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Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement

 Eugenics  Comments Off on Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement
Aug 022015
 

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory’s

The Eugenics Archive utilizes Flash for enhanced search features, cross referencing, and interactive images created with Zoomifyer. Get the Flash plugin at Adobe.com.

The Eugenics Archive will open in a new window.

I prefer the original, HTML-only Eugenics Archive site, take me there.

Based on a task force recommendation, the North Carolina legislature is considering paying $50,000 to living individuals sterilized by the state against their will or without their knowledge. North Carolina reportedly sterilized 7,600 individuals between 1929 and 1974. However, other American states also passed laws legalizing sterilization; the first was passed in Indiana in 1907

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Examine the Chronicle of how society dealt with mental illness and other “dysgenic” traits in the final section of our website DNA Interactive. Meet four individuals who became objects of the eugenic movement’s zeal to cleanse society of “bad” genes during the first half of the 20th century. Then meet a modern-day heroine for an account of mental illness and the lesson it holds for living in the gene age.

COLD SPRING HARBOR LABORATORY. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement

$THE CRYPTOCURRENCY FORUM Message Board – InvestorsHub

 Cryptocurrency  Comments Off on $THE CRYPTOCURRENCY FORUM Message Board – InvestorsHub
Aug 022015
 

+++ *altcoin cryptocurrency watch*+ ++++ 12/14/2014:

******************************************************************************************************************************************

——————————– This is the personal project of

Satoshi Nakamoto.

————————————————————————————————————————————

Sustainable ???

————->>What is Crypto-Currency ?

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$THE CRYPTOCURRENCY FORUM Message Board – InvestorsHub

TorBrowser – anonymity & circumvention | security in-a-box

 Tor Browser  Comments Off on TorBrowser – anonymity & circumvention | security in-a-box
Jul 312015
 

If you live in an area where accessing the Tor Network directly, as described above, is not possible or risky, you can configure Tor to try and circumvent the obstacles that are in place.

Step 1: Navigate to the Tor Browser folder, and then double click to activate the following screen:

Figure 4: The Tor Network Settings panel

Step 2: Click the button which will open a new window. You will be asked three short configuration questions to help you access the Tor Network.

Question 1: Proxy Access; If you need to access the Internet via a proxy check yes and then press . If you do not use a proxy check no and then press .

If you selected yes above, fill in your proxy settings on the following screen. If you do not know your proxy settings, check your regular browser settings. In Firefox you can find them in Options > Advanced > Network tab in Connection Settings section. In other browsers you may look for Internet Options. Use the Help feature within your browser for further assistance.

Figure 5: Proxy settings screen

Question 2: Restricted Ports; If you are accessing the Internet through a firewall that only allows access over certain ports, for example port 80 or 443 for web browsing, select yes and press to configure the ports, otherwise select no and press .

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TorBrowser – anonymity & circumvention | security in-a-box

Gene therapy – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Human Genetic Engineering  Comments Off on Gene therapy – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jul 282015
 

Gene therapy is the therapeutic delivery of nucleic acid polymers into a patient’s cells as a drug to treat disease. Gene therapy could be a way to fix a genetic problem at its source. The polymers are either expressed as proteins, interfere with protein expression, or possibly correct genetic mutations.

The most common form uses DNA that encodes a functional, therapeutic gene to replace a mutated gene. The polymer molecule is packaged within a “vector”, which carries the molecule inside cells.

Gene therapy was conceptualized in 1972, by authors who urged caution before commencing human gene therapy studies. The first gene therapy experiment approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) occurred in 1990, when Ashanti DeSilva was treated for ADA-SCID.[1] By January 2014, some 2,000 clinical trials had been conducted or approved.[2]

Early clinical failures led to dismissals of gene therapy. Clinical successes since 2006 regained researchers’ attention, although as of 2014, it was still largely an experimental technique.[3] These include treatment of retinal disease Leber’s congenital amaurosis,[4][5][6][7]X-linked SCID,[8] ADA-SCID,[9][10]adrenoleukodystrophy,[11]chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL),[12]acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL),[13]multiple myeloma,[14]haemophilia[10] and Parkinson’s disease.[15] Between 2013 and April 2014, US companies invested over $600 million in the field.[16]

The first commercial gene therapy, Gendicine, was approved in China in 2003 for the treatment of certain cancers.[17] In 2012 Glybera, a treatment for a rare inherited disorder, became the first treatment to be approved for clinical use in either Europe or the United States after its endorsement by the European Commission.[3][18]

Following early advances in genetic engineering of bacteria, cells and small animals, scientists started considering how to apply it to medicine. Two main approaches were considered replacing or disrupting defective genes.[19] Scientists focused on diseases caused by single-gene defects, such as cystic fibrosis, haemophilia, muscular dystrophy, thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. Glybera treats one such disease, caused by a defect in lipoprotein lipase.[18]

DNA must be administered, reach the damaged cells, enter the cell and express/disrupt a protein.[20] Multiple delivery techniques have been explored. The initial approach incorporated DNA into an engineered virus to deliver the DNA into a chromosome.[21][22]Naked DNA approaches have also been explored, especially in the context of vaccine development.[23]

Generally, efforts focused on administering a gene that causes a needed protein to be expressed. More recently, increased understanding of nuclease function has led to more direct DNA editing, using techniques such as zinc finger nucleases and CRISPR. The vector incorporates genes into chromosomes. The expressed nucleases then “edit” the chromosome. As of 2014 these approaches involve removing cells from patients, editing a chromosome and returning the transformed cells to patients.[24]

Other technologies employ antisense, small interfering RNA and other DNA. To the extent that these technologies do not alter DNA, but instead directly interact with molecules such as RNA, they are not considered “gene therapy” per se.[citation needed]

Gene therapy may be classified into two types:

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Gene therapy – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alcor: About Cryonics

 Cryonics  Comments Off on Alcor: About Cryonics
Jul 282015
 

Cryonics is an effort to save lives by using temperatures so cold that a person beyond help by today’s medicine might be preserved for decades or centuries until a future medical technology can restore that person to full health.

Cryonics sounds like science fiction, but is based on modern science. It’s an experiment in the most literal sense of the word. The question you have to ask yourself is this: would you rather be in the experimental group, or the control group?

Cryonics is justified by three facts that are not well known:

1) Life can be stopped and restarted if its basic structure is preserved.

Human embryos are routinely preserved for years at temperatures that completely stop the chemistry of life. Adult humans have survived cooling to temperatures that stop the heart, brain, and all other organs from functioning for up to an hour. These and many other lessons of biology teach us that life is a particular structure of matter. Life can be stopped and restarted if cell structure and chemistry are preserved sufficiently well.

2) Vitrification (not freezing) can preserve biological structure very well.

Adding high concentrations of chemicals called cryoprotectants to cells permits tissue to be cooled to very low temperatures with little or no ice formation. The state of no ice formation at temperatures below -120C is called vitrification. It is now possible to physically vitrify organs as large as the human brain, achieving excellent structural preservation without freezing.

3) Methods for repairing structure at the molecular level can now be foreseen.

The emerging science of nanotechnology will eventually lead to devices capable of extensive tissue repair and regeneration, including repair of individual cells one molecule at a time. This future nanomedicine could theoretically recover any preserved person in which the basic brain structures encoding memory and personality remain intact.

So…

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Alcor: About Cryonics

Turkey calls for rare NATO talks – CNN.com

 NATO  Comments Off on Turkey calls for rare NATO talks – CNN.com
Jul 282015
 

Story highlights Turkey requested meeting under Article 4 of NATO’s founding treaty It was fifth time in NATO history that members held special talks under Article 4 NATO’s council: “We strongly condemn the terrorist attacks against Turkey”

“We strongly condemn the terrorist attacks against Turkey, and express our condolences to the Turkish government and the families of the victims in Suruc and other attacks against police and military officers,” the council said in a statement after Tuesday’s meeting, referring to an attack last week in a border town across from Kobani, Syria.

The council, which is NATO’s governing body, said terrorism in any form could never be tolerated.

“Terrorism poses a direct threat to the security of NATO countries and to international stability and prosperity,” the statement said. “It is a global threat that knows no border, nationality, or religion — a challenge that the international community must fight and tackle together.”

Turkey requested the meeting under Article 4 of NATO’s founding treaty, which allows countries to ask for consultations when they believe their territorial integrity, political independence or security are threatened.

It was the fifth time in NATO history that members had met under Article 4, NATO spokeswoman Oana Lungescu told CNN before the meeting began. The North Atlantic Council is made up of the NATO ambassadors of the 28 member countries.

“In the wake of increased security threats following the attacks against our security and law enforcement forces in the provinces of Diyarbakr, Sanlurfa and Kilis, in particular the terrorist attack that took the lives of 32 innocent Turkish citizens in Suruc on 20 July, 2015, all necessary measures are being taken and in this context, operations are also being carried out by the Turkish Armed Forces,” the Turkish Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

“Upon these recent attacks and threats directed against our national security, the North Atlantic Council has been called to a meeting by Turkey this week under Article 4 of the Washington Treaty with a view to informing our Allies about the measures we are taking and the operations we are conducting against terrorism, as well as to holding consultations with them.”

The talks came as Turkey grappled with a wave of violence near its southern border with Syria, and as Turkey has made an abrupt about-face in deciding to confront the terrorist group ISIS.

Before the meeting began, Turkey’s President called on NATO to “do its part” in helping address the country’s concerns over security on its borders.

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Turkey calls for rare NATO talks – CNN.com

Cryptocurrency Exchange: Bitcoin, Litecoin, Dogecoin …

 Cryptocurrency  Comments Off on Cryptocurrency Exchange: Bitcoin, Litecoin, Dogecoin …
Jul 242015
 

Fast, responsive and feature-packed

Our terminal is built on the best technology and lets you trade effortlessly any of the HitBTC currency pairs.

2-factorauthentication, advanced encryption technology, cold storage we give you peace of mind when it comes to security.

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Cryptocurrency Exchange: Bitcoin, Litecoin, Dogecoin …

BGP Hijacking for Cryptocurrency Profit | Dell SecureWorks

 Cryptocurrency  Comments Off on BGP Hijacking for Cryptocurrency Profit | Dell SecureWorks
Jul 242015
 

Date Hijacked pool Network AS owner Feb 03, 2014 Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Feb 04, 2014 BTCGuild 198.245.63.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 142.4.211.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Feb 05, 2014 HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Feb 06, 2014 BTCGuild 198.245.63.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Feb 07, 2014 Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Unknown 54.203.244.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Feb 08, 2014 Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Unknown 54.203.244.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Mar 22, 2014 Clevermining 107.170.227.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.47.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) CloudMines 192.99.18.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Coinshift 54.213.177.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Coinshift 54.84.236.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 142.4.195.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 192.99.20.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.194.173.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 108.61.49.0/24 (AS20473 Choopa LLC, US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 50.117.92.0/24 (AS18779 EGIHosting, US) NoBrainerCrypto 107.170.244.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Nut2Pools 198.27.75.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 162.243.89.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.241.211.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 95.85.61.0/24 (AS200130 Digital Ocean Inc., EU) Mar 23, 2014 Clevermining 107.170.227.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.47.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) CloudMines 192.99.18.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Coinshift 54.213.177.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Coinshift 54.84.236.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 142.4.195.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 192.99.20.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.194.173.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 108.61.49.0/24 (AS20473 Choopa LLC, US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 50.117.92.0/24 (AS18779 EGIHosting, US) NoBrainerCrypto 107.170.244.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Nut2Pools 198.27.75.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 162.243.89.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.241.211.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 95.85.61.0/24 (AS200130 Digital Ocean Inc., EU) Mar 29, 2014 Clevermining 107.170.227.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.47.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) CloudMines 192.99.18.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Coinshift 54.213.177.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Coinshift 54.84.236.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 142.4.195.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 192.99.20.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 142.4.211.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 188.165.198.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.194.173.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 108.61.49.0/24 (AS20473 Choopa LLC, US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 50.117.92.0/24 (AS18779 EGIHosting, US) NoBrainerCrypto 107.170.244.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Nut2Pools 198.27.75.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 162.243.89.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.241.211.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.99.35.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 95.85.61.0/24 (AS200130 Digital Ocean Inc., EU) Apr 04, 2014 Clevermining 107.170.227.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.47.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) CloudMines 192.99.18.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Coinshift 54.213.177.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Coinshift 54.84.236.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 142.4.195.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 192.99.20.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 142.4.211.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 188.165.198.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.194.173.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 108.61.49.0/24 (AS20473 Choopa LLC, US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 50.117.92.0/24 (AS18779 EGIHosting, US) NoBrainerCrypto 107.170.244.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Nut2Pools 198.27.75.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 192.241.211.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.99.35.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 95.85.61.0/24 (AS200130 Digital Ocean Inc., EU) Apr 08, 2014 Clevermining 107.170.227.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.47.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) CloudMines 192.99.18.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Coinshift 54.213.177.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Coinshift 54.84.236.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 142.4.195.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 192.99.20.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 142.4.211.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 188.165.198.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.194.173.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 108.61.49.0/24 (AS20473 Choopa LLC, US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 50.117.92.0/24 (AS18779 EGIHosting, US) NoBrainerCrypto 107.170.244.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Nut2Pools 198.27.75.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 192.241.211.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.99.35.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 95.85.61.0/24 (AS200130 Digital Ocean Inc., EU) Apr 11, 2014 Clevermining 107.170.227.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.47.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) CloudMines 192.99.18.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Coinshift 54.213.177.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Coinshift 54.84.236.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 142.4.195.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 192.99.20.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 142.4.211.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 188.165.198.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.194.173.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 108.61.49.0/24 (AS20473 Choopa LLC, US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 50.117.92.0/24 (AS18779 EGIHosting, US) NoBrainerCrypto 107.170.244.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Nut2Pools 198.27.75.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 192.241.211.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.99.35.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 95.85.61.0/24 (AS200130 Digital Ocean Inc., EU) Apr 24, 2014 Clevermining 107.170.227.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.47.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) CloudMines 192.99.18.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Coinshift 54.213.177.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Coinshift 54.84.236.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 142.4.195.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 192.99.20.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 142.4.211.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 188.165.198.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.194.173.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 108.61.49.0/24 (AS20473 Choopa LLC, US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 50.117.92.0/24 (AS18779 EGIHosting, US) NoBrainerCrypto 107.170.244.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Nut2Pools 198.27.75.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 192.241.211.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.99.35.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 95.85.61.0/24 (AS200130 Digital Ocean Inc., EU) Apr 25, 2014 BTCGuild 192.198.107.0/24 (AS55286 B2 Net Solutions Inc., US) BTCGuild 198.245.63.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) BTCGuild 54.246.170.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Eclipse 69.197.61.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eclipse 72.20.58.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eligius 192.241.205.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) GHash.IO 88.150.205.0/24 (AS35662 Redstation Limited, GB) Slush 54.195.36.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 54.225.68.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 95.211.52.0/24 (AS16265 LeaseWeb B.V., NL) Apr 26, 2014 BTCGuild 192.198.107.0/24 (AS55286 B2 Net Solutions Inc., US) BTCGuild 198.245.63.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) BTCGuild 54.246.170.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Eclipse 69.197.61.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eclipse 72.20.58.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eligius 192.241.205.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) GHash.IO 88.150.205.0/24 (AS35662 Redstation Limited, GB) Slush 54.195.36.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 54.225.68.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 95.211.52.0/24 (AS16265 LeaseWeb B.V., NL) May 02, 2014 BTCGuild 192.198.107.0/24 (AS55286 B2 Net Solutions Inc., US) BTCGuild 198.245.63.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) BTCGuild 54.246.170.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Eclipse 69.197.61.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eclipse 72.20.58.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eligius 192.241.205.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) GHash.IO 88.150.205.0/24 (AS35662 Redstation Limited, GB) Slush 54.195.36.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 54.225.68.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 95.211.52.0/24 (AS16265 LeaseWeb B.V., NL) May 04, 2014 BTCGuild 192.198.107.0/24 (AS55286 B2 Net Solutions Inc., US) BTCGuild 198.245.63.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) BTCGuild 54.246.170.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.227.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.47.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) CloudMines 192.99.18.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Coinshift 54.213.177.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Coinshift 54.84.236.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Dogecoinr 198.251.81.0/24 (AS53667 FranTech Solutions, US) Eclipse 69.197.61.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eclipse 72.20.58.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eligius 192.241.205.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) GHash.IO 88.150.205.0/24 (AS35662 Redstation Limited, GB) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 142.4.195.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 192.99.20.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 142.4.211.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 188.165.198.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.194.173.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 108.61.49.0/24 (AS20473 Choopa LLC, US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 50.117.92.0/24 (AS18779 EGIHosting, US) NoBrainerCrypto 107.170.244.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Nut2Pools 198.27.75.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Slush 54.195.36.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 54.225.68.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 95.211.52.0/24 (AS16265 LeaseWeb B.V., NL) WafflePool 192.241.211.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.99.35.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 95.85.61.0/24 (AS200130 Digital Ocean Inc., EU) May 06, 2014 Clevermining 107.170.227.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.47.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) CloudMines 192.99.18.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Coinshift 54.213.177.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Coinshift 54.84.236.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Dogecoinr 198.251.81.0/24 (AS53667 FranTech Solutions, US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 142.4.195.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 192.99.20.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 142.4.211.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 188.165.198.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.194.173.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 108.61.49.0/24 (AS20473 Choopa LLC, US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 50.117.92.0/24 (AS18779 EGIHosting, US) NoBrainerCrypto 107.170.244.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Nut2Pools 198.27.75.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 192.241.211.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.99.35.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 95.85.61.0/24 (AS200130 Digital Ocean Inc., EU) May 07, 2014 BTCGuild 198.245.63.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) BTCGuild 54.246.170.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Eclipse 69.197.61.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eclipse 72.20.58.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) F2Pool 112.124.13.0/24 (AS37963 Hangzhou Alibaba Advertising Co. Ltd., CN) F2Pool 114.215.103.0/24 (AS37963 Hangzhou Alibaba Advertising Co. Ltd., CN) F2Pool 115.28.152.0/24 (AS37963 Hangzhou Alibaba Advertising Co. Ltd., CN) F2Pool 115.28.153.0/24 (AS37963 Hangzhou Alibaba Advertising Co. Ltd., CN) F2Pool 115.28.63.0/24 (AS37963 Hangzhou Alibaba Advertising Co. Ltd., CN) May 09, 2014 BTCGuild 192.198.107.0/24 (AS55286 B2 Net Solutions Inc., US) BTCGuild 198.245.63.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) BTCGuild 54.246.170.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) BitMinter 192.31.187.0/24 (AS32421 Black Lotus Communications, US) Clevermining 107.170.227.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Clevermining 107.170.47.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) CloudMines 192.99.18.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Coinshift 54.213.177.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Coinshift 54.84.236.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Dogecoinr 198.251.81.0/24 (AS53667 FranTech Solutions, US) Eclipse 69.197.61.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eclipse 72.20.58.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) GHash.IO 88.208.18.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) GHash.IO 88.208.33.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) HashCows 37.187.9.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 142.4.195.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Hashfaster 192.99.20.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 142.4.211.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) LiteGuardian 188.165.198.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Middlecoin 54.194.173.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.197.251.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Middlecoin 54.214.242.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Multipool 108.61.49.0/24 (AS20473 Choopa LLC, US) Multipool 146.185.179.0/24 (AS46652 ServerStack Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.142.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 162.243.226.0/24 (AS62567 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Multipool 50.117.92.0/24 (AS18779 EGIHosting, US) NoBrainerCrypto 107.170.244.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) Nut2Pools 198.27.75.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) Slush 54.195.36.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 54.225.68.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 95.211.52.0/24 (AS16265 LeaseWeb B.V., NL) WafflePool 192.241.211.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) WafflePool 192.99.35.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) WafflePool 95.85.61.0/24 (AS200130 Digital Ocean Inc., EU) May 10, 2014 BTCGuild 192.198.107.0/24 (AS55286 B2 Net Solutions Inc., US) BTCGuild 198.245.63.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) BTCGuild 54.246.170.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) BitMinter 192.31.187.0/24 (AS32421 Black Lotus Communications, US) Eclipse 69.197.61.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eclipse 72.20.58.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eligius 192.241.205.0/24 (AS14061 Digital Ocean Inc., US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) GHash.IO 88.208.18.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) GHash.IO 88.208.33.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) Slush 54.195.36.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 54.225.68.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 95.211.52.0/24 (AS16265 LeaseWeb B.V., NL) May 13, 2014 50BTC 144.76.102.0/24 (AS24940 Hetzner Online AG, DE) 50BTC 5.9.38.0/24 (AS24940 Hetzner Online AG, DE) BTCGuild 192.198.107.0/24 (AS55286 B2 Net Solutions Inc., US) BTCGuild 198.245.63.0/24 (AS16276 OVH SAS, FR) BTCGuild 54.246.170.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) BitMinter 192.31.187.0/24 (AS32421 Black Lotus Communications, US) Eclipse 69.197.61.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) Eclipse 72.20.58.0/24 (AS25761 Staminus Communications, US) GHash.IO 46.229.169.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) GHash.IO 88.208.18.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) GHash.IO 88.208.33.0/24 (AS39572 AdvancedHosters Ltd., UA) PolMine 31.186.87.0/24 (AS57367 DevonStudio Sp. z o.o., PL) Slush 54.195.36.0/24 (AS16509 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 54.225.68.0/24 (AS14618 Amazon.com Inc., US) Slush 95.211.52.0/24 (AS16265 LeaseWeb B.V., NL)

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BGP Hijacking for Cryptocurrency Profit | Dell SecureWorks

Offshore Banking News – The New York Times

 Offshore Banking  Comments Off on Offshore Banking News – The New York Times
Jul 222015
 

I.R.S. Is Looking Into Captive Insurance Shelters

By PAUL SULLIVAN

Captives can be designed so the risks they insure are so unlikely they will never pay a claim and all the premiums will go back to the owners or their heirs with little or no tax.

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Offshore Banking News – The New York Times

Mannix Marketing – Award-Winning SEO, Optimized Web …

 SEO  Comments Off on Mannix Marketing – Award-Winning SEO, Optimized Web …
Jul 222015
 

Whether you need search engine optimization, a custom website, or anything in between, we’ve got you covered. Discover the latest strategies for helping your business Get Found online and convert more leads today!

SEO is part science, part art. With 17 years of digital marketing experience, we know the art and the science of successfully getting you found on the web.

Responsive websites designed with conversions and SEO in mind not only fit every screen from a mobile to a PC, they also return more traffic, leads and sales.

Inbound marketing solutions from an experienced digital marketing team produce qualified leads that convert to sales.

Unleash the power of regional marketing guides to get found locally: LakeGeorge.com, Saratoga.com, Albany.com, GlensFalls.com, CliftonPark.com and GuideToWilliamsburg.com.

Are you looking for advice, or an experienced team to handle your social media marketing? We know how social media marketing can grow your business.

It takes time and experience to manage Pay-Per-Click (PPC) campaigns in a cost-effective way that provides a return on your investment. Our experienced marketing consultants maximize your time and your ROI, letting you focus on running your business.

Are you being found by your regional customers? Over 70% use online search to find area businesses. Getting found makes a big difference to your bottom line.

What’s the use of a beautiful website and lots of traffic if you can’t convert leads to buyers? With conversion rate optimization (CRO), we’ll help you convert more leads to sales.

Top-of-mind email campaigns convert browsers to buyers. From set-up to delivery, we keep your message in front of your customers and grow your e-list.

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Mannix Marketing – Award-Winning SEO, Optimized Web …

The Singularity Is Near – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 The Singularity  Comments Off on The Singularity Is Near – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jul 212015
 

The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology is a 2005 non-fiction book about artificial intelligence and the future of humanity by inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil.

The book builds on the ideas introduced in Kurzweil’s previous books, The Age of Intelligent Machines (1990) and The Age of Spiritual Machines (1999). This time, however, Kurzweil embraces the term the Singularity, which was popularized by Vernor Vinge in his 1993 essay “The Coming Technological Singularity” more than a decade earlier. The first known use of the term in this context was made in 1958 by the Hungarian born mathematician and physicist John von Neumann.

Kurzweil describes his law of accelerating returns which predicts an exponential increase in technologies like computers, genetics, nanotechnology, robotics and artificial intelligence. He says this will lead to a technological singularity in the year 2045, a point where progress is so rapid it outstrips humans’ ability to comprehend it.

Kurzweil predicts the technological advances will irreversibly transform people as they augment their minds and bodies with genetic alterations, nanotechnology, and artificial intelligence. Once the Singularity has been reached, Kurzweil says that machine intelligence will be infinitely more powerful than all human intelligence combined. Afterwards he predicts intelligence will radiate outward from the planet until it saturates the universe.

Kurzweil characterizes evolution throughout all time as progressing through six epochs, each one building on the one before. He says the four epochs which have occurred so far are Physics and Chemistry, Biology and DNA, Brains, and Technology. Kurzweil predicts the Singularity will coincide with the next epoch, The Merger of Human Technology with Human Intelligence. After the Singularity he says the final epoch will occur, The Universe Wakes Up.

Kurzweil explains that evolutionary progress is exponential because of positive feedback; the results of one stage are used to create the next stage. Exponential growth is deceptive, nearly flat at first until it hits what Kurzweil calls “the knee in the curve” then rises almost vertically. In fact Kurzweil believes evolutionary progress is super-exponential because more resources are deployed to the winning process. As an example of super-exponential growth Kurzweil cites the computer chip business. The overall budget for the whole industry increases over time, since the fruits of exponential growth make it an attractive investment; meanwhile the additional budget fuels more innovation which makes the industry grow even faster, effectively an example of “double” exponential growth.

Kurzweil says evolutionary progress looks smooth, but that really it is divided into paradigms, specific methods of solving problems. Each paradigm starts with slow growth, builds to rapid growth, and then levels off. As one paradigm levels off, pressure builds to find or develop a new paradigm. So what looks like a single smooth curve is really series of smaller S curves. For example Kurzweil notes that when vacuum tubes stopped getting faster and cheaper transistors became popular and continued the overall exponential growth.

Kurzweil calls this exponential growth the law of accelerating returns, and he believes it applies to many human-created technologies such as computer memory, transistors, microprocessors, DNA sequencing, magnetic storage, the number of Internet hosts, Internet traffic, decrease in device size, and nanotech citations and patents. Kurzweil cites two historical examples of exponential growth: the Human Genome Project and the growth of the Internet. Kurzweil claims the whole world economy is in fact growing exponentially, although short term booms and busts tend to hide this trend.

Moore’s Law predicts the capacity of integrated circuits grows exponentially, but not indefinitely. Kurzweil feels the increase in the capacity of integrated circuits will probably slow by the year 2020. He feels confident that a new paradigm will debut at that point to carry on the exponential growth predicted by his law of accelerating returns. Kurzweil describes four paradigms of computing that came before integrated circuits: electromechanical, relay, vacuum tube, and transistors. What technology will follow integrated circuits, to serve as the fifth paradigm, is unknown, but Kurzweil believes nanotubes are the most likely alternative among a number of possibilities:

nanotubes and nanotube circuitry, molecular computing, self-assembly in nanotube circuits, biological systems emulating circuit assembly, computing with DNA, spintronics (computing with the spin of electrons), computing with light, and quantum computing.

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The Singularity Is Near – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology …

 The Singularity  Comments Off on The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology …
Jul 212015
 

Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle Reading App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer – no Kindle device required.

ISBN-13: 860-1400936764

ISBN-10: 0143037889

This bar-code number lets you verify that you’re getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The 13-digit and 10-digit formats both work.

For over three decades, Ray Kurzweil has been one of the most respected and provocative advocates of the role of technology in our future. In his classic The Age of Spiritual Machines, he argued that computers would soon rival the full range of human intelligence at its best. Now he examines the next step in this inexorable evolutionary process: the union of human and machine, in which the knowledge and skills embedded in our brains will be combined with the vastly greater capacity, speed, and knowledge-sharing ability of our creations.

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How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed

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The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence

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The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology …

Fifth Amendment | Constitution | US Law | LII / Legal …

 Fifth Amendment  Comments Off on Fifth Amendment | Constitution | US Law | LII / Legal …
Jul 212015
 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

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Fifth Amendment | Constitution | US Law | LII / Legal …

Ecuador – Lonely Planet

 Islands  Comments Off on Ecuador – Lonely Planet
Jul 042015
 

Picturesque colonial centers, Kichwa villages, Amazonian rainforest and the breathtaking heights of the Andes Ecuador may be small, but it has a dazzling array of wonders.

The historic centers of Quito and Cuenca are lined with photogenic plazas, 17th-century churches and monasteries, and beautifully restored mansions. Wandering the cobblestone streets amid architectural treasures from Spanish colonial days is a fine way to delve into the past. Beyond the cities, the Ecuadorian landscape unfolds in all its startling variety. There are Andean villages renowned for their colorful textiles and sprawling markets, Afro-Ecuadorian towns where days end with meals of fresh seafood and memorable sunsets, and remote settlements in the Amazon where shamans still harvest the traditional rainforest medicines of their ancestors.

Setting off on a trek into the Andes can seem like stepping into a fairy tale: theres the patchwork of small villages, gurgling brooks and rolling fields, with a condor slowly wheeling overhead. Although the view from the top is sublime, you dont have to scale a mountain to enjoy the Andes. These verdant landscapes make a fine backdrop for mountain-biking, horseback-riding or hiking from village to village, overnighting at local guesthouses along the way. Ecuadors other landscapes offer equally alluring adventures, from surfing tight breaks off the Pacific coast to white-water-rafting Class V rivers along the jungle-clad banks of the Oriente.

After days of Ecuadorian adventures, there are many appealing places where you can go to relax amid awe-inspiring scenery. Head to the mountainous highlands to recharge at a historic hacienda, or find Zenlike beauty amid a cloud-forest lodge near Mindo. There are peaceful, timeless mountain villages like Vilcabamba and picturesque former gold-mining towns like Zaruma that offer a perfect antidote to the vertiginous rush of modern-day life. And for a coastal getaway, you’ll have plenty of options, from tiny end-of-the-road settlements like Ayampe and Oln to charming towns on the Galapagos, with great beaches and magnificent sunsets right outside your door.

The famed Galpagos Islands, with their volcanic, otherworldly landscapes, are a magnet for wildlife lovers. Here, you can get up close and personal with massive lumbering tortoises, scurrying marine iguanas (the worlds only seagoing lizard), doe-eyed sea lions, prancing blue-footed boobies and a host of other unusual species both on land and sea. The Amazon rainforest offers a vastly different wildlife-watching experience. Set out on the rivers and forested trails in search of monkeys, sloths, toucans and river dolphins. Some lodges also have canopy towers offering magnificent views (and a better chance to see birdlife).

By Regis St Louis, Author

Whenever people tell me they want to visit South America, but don’t know where to begin, I recommend Ecuador. This is a country that seems to have it all: Andean peaks, Amazon rainforest, indigenous markets, colonial towns, sun-drenched beaches not to mention a rather famous chain of volcanic islands full of fascinating wildlife. Adding to the appeal is Ecuador’s (relatively) small size and its ease of travel (good roads and an easy-to-remember currency). But best of all are the Ecuadorians themselves: kind-hearted, generous and proud of the great strides they’ve made in the last decade, they are in fact the nation’s greatest treasure.

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Ecuador – Lonely Planet

Bitcoin fans eye potential in Greek crisis | Technology …

 Bitcoin  Comments Off on Bitcoin fans eye potential in Greek crisis | Technology …
Jul 012015
 

A customer uses the worlds first ever permanent bitcoin ATM unveiled at a coffee shop in Vancouver, British Columbia 29 October, 2013.

The world is watching with bated breath as the Greek people consider how to vote in the countrys upcoming referendum. A yes vote on Sunday will see Greece accept the terms of the troikas bailout, and commit itself to further austerity; a no vote will see the country taking the first step towards exiting the Euro entirely.

But not everyone is afraid of the prospect of Grexit. For proponents of Bitcoin, the cryptocurrency, a shaky Mediterranean economy implementing capital controls amid the prospect of full-blown exit from the euro recalls halcyon days gone by.

In theory, when the conventional financial system is experiencing turbulence, alternative currencies such as bitcoin should have their time to shine. The decentralised nature of the currency means that its impossible for any central bank to impose controls on it, while the pseudonymity at its core could make it the perfect vehicle to get money into and out of the country while avoiding legal reprisals.

As a result, Tony Gallippi, the co-founder of bitcoin payment processor Bitpay, tweeted on Sunday night that he expected the price of bitcoin to rise to between $610 and $1,250 if Greece exits the Euro. The currency is currently worth $250. On Reddits bitcoin subforum, users are sharing tips on how to buy bitcoin in the country, and commenting on reports of bank runs in the capital: Shouldve bought bitcoins.

Part of the reason why the crisis is so tempting for proponents of the cryptocurrency is the echoes of a previous crisis in the Eurozone: the banking collapse in Cyprus in 2013, which saw that nation also impose capital controls to prevent massive outflows of currency from the panicking country.

That collapse came at the same time as the first major boom in the price of bitcoin, which began the year at less than $20 and peaked at ten times that by early April before it all came crashing down.

At the time, many credited the price rise to interest in the currency sparked by the banking crisis, but Nathaniel Popper, author of the book Digital Gold: the Untold Story of Bitcoin, says that they are labouring under a misapprehension.

Speaking on the Guardians Tech Weekly podcast, Popper explained that the rise was more likely caused by an influx of money from Silicon Valley. In those days, if someone buys $1m of bitcoin in one go that will make the price rise, he said.

For now, the price of bitcoin has steadily risen as the Greek crisis has intensified, from $240 on Wednesday to $250 over the weekend. It remains a long way off its 2014 highs of $1,000 per coin, but what happens after Sundays vote is anybodys guess.

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Bitcoin fans eye potential in Greek crisis | Technology …

Phuket Beaches Guide – Where to stay in Phuket, How to …

 Beaches  Comments Off on Phuket Beaches Guide – Where to stay in Phuket, How to …
Jun 302015
 

{“detail”:{“checkIn”:”None”,”checkOut”:”None”,”num_rooms”:1,”num_adults”:2,”num_children”:0},”currency”:null,”currencies”:[{“code”:”AUD”,”rate”:”25.8645332758″,”name”:”Australian Dollars”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”GBP”,”rate”:”53.2023092398″,”name”:”British Pounds”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”CAD”,”rate”:”27.4246984970″,”name”:”Canadian Dollars”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”CNY”,”rate”:”5.4447262323″,”name”:”Chinese Yuan Renminbi”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”DKK”,”rate”:”5.0571108300″,”name”:”Danish Kroner”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”EUR”,”rate”:”37.7263370369″,”name”:”Euro”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”HKD”,”rate”:”4.3586689734″,”name”:”Hong Kong Dollars”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”INR”,”rate”:”0.5322806014″,”name”:”Indian Rupee”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”IDR”,”rate”:”0.0025334561″,”name”:”Indonesian Rupiah”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”JPY”,”rate”:”0.2727086962″,”name”:”Japanese Yen”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”MYR”,”rate”:”8.9685663177″,”name”:”Malaysian Ringgit”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”MXN”,”rate”:”2.1720505262″,”name”:”Mexican Peso”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”NZD”,”rate”:”23.1258561611″,”name”:”New Zealand Dollars”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”RUB”,”rate”:”0.6163584683″,”name”:”Russian Ruble”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”SGD”,”rate”:”25.0525265677″,”name”:”Singapore Dollars”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”ZAR”,”rate”:”2.7696016491″,”name”:”South African Rand”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”KRW”,”rate”:”0.0300870120″,”name”:”South Korean Won”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”SEK”,”rate”:”4.0713089353″,”name”:”Swedish Kronor”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”CHF”,”rate”:”36.1933933021″,”name”:”Swiss Franc”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”THB”,”rate”:”1.0000000000″,”name”:”Thai Baht”,”selected”:false},{“code”:”USD”,”rate”:”33.7899710014″,”name”:”US Dollars”,”selected”:false}],”skins”:[],”results”:[{“name”:”Avista Hideaway Resort & Spa – Phuket”,”id”:”406285″,”hotel_id”:”68544″,”description”:”Situated near the beach, this luxury resort is 0.6 mi (1 km) from Tri Trang Beach and within 3 mi (5 km) of Patong Beach and Bangla Night Street. Simon Cabaret and Jungceylon Shopping Center are also within 3 mi (5 km). “,”LongArea”:”Patong”,”rating”:”5.0″,”guest_rating”:”4.5″,”image_url”:”http://hotels.com/hotels/6000000/5050000/5040100/5040051/5040051_77_b.jpg”,”currency”:”THB”,”price”:”3286.41″,”tax_inclusive”:”0″,”longitude”:”98.278241″,”latitude”:”7.88088″,”hc_url”:”http://www.hotels.com/ho406285″,”promo”:””,”url”:”http://www.asiawebdirect.com/thailand/phuket/patong-beach/avista-hideaway-resort-and-spa-phuket/”,”distance_metres”:null},{“name”:”Katathani Phuket Beach Resort”,”id”:”221538″,”hotel_id”:”94″,”description”:”Nestled on the beach, this Karon resort is within 2 mi (3 km) of Kata Porpeang Market, Kok Chang Safari Elephant Trekking, and Dino Park Mini Golf. 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Blue Canyon Country Club and Wat Pra Thong are also within 16 mi (25 km). “,”LongArea”:”Mai Khao”,”rating”:”5.0″,”guest_rating”:”4.7″,”image_url”:”http://hotels.com/hotels/4000000/3510000/3500300/3500262/3500262_123_b.jpg”,”currency”:”THB”,”price”:”3234.37″,”tax_inclusive”:”0″,”longitude”:”98.298266″,”latitude”:”8.155948″,”hc_url”:”http://www.hotels.com/ho344194″,”promo”:””,”url”:”http://www.asiawebdirect.com/thailand/phuket/mai-khao/renaissance-phuket-resort-and-spa/”,”distance_metres”:null},{“name”:”Centara Grand Beach Resort Phuket”,”id”:”375478″,”hotel_id”:”60296″,”description”:”Nestled on the beach, this Karon resort is within 1 mi (2 km) of Karon Market, Karon Beach, and Karon Temple. Simon Cabaret and Dino Park Mini Golf are also within 3 mi (5 km). “,”LongArea”:”Karon”,”rating”:”5.0″,”guest_rating”:”4.2″,”image_url”:”http://hotels.com/hotels/5000000/4310000/4303800/4303775/4303775_64_b.jpg”,”currency”:”THB”,”price”:”4061.21″,”tax_inclusive”:”0″,”longitude”:”98.291062″,”latitude”:”7.857084″,”hc_url”:”http://www.hotels.com/ho375478″,”promo”:””,”url”:”http://www.asiawebdirect.com/thailand/phuket/karon-beach/centara-grand-beach-resort-phuket/”,”distance_metres”:null},{“name”:”Moevenpick Resort & Spa Karon Beach Phuket”,”id”:”246215″,”hotel_id”:”2221″,”description”:”Located in Karon, this beachfront resort is in the entertainment district and within a 15-minute walk of Karon Beach, Karon Market, and Karon Temple. Dino Park Mini Golf and Kata Porpeang Market are also within 2 mi (3 km). “,”LongArea”:”Karon”,”rating”:”4.5″,”guest_rating”:”4.3″,”image_url”:”http://hotels.com/hotels/2000000/1170000/1161300/1161237/1161237_274_b.jpg”,”currency”:”THB”,”price”:”3000.88″,”tax_inclusive”:”0″,”longitude”:”98.293634″,”latitude”:”7.846341″,”hc_url”:”http://www.hotels.com/ho246215″,”promo”:””,”url”:”http://www.asiawebdirect.com/thailand/phuket/karon-beach/moevenpick-resort-and-spa-karon-beach-phuket/”,”distance_metres”:null},{“name”:”Holiday Inn Resort Phuket”,”id”:”134398″,”hotel_id”:”62″,”description”:”This family-friendly Patong resort is located by the sea, within a 15-minute walk of Bangla Night Street and Patong Beach. Jungceylon Shopping Center and Bazaan Fresh Market are also within 1 mi (2 km). “,”LongArea”:”Patong”,”rating”:”4.0″,”guest_rating”:”4.4″,”image_url”:”http://hotels.com/hotels/1000000/10000/5000/4977/4977_744_b.jpg”,”currency”:”THB”,”price”:”3506.04″,”tax_inclusive”:”0″,”longitude”:”98.292338″,”latitude”:”7.888758″,”hc_url”:”http://www.hotels.com/ho134398″,”promo”:””,”url”:”http://www.asiawebdirect.com/thailand/phuket/patong-beach/holiday-inn-resort-phuket/”,”distance_metres”:null},{“name”:”The Pavilions, Phuket”,”id”:”233875″,”hotel_id”:”2275″,”description”:”Situated in a rural location, this luxury villa is 1.8 mi (2.9 km) from Layan Beach and 2.6 mi (4.2 km) from Laguna Phuket Golf Club. Wat Pra Thong and Nai Thon Beach are also within 6 mi (10 km). “,”LongArea”:”Choeng Thale”,”rating”:”5.0″,”guest_rating”:”4.7″,”image_url”:”http://hotels.com/hotels/2000000/1280000/1277100/1277096/1277096_135_b.jpg”,”currency”:”THB”,”price”:”9628.11″,”tax_inclusive”:”0″,”longitude”:”98.301485″,”latitude”:”8.022981″,”hc_url”:”http://www.hotels.com/ho233875″,”promo”:””,”url”:”http://www.asiawebdirect.com/thailand/phuket/bang-tao/the-pavilions-phuket/”,”distance_metres”:null},{“name”:”Sri Panwa Phuket”,”id”:”248364″,”hotel_id”:”3868″,”description”:”This beachfront Phuket villa is situated on 32 lush acres on top of Cape Panwa, with panoramic views of the Andaman Sea. Guests can sail to 8 islands in the Phuket peninsula within 40 minutes. Phuket Aquarium is within walking distance.”,”LongArea”:”Wichit”,”rating”:”5.0″,”guest_rating”:”4.8″,”image_url”:”http://hotels.com/hotels/2000000/1600000/1590600/1590509/1590509_295_b.jpg”,”currency”:”THB”,”price”:”13780.56″,”tax_inclusive”:”0″,”longitude”:”98.410068″,”latitude”:”7.802138″,”hc_url”:”http://www.hotels.com/ho248364″,”promo”:””,”url”:”http://www.asiawebdirect.com/thailand/phuket/panwa/sri-panwa-phuket/”,”distance_metres”:null},{“name”:”Andara Resort Villas”,”id”:”323139″,”hotel_id”:”45318″,”description”:”Featuring spectacular sea views, this tropical hideaway is nestled in the lush hillside above Kamala Beach on the west coast of Phuket. The beach is less than a 10-minute walk or a 5-minute shuttle ride.rnrnAndara Resort Villas is located 780km south of Bangkok, and is unaffected from the current political situation.rn”,”LongArea”:”Kamala”,”rating”:”5.0″,”guest_rating”:”4.7″,”image_url”:”http://hotels.com/hotels/3000000/2680000/2674300/2674261/2674261_111_b.jpg”,”currency”:”THB”,”price”:”13453.81″,”tax_inclusive”:”0″,”longitude”:”98.275309″,”latitude”:”7.949579″,”hc_url”:”http://www.hotels.com/ho323139″,”promo”:””,”url”:”http://www.asiawebdirect.com/thailand/phuket/kamala-beach/andara-resort-and-villas/”,”distance_metres”:null},{“name”:”The Charm Resort Phuket”,”id”:”450242″,”hotel_id”:”75482″,”description”:”Located in the heart of Patong, this resort is within a 15-minute walk of Sphinx Theatre and Patong Beach. Bangla Night Street is 0.8 mi (1.3 km) away. “,”LongArea”:”Patong”,”rating”:”4.0″,”guest_rating”:”3.9″,”image_url”:”http://hotels.com/hotels/8000000/7600000/7594400/7594306/7594306_94_b.jpg”,”currency”:”THB”,”price”:”1808.10″,”tax_inclusive”:”0″,”longitude”:”98.29723″,”latitude”:”7.904287″,”hc_url”:”http://www.hotels.com/ho450242″,”promo”:””,”url”:”http://www.asiawebdirect.com/thailand/phuket/patong-beach/the-charm-resort-phuket/”,”distance_metres”:null}],”accomList”:[],”facilities”:[],”ServicePercent”:0,”show_header”:0,”expectedHotels”:10,”pageSize”:50,”hasNext”:false,”hasPrev”:false,”sortBy”:”byPopularity”}

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Phuket Beaches Guide – Where to stay in Phuket, How to …

Follow the money: inside the world’s tax havens | Business …

 Tax Havens  Comments Off on Follow the money: inside the world’s tax havens | Business …
Jun 222015
 

An employee of Jetpack Cayman demonstrates the sport which costs $359 for half an hour. The jetpack is zero gravity, the Cayman are zero taxes, we are in the right place! said Mike Thalasinos, owner of Jetpack Cayman. Photograph: Paolo Woods and Gabriele Galimberti/INSTITUTE

You, dear reader, are a prolific and casual user of offshore tax havens. Im assuming you dont live in a cave or in a remote hunting community. Even if you did, though, youre probably a dabbler: you have little choice.

Many people, and perhaps youre one of them, share a queasy feeling that something has gone badly wrong with the world economy but cant quite put their finger on what the source of the trouble is. Once you understand the nature of offshore tax havens, you should feel closer to pinning down the answers.

Before I explain what they are, and why powerful governments dont just close them down, I want you to take part in a short challenge. See if you can dodge all my bear traps, and declare yourself untainted by tax havens. If you succeed, you win my Hermit of the Year prize.

Related: Inside the secret world of tax havens in pictures

Do you celebrate Christmas? If you do (or even if you do not), did you buy any gifts on Amazon last December? If so, then your goods were quite likely to have been routed through a byzantine world hosted only on paper, you understand by the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, where Amazon has located its European headquarters, slashing its tax bills around the world. In 2011, Amazon revealed that the US Internal Revenue Service was chasing it for $1.5bn in back taxes. More recently, Amazon has said it will stop routing its UK sales through Luxembourg.

Perhaps you shun Amazon. You buy only local products: good for you. But did you search for any gifts online? Did a company called Google play any role in this? In 2011, Google shuffled four-fifths of its profits through a subsidiary in the tax haven of Bermuda, cutting its worldwide tax rate in half and its tax rate in some countries to nearly zero. Google boss Eric Schmidt said in 2012 he was very proud of the structure that we set up its called capitalism.

Youve never used Google? OK, lets say you did all your shopping in the real world: traipsing around your local stores, picking up homemade wooden artefacts that you could weigh in your hands. Wonderful. Youre nearly there.

But not quite. Did you listen to any music on those days? Lets hope iTunes wasnt part of that picture. The tech giant Apple achieved what Senator Carl Levin called, in 2013, the holy grail of tax avoidance, setting up offshore corporations legally incorporated in Ireland and the US but for tax purposes, not resident anywhere. Apple shifted $74bn into one of these subsidiaries between 2009 and 2012, paying 2% in tax on it.

Lets cut this challenge short. Did you at any point consume the services of any of these: AIG, Aviva, Barclays, Black & Decker, British American Tobacco, Burberry, Citigroup, Deutsche Bank, Facebook, FedEx, GlaxoSmithKline, Ikea, HSBC, JP Morgan, Microsoft, Pepsi, Skype, Starbucks, Vodafone or Walt Disney? This is just my quirky personal selection from a list of more than 350 multinationals whose convoluted tax schemes were revealed last November by a whistleblower, working for one accountancy firm, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), in one European tax haven, Luxembourg.

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Follow the money: inside the world’s tax havens | Business …

The Libertarianism FAQ – CatB

 Misc  Comments Off on The Libertarianism FAQ – CatB
Jun 202015
 

Definitions, Principles and History What is a libertarian? What do libertarians want to do? Where does libertarianism come from? How do libertarians differ from “liberals”? How do libertarians differ from “conservatives”? Do libertarians want to abolish the government? What’s the difference between small-l libertarian and big-l Libertarian? How would libertarians fund vital public services? What would a libertarian “government” do and how would it work? Politics and Consequences What is the libertarian position on abortion? What is the libertarian position on minority, gay & women’s rights? What is the libertarian position on gun control? What is the libertarian position on art, pornography and censorship? What is the libertarian position on the draft? What is the libertarian position on the “drug war”? What would libertarians do about concentrations of corporate power? Standard Criticisms But what about the environment? Who speaks for the trees? Don’t strong property rights just favor the rich? Would libertarians just abandon the poor? What about national defense? Don’t you believe in cooperating? Shouldn’t people help each other? Prospects How can I get involved? Is libertarianism likely to get a practical test in my lifetime? Resources Online Books Magazines Libertarian political and service organizations

There are a number of standard questions about libertarianism that have been periodically resurfacing in the politics groups for years. This posting attempts to answer some of them. I make no claim that the answers are complete, nor that they reflect a (nonexistent) unanimity among libertarians; the issues touched on here are tremendously complex. This posting will be useful, however, if it successfully conveys the flavor of libertarian thought and gives some indication of what most libertarians believe.

The word means approximately “believer in liberty”. Libertarians believe in individual conscience and individual choice, and reject the use of force or fraud to compel others except in response to force or fraud. (This latter is called the “Non-Coercion Principle” and is the one thing all libertarians agree on.)

Help individuals take more control over their own lives. Take the state (and other self-appointed representatives of “society”) out of private decisions. Abolish both halves of the welfare/warfare bureaucracy (privatizing real services) and liberate the 7/8ths of our wealth that’s now soaked up by the costs of a bloated and ineffective government, to make us all richer and freer. Oppose tyranny everywhere, whether it’s the obvious variety driven by greed and power-lust or the subtler, well-intentioned kinds that coerce people “for their own good” but against their wills.

Modern libertarianism has multiple roots. Perhaps the oldest is the minimal-government republicanism of the U.S.’s founding revolutionaries, especially Thomas Jefferson and the Anti-Federalists. Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill and the “classical liberals” of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries were another key influence. More recently, Ayn Rand’s philosophy of “ethical egoism” and the Austrian School of free-market capitalist economics have both contributed important ideas. Libertarianism is alone among 20th-century secular radicalisms in owing virtually nothing to Marxism.

Once upon a time (in the 1800s), “liberal” and “libertarian” meant the same thing; “liberals” were individualist, distrustful of state power, pro-free- market, and opposed to the entrenched privilege of the feudal and mercantilist system. After 1870, the “liberals” were gradually seduced (primarily by the Fabian socialists) into believing that the state could and should be used to guarantee “social justice”. They largely forgot about individual freedom, especially economic freedom, and nowadays spend most of their time justifying higher taxes, bigger government, and more regulation. Libertarians call this socialism without the brand label and want no part of it.

For starters, by not being conservative. Most libertarians have no interest in returning to an idealized past. More generally, libertarians hold no brief for the right wing’s rather overt militarist, racist, sexist, and authoritarian tendencies and reject conservative attempts to “legislate morality” with censorship, drug laws, and obnoxious Bible-thumping. Though libertarians believe in free-enterprise capitalism, we also refuse to stooge for the military-industrial complex as conservatives are wont to do.

Libertarians want to abolish as much government as they practically can. About 3/4 are “minarchists” who favor stripping government of most of its accumulated power to meddle, leaving only the police and courts for law enforcement and a sharply reduced military for national defense (nowadays some might also leave special powers for environmental enforcement). The other 1/4 (including the author of this FAQ) are out-and-out anarchists who believe that “limited government” is a delusion and the free market can provide better law, order, and security than any goverment monopoly.

Also, current libertarian political candidates recognize that you can’t demolish a government as large as ours overnight, and that great care must be taken in dismantling it carefully. For example, libertarians believe in open borders, but unrestricted immigration now would attract in a huge mass of welfare clients, so most libertarians would start by abolishing welfare programs before opening the borders. Libertarians don’t believe in tax-funded education, but most favor the current “parental choice” laws and voucher systems as a step in the right direction.

Progress in freedom and prosperity is made in steps. The Magna Carta, which for the first time put limits on a monarchy, was a great step forward in human rights. The parliamentary system was another great step. The U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights, which affirmed that even a democratically-elected government couldn’t take away certain inalienable rights of individuals, was probably the single most important advance so far. But the journey isn’t over.

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The Libertarianism FAQ – CatB

Non-Aggression – Libertarianism.org

 Misc  Comments Off on Non-Aggression – Libertarianism.org
Jun 202015
 

April 8, 2013 columns

Zwolinski argues that some of the results the non-aggression principle logically leads to mean we ought to question its universal application.

Many libertarians believe that the whole of their political philosophy can be summed up in a single, simple principle. This principlethe non-aggression principle or non-aggression axiom (hereafter NAP)holds that aggression against the person or property of others is always wrong, where aggression is defined narrowly in terms of the use or threat of physical violence.

From this principle, many libertarians believe, the rest of libertarianism can be deduced as a matter of mere logic. What is the proper libertarian stance on minimum wage laws? Aggression, and therefore wrong. What about anti-discrimination laws? Aggression, and therefore wrong. Public schools? Same answer. Public roads? Same answer. The libertarian armed with the NAP has little need for the close study of history, sociology, or empirical economics. With a little logic and a lot of faith in this basic axiom of morality, virtually any political problem can be neatly solved from the armchair.

On its face, the NAPs prohibition of aggression falls nicely in line with common sense. After all, who doesnt think its wrong to steal someone elses property, to club some innocent person over the head, or to force others to labor for ones own private benefit? And if its wrong for us to do these things as individuals, why would it be any less wrong for us to do it as a group as a club, a gang, ora state?

But the NAPs plausibility is superficial. It is, of course, common sense to think that aggression is a bad thing. But it is far from common sense to think that its badness is absolute, such that the wrongness of aggression always trumps any other possible consideration of justice or political morality. There is a vast difference between a strong but defeasible presumption against the justice of aggression, and an absolute, universal prohibition. As Bryan Caplan has said, if you cant think of counterexamples to the latter, youre not trying hard enough. But Im here to help.

In the remainder of this essay, I want to present six reasons why libertarians should reject the NAP. None of them are original to me. Each is logically independent of the others. Taken together, I think, they make a fairly overwhelming case.

Theres more to be said about each of these, of course. Libertarians havent written much about the issue of pollution. But they have been aware of the problem about fraud at least since James Child published his justly famous article in Ethics on the subject in 1994, and both Bryan Caplan and Stephan Kinsella have tried (unsatisfactorily, to my mind) to address it. Similarly, Roderick Long has some characteristically thoughtful and intelligent things to say about the issue of children and positive rights.

Libertarians are ingenious folk. And I have no doubt that, given sufficient time, they can think up a host of ways to tweak, tinker, and contextualize the NAP in a way that makes some progress in dealing with the problems I have raised in this essay. But there comes a point where adding another layer of epicycles to ones theory seems no longer to be the best way to proceed. There comes a point where what you need is not another refinement to the definition of aggression but a radical paradigm shift in which we put aside the idea that non-aggression is the sole, immovable center of the moral universe. Libertarianism needs its own Copernican Revolution.

Matt Zwolinski is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of San Diego, and co-director ofUSDs Institute for Law and Philosophy. He has publishednumerous articles at the intersection of politics, law, economics, with a special focus on issues of exploitation and political libertarianism. He is the editor of Arguing About Political Philosophy (Routledge, 2009), and is currently writing two books: Exploitation, Capitalism, and the State and, with John Tomasi, Libertarianism: A Bleeding Heart History. The latter is under contract with Princeton University Press. Matt Zwolinski is the founder of and a regular contributor to the blog Bleeding Heart Libertarians.

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Non-Aggression – Libertarianism.org

Cosmic Heaven: The Marriage Of Heaven And Earth – The …

 Cosmic  Comments Off on Cosmic Heaven: The Marriage Of Heaven And Earth – The …
Jun 152015
 

(“Because in a world of ever more progressive depravity there is no penicillin for human stupidity, cruelty and systemic as conventional as pathological intellectual, emotional, spiritual and physical disorientation to our native life and land as though for our own safety, security, salvation, survival or “ascension” and that of all Mankind. Such is a social repository or delta of psychologicalinvectivestantamount to and aptly demonstrated by doing as good a job as one could at compromising our social, familial and individual biological and psychological immune systems with vaccinations as much against the onset of infection from viruses as from any true safety or truly living intelligence worthy of the name. Because all crime, war and disease is as much a biological reality as a sociopolitical one in a cybernetic-industrial society, one contracts with Man for an exchange for anything like our native psychology of Life and Thought forwhat augmentations come currencies (bounties on the heads on the deaths and resurrections of our children) of infinite devaluations of our Life and Thought in terms of our born “debt” to God or State or both (a contract that would, surpassing that of gold for iron in a world where gold is nothing more than a worthless ingot, require no little embellishment and “incentivization”), a debt we can but pay, however spiritual or philanthropic the economics thereof (link), with our own blood, sweat and tears and that of our children though to a Sun or God of State or mass delusional psychosis obscured and revealed by and to strategic variations and distributions of competing thoughts and ideologies, clouds of war, disease, stupidity and conventional cruelty (moved as easily as toy boats across the pond of what used to constitute human thought) for which a child is born with absolutely no concept and in terms of whose “ignorance” of which are summarily and conventionally consigned, effectively if not intentionally (the benefit of any psychosis – that what one needs to do need having nothing to do with what one means to do) to but dumb animals or born murderers (whose clemency rests in conducting a transaction of the very though freshly spilled hemoglobin of Man or God, an occult Saturnalian rite utterly contradictory to the actual Teachings of Jesus or Krishna, Anastasia or Hiawatha) of that very Life or Christ without which Man cannot possibly maintain let alone advance his and her born coordination, body and soul, native feeling and genius, with the whole of cosmic Life at the force and fullness, substance and horizon of the entire Universe of Man’s mind and vast natural, emotional, intellectual and spiritual inheritance and heritage by birth.Written while visiting a local University and doing for free what I used to pay thousands of dollars in order to fight the entire current of cybernetic schooling in order to do – study, as a and in terms of being a human being by birth, the pathological and as perpetual denouement (and denuding) of human civilization both as we know it and as we have, one and all, long ceased to know it.Although having our own land anddirect contact with our ownliving home, food, water and air and thought is the goal and whole image of human existence coursing through our brains, memories, senses, elements, heavens and Earth, one can have one’s own land without creating sufficient space and time to gain the full value of one’s conscious capacity for Life and critical thought and so one can create a sufficient space for one’s conscious capacity for Life and critical thought without owning your own land orgrowing your own food,livingland, food, water, earth, air andthought runs to Man, if at greater expense to our food, land, air, earth, water and thought, wherever we may be, withoutany reserve but that which we, as Man, place upon it as though for our own “salvation” much as indigenous peoples had to beconvinced to disorient themselves to their native born coordinates of and coordination with their living destiny and memory and language (to create death) in order to be “saved fromdeath” according as much to State Christianity as Islam or Evolutionary theory.I have experiencedand researched this since I was born almost forty years ago to the day.At first, you will want to learn as much as you can from your intellectual superiors. Then, if you are lucky(sharing astatistical anomaly with that of any majorlottery winner), you might start to question whether ornot your intellectual”betters”are as competently informed as theyhave been trained to think (and are paid to train other people to think)they are, acelestial mantle conferred upon them asmuch by letters of parchment as by any actual qualifications as such as though daubed with the bloodof the condor and the hair of a three-toed frog. Then you will share a similarity with that of motes of cosmic dust which have successfully made their pilgrimage across all of known intergalactic space when or if you start to study why your instructors think what they do and why modern schooling operates with the equivalent belief as though the element of water does not exist. Then and only then will you begin the true process of learning as anyone but a three year old would mean it – which is, frankly, as insulting to three year olds as what is loosely called the education system, one as successful, by definition, at condemning Man to the privilege and prestige of a contagious psychosis as any cybernetic system on Earth, be it economic, medical, psychological or religious.”)-Axiom 120- Domestication

“When people study evolution or astrophysics they are flattered for having escaped the perverse superstitions of mere religions when in fact they have found the most sophisticated and perverse religions there have ever been, religions for which all previous religions and their monumentally devastating effects serve as but vastly inferior prototypes, never guessing that they themselves are encouraged to think their predecessors as ignorant as nature made them and their progeny progressively more enlightened by a guiding international metaphysical military intelligence mafia (MIMMI) who know full well and gain all their power from the fact that the precise opposite is true.”

-From “Back To The Flat Earth Theory”

Mark my words.

It is both a wonderful and terrible thing that our thought effects, feeds, and is fed by the whole Earth, the whole World.

For, mark my words, the self-proclaimed high priests of every respective society on Earth know that we did not descend from apes and that the Theory of Evolution is, for the most part, a total crock, that our ancient land-based ecstatic human existence (and divine natural inheritance) has been colonialized by a modern or technocratic way of Life the most perilous in all of human history, a way of Life we routinely send our children away to foreign lands to murder and die for, so effective has been the occupation by way of severely dimming the human speed of thought far beneath that of the self-proclaimed high priests, human beings who have led us down a path of almost complete atrophy of the human mind and imagination, much to the peril of the health of all people on Earth.

And then there is the invincibility of the dawn.

One Sun, for instance, produces Light that is translated or communicated, through a medium or various mediums (depending on your perspective), to diverse living systems in turn communicated to millions of human bodies and trillions of human cells and neurons through food and air and water and much else besides, not the least of which must include human kindness and warmth, something also, like the absolute phase of eternal Life, at once so visible and so invisible and so vital to our health, that of the harmonic or cosmic (all-embracing) order of every cellular, social, terrestrial and celestial system, that of the endless expansion not of disease but health and not of suffering and sorrow but of Happiness and understanding born of contact with our vast natural, emotional, spiritual and intellectual inheritance.

Just imagine the creative Light that can be created by a Man and a Woman in the conception of the entire living conditions for and of their child in terms of the cosmic beauty of one another, that of the reflected Universal Love (that of God’s own eternal Soul) in and of a mother (a Universe Woman) as of the power of God’s very own most inspired Dream the birth all that can be born the warmth of Man.

Anything or anyone that would complicate the direct communication among God, you, and your land is never true to God, you, or your Motherland. That I have discovered for certain.

Originally posted here:
Cosmic Heaven: The Marriage Of Heaven And Earth – The …




Pierre Teilhard De Chardin | Designer Children | Prometheism | Euvolution | Transhumanism