
Jul 222015
 

Latest version: 0.11.0 Check your bandwidth and space

Bitcoin Core initial synchronization will take time and download a lot of data. You should make sure that you have enough bandwidth and storage for the full block chain size (over 20GB). If you have a good Internet connection, you can help strengthen the network by keeping your PC running with Bitcoin Core and port 8333 open. Read the full node guide for details.

Bitcoin Core is a community-driven free software project, released under the MIT license.

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Download – Bitcoin

What is the Illuminati? | Illuminati Rex

 Illuminati  Comments Off on What is the Illuminati? | Illuminati Rex
Jul 222015
 

The term Illuminati has been used in numerous contexts and has been ascribed to a variety of individuals or groups. Originally chosen as a name by a 18th century European secret society, the modern Illuminati is a wholly different creature than the Bavarian Illuminati.

Today, Illuminati is commonly used as a blanket term to describe the power elite, a relatively small group of plutocrats who collectively own and rule our world.

The exact number of people making up this group and how much control and influence they have over worldly affairs is difficult to determine, but the existence of the ruling class itself is widely accepted on both ends of the political spectrum. This highly organized superclass works towards their own common interests whether they be for the betterment of society or not.

This shadowy group is at the core of all modern Illuminati conspiracy theories. The group resonates with what the Occupy movement, a grass root organization born in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, calls the One Percent. Christian fundamentalists and UFO profiteers often add their own twists, including the usual canards of Satan worship and blood sacrifices, making use of the term Illuminati ambiguous.

Well examine some of the most popular conspiracy theories surrounding the Illuminati and look at their similarities and their differences.

But first

The Bavarian Illuminati was a secret society founded by Adam Weishaupt in 1776. Dismayed with the Jesuits dominance in Bavaria, Weishaupt founded the order to secretly spread the ideas of Enlightenment within the confines of a highly restrictive society without any freedoms of speech or religion. By 1785, the despotic Elector of Bavaria Karl Theodore had issued his first edict against the order eventually putting an end to the Bavarian Illuminati.

The modern use for the term Illuminati has little resemblance to Weishaupts Illuminati. Im presently putting together a Bavarian Illuminati comic book, Terry Melanson has written his excellent Perfectibilists: The 18th Century Bavarian Order of the Illuminati and English translations of the Original documents of the Bavarian Illuminati are currently in the works.

The Illuminati is a highly secretive cabal which has been planning and directing world events from behind the scenes. Prominent members include Queen Elizabeth; most US Presidents including Barack Obama, George W. Bush, George HW Bush and Bill Clinton; the Pope and the entire Vatican apparatus including the Supreme General if the Jesuits, the Black Pope. The Rothschild and Rockefeller dynasties always have a prevalent role in Illuminati conspiracy theories, sometimes as direct rivals, sometimes as partners in the enslavement of mankind.

The Illuminati is especially active in the music industry. Most popular singers have at one time or another been labeled as belonging to the Illuminati or being puppets of the Illuminati. Jay-Z, Kanye West, Rihanna, Beyonc, Lady Gaga, Justin Bieber, Michael Jackson, the Beatles have all been accused of involvement with the Illuminati. (See Top 10 Illuminati Celebrities.)

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What is the Illuminati? | Illuminati Rex

Full featured SEO software tool: rankings, analytics …

 SEO  Comments Off on Full featured SEO software tool: rankings, analytics …
Jul 222015
 

SEOprofiler […] can substantially improve a company’s SEO campaigns. In addition, the program offers detailed, aesthetically pleasing reporting features that are useful for displaying data generated by this software suite. Entrepreneur.com on NBCnews.com

SEOprofiler.com is a site that will make any webmasters day. There’s no better way to outplay your competitors. Review on KillerStartups.com

I was recently searching for a reliable backlink report source and came across SEOprofiler. And, boy, am I glad I did! Not only was their site easy to use, but the intelligence it offered by way of its comprehensive report was worth it! John Muehling, MobileHealthCareToday.com

SEOprofiler was the exact tool I was looking for. I tried about 10 other tools that tried to do what SEOprofiler did 100 times better. After analyzing the data from the reports I made a few simple tweaks to my site and I moved up to the front page of Google. Greg Tampa, GregTampa.com

SEOprofiler is great for site owners who are serious about their SEO efforts. Jeremy Moore, PCRepairShop.org

After evaluating all SEO tools, I chose SEOprofiler to be the core of my business operations. The best tools are the Top 10 Optimizer and the web-based white-label reports for my clients. […] Hard work, smarts and entrepreneurial thinking combined with SEOprofiler are a winning combination for SEO agencies. Clayton Kessler, ClaytonKessler.com

One of the best things about SEOprofiler is the way it combines so many effective and essential SEO tools into one convenient location. With SEOprofiler, the expert can get everything he needs without having to run all over the place and the beginner can be sure he isnt forgetting anything.

SEOprofiler is perfectly suited for managers, owners, and administrators of web sites who need to increase traffic to their sites. As far as SEO tools go, you would be hard pressed to find a more professional and more comprehensive one than SEOprofiler. We heartily give it a good four and a half stars out of five. Review on SEOsoftware.net

Thanks for creating a great backlink manager tool. I was just using the one on [competitor] and their tool is far more limited and cumbersome. It dawned on me as I got frustrated that I should try your option. And it’s about to save me hours of work. So thank you! Eddy Salomon, InternetMarketingSmarts.com

I was blown away by the simplicity of use, and information being given out. Jordan Kovats, TheSeoGuys.ca

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Full featured SEO software tool: rankings, analytics …

Eugenics in the United States – Wikipedia, the free …

 Eugenics  Comments Off on Eugenics in the United States – Wikipedia, the free …
Jul 212015
 

Eugenics, the social movement claiming to improve the genetic features of human populations through selective breeding and sterilization,[1] based on the idea that it is possible to distinguish between superior and inferior elements of society,[2] played a significant role in the history and culture of the United States prior to its involvement in World War II.[3]

Eugenics was practised in the United States many years before eugenics programs in Nazi Germany[4] and U.S. programs provided much of the inspiration for the latter.[5][6][7] Stefan Khl has documented the consensus between Nazi race policies and those of eugenicists in other countries, including the United States, and points out that eugenicists understood Nazi policies and measures as the realization of their goals and demands.[5]

During the Progressive Era of the late 19th and early 20th century, eugenics was considered[by whom?] a method of preserving and improving the dominant groups in the population; it is now generally associated with racist and nativist elements[citation needed] (as the movement was to some extent a reaction to a change in emigration from Europe) rather than scientific genetics.

The American eugenics movement was rooted in the biological determinist ideas of Sir Francis Galton, which originated in the 1880s. Galton studied the upper classes of Britain, and arrived at the conclusion that their social positions were due to a superior genetic makeup.[8] Early proponents of eugenics believed that, through selective breeding, the human species should direct its own evolution. They tended to believe in the genetic superiority of Nordic, Germanic and Anglo-Saxon peoples; supported strict immigration and anti-miscegenation laws; and supported the forcible sterilization of the poor, disabled and “immoral”.[9] Eugenics was also supported by African Americans intellectuals such as W. E. B. Du Bois, Thomas Wyatt Turner, and many academics at Tuskegee University, Howard University, and Hampton University; however they believed the best blacks were as good as the best whites and The Talented Tenth” of all races should mix.[10] W. E. B. Du Bois believed only fit blacks should procreate to eradicate the races heritage of moral iniquity.”[10][11]

The American eugenics movement received extensive funding from various corporate foundations including the Carnegie Institution, Rockefeller Foundation, and the Harriman railroad fortune.[6] In 1906 J.H. Kellogg provided funding to help found the Race Betterment Foundation in Battle Creek, Michigan.[8] The Eugenics Record Office (ERO) was founded in Cold Spring Harbor, New York in 1911 by the renowned biologist Charles B. Davenport, using money from both the Harriman railroad fortune and the Carnegie Institution. As late as the 1920s, the ERO was one of the leading organizations in the American eugenics movement.[8][12] In years to come, the ERO collected a mass of family pedigrees and concluded that those who were unfit came from economically and socially poor backgrounds. Eugenicists such as Davenport, the psychologist Henry H. Goddard, Harry H. Laughlin, and the conservationist Madison Grant (all well respected in their time) began to lobby for various solutions to the problem of the “unfit”. Davenport favored immigration restriction and sterilization as primary methods; Goddard favored segregation in his The Kallikak Family; Grant favored all of the above and more, even entertaining the idea of extermination.[13] The Eugenics Record Office later became the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.

Eugenics was widely accepted in the U.S. academic community.[6] By 1928 there were 376 separate university courses in some of the United States’ leading schools, enrolling more than 20,000 students, which included eugenics in the curriculum.[14] It did, however, have scientific detractors (notably, Thomas Hunt Morgan, one of the few Mendelians to explicitly criticize eugenics), though most of these focused more on what they considered the crude methodology of eugenicists, and the characterization of almost every human characteristic as being hereditary, rather than the idea of eugenics itself.[15]

By 1910, there was a large and dynamic network of scientists, reformers and professionals engaged in national eugenics projects and actively promoting eugenic legislation. The American Breeders Association was the first eugenic body in the U.S., established in 1906 under the direction of biologist Charles B. Davenport. The ABA was formed specifically to investigate and report on heredity in the human race, and emphasize the value of superior blood and the menace to society of inferior blood.” Membership included Alexander Graham Bell, Stanford president David Starr Jordan and Luther Burbank.[16][17] The American Association for the Study and Prevention of Infant Mortality was one of the first organizations to begin investigating infant mortality rates in terms of eugenics.[18] They promoted government intervention in attempts to promote the health of future citizens.[19][verification needed]

Several feminist reformers advocated an agenda of eugenic legal reform. The National Federation of Womens Clubs, the Womans Christian Temperance Union, and the National League of Women Voters were among the variety of state and local feminist organization that at some point lobbied for eugenic reforms.[20]

One of the most prominent feminists to champion the eugenic agenda was Margaret Sanger, the leader of the American birth control movement. Margaret Sanger saw birth control as a means to prevent unwanted children from being born into a disadvantaged life, and incorporated the language of eugenics to advance the movement.[21][22] Sanger also sought to discourage the reproduction of persons who, it was believed, would pass on mental disease or serious physical defect. She advocated sterilization in cases where the subject was unable to use birth control.[21] Unlike other eugenicists, she rejected euthanasia.[23] For Sanger, it was individual women and not the state who should determine whether or not to have a child.[24][25]

In the Deep South, womens associations played an important role in rallying support for eugenic legal reform. Eugenicists recognized the political and social influence of southern clubwomen in their communities, and used them to help implement eugenics across the region.[26] Between 1915 and 1920, federated womens clubs in every state of the Deep South had a critical role in establishing public eugenic institutions that were segregated by sex.[27] For example, the Legislative Committee of the Florida State Federation of Womens Clubs successfully lobbied to institute a eugenic institution for the mentally retarded that was segregated by sex.[28] Their aim was to separate mentally retarded men and women to prevent them from breeding more feebleminded” individuals.

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Eugenics in the United States – Wikipedia, the free …

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) | Britannica.com

 NATO  Comments Off on North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) | Britannica.com
Jul 212015
 

Alternative title: NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO),military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of April 4, 1949, which sought to create a counterweight to Soviet armies stationed in central and eastern Europe after World War II. Its original members were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Joining the original signatories were Greece and Turkey (1952); West Germany (1955; from 1990 as Germany); Spain (1982); the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland (1999); Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia (2004); and Albania and Croatia (2009). France … (100 of 2,724 words)

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North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) | Britannica.com

Fourth Amendment – U.S. Constitution – FindLaw

 Fourth Amendment  Comments Off on Fourth Amendment – U.S. Constitution – FindLaw
Jul 212015
 

Amendment Text | Annotations

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

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Fourth Amendment – U.S. Constitution – FindLaw

Carnival Liberty – Official Site

 Liberty  Comments Off on Carnival Liberty – Official Site
Jul 212015
 

If youre looking to vacation on one of the most amazing ships at sea, feel free its Carnival Liberty! And Carnival Liberty just so happens to be packed with some of the latest, greatest features youll find anywhere.

For instance, guess which was the first ship to serve up gourmet Guy Fieri burgers daily. And which one debuted what is perhaps the worlds greatest sports bar, which combines live sports on TV, lively competition through the latest EA SPORTS titles not to mention great drinks. Its the same ship with tacos and burritos on Lido deck, made fresh while you wait, plus two great bars one rum-slinging, one tequila-wielding dueling for your heart.

This, however, is just the beginning of what to expect from the ship youd call one great vacation spot. Wed agree we just happen to call it Carnival Liberty.

So homey, so comfy, you’ll probably think about moving in.

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Carnival Liberty – Official Site

What is Bitcoin? Learn everything you need to know. What …

 Bitcoin  Comments Off on What is Bitcoin? Learn everything you need to know. What …
Jul 052015
 

Why Bitcoin Popular Opinion What is Bitcoin?

With the Bitcoin price so volatile everyone is curious. Bitcoin is extremely complicated and no one definition fully encapsulates it. By analogy it is like being able to send a gold coin via email. It is a consensus network that enables a new payment system and a completely digital money.

It is the first decentralized peer-to-peer payment network that is powered by its users with no central authority or middlemen. Bitcoin was the first practical implementation and is currently the most prominent triple entry bookkeeping system in existence.

The first Bitcoin specification and proof of concept was published in 2009 by an unknown individual under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto who revealed little about himself and left the project in late 2010. The Bitcoin community has since grown exponentially.

Satoshi’s anonymity often raises unjustified concerns because of a misunderstanding of the open-source nature of Bitcoin. Everyone has access to all of the source code all of the time and any developer can review or modify the software code. As such, the identity of Bitcoin’s inventor is probably as relevant today as the identity of the person who invented paper.

Nobody owns the Bitcoin network much like no one owns the technology behind email or the Internet. Bitcoin transactions are verified by Bitcoin miners which has an entire industry and Bitcoin cloud mining options. While developers are improving the software they cannot force a change in the Bitcoin protocol because all users are free to choose what software and version they use.

In order to stay compatible with each other, all users need to use software complying with the same rules. Bitcoin can only work correctly with a complete consensus among all users. Therefore, all users and developers have a strong incentive to protect this consensus.

From a user perspective, Bitcoin is nothing more than a mobile app or computer program that provides a personal Bitcoin wallet and enables a user to send and receive bitcoins.

Behind the scenes, the Bitcoin network is sharing a massive public ledger called the “block chain”. This ledger contains every transaction ever processed which enables a user’s computer to verify the validity of each transaction. The authenticity of each transaction is protected by digital signatures corresponding to the sending addresses therefore allowing all users to have full control over sending bitcoins.

Thus, there is no fraud, no chargebacks and no identifying information that could be compromised resulting in identity theft. To learn more about Bitcoin, you can consult the original Bitcoin whitepaper, read through the extremely thorough Frequently Asked Questions, listen to a Bitcoin podcast or read the latest Bitcoin news.

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What is Bitcoin? Learn everything you need to know. What …

Libertarianism in the United States – Wikipedia, the free …

 Misc  Comments Off on Libertarianism in the United States – Wikipedia, the free …
Jun 202015
 

Libertarianism in the United States is a movement promoting individual liberty and minimized government.[1][2] The Libertarian Party, asserts the following to be core beliefs of libertarianism:

Libertarians support maximum liberty in both personal and economic matters. They advocate a much smaller government; one that is limited to protecting individuals from coercion and violence. Libertarians tend to embrace individual responsibility, oppose government bureaucracy and taxes, promote private charity, tolerate diverse lifestyles, support the free market, and defend civil liberties.[3][4]

Through 20 polls on this topic spanning 13 years, Gallup found that voters who are libertarian on the political spectrum ranged from 17%- 23% of the US electorate.[5] This includes members of the Republican Party (especially Libertarian Republicans), Democratic Party, Libertarian Party, and Independents.

In the 1950s many with classical liberal beliefs in the United States began to describe themselves as “libertarian.”[6] Academics as well as proponents of the free market perspectives note that free-market libertarianism has spread beyond the U.S. since the 1970s via think tanks and political parties[7][8] and that libertarianism is increasingly viewed worldwide as a free market position.[9][10] However, libertarian socialist intellectuals Noam Chomsky, Colin Ward, and others argue that the term “libertarianism” is considered a synonym for social anarchism by the international community and that the United States is unique in widely associating it with free market ideology.[11][12][13]

Arizona United States Senator Barry Goldwater’s libertarian-oriented challenge to authority had a major impact on the libertarian movement,[14] through his book The Conscience of a Conservative and his run for president in 1964.[15] Goldwater’s speech writer, Karl Hess, became a leading libertarian writer and activist.[16]

The Vietnam War split the uneasy alliance between growing numbers of self-identified libertarians, anarchist libertarians, and more traditional conservatives who believed in limiting liberty to uphold moral virtues. Libertarians opposed to the war joined the draft resistance and peace movements and organizations such as Students for a Democratic Society. They began founding their own publications, like Murray Rothbard’s The Libertarian Forum[17][18] and organizations like the Radical Libertarian Alliance.[19]

The split was aggravated at the 1969 Young Americans for Freedom convention, when more than 300 libertarians organized to take control of the organization from conservatives. The burning of a draft card in protest to a conservative proposal against draft resistance sparked physical confrontations among convention attendees, a walkout by a large number of libertarians, the creation of libertarian organizations like the Society for Individual Liberty, and efforts to recruit potential libertarians from conservative organizations.[20] The split was finalized in 1971 when conservative leader William F. Buckley, Jr., in a 1971 New York Times article, attempted to divorce libertarianism from the freedom movement. He wrote: “The ideological licentiousness that rages through America today makes anarchy attractive to the simple-minded. Even to the ingeniously simple-minded.”[21]

In 1971, David Nolan and a few friends formed the Libertarian Party.[22] Attracting former Democrats, Republicans and independents, it has run a presidential candidate every election year since 1972. Over the years, dozens of libertarian political parties have been formed worldwide. Educational organizations like the Center for Libertarian Studies and the Cato Institute were formed in the 1970s, and others have been created since then.[23]

Philosophical libertarianism gained a significant measure of recognition in academia with the publication of Harvard University professor Robert Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia in 1974. The book won a National Book Award in 1975.[24] According to libertarian essayist Roy Childs, “Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia single-handedly established the legitimacy of libertarianism as a political theory in the world of academia.”[25]

Texas congressman Ron Paul’s 2008 and 2012 campaigns for the Republican Party presidential nomination were largely libertarian. Paul is affiliated with the libertarian-leaning Republican Liberty Caucus and founded the Campaign for Liberty, a libertarian-leaning membership and lobbying organization.

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Libertarianism in the United States – Wikipedia, the free …

Bitcoin: Bitcoin: In Search Of Purpose – Forbes

 Bitcoin  Comments Off on Bitcoin: Bitcoin: In Search Of Purpose – Forbes
Jun 062015
 

Silk Road kingpin Ross Ulbrichts recent conviction and life sentence was more than simply a crackdown on a massive online black market for illegal drugs. It was a nail in the coffin of the radical new cryptocurrency Bitcoin, as Bitcoin was the glue that held Silk Road together.

Or was it? How significant the rise and fall of Silk Road was for Bitcoin is a matter of some debate, as is the purpose of Bitcoin itself. Controversy, however, is nothing new for Bitcoin. In fact, it seems the story of this digital currency consists of nothing but controversy.

In fact, perhaps the greatest challenge for Bitcoin is divining the technologys true purpose. Early innovators often espoused radical Libertarian goals for revolutionizing the banking system and with it, the world economy. By disintermediating third parties, Bitcoin promised to usher in a new world order of free market commerce.

Only the Bitcoin story didnt work out that way. Bitcoin soon became a haven for criminals not just Silk Road, but any number of money launderers and other shady types who gravitated toward an anonymous, relatively safe method for conducting financial transactions, in particular across national borders.

Because of its openness, Bitcoin will continue to be used by shady actors, explains Nathaniel Popper, New York Times reporter and author of Digital Gold: Bitcoin and the Inside Story of the Misfits and Millionaires Trying to Reinvent Money. In some ways, the good comparison is cash. Bitcoiners love saying the main medium for illicit transactions is still probably $100 bills because it can be an anonymous form of transacting thats untraceable, and Bitcoin still has that quality as well.

In fact, just this week news came to light that an Australian company paid hackers a ransom in Bitcoin. Clearly, Bitcoin is the extortionists currency of choice, as it combines the anonymity of cash with the global convenience of traditional wire transfers.

If Bitcoins true purpose is to facilitate criminal activity, then perhaps Bitcoin itself is or should be illegal. However, the US Government for its part pointed out that Bitcoin in and of itself wasnt illegal, but clearly required regulation. Theres no way the good attributes of Bitcoin will succeed without a strict regulatory regime, points out Clay Nelson, until recently the Director of Business Development for Bitcoin startup BitPay.

See the article here:
Bitcoin: Bitcoin: In Search Of Purpose – Forbes

Liberty (department store) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Liberty  Comments Off on Liberty (department store) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jun 032015
 

Liberty is a department store on Regent Street, based in the West End shopping district of Central London. The department store sells a wide range of luxury goods including womens, mens and childrens fashion, cosmetics and fragrances, jewellery, accessories, homeware, furniture, stationery and gifts. Liberty is known for its floral and graphic prints. The store’s current Managing Director is Ed Burstell.

Libertys third and fourth floors showcase innovative designs from famous gifting and homeware brands. The third floors central atrium is home to the Liberty Haberdashery department and is dedicated to the Liberty Art Fabrics collection, which introduces new designs and reused updated prints each season.

Arthur Lasenby Liberty was born in Chesham, Buckinghamshire in 1843. He was employed by Messrs Farmer and Rogers in Regent Street in 1862, the year of the International Exhibition at Kensington in London. By 1874, inspired by his 10 years of service, Arthur decided to start a business of his own, which he did the next year.

With a 2,000 loan from his future father-in-law, Arthur Liberty accepted the lease of half a shop at 218a Regent Street with only three staff members.

The shop opened during 1875 selling ornaments, fabric and objets d’art from Japan and the East. Within eighteen months Arthur Liberty had repaid the loan and acquired the second half of 218 Regent Street. As the business grew, neighbouring properties were bought and added.

In 1885, 142144 Regent Street was acquired and housed the ever-increasing demand for carpets and furniture. The basement was named the Eastern Bazaar, and was the vending place for what was described as “decorative furnishing objects”. He named the property Chesham House after the place in which he grew up. The store became the most fashionable place to shop in London and Liberty fabrics were used for both clothing and furnishings. Some of its clientele was exotic, and included famous Pre-Raphaelite artists.

In 1884 Liberty introduced the costume department into the Regent Street store, directed by Edward William Godwin (183386). Godwin was a distinguished architect. He was a founding member of the Costume Society in 1882. He and Arthur Liberty created in-house apparel to challenge the fashions of Paris.

In November 1885, Liberty brought forty-two villagers from India to stage a living village of Indian artisans. Liberty’s specialized in Oriental goods, in particular imported Indian silks, and the aim of the display was to generate both publicity and sales for the store. However, it was a disaster commercially and publicly, with concern about the way the villagers were put on display.

During the 1890s Arthur Lasenby Liberty built strong relationships with many English designers. Many of these designers, including Archibald Knox, practised the artistic styles known as Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau, and Liberty helped develop Art Nouveau through his encouragement of such designers. The company became associated with this new style, to the extent that in Italy, Art Nouveau became known as the Stile Liberty, after the London shop.

The store became one of the most prestigious in London.

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New York SEO Expert | NYC SEO

 SEO  Comments Off on New York SEO Expert | NYC SEO
May 262015
 

WANT TO GET YOUR WEBSITE TO THE TOP OF PAGE 1 ON GOOGLE?

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We are different than the other SEO firms because we do all the work in-house. We dont outsource to cheap SEO services. Every website and every project is treated as if it were our own. You get to benefit from our expertise in dominating the search results. If you search Google for New York SEO, youll find this website listed at #1. We can help your business get the same results just aswe have assisted hundreds of business achieve high-levels of success. However, our SEO services are limited to qualifying businesses.

Here are the requirements for businesses that we can help:

As much as we would enjoy helping everyone that has requested our expertise, we must be selective in the clients we choose to work with. We only work with a limited amount of clients at any given time to ensure maximum attention to detail and your companys ultimate success. Wehave a reasonable set of criteria that needs to be met in order for us to proceed.

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1. You business must be already Active and Healthy. Our services are for companies that are up and running already and simply want to increase their sales a lot faster and a lot farther. We do not work with:

A. Get Rich Quick Schemes B. Adult Themed Material C. Businesses in Development Stage

2. Your business should have a steady flow of leads and customers. This means that your business is getting consistent traffic and making salesyour business is running ads, promoting products or services, and producing revenue. Your business doesnthave to be a big household nameit just needs to go in that direction.

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Cosmic Heaven: Answer to the Cult of Technology – A Living …

 Cosmic  Comments Off on Cosmic Heaven: Answer to the Cult of Technology – A Living …
May 252015
 

“Dr Wood is claiming to have only found evidence of Directed Energy Weapons having been used. She does not claim to know how they were deployed or even precisely what they were. Why? Because there is no evidence to indicate these things. You seem to miss this vital fact. ”

Joe has evidence that A caused B. Joe does not claim to know how A was used or even precisely what A is because there is no evidence of A.

I did not miss this fact. It is the entire basis of my argument, as you have so aptly recited.

And you are trying to claim you are not somehow under the influence of a cult of some kind? If not, what is your excuse?

– see below

“……Note: This acknowledgement and request to be relieved of any further preying upon my time and that of my fellow man was quickly responded to with some exceptionally telling remarks I am prevented from wholly reprinting due to profanity and sexual content. Suffice to say their projection was escalated (as that is all psychotic cult members can do) to the point of accusing me of having a “colossal ego” and simply “waving my magic phallus” around by people who believe that all life on Earth will be saved by the technology (the thunder of Zeus-Government) that allegedly produced some of the gravest waves of physical and psychological destruction (case in point) the human race has ever known, but a recapitulation of the cybernetic algorithm presented and argued by this film (https://youtu.be/KnppavWIClg), another example of this and how long it has been preying on farming human cognitive function for the sake of “salvation” being that of the “God” who expelled Man from Paradise, consigning him and her to irrevocably “lose” all born coordination with nature sufficient gain any of the benefits that God ostensibly created everything for in the first place (as though eschewing instilling his children with the capacity to make mistakes, and know and learn better), leaving them to be saved, if at all, by even more death, that of the torture of God himself in no small reflection of their own perpetual and seemingly divinely rationalized perpetual self-destruction machine qualifies itself to be immune to all reason as though beyond all other other points of view or so rendering them beneath either one’s interest or contempt, however prompted to consider otherwise by argument or all suffering on Earth (“colossal ego” indeed).

“That is a cult. “What I have called the cybernetic algorithm is circular in nature. Precisely. Not because I am forwarding a circular argument but because I am describing the one we are suffering from, that of a totally false economy, agronomy and psychology (with an perpetually negative cost-benefit ratio “progressively” installed as exclusively essential beyond any recourse to any other way of life as though Man has never had or has long since forever and irrevocably lost all born coordination or communication with land or Nature sufficient to assuage most all need to suffer) that has long preyed upon our aboriginal wisdom and in turn been or needed to be used (though to protect a corresponding psychosis as vital as our right to breath, and as involuntary) by us to prey upon others all in the name of “saving ourselves”, of taking something like recreational drug use, religion or monumental acts of human depravity or corporate fascism and using them as harbingers of something that will save us (or can be finessed or translated, with large quantities of however seemingly intelligent credulity immune to all objection, or recourse to our native cellular intelligence) from ourselves and presumably everyone else on Earth, all the while destroying our brain function or that of humanity at large as though the opiate-like effects (the relief of the native intelligence if emotionally painful signals from the intelligence and land God or Life or Reason gave us) are sufficient to render this not only reasonable but exceptional and as exceptionally immune to all proportional reasonable argument. “You are “banned” from Paradise. Here is your pain and your salvation through pain or death (as though endemic or genetic or essential disorientation to life / technology). “You are attacked by some destructive force. Here are waves of as yet newer psychological attacks your trust and social functions (what are left of them) as well as, somehow, the means of your salvation from all of these effects as though “endemic” to Man (an oxymoron if I ever heard one, a patently demonstrably fallacious “logic”, if you could call it that, but one of God-like influence upon atheist and theist alike, since the virus of the cybernetic algorithm (and developmental and generational psychosis always finds some variation that will “save us” from our own native genius and reason as though a “threat to our salvation” prompts all manner of escalated vanity, pride, neglect and aggression on the order of all that the very same people claim to be against or anarchists about – that an anarchist like Eric Dubay could also be a recreational drug use proponent is a contradiction in terms, since drug use is a microscopic version of the cybernetic algorithm, destroy brain function in order to gain higher brain function and save yourself, with your drug or State or Christ, from the brain function and pain that God gave you) knows no bound in race, education, religion, ideal or politics, the perfect weapon.”

jackvincent90 +Gr8Believer gravity is the electro magnetic attraction of atoms, the more atoms (mass) the greater the gravity, its pretty simple science, the we dont know part is we dont understand how magnetism works, its like magic, its just another level of science we have not reached yet

TheReality89 +jackvincent90 “we dont understand how magnetism works” I think if you bothered to look into it that science actually does know how magnetism works.

Rayn Gryphon

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Cosmic Heaven: Answer to the Cult of Technology – A Living …

Hubble Telescope Opened Its Eyes 25 Years Ago Today (Photo)

 Hubble Telescope  Comments Off on Hubble Telescope Opened Its Eyes 25 Years Ago Today (Photo)
May 232015
 

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope may have launched 25 years ago last month, but today (May 20) marks another big anniversary for the famous observatory a quarter-century since it took its first photo.

The Hubble Space Telescope blasted off aboard the space shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1990 and was deployed a day later. After a nearly monthlong checkout process, the observatory opened its eyes for the first time, capturing an image of several stars with its Wide Field/Planetary Camera on May 20, 1990.

“The first image taken with the HST is intended to assist in focusing the telescope,” representatives of the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) in Baltimore, which manages Hubble’s science operations, wrote in a description of the image.

The Hubble photo is at right in the above composite image, while on the left is a picture of the same region of sky captured by the 100-inch telescope at Las Campanas Observatory in Chile.

“The region observed is centered on the 8.2 magnitude star HD96755 in the open cluster NGC 3532, in the southern constellation Carina,” STScI representatives added in the image description. “Identical small subsections of the HST and ground-based image pictures were chosen to highlight the difference in resolution.”

Hubble’s photo is considerably sharper than the ground-based image, but it’s not as sharp as it should have been. Mission scientists soon discovered that the telescope launched with a flaw in its 7.9-foot-wide (2.4 meters) primary mirror a serious problem that would make some of Hubble’s planned investigations impossible to carry out.

Hubble Quiz: Do You Know the Famous Space Telescope?

Hubble has revolutionized astronomers’ understanding of the universe since its April 1990 launch. Test your knowledge of the telescope in this quiz.

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Hubble Quiz: Do You Know the Famous Space Telescope?

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Hubble Telescope Opened Its Eyes 25 Years Ago Today (Photo)

FATCA, Tax Havens, American Competitiveness And …

 Tax Havens  Comments Off on FATCA, Tax Havens, American Competitiveness And …
May 152015
 

While the Bureaucrat Hall of Fame and Moocher Hall of Fame already exist, the Hypocrite Hall of Fame is just a concept. But once it gets set up, Congressman Alan Grayson of Florida will definitely be a charter member. Here are some passages from a column in the Tampa Bay Times.

U.S. Rep. Alan Grayson, the outspoken, populist Democrat who thunders against Wall Street fat cats,and used to to joke about Mitt Romneys low tax bill, incorporated a couple hedge funds in the Cayman Islands so investors could avoid taxes. Grayson Fund Ltd. and Grayson Master Fund were incorporated in 2011 in the Cayman Islands That was the same year he wrote in the Huffington Post that the IRS should audit every Fortune 500 company because so many appear to be evading taxes through transfer pricing and offshore tax havens.

But apparently Grayson only wants other people to cough up more money to Washington.

Graysons financial disclosure statements indicate he has between $5-million and $25-million invested in the Grayson fund, and he lists no income from it.

The above sentence frankly doesnt make sense. How can Grayson have millions of dollars of personal wealth and not generate any income? The only plausible answer is that hes just as bad at managing his own money as he is at managing the money of taxpayers (he earned an F from the National Taxpayers Union). In any event, Grayson has plenty of company from fellow leftists who also use tax havens.

Including Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew.

And the Presidents top trade negotiator.

Along with big donors to Obama.

Joined by huge donors to Democrats.

Politicians from Massachusetts also are hypocrites. They endorse higher taxes on everyone else, but use neighboring states to protect themselves from oppressive taxation. John Kerry is a prime example, as are run-of-the-mill hacks from the state legislature.

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FATCA, Tax Havens, American Competitiveness And …




Pierre Teilhard De Chardin | Designer Children | Prometheism | Euvolution | Transhumanism