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Jitsi SIP Softphone Review – About.com Tech

 Jitsi  Comments Off on Jitsi SIP Softphone Review – About.com Tech
Aug 302015
 

jitsi.org/http://jitsi.org/logo/jitsi_logo.svg/Wikimedia Commons

About.com Rating

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Jitsi is a Java-based communication tool that offers a lot of features and allows SIP-based calls. Jitsi supports voice and video calls and gives all the functionalities of an Instant Messaging software. It offers a nice interface and runs on many platforms. It also offers conference calls over SIP and allows you to connect to many other networks including Facebook, Google Talk, Windows Live, Yahoo!, AIM and ICQ.

Jitsi is a nice tool for integrating all your communication needs into one application. Jitsi is open source and is therefore free.

Pros

Review

Jitsi offers a very simple but nice-looking interface, with basic features and easy controls for configuring the tool and communication. Download and installation are straightforward and easy, and it is also easy to configure your SIP settings. You can use Jitsi with any SIP account.

Jitsi supports many IM protocols and works with many other networks, including Facebook, Google Talk, Windows Live, Yahoo!, AIM and ICQ. This makes it possible to call and contact your friends without having to change tool.

Jitsi is free and open source. Having a look the source code of tools like this is an interesting adventure for programmers who want to work on VoIP applications. Being Java-based, the application works on most operating systems.

Jitsi offers privacy and encryption for calls. It uses the ZRTP encryption, and is one of the rare SIP clients to offer something for security.

With Jitsi, you can use your computer and Internet connection to make free voice and video calls through SIP. Just get a SIP address and register with Jitsi. You can then communicate with your other friends using SIP or with people on the other networks mentioned above. You can also use Jitsi with Google Voice to call regular landline and mobile numbers.

Jitsi supports voice communication, video conferencing, chat, IM network, file transfer and desktop sharing.

The application is a little bit slow compared to others of the kind, due to it being Java-based and therefore interpreted. But if you have a powerful computer, you wont notice it. Also, you dont get to more detailed options where you can select codecs and other technical things. But you will be happy if you are not geeky enough for that.

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Jitsi SIP Softphone Review – About.com Tech

TOR Bundle Download – Tor Project: Anonymity Online

 Tor Browser  Comments Off on TOR Bundle Download – Tor Project: Anonymity Online
Aug 262015
 

You need to change some of your habits, as some things won’t work exactly as you are used to.

Tor does not protect all of your computer’s Internet traffic when you run it. Tor only protects your applications that are properly configured to send their Internet traffic through Tor. To avoid problems with Tor configuration, we strongly recommend you use the Tor Browser. It is pre-configured to protect your privacy and anonymity on the web as long as you’re browsing with the Tor Browser itself. Almost any other web browser configuration is likely to be unsafe to use with Tor.

Torrent file-sharing applications have been observed to ignore proxy settings and make direct connections even when they are told to use Tor. Even if your torrent application connects only through Tor, you will often send out your real IP address in the tracker GET request, because that’s how torrents work. Not only do you deanonymize your torrent traffic and your other simultaneous Tor web traffic this way, you also slow down the entire Tor network for everyone else.

The Tor Browser will block browser plugins such as Flash, RealPlayer, Quicktime, and others: they can be manipulated into revealing your IP address. Similarly, we do not recommend installing additional addons or plugins into the Tor Browser, as these may bypass Tor or otherwise harm your anonymity and privacy.

Tor will encrypt your traffic to and within the Tor network, but the encryption of your traffic to the final destination website depends upon on that website. To help ensure private encryption to websites, the Tor Browser includes HTTPS Everywhere to force the use of HTTPS encryption with major websites that support it. However, you should still watch the browser URL bar to ensure that websites you provide sensitive information to display a blue or green URL bar button, include https:// in the URL, and display the proper expected name for the website. Also see EFF’s interactive page explaining how Tor and HTTPS relate.

The Tor Browser will warn you before automatically opening documents that are handled by external applications. DO NOT IGNORE THIS WARNING. You should be very careful when downloading documents via Tor (especially DOC and PDF files) as these documents can contain Internet resources that will be downloaded outside of Tor by the application that opens them. This will reveal your non-Tor IP address. If you must work with DOC and/or PDF files, we strongly recommend either using a disconnected computer, downloading the free VirtualBox and using it with a virtual machine image with networking disabled, or using Tails. Under no circumstances is it safe to use BitTorrent and Tor together, however.

Tor tries to prevent attackers from learning what destination websites you connect to. However, by default, it does not prevent somebody watching your Internet traffic from learning that you’re using Tor. If this matters to you, you can reduce this risk by configuring Tor to use a Tor bridge relay rather than connecting directly to the public Tor network. Ultimately the best protection is a social approach: the more Tor users there are near you and the more diverse their interests, the less dangerous it will be that you are one of them. Convince other people to use Tor, too!

Be smart and learn more. Understand what Tor does and does not offer. This list of pitfalls isn’t complete, and we need your help identifying and documenting all the issues.

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TOR Bundle Download – Tor Project: Anonymity Online

Astronomy News – Space Science – Articles and Images

 Astronomy  Comments Off on Astronomy News – Space Science – Articles and Images
Aug 262015
 

Has Stephen Hawking Just Solved a Huge Black-Hole Mystery?

August 25th, 2015

Hawking and two colleagues propose that information isn’t destroyed at the heart of a black hole; it’s stored at the black hole’s boundary in holographic form.

Stem Cells Survive Wild Ride on Prototype Space Capsule

August 25th, 2015

Despite a rough landing, stem cells riding in a prototype capsule survived a long fall back to Earth during a drop test part of an initiative to conduct research on the cells in space.

High-Res NASA Video of Hurricane Katrina Could Improve Forecasting

August 24th, 2015

Ten years after the devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina, NASA has helped scientists better understand why the storm was so devastating, and how to save lives in the future.

Deadly 2005 Hurricane Season – What Powered It? | Video

August 24th, 2015

27 named storms formed over the warm waters of the Atlantic Ocean in 2005, which spawned the most category 5 storms in a single season. NASA and NOAA tracked the paths of these killers. [On average there are only 10 storms per year.]

Meeting Pluto: Upcoming Kavli Hangout Explores New Horizons (LIVE)

August 21st, 2015

Learn the latest about Pluto in a live Google Hangout with NASA New Horizons co-lead Richard Benzel, team member Cathy Olkin, and Pluto expert Michael Brown.

Wormhole Created in Lab Makes Invisible Magnetic Field

August 20th, 2015

Physicists have created a so-called magnetic wormhole that transports a magnetic field from one point to the other without being detected.

Pulsar Proves Gravitational Constant is ‘Rock-Solid’

August 20th, 2015

Through extremely high precision measurements of a pulsar orbiting a white dwarf star, astronomers have found that the gravitational constant, which dictates the force of gravity, is “reassuringly constant” throughout the universe.

Curiosity Rover Snaps Awesome Selfies on Mars During Mountain Trek

August 19th, 2015

The 1-ton Curiosity rover snapped several low-angle shots with the camera at the end of its robotic arm on Aug. 5, at a site called Marias Pass in the foothills of the 3.4-mile-high (5.5 kilometers) Mount Sharp.

1.7 Billion Year-Old Star Cluster Snapped By ESO Observatory | Video

August 19th, 2015

3,000 light-years away in the Ara constellation lies the open star cluster IC 4651. According to the European Southern Observatory, “the stars in IC 4651 all formed around the same time out of the same cloud of gas.”

Radical! Neon Found on the Moon

August 18th, 2015

NASA’s LADEE spacecraft has made the first-ever detection of neon in the wispy lunar atmosphere, which is properly known as an “exosphere” because it’s so thin about 100 trillion times less dense than that of Earth at sea level.

Saturn’s Weirdest Ring Explained: Ancient Collision Caused It

August 18th, 2015

The mystery behind the origin of what may be Saturn’s oddest ring and its two companion moons may finally be solved: They came from an ancient, catastrophic collision, researchers say.

Yes, Even the Equator Can Get Slammed by Solar Storms

August 18th, 2015

When the magnetosphere shields Earth from these solar particles, they get funneled toward the polar regions of our atmosphere.

‘Lonely Mountain’ on Dwarf Planet Ceres Shines in Jaw-Dropping Photos

August 25th, 2015

A lonely mountain and other stunning features that dot the surface of the dwarf planet Ceres appear in amazing detail in new images from the Dawn spacecraft.

Photos: Hurricane Katrina From Space

August 25th, 2015

NASA spacecraft watched closely in 2005 as a record-breaking Atlantic hurricane season yielded 27 named storms, including the devastating Hurricane Katrina.

Fire Fountains of the Ancient Moon Explained

August 24th, 2015

The ancient lunar surface once erupted with geysers of lava and now, scientists think they know what caused these fiery fountains.

NASA & NOAA Now Understand Killer Hurricane Katrinas Deadly Details | Video

August 24th, 2015

Data from the GOES-5 satellite drove this simulation, illuminating the wind intensities and water vapor transport powering the massive category 5 storm, which ravaged New Orleans, Louisiana and adjoining areas in 2005.

Why Does Comet 67P Sing? Scientists Think They Know

August 21st, 2015

A strange song radiated by Comet 67P/C-G mystified scientists who first heard it last year. Now, they think they’ve solved the mystery of the singing space rock.

Astronomer Makes Music From A Ringing Star | Video

August 20th, 2015

Star surfaces boil with brightness variations expressible as audio waveforms. Turkish astronomer Burak Ula has found that star Y Cam of the Algol eclipsing binary ‘sings’ on a diminished whole tone scale, which he used to compose a piano piece.

Where Will NASA’s 2020 Mars Rover Land?

August 20th, 2015

The 28-mile-wide (45 kilometers) Jezero Crater emerged as the frontrunner among 30 or so potential locales during the second landing-site workshop for NASA’s 2020 Mars rover mission.

To Build a Gas Giant Planet, Just Add Pebbles

August 19th, 2015

Gas-giant planets such as Jupiter and Saturn form quickly, thanks to the fast accretion of pebble-size building blocks, new research suggests.

To Pluto and Beyond: Planetarium Show Wows Space Fans

August 19th, 2015

A planetarium show at New York City’s American Museum of Natural History this month gave audience members a vivid look at the New Horizons spacecraft’s epic flyby of Pluto.

‘Oxymoronic’ Supermassive Black Hole Found | Video

August 18th, 2015

Black hole RGG 118’s mass is 50,000 times that of the Sun and is 100 times less massive than the one found in the center of the milky way.

‘Eiffel Tower’ Prominence Towers Over The Sun

August 18th, 2015

An astrophotographer spotted a beautifully-formed solar prominence that looks like a giant version of the famous Parisian landmark.

Ace Solar Observatory to Make 3,000th Comet Discovery

August 17th, 2015

After nearly 20 years gazing at the sun, the SOHO spacecraft is about to spy its 3,000th comet.

Lonely Mountain On Dwarf Planet Ceres Has Bizarre Bright Streaks | Video

August 25th, 2015

NASA Dawn mission has returned a high resolution image from 915 miles above the surface of Ceres revealing a 4-mile-high mountain with brightly streaked slopes. Dawn captured the area, located in the southern hemisphere, on Aug. 19th, 2015.

Sun Unleashes Medium-Strength Solar Flare (Photo)

August 24th, 2015

NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) captured an image of the flare, which erupted at 3:33 a.m. EDT (0733 GMT) this morning from a sunspot known as active region 2403.

Star Tunes: Composer Sets Twinkling Data to Music

August 24th, 2015

An astronomer and amateur musician has coaxed a haunting melody from a star’s distinctive twinkle.

Best Space Stories of the Week August 23, 2015

August 23rd, 2015

Scientists created a “magnetic wormhole” in the lab, a Canadian company got a patent for a huge inflatable space elevator and the mystery of the “singing” comet may be solved. Here are Space.com’s top stories of the week.

Digital Calendar Shows Best Images from NASA Space Telescope

August 21st, 2015

The new calendar features a dozen of the best pictures captured by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, which blasted off on Aug. 23, 2003, and continues to observe the heavens today.

Where Is All the Dark Energy and Dark Matter?

August 20th, 2015

Two experiments on Earth are helping to shine light on the hidden characteristics of dark energy and dark matter, elusive phenomena that make up nearly 95 percent of the universe but remains hidden from direct detection.

No Asteroid Is Threatening to Hit Earth Next Month, NASA Says

August 19th, 2015

For the last few months, rumors have circulated that a big asteroid will slam into Earth near Puerto Rico between Sept. 15 and Sept. 28, wreaking widespread destruction. Don’t believe the hype.

It’s Full of Stars! Brilliant Cluster Captured in New Images, Video

August 19th, 2015

A middle-aged clutch of stars shines in many colors in a new image released by the European Southern Observatory. The stars in the image are from an open star cluster called IC 4651, which lies in the Milky Way about 3,000 light-years from Earth.

Cosmic Forensics Pinpoint Stellar Suspects in Supernovae (Kavli Roundtable)

August 19th, 2015

New discoveries are showing how dying stars illuminate the universe.

Enormous Red Sprites Seen From Space (Update)

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Astronomy News – Space Science – Articles and Images

Web Design & SEO Fort Lauderdale|Florida|Boca Raton …

 SEO  Comments Off on Web Design & SEO Fort Lauderdale|Florida|Boca Raton …
Aug 212015
 

FLORIDA WEBSITE DESIGN & CUSTOM SITE DEVELOPMENT

If you need up to 10 pages, one of our Startup packages may be the best option for your business.

If you need more than 10 pages, we suggest you to choose one of our Portal Packages. We have dozens of features for you to choose from.

Want to sell online? Choose one of our packages: E-commerce web site development: We can custom develop anything you need. We work with data feeds, so you can have thousands of products inserted automatically. We design, develop, setup and teach you how to use and manage your online store.

If you are looking for a web design agency in Fort Lauderdale, Boca Raton, South Florida and beyond, Lytron Marketing Agency has the most affordable, state of the art technology and our marketing services deliver outstanding results.

Your clients are searching for your services and products. They will find your business on Google and IF your site design inspires trust, your clients will call you. Get new leads! Grow your business! Lets Talk!

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Web Design & SEO Fort Lauderdale|Florida|Boca Raton …

The Best SEO Software for 2015 | Top Ten Reviews

 SEO  Comments Off on The Best SEO Software for 2015 | Top Ten Reviews
Aug 202015
 

Conducting SEO for your website can be tedious, confusing and time consuming. Many factors influence SEO campaigns, and there are a lot of details that need to be managed. However, hiring an SEO company to optimize your site and track your progress is not always a cost-effective option, especially for small businesses. Using an SEO software package that has all of your tools in one place and helps you track your SEO timelines and projects can help you save time and money, and the best software can even automate some of the more tedious SEO tasks.

SEO software packages come equipped with useful tools to help you streamline the process of developing your SEO program. In addition to the benefits your site traffic will see, you can save yourself time and money by using a software package. Our three favorite SEO software packages for helping small businesses with their SEO programs are Web CEO, Advanced Web Ranking and SEO PowerSuite. For more information, read our articles about SEO software.

With SEO software, you want to see measurable results reflected in your company’s search engine rankings. In reviewing the best SEO applications, we based our rankings on both standard SEO features and elements that make each one stand out from the rest.

Keyword Optimization Sometimes SEO and keyword optimization are used interchangeably. Thats an error, as there is a lot more to SEO than keywords. However, theres a reason for this close association. Keyword optimization is one of the most important elements of SEO. Keyword optimization is so important because keywords are one top ways that search engines find and index your site. The top SEO software packages will help you find the best keywords to achieve high rankings. When choosing an SEO software package, look for one that provides keyword suggestion and other tools that allow you to dig deep to look for keywords that will most benefit your site.

Link Building & Management Effective linking strategies are important to online visibility. The more credible sites that link back to your site, the greater priority search engines will give you. When your site is linked to by other relevant and reliable sites, it increases your site’s page ranking and reputation. The top SEO packages have tools, such as backlink checkers, that simplify the process of tracking your backlinks. They also provide submission tools to get your site listed in search engines and directories.

Competitor Analysis Outperforming your competitors is really what SEO is all about. You need to know what your competitors are doing and how you compare against them. An effective SEO software package will pull information from your competitor websites. This lets you know how you rank against them and saves you some work in researching keywords and links.

Help & Support We carefully evaluated the help and support these companies make available to their customers. As with SEO product features, there are a range of options here. The best companies make themselves readily available over the phone and through live chat when you need help with technical support.

The right SEO software package provides small business owners with the right tools for developing an SEO program, without the high costs that can come with hiring an SEO firm. Look for top SEO programs that will streamline your SEO projects and provide you the resources you need to expand your site’s reach across the web.

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The Best SEO Software for 2015 | Top Ten Reviews

Search Engine Land | Must Read News About SEO, SEM …

 SEO  Comments Off on Search Engine Land | Must Read News About SEO, SEM …
Aug 202015
 

Below is what happened in search today, as reported on Search Engine Land and from other places across the…

Located at the bottom right corner of a news story, the new “Smart Labels” help users explore connected…

Google seems to have temporarily removed all of the Web pages from the popular and controversial Ripoff Report website. Within 30 minutes, the…

“Book an appointment” feature is now appearing in some knowledge panel results….

Columnist Benjamin Vigneron explains how you can use website analytics data to derive insights that you can apply to your paid search…

Columnist John Cosley of Bing shares insights gathered from internal Microsoft data and other research studies to improve your mobile search…

Automated extensions in product listing ads are taking over from the less visible promotional text….

Looking to increase your ROI from non-branded search campaigns? Columnist Thomas Stern shares tips on how to lower CPC and increase…

The last day to use the legacy Python script to download search query data from Google Search Console is October 20, 2015. You can upgrade to…

Below is what happened in search today, as reported on Search Engine Land and from other places across the…

Feeling stagnant? Columnist Julie Joyce discusses why it’s so critical for link builders (and SEOs) to always keep learning on the…

Google launched Custom Columns for AdWords back in December, but many paid search marketers aren’t utilizing them yet. Contributor Laura Collins…

Jimmy Wales, the co-founder of Wikipedia, posted that Google is sending them less and less traffic, calls this a “long-term…

Google says Romanian, Bahasa Indonesia, Bengali, Bulgarian, Latvian, Lithuanian and Thai editions will be released during the next few…

Below is what happened in search today, as reported on Search Engine Land and from other places across the…

Google’s mobile search results has a new design for the sitelinks; they now are expandable to show more…

What is semantic content optimization, why do you need it, and how can you implement it? Columnist Eric Enge answers these questions and…

Columnist Wesley Young takes a look at the Local Search Association’s latest research on how consumers respond to video ads — and how local…

Many small business owners know that they need to invest in local search engine optimization (SEO), but most have no idea how it works — So…

Google said if you have a mobile-friendly website only, it should also rank just fine in the desktop Google search results. …

Columnist John Cosley of Bing shares insights gathered from internal Microsoft data and other research studies to improve your mobile search…

Columnist Benjamin Vigneron explains how you can use website analytics data to derive insights that you can apply to your paid search…

Google seems to have temporarily removed all of the Web pages from the popular and controversial Ripoff Report website. Within 30 minutes, the…

“Book an appointment” feature is now appearing in some knowledge panel results….

Feeling stagnant? Columnist Julie Joyce discusses why it’s so critical for link builders (and SEOs) to always keep learning on the…

Looking to increase your ROI from non-branded search campaigns? Columnist Thomas Stern shares tips on how to lower CPC and increase…

Jimmy Wales, the co-founder of Wikipedia, posted that Google is sending them less and less traffic, calls this a “long-term…

The last day to use the legacy Python script to download search query data from Google Search Console is October 20, 2015. You can upgrade to…

Located at the bottom right corner of a news story, the new “Smart Labels” help users explore connected…

In part two of a three-part series on app indexing, contributors Emily Grossman and Cindy Krum explore how Google indexes deep app content and…

Automated extensions in product listing ads are taking over from the less visible promotional text….

What is semantic content optimization, why do you need it, and how can you implement it? Columnist Eric Enge answers these questions and…

Columnist Nathan Safran takes a look at where Google is heading — and what challenges it faces — in the age of…

Contributor Bartosz Gralewicz shares the results of an experiment he conducted, which suggests that click-through rate (CTR) from search is…

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Search Engine Land | Must Read News About SEO, SEM …

Download Tor – Tor Project: Anonymity Online

 Tor Browser  Comments Off on Download Tor – Tor Project: Anonymity Online
Aug 152015
 

Want Tor to really work?

You need to change some of your habits, as some things won’t work exactly as you are used to. Please read the full list of warnings for details.

Microsoft Windows

Everything you need to safely browse the Internet. Learn more

Contains just Tor and nothing else. You’ll need to configure Tor and all of your applications manually. This installer must be run as Administrator.

Apple OS X

Everything you need to safely browse the Internet. This package requires no installation. Just extract it and run. Learn more

GNU/Linux, BSD, and Unix

Everything you need to safely browse the Internet. This package requires no installation. Just extract it and run. Learn more

Install the Tor components yourself, run a relay, create custom configurations. All an apt-get or yum install away.

Tor for Smartphones

Source Code

Configure with: ./configure && make && src/or/tor

The current stable version of Tor is 0.2.6.10. Its release notes are available.

The current unstable/alpha version of Tor is 0.2.7.2-alpha. Its Changelog is available.

You need to change some of your habits, as some things won’t work exactly as you are used to.

Tor does not protect all of your computer’s Internet traffic when you run it. Tor only protects your applications that are properly configured to send their Internet traffic through Tor. To avoid problems with Tor configuration, we strongly recommend you use the Tor Browser. It is pre-configured to protect your privacy and anonymity on the web as long as you’re browsing with the Tor Browser itself. Almost any other web browser configuration is likely to be unsafe to use with Tor.

Torrent file-sharing applications have been observed to ignore proxy settings and make direct connections even when they are told to use Tor. Even if your torrent application connects only through Tor, you will often send out your real IP address in the tracker GET request, because that’s how torrents work. Not only do you deanonymize your torrent traffic and your other simultaneous Tor web traffic this way, you also slow down the entire Tor network for everyone else.

The Tor Browser will block browser plugins such as Flash, RealPlayer, Quicktime, and others: they can be manipulated into revealing your IP address. Similarly, we do not recommend installing additional addons or plugins into the Tor Browser, as these may bypass Tor or otherwise harm your anonymity and privacy.

Tor will encrypt your traffic to and within the Tor network, but the encryption of your traffic to the final destination website depends upon on that website. To help ensure private encryption to websites, the Tor Browser includes HTTPS Everywhere to force the use of HTTPS encryption with major websites that support it. However, you should still watch the browser URL bar to ensure that websites you provide sensitive information to display a blue or green URL bar button, include https:// in the URL, and display the proper expected name for the website. Also see EFF’s interactive page explaining how Tor and HTTPS relate.

The Tor Browser will warn you before automatically opening documents that are handled by external applications. DO NOT IGNORE THIS WARNING. You should be very careful when downloading documents via Tor (especially DOC and PDF files) as these documents can contain Internet resources that will be downloaded outside of Tor by the application that opens them. This will reveal your non-Tor IP address. If you must work with DOC and/or PDF files, we strongly recommend either using a disconnected computer, downloading the free VirtualBox and using it with a virtual machine image with networking disabled, or using Tails. Under no circumstances is it safe to use BitTorrent and Tor together, however.

Tor tries to prevent attackers from learning what destination websites you connect to. However, by default, it does not prevent somebody watching your Internet traffic from learning that you’re using Tor. If this matters to you, you can reduce this risk by configuring Tor to use a Tor bridge relay rather than connecting directly to the public Tor network. Ultimately the best protection is a social approach: the more Tor users there are near you and the more diverse their interests, the less dangerous it will be that you are one of them. Convince other people to use Tor, too!

Be smart and learn more. Understand what Tor does and does not offer. This list of pitfalls isn’t complete, and we need your help identifying and documenting all the issues.

The rest is here:
Download Tor – Tor Project: Anonymity Online

Porthtowan – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Beaches  Comments Off on Porthtowan – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aug 132015
 

Coordinates: 501656N 51413W / 50.28234N 5.23682W / 50.28234; -5.23682

Porthtowan (Cornish: Porth Tewyn, meaning cove of sand dunes) is a small village in Cornwall, England which is a popular summer tourist destination. Porthtowan is on Cornwall’s north Atlantic coast about 2km (1.2mi) west of St Agnes, 4km (2.5mi) north of Redruth, 10km (6.2mi) west of Truro and 15km (9.3mi) south-west of Newquay in the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape, a World Heritage Site.

Porthtowan is popular with surfers and industrial archaeologists; former mine stacks and engine houses dot the landscape.[1]

Porthtowan lies along the 627-hectare (1,550-acre) Godrevy Head to St Agnes heritage coast,[2] which is located on the north Cornwall coast of the Celtic Sea in the Atlantic Ocean. It lies between Godrevy Head (with the Godrevy Towans) and St Agnes Head, north of the village of St Agnes.[3][4][5] The Godrevy to St Agnes Heritage Coast has been a nationally designated protected area since 1986. The marine site protects 40 species of mammals and amphibians.[6][7]

Porthtowan is within walking distance of National Trust coastal and cliff-side walks. Between Porthtowan and Agnes Head is one of Cornwall’s “largest remaining heathland[s].” Ironically, the heath survived – and was not turned into arable land – because of the soil contamination of previous mining activities. Few plants or species other than heathers and spiders can thrive in the area’s environmental condition.[8][nb 1]

Its name comes from the Cornish words “porth” and “tewynn” to mean landing place at the sand dunes.[1]

Porthtowan’s history is associated with mining and one of its most prominent buildings is a former engine house converted for residential use.[citation needed] Allen’s Corn Mill operated at Porthtowan between 1752 and 1816.[10]

Porthtowan owes much of its present day character to its popularity as a local seaside resort in Victorian and Edwardian times when the local populace from Redruth and the surrounding areas went there, particularly on Bank Holidays.[citation needed]

Coastal settlements in Cornwall between Perranporth and Porthtowan had copper, lead, iron, tin and zinc mines. Porthtowan mines mainly produced copper.[11]

The South Wheal Towan copper mine also operated in the area. Still visible is its Echo Corner mine stack.[1] The mine had a slide lode that intersected with the main lode, Hamptons and Downright lode. In addition to copper pyrites, brown iron ore was also found in the mine.[12]

See more here:
Porthtowan – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Offshore Banking Worldwide, Establish and Setup Accounts

 Offshore Banking  Comments Off on Offshore Banking Worldwide, Establish and Setup Accounts
Aug 102015
 

Offshore Banking Consultations Click or call today for a free offshore consultation. Call: 1-800-959-8819

When it comes to safety of your financial picture and planning your protection, we recommend only the safest and most secure financial institutions in the world. Depending on the jurisdiction you choose, we have relationships with secure offshore banks that offer our customers the highest amount of stability and safety.

Offshore banking or Offshore banks refers to the many banking and investment institutions available in countries and jurisdictions other than the depositors home country. While technically any bank can be considered an Offshore bank when it meets the above criteria, the term is generally reserved for the banking institutions located in what are considered jurisdictions that have a high regard for the privacy of their depositors.

Since their origin, Offshore Banks, tended to be unfairly portrayed by both media and the home jurisdictions alike the accusations have ranged from tax evasion to money laundering, but careful examination of the true purpose of Offshore Banking Accounts, and an unbiased examination of where illicit funds are truly held or laundered, sheds light on the situation. Other false accusations have centered around criticism of unsafe environments, poor regulation, etc. Again, these could not be farther from the truth. Most Offshore Bank Account jurisdictions of any repute have very sophisticated, stable banking regulations, and because it is in their best interest to attract and keep depositors, these regulations are geared towards meeting the needs of the depositor. Many of these jurisdictions rely on foreign capital held in their banks as their primary economic factor, and as their only source of foreign investment.

The broad definition of an Offshore bank is that of a bank that is located in a jurisdiction or country that is different from the jurisdiction or country that the depositor or investor resides. One of the many benefits of holding an Offshore banking account is that they are usually located in tax havens that provide substantial asset protection and confidentiality benefits to the bank account holder. These jurisdictions also often allow for a relaxation of restrictions with respect to the types of offshore banking accounts available to depositors or investors, and how then can be manipulated. This amounts to decreased regulation. The more popular offshore jurisdictions often provide a substantial decrease in tax liability, whereas those in some countries, such as the US are generally taxed on worldwide income. For our purposes here we will focus only on those proven to provide quantifiable benefits as outlined above. These Offshore banks can be located in actual island-states such as the Caymans or Channel Islands, or in landlocked countries such as Switzerlandbecause Switzerland has been a tax haven for over a hundred years and longer than the island nations. There has been much chatter regarding the privacy of Swiss banks. Youll notice, however, the only Swiss banks that have had issues are those banks with branches located outside of Switzerland. Those with purely Swiss locations continue to maintain strong privacy.

As mentioned in our opening paragraph, there are a number of misconceptions and myths associated with offshore bank accounts in these offshore financial centers Are Offshore Banks the Haven of Money Launderers and Criminals? We have additional information on Offshore Bank Account Myths that should be taken into consideration.

It is important that the proper jurisdiction be selected when deciding which jurisdiction to use as an offshore banking jurisdiction. The majority of the offshore jurisdictions have prudent, sound regulations in place geared towards safeguarding the deposits and maintaining their confidentiality. However, some weigh their benefits in taxation, while others in confidentiality, and so forth. Though they all offer a comparatively confidential and secure environment, it bears consideration to outline what the banking goals are and then choose the jurisdiction accordingly. A small minority of the offshore jurisdictions do a poor job of managing and regulating their banking institutions, but the informed investor or advisor will deem these as unsuitable for themselves or their clients. Further, these poorly organized and run jurisdictions are often manipulated by illicit depositors and hence prove easy targets of the FATF (Financial Action Task Force) looking for money laundering or other criminal activity.

It is an unfortunate fact that Europeans have always been subjected to relatively heavy tax burdens. This was as true on the British Isles as it was on the continent. Faced with the prospect of watching their hard earned assets and wealth diminish with every out-reach of the tax collectors hand, they were ripe for a solution. And a solution camethe small, island nation state known as the Channel Islands convinced these frustrated depositors that deposits placed in its banks could be free from scrutiny and hence the heavy-handed taxation burden. The Euros were convincedand soon this service thrived, with other small jurisdictions becoming savvy to this foreign capital-attracting status and they began to revamp their banking institutions, adopting sound, pragmatic banking rules and regulations that eased the potential concerns of investors and depositors. The Offshore bank was off to a running start!

And soon the term Offshore banking became synonymous with any smaller, haven jurisdiction that offered safe, secure, confidential banking with practical regulations. Soon the rest of the world was in the know, and began to look at these havens as viable solutions to their needs. Americans, Africans, Asians, etc., found these Offshore bank accounts quite useful for a myriad of reasons. Unlike their banks at home, these Offshore banks were not regularly subjected to political turmoil or economic strife, and were most welcome for their stability and asset protection benefits.

In the years since they have come into greater use and thus more visible, offshore banking accounts have been unfairly portrayed by the media and by the larger jurisdictions as the stomping grounds of the criminal undergrounda veritable haven for their illicitly-obtained assets and funds, or the choice locales for their money-laundering schemes. Money-wise investors and depositors have long known that these prejudices could not be further from the truth. They know that offshore banks can be remarkably effective havens for assets and funds in need of safe, secure, confidential keeping. They know that these banks can safeguard their funds from the perils of civil, economic, or political strife in their home countries. Today, offshore banks continue to keep their end of the bargain and continue to provide a safe, confidential haven for those seeking to safeguard their assets and funds from the perils of undue regulation and taxation.

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Offshore Banking Worldwide, Establish and Setup Accounts

Offshore Companies – Sovereign Man

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Aug 082015
 

To set up an offshore company or relocate your existing business overseas is a crucial step toward internationalizing yourself and your assets. Search for offshore company and youll find thousands of websites promising a quick company formation in Panama or the British Virgin Islands, with a range of other benefits for the jurisdiction in question.

There is a current misconception that offshore business is about evading taxes and hiding money from the government, which is certainly not the case.

There are 100% legitimate ways to structure your business interests overseas and realize significant benefits from an asset protection standpoint as well as tax-standpoint.

Want an example? In the last few years companies such as Google, Apple and a multitude of other companies have cut theirtaxes by billions of dollars in completelylegitimate ways.

You too can do this.

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First of all, you dont have to start a company offshore to save on taxes. If youre an American, just moving out of the US is a terrific first step. As a US expat, about $100,000 in overseas income is tax exempt, meaning that if you live outside the US you dont have to pay any taxes at all on the first $100,000 or soof foreign sourced income (you still have to file your tax report though). However, the real tax advantage from running an offshore company as a US citizen doesnt come from direct tax savings. It comes from tax deferment, meaning you postpone the payment of taxes into the future. If you run a business overseas and reinvest profits within the company you can defer taxes indefinitely. Lets say you have a profitable company overseas. Now imagine that instead of paying taxes on your profits every year you can reinvest that capital in your offshore company every year for 30 years, and only pay taxes if you decide to sell the company after 30 years. Being able to reinvest your capital tax-free combined with the power of compound interest makes this a truly exceptional opportunity.

Its a great idea to structure your business overseas, especially one thats online-based. If you incorporate your foreign business properly, it provides a legal way to defer tax payments (similarly to an IRA), as well as enabling much reduced liability. An online business has no limits as to how and where it can do business, so why should you let your business be limited by a jurisdiction that is based on the old, geographically limited model? Starting an offshore online business is a great way to build streams of income outside of your home country. Why would you want to have income streams outside of your country? Well, when inflation runs rampant in a country, having an income stream overseas in a stronger currency can potentially be a lifesaver. If hyperinflation would find its way to your country, which is a real risk with central banks all around the world printing new money 24/7, earning only a small part of your income in a different country is invaluable. An internet business based overseas, coupled with an offshore bank account, is the perfect medium through which you can do this.

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Offshore Companies – Sovereign Man

Channel Islands – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Aug 082015
 

The Channel Islands (Norman: les d’la Manche, French: les Anglo-Normandes or les de la Manche[note 1]) are an archipelago of British Crown Dependencies in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. They include two separate bailiwicks: the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Bailiwick of Guernsey. They are considered the remnants of the Duchy of Normandy, and are not part of the United Kingdom.[1] They have a total population of about 168,000 and their respective capitals, Saint Helier and Saint Peter Port, have populations of 33,500 and 16,488, respectively. The total area of the islands is 194km2.

Both Bailiwicks have been administered separately since the late 13th century; each has its own independent laws, elections, and representative bodies (although in modern times, politicians from the islands’ legislatures are in regular contact). Any institution common to both is the exception rather than the rule.

The permanently inhabited islands of the Channel Islands are:

All of these except Jersey are in the Bailiwick of Guernsey.

There are also several uninhabited islets. Four are part of the Bailiwick of Jersey:

These lie off Alderney:

These lie off Guernsey:

(See also List of islands of the Bailiwick of Guernsey)

In general the larger islands have the -ey suffix, and the smaller ones have the -hou suffix; these are believed to be from the Old Norse ey and holmr, respectively which means island and islet.

The Chausey Islands south of Jersey are not generally included in the geographical definition of the Channel Islands but are occasionally described in English as ‘French Channel Islands’ in view of their French jurisdiction. They were historically linked to the Duchy of Normandy, but they are part of the French territory along with continental Normandy, and not part of the British Isles or of the Channel Islands in a political sense. They are an incorporated part of the commune of Granville (Manche). While they are popular with visitors from France, Channel Islanders rarely visit them as there are no direct transport links from the other islands.

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Nanotechnology – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Jul 282015
 

Nanotechnology (“nanotech”) is the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology[1][2] referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers. This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter that occur below the given size threshold. It is therefore common to see the plural form “nanotechnologies” as well as “nanoscale technologies” to refer to the broad range of research and applications whose common trait is size. Because of the variety of potential applications (including industrial and military), governments have invested billions of dollars in nanotechnology research. Until 2012, through its National Nanotechnology Initiative, the USA has invested 3.7 billion dollars, the European Union has invested 1.2 billion and Japan 750 million dollars.[3]

Nanotechnology as defined by size is naturally very broad, including fields of science as diverse as surface science, organic chemistry, molecular biology, semiconductor physics, microfabrication, etc.[4] The associated research and applications are equally diverse, ranging from extensions of conventional device physics to completely new approaches based upon molecular self-assembly, from developing new materials with dimensions on the nanoscale to direct control of matter on the atomic scale.

Scientists currently debate the future implications of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology may be able to create many new materials and devices with a vast range of applications, such as in medicine, electronics, biomaterials energy production, and consumer products. On the other hand, nanotechnology raises many of the same issues as any new technology, including concerns about the toxicity and environmental impact of nanomaterials,[5] and their potential effects on global economics, as well as speculation about various doomsday scenarios. These concerns have led to a debate among advocacy groups and governments on whether special regulation of nanotechnology is warranted.

The concepts that seeded nanotechnology were first discussed in 1959 by renowned physicist Richard Feynman in his talk There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom, in which he described the possibility of synthesis via direct manipulation of atoms. The term “nano-technology” was first used by Norio Taniguchi in 1974, though it was not widely known.

Inspired by Feynman’s concepts, K. Eric Drexler used the term “nanotechnology” in his 1986 book Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology, which proposed the idea of a nanoscale “assembler” which would be able to build a copy of itself and of other items of arbitrary complexity with atomic control. Also in 1986, Drexler co-founded The Foresight Institute (with which he is no longer affiliated) to help increase public awareness and understanding of nanotechnology concepts and implications.

Thus, emergence of nanotechnology as a field in the 1980s occurred through convergence of Drexler’s theoretical and public work, which developed and popularized a conceptual framework for nanotechnology, and high-visibility experimental advances that drew additional wide-scale attention to the prospects of atomic control of matter. In the 1980s, two major breakthroughs sparked the growth of nanotechnology in modern era.

First, the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope in 1981 which provided unprecedented visualization of individual atoms and bonds, and was successfully used to manipulate individual atoms in 1989. The microscope’s developers Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory received a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986.[6][7] Binnig, Quate and Gerber also invented the analogous atomic force microscope that year.

Second, Fullerenes were discovered in 1985 by Harry Kroto, Richard Smalley, and Robert Curl, who together won the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.[8][9] C60 was not initially described as nanotechnology; the term was used regarding subsequent work with related graphene tubes (called carbon nanotubes and sometimes called Bucky tubes) which suggested potential applications for nanoscale electronics and devices.

In the early 2000s, the field garnered increased scientific, political, and commercial attention that led to both controversy and progress. Controversies emerged regarding the definitions and potential implications of nanotechnologies, exemplified by the Royal Society’s report on nanotechnology.[10] Challenges were raised regarding the feasibility of applications envisioned by advocates of molecular nanotechnology, which culminated in a public debate between Drexler and Smalley in 2001 and 2003.[11]

Meanwhile, commercialization of products based on advancements in nanoscale technologies began emerging. These products are limited to bulk applications of nanomaterials and do not involve atomic control of matter. Some examples include the Silver Nano platform for using silver nanoparticles as an antibacterial agent, nanoparticle-based transparent sunscreens, and carbon nanotubes for stain-resistant textiles.[12][13]

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How Cryonics Works – HowStuffWorks

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Jul 282015
 

The year is 1967. A British secret agent has been “frozen,” awaiting the day when his arch nemesis will return from his own deep freeze to once again threaten the world. That day finally arrives in 1997. The agent is revived after 30 years on ice, and he saves the world from imminent destruction.

You’ll probably recognize this scenario from the hit movie, “Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery” (1997). Cryonics also shows up in films like “Vanilla Sky” (2001), “Sleeper” (1973) and “2001: A Space Odyssey” (1968). But is it pure Hollywood fiction, or can people really be frozen and then thawed to live on years later?

The science behind the idea does exist. It’s called cryogenics — the study of what happens to materials at really low temperatures. Cryonics — the technique used to store human bodies at extremely low temperatures with the hope of one day reviving them — is being performed today, but the technology is still in its infancy.

In this article, we’ll look at the practice of cryonics, learn how it’s done and find out whether humans really can be brought back from the deep freeze.

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How Cryonics Works – HowStuffWorks

"Search and Seizure" and the Fourth Amendment – FindLaw

 Fourth Amendment  Comments Off on "Search and Seizure" and the Fourth Amendment – FindLaw
Jul 242015
 

The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects personal privacy, and every citizen’s right to be free from unreasonable government intrusion into their persons, homes, businesses, and property — whether through police stops of citizens on the street, arrests, or searches of homes and businesses.

What Does the Fourth Amendment Protect?

In the criminal law realm, Fourth Amendment “search and seizure” protections extend to:

The Fourth Amendment provides safeguards to individuals during searches and detentions, and prevents unlawfully seized items from being used as evidence in criminal cases. The degree of protection available in a particular case depends on the nature of the detention or arrest, the characteristics of the place searched, and the circumstances under which the search takes place.

When Does the Fourth Amendment Apply?

The legal standards derived from the Fourth Amendment provide constitutional protection to individuals in the following situations, among others:

Potential scenarios implicating the Fourth Amendment, and law enforcement’s legal obligation to protect Fourth Amendment rights in those scenarios, are too numerous to cover here. However, in most instances a police officer may not search or seize an individual or his or her property unless the officer has:

What if My Fourth Amendment Rights Are Violated?

When law enforcement officers violate an individual’s constitutional rights under the Fourth Amendment, and a search or seizure is deemed unlawful, any evidence derived from that search or seizure will almost certainly be kept out of any criminal case against the person whose rights were violated. For example:

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"Search and Seizure" and the Fourth Amendment – FindLaw

Online Library of Liberty

 Liberty  Comments Off on Online Library of Liberty
Jul 242015
 

Today the OLL has 1,697 titles, 467 authors, and 1,186 essays in 24 categories

News and Announcements [Archive]:

The Philosophic Radical George Grote (1794-1871) wrote this defence of democratic reform of the British electoral system in 1821. He noted the special problem posed by the concentration of political benefits being concentrated in a few hands and the costs being dispersed over very many

In the course of putting together a multi-volume collection of over 240 Leveller Tracts I came across some very interesting title pages which used typography and occasionally woodcuts to add graphical force to the political and economic arguments being made by the authors. The pamphlets were

This was the second work by George Grote on parliamentary reform. It was published on the eve of the passage of the First Reform Act of 1832 which largely achieved the goals of the Philosophic Radicals around James Mill.

In this months Liberty Matters online discussion we reassess the economic ideas of John Stuart Mill as found in his classic work Principles of Political Economy (1st ed. 1848, 7th ed. 1871) and other writings. In the Lead Essay by Steven Kates of the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology it is

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Online Library of Liberty

Positive and Negative Liberty (Stanford Encyclopedia of …

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Jul 242015
 

Imagine you are driving a car through town, and you come to a fork in the road. You turn left, but no one was forcing you to go one way or the other. Next you come to a crossroads. You turn right, but no one was preventing you from going left or straight on. There is no traffic to speak of and there are no diversions or police roadblocks. So you seem, as a driver, to be completely free. But this picture of your situation might change quite dramatically if we consider that the reason you went left and then right is that you’re addicted to cigarettes and you’re desperate to get to the tobacconists before it closes. Rather than driving, you feel you are being driven, as your urge to smoke leads you uncontrollably to turn the wheel first to the left and then to the right. Moreover, you’re perfectly aware that your turning right at the crossroads means you’ll probably miss a train that was to take you to an appointment you care about very much. You long to be free of this irrational desire that is not only threatening your longevity but is also stopping you right now from doing what you think you ought to be doing.

This story gives us two contrasting ways of thinking of liberty. On the one hand, one can think of liberty as the absence of obstacles external to the agent. You are free if no one is stopping you from doing whatever you might want to do. In the above story you appear, in this sense, to be free. On the other hand, one can think of liberty as the presence of control on the part of the agent. To be free, you must be self-determined, which is to say that you must be able to control your own destiny in your own interests. In the above story you appear, in this sense, to be unfree: you are not in control of your own destiny, as you are failing to control a passion that you yourself would rather be rid of and which is preventing you from realizing what you recognize to be your true interests. One might say that while on the first view liberty is simply about how many doors are open to the agent, on the second view it is more about going through the right doors for the right reasons.

In a famous essay first published in 1958, Isaiah Berlin called these two concepts of liberty negative and positive respectively (Berlin 1969).[1] The reason for using these labels is that in the first case liberty seems to be a mere absence of something (i.e. of obstacles, barriers, constraints or interference from others), whereas in the second case it seems to require the presence of something (i.e. of control, self-mastery, self-determination or self-realization). In Berlin’s words, we use the negative concept of liberty in attempting to answer the question What is the area within which the subject a person or group of persons is or should be left to do or be what he is able to do or be, without interference by other persons?, whereas we use the positive concept in attempting to answer the question What, or who, is the source of control or interference that can determine someone to do, or be, this rather than that? (1969, pp. 12122).

It is useful to think of the difference between the two concepts in terms of the difference between factors that are external and factors that are internal to the agent. While theorists of negative freedom are primarily interested in the degree to which individuals or groups suffer interference from external bodies, theorists of positive freedom are more attentive to the internal factors affecting the degree to which individuals or groups act autonomously. Given this difference, one might be tempted to think that a political philosopher should concentrate exclusively on negative freedom, a concern with positive freedom being more relevant to psychology or individual morality than to political and social institutions. This, however, would be premature, for among the most hotly debated issues in political philosophy are the following: Is the positive concept of freedom a political concept? Can individuals or groups achieve positive freedom through political action? Is it possible for the state to promote the positive freedom of citizens on their behalf? And if so, is it desirable for the state to do so? The classic texts in the history of western political thought are divided over how these questions should be answered: theorists in the classical liberal tradition, like Constant, Humboldt, Spencer and Mill, are typically classed as answering no and therefore as defending a negative concept of political freedom; theorists that are critical of this tradition, like Rousseau, Hegel, Marx and T.H. Green, are typically classed as answering yes and as defending a positive concept of political freedom.

In its political form, positive freedom has often been thought of as necessarily achieved through a collectivity. Perhaps the clearest case is that of Rousseau’s theory of freedom, according to which individual freedom is achieved through participation in the process whereby one’s community exercises collective control over its own affairs in accordance with the general will. Put in the simplest terms, one might say that a democratic society is a free society because it is a self-determined society, and that a member of that society is free to the extent that he or she participates in its democratic process. But there are also individualist applications of the concept of positive freedom. For example, it is sometimes said that a government should aim actively to create the conditions necessary for individuals to be self-sufficient or to achieve self-realization. The negative concept of freedom, on the other hand, is most commonly assumed in liberal defences of the constitutional liberties typical of liberal-democratic societies, such as freedom of movement, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech, and in arguments against paternalist or moralist state intervention. It is also often invoked in defences of the right to private property, although some have contested the claim that private property necessarily enhances negative liberty (Cohen, 1991, 1995).

After Berlin, the most widely cited and best developed analyses of the negative concept of liberty include Hayek (1960), Day (1971), Oppenheim (1981), Miller (1983) and Steiner (1994). Among the most prominent contemporary analyses of the positive concept of liberty are Milne (1968), Gibbs (1976), C. Taylor (1979) and Christman (1991, 2005).

Many liberals, including Berlin, have suggested that the positive concept of liberty carries with it a danger of authoritarianism. Consider the fate of a permanent and oppressed minority. Because the members of this minority participate in a democratic process characterized by majority rule, they might be said to be free on the grounds that they are members of a society exercising self-control over its own affairs. But they are oppressed, and so are surely unfree. Moreover, it is not necessary to see a society as democratic in order to see it as self-controlled; one might instead adopt an organic conception of society, according to which the collectivity is to be thought of as a living organism, and one might believe that this organism will only act rationally, will only be in control of itself, when its various parts are brought into line with some rational plan devised by its wise governors (who, to extend the metaphor, might be thought of as the organism’s brain). In this case, even the majority might be oppressed in the name of liberty.

Such justifications of oppression in the name of liberty are no mere products of the liberal imagination, for there are notorious historical examples of their endorsement by authoritarian political leaders. Berlin, himself a liberal and writing during the cold war, was clearly moved by the way in which the apparently noble ideal of freedom as self-mastery or self-realization had been twisted and distorted by the totalitarian dictators of the twentieth century most notably those of the Soviet Union so as to claim that they, rather than the liberal West, were the true champions of freedom. The slippery slope towards this paradoxical conclusion begins, according to Berlin, with the idea of a divided self. To illustrate: the smoker in our story provides a clear example of a divided self, for she is both a self that desires to get to an appointment and a self that desires to get to the tobacconists, and these two desires are in conflict. We can now enrich this story in a plausible way by adding that one of these selves the keeper of appointments is superior to the other: the self that is a keeper of appointments is thus a higher self, and the self that is a smoker is a lower self. The higher self is the rational, reflecting self, the self that is capable of moral action and of taking responsibility for what she does. This is the true self, for rational reflection and moral responsibility are the features of humans that mark them off from other animals. The lower self, on the other hand, is the self of the passions, of unreflecting desires and irrational impulses. One is free, then, when one’s higher, rational self is in control and one is not a slave to one’s passions or to one’s merely empirical self. The next step down the slippery slope consists in pointing out that some individuals are more rational than others, and can therefore know best what is in their and others’ rational interests. This allows them to say that by forcing people less rational than themselves to do the rational thing and thus to realize their true selves, they are in fact liberating them from their merely empirical desires. Occasionally, Berlin says, the defender of positive freedom will take an additional step that consists in conceiving of the self as wider than the individual and as represented by an organic social whole a tribe, a race, a church, a state, the great society of the living and the dead and the yet unborn. The true interests of the individual are to be identified with the interests of this whole, and individuals can and should be coerced into fulfilling these interests, for they would not resist coercion if they were as rational and wise as their coercers. Once I take this view, Berlin says, I am in a position to ignore the actual wishes of men or societies, to bully, oppress, torture in the name, and on behalf, of their real selves, in the secure knowledge that whatever is the true goal of man … must be identical with his freedom (Berlin 1969, pp. 13233).

Those in the negative camp try to cut off this line of reasoning at the first step, by denying that there is any necessary relation between one’s freedom and one’s desires. Since one is free to the extent that one is externally unprevented from doing things, they say, one can be free to do what one does not desire to do. If being free meant being unprevented from realizing one’s desires, then one could, again paradoxically, reduce one’s unfreedom by coming to desire fewer of the things one is unfree to do. One could become free simply by contenting oneself with one’s situation. A perfectly contented slave is perfectly free to realize all of her desires. Nevertheless, we tend to think of slavery as the opposite of freedom. More generally, freedom is not to be confused with happiness, for in logical terms there is nothing to stop a free person from being unhappy or an unfree person from being happy. The happy person might feel free, but whether they are free is another matter (Day, 1970). Negative theorists of freedom therefore tend to say not that having freedom means being unprevented from doing as one desires, but that it means being unprevented from doing whatever one might desire to do.

Some theorists of positive freedom bite the bullet and say that the contented slave is indeed free that in order to be free the individual must learn, not so much to dominate certain merely empirical desires, but to rid herself of them. She must, in other words, remove as many of her desires as possible. As Berlin puts it, if I have a wounded leg there are two methods of freeing myself from pain. One is to heal the wound. But if the cure is too difficult or uncertain, there is another method. I can get rid of the wound by cutting off my leg (1969, pp. 13536). This is the strategy of liberation adopted by ascetics, stoics and Buddhist sages. It involves a retreat into an inner citadel a soul or a purely noumenal self in which the individual is immune to any outside forces. But this state, even if it can be achieved, is not one that liberals would want to call one of freedom, for it again risks masking important forms of oppression. It is, after all, often in coming to terms with excessive external limitations in society that individuals retreat into themselves, pretending to themselves that they do not really desire the worldly goods or pleasures they have been denied. Moreover, the removal of desires may also be an effect of outside forces, such as brainwashing, which we should hardly want to call a realization of freedom.

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| Illuminati News | Dialogue with "Hidden Hand", Self …

 Illuminati  Comments Off on | Illuminati News | Dialogue with "Hidden Hand", Self …
Jul 222015
 

his self-proclaimed illuminati [def] Insider appeared on the “Above Top Secret” forum in October 2008, giving away information about the Illuminati Agenda and their goals. The reason for this, he says, is because time is right for us to know some of what is going on behind the scenes. And when he explains WHY he needs to reveal it now, it’s very convincing. In this article I will post the dialogue between the “Above Top Secret Forum” members and “Hidden Hand” in its entirety.

Please take time to read through this whole dialogue (yes, I know it’s long, but I think we all can benefit from it, even if you end up not believing what is said). When you read it, you need to have an open mind; you can’t be stuck in dogma or think you “have it all figured out” already, because then it doesn’t matter what he says, you won’t believe it.

Here are some points which makes him very believable; one being that the forum members he is communicating with make up pages after pages of random questions (as you can see in this article) and he answers them intelligently and precisely without the delay it would take for a person presenting a hoax to come up with them. This is also what the forum members notice. And he is consistent! Many of the questions are very good, deep, to the point and philosophical, and this guy (or woman, we don’t know – this being claims not to be from this Earth), manages to reply on a very deep level, and his answers don’t contradict each other. In an advanced and intelligent dialogue like this, it’s very unlikely anyone would be able to do that without giving himself away at some point. You will most certainly notice he/she is sincere.

Ever wondered who is “on top of the Pyramid?” He gives us a clue. The bloodline he represents is well above the Rothschild’s in power and in the hierarchy and is extra-terrestrial in origin. The 13 bloodlines we have been talking about thus far on this website and others, with the Rothschild’s in a top position together with the Merovingian Nobility, are quite low rank in the Big Pyramid Structure, and are the ones playing a power game here on Earth, only aware of parts of the Big Game (a need to know basis). The bloodline “Hidden Hand” is supposedly belonging to is way more advanced and higher rank.

I really think this being believes in what he is saying, and whether he is deceived himself to some degree or not, this is most probably what is driving the Illuminati. These are their goals! It leaves you with a pretty strange feeling after have read it all, but deep inside it rings true.

His answers may need to be read more than once to understand the different layers of what he is telling us. Afterwards, when you start connecting the dots you notice that a lot of pieces in the big puzzle that previously were missing and left unanswered, suddenly fit.

If you are visiting the Illuminati News website for the first time, already have a fair concept of what the Illuminati and the New World Order is about, and you only intend to read ONE article from my huge database, I would say this one would be the one to read! [You certainly don’t want to lose this page and then need to go through data recovery on your internet browser hoping you didn’t lose it so you can come back to it later!]

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Kovalam – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Beaches  Comments Off on Kovalam – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jul 222015
 

Kovalam is a beach town by the Arabian Sea in Thiruvananthapuram city, Kerala, India, located around 16km from the city center.[1]

Kovalam means a grove of coconut trees and true to its name the village offers an endless sight of coconut trees.

Kovalam first received attention when the Regent Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi of Travancore constructed her beach resort, Halcyon Castle, here towards the end of the 1920s. Thereafter the place was brought to the public eye by her nephew the Maharaja of Travancore.[2] The European guests of the then Travancore kingdom discovered the potentiality of Kovalam beach as a tourist destination in the 1930s. However, Kovalam shot into limelight in the early seventies with arrivals of the masses of hippies on their way to Ceylon in the Hippie Trail. This exodus started the transformation of a casual fishing village of Kerala into one of the most important tourist destinations in all India.[3]

Kovalam has three beaches separated by rocky outcroppings in its 17km coastline, the three together form the famous crescent of the Kovalam beach

Detour past Kovalam junction to land on Samudra Beach which is to the north of Ashoka Beach. One has the option to walk along the sea-wall too.The sight of the waves lashing on the rocks below is awesome. Shallow waters stretching for hundreds of metres are ideal for swimming. The beaches have steep palm covered headlands and are lined with shops that offer all kinds of goods and services.[6]

The larger of the beaches is called Light House Beach for its 35 metre high light house which towers over it atop Kurumkal hillock. The second largest one is Hawah Beach named thus for the topless European women who used to throng there. It was the first topless beach in India.[citation needed] However topless bathing is banned now except in private coves owned by resorts. Visitors frequent these two beaches. The northern part of the beach is known as Samudra Beach in tourism parlance. A large promontory separates this part from the southern side. Samudra Beach doesn’t have tourists thronging there or hectic business. The local fishermen ply their trade on this part. The sands on the beaches in Kovalam are partially black in colour due to the presence of ilmenite and Monazite. The normal tourist season is from September to May. Ashoka beach is also the part of Kovalam beach.

There are a large number of beach resorts in and around Kovalam. The sea port of Vizhinjam is about 3km away and famous for its special varieties of fish, old Hindu temples, big churches and a mosque. The Proposed International Trans shipment Terminal at Vizhinjam is also close to Kovalam.

Kovalam was among the most prominent tourist spots in India during the hippy era. It still has a high status among tourists, who arrive mostly from Europe and Israel.[citation needed] Kovalam is finding a new significance in the light of several Ayurvedic salons, and recuperation and regeneration resorts which provide a wide variety of Ayurvedic treatments for tourists.[7]

Kovalam assembly constituency is part of Trivandrum (Lok Sabha constituency).[8] The assembly constituency of Kovalam is represented by Jameela Prakasham of Janatha Dal. She defeated the sitting MLA Adv. George Mercier.[9][10]

Hawwah beach (Eves beach)

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About Regenerative Medicine Research at the Texas Heart …

 Regenerative Medicine  Comments Off on About Regenerative Medicine Research at the Texas Heart …
Jul 222015
 

Dr.DorisTayloris involved in both laboratory and clinical studies using cell therapy to treat disease. Almost5 million Americans are living with heart failure and more than half a million new cases are diagnosed annually. Almost 50,000 people die each year while awaiting a heart transplant and, for a decade or more, only about 2,200 heart transplants have been performed in the entire United States. The need is dwarfed by the availability of donor organs.

This is one of the reasons there is such hope placed in the promising field of regenerative medicine. The groundbreaking work of Dr. Taylor and her team has demonstrated the ability in the lab to strip organs, including the heart, of their cellular make-up leaving a decellularized “scaffold.” The heartcan then be re-seeded with cells that, when supplied with blood and oxygen, regenerate the scaffold into a functioning heart. Dr. Taylor calls this using nature’s platform to create a bioartificial heart.

The hope is that this research is an early step toward being able to grow a fully functional human heart in the laboratory. Dr. Taylor has demonstrated that the process works for other organs as well, such as kidney, pancreas, lung, and liver where she has already tested the same approachopening a door in the field of organ transplantation.

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Technological singularity – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 The Singularity  Comments Off on Technological singularity – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jul 212015
 

The technological singularity is the hypothetical advent of artificial general intelligence (also known as “strong AI”). Such a computer, computer network, or robot would theoretically be capable of recursive self-improvement (redesigning itself), or of designing and building computers or robots better than itself. Repetitions of this cycle would likely result in a runaway effect an intelligence explosion[1][2] where smart machines design successive generations of increasingly powerful machines, creating intelligence far exceeding human intellectual capacity and control. Because the capabilities of such a superintelligence may be impossible for a human to comprehend, the technological singularity is an occurrence beyond which events may become unpredictable, unfavorable, or even unfathomable.[3]

The first use of the term “singularity” in this context was made in 1958 by the Hungarian born mathematician and physicist John von Neumann. In 1958, regarding a summary of a conversation with von Neumann, Stanislaw Ulam described “ever accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue”.[4] The term was popularized by mathematician, computer scientist and science fiction author Vernor Vinge, who argues that artificial intelligence, human biological enhancement, or braincomputer interfaces could be possible causes of the singularity.[5] Futurist Ray Kurzweil cited von Neumann’s use of the term in a foreword to von Neumann’s classic The Computer and the Brain.

Kurzweil predicts the singularity to occur around 2045[6] whereas Vinge predicts some time before 2030.[7] At the 2012 Singularity Summit, Stuart Armstrong did a study of artificial general intelligence (AGI) predictions by experts and found a wide range of predicted dates, with a median value of 2040. Discussing the level of uncertainty in AGI estimates, Armstrong said in 2012, “It’s not fully formalized, but my current 80% estimate is something like five to 100 years.”[8]

Strong AI might bring about an intelligence explosion, a term coined in 1965 by I. J. Good.[9] Although technological progress has been accelerating, it has been limited by the basic intelligence of the human brain, which has not, according to Paul R. Ehrlich, changed significantly for millennia.[10] However, with the increasing power of computers and other technologies, it might eventually be possible to build a machine that is more intelligent than humanity.[11] If a superhuman intelligence were to be inventedeither through the amplification of human intelligence or through artificial intelligenceit might be able to bring to bear greater problem-solving and inventive skills than current humans are capable of. It might then design an even more capable machine, or re-write its own software to become even more intelligent. This more capable machine could then go on to design a machine of yet greater capability. These iterations of recursive self-improvement could accelerate, potentially allowing enormous qualitative change before any upper limits imposed by the laws of physics or theoretical computation set in.[12][13][14]

Many of the most recognized writers on the singularity, such as Vernor Vinge and Ray Kurzweil, define the concept in terms of the technological creation of superintelligence. They argue that it is difficult or impossible for present-day humans to predict what human beings’ lives will be like in a post-singularity world.[6][7][15] The term “technological singularity” was originally coined by Vinge, who made an analogy between the breakdown in our ability to predict what would happen after the development of superintelligence and the breakdown of the predictive ability of modern physics at the space-time singularity beyond the event horizon of a black hole.[15]

Some writers use “the singularity” in a broader way to refer to any radical changes in our society brought about by new technologies such as molecular nanotechnology,[16][17][18] although Vinge and other prominent writers specifically state that without superintelligence, such changes would not qualify as a true singularity.[7] Many writers also tie the singularity to observations of exponential growth in various technologies (with Moore’s Law being the most prominent example), using such observations as a basis for predicting that the singularity is likely to happen sometime within the 21st century.[17][19]

Gary Marcus claims that “virtually everyone in the A.I. field believes” that machines will one day overtake humans and “at some level, the only real difference between enthusiasts and skeptics is a time frame.”[20] However, many prominent technologists and academics dispute the plausibility of a technological singularity, including Paul Allen, Jeff Hawkins, John Holland, Jaron Lanier, and Gordon Moore, whose Moore’s Law is often cited in support of the concept.[21][22][23]

The exponential growth in computing technology suggested by Moore’s Law is commonly cited as a reason to expect a singularity in the relatively near future, and a number of authors have proposed generalizations of Moore’s Law. Computer scientist and futurist Hans Moravec proposed in a 1998 book[24] that the exponential growth curve could be extended back through earlier computing technologies prior to the integrated circuit. Futurist Ray Kurzweil postulates a law of accelerating returns in which the speed of technological change (and more generally, all evolutionary processes[25]) increases exponentially, generalizing Moore’s Law in the same manner as Moravec’s proposal, and also including material technology (especially as applied to nanotechnology), medical technology and others.[26] Between 1986 and 2007, machines’ application-specific capacity to compute information per capita has roughly doubled every 14 months; the per capita capacity of the world’s general-purpose computers has doubled every 18 months; the global telecommunication capacity per capita doubled every 34 months; and the world’s storage capacity per capita doubled every 40 months.[27] Like other authors, though, Kurzweil reserves the term “singularity” for a rapid increase in intelligence (as opposed to other technologies), writing for example that “The Singularity will allow us to transcend these limitations of our biological bodies and brains … There will be no distinction, post-Singularity, between human and machine”.[28] He believes that the “design of the human brain, while not simple, is nonetheless a billion times simpler than it appears, due to massive redundancy”.[29] According to Kurzweil, the reason why the brain has a messy and unpredictable quality is because the brain, like most biological systems, is a “probabilistic fractal”.[30] He also defines his predicted date of the singularity (2045) in terms of when he expects computer-based intelligences to significantly exceed the sum total of human brainpower, writing that advances in computing before that date “will not represent the Singularity” because they do “not yet correspond to a profound expansion of our intelligence.”[31]

Some singularity proponents argue its inevitability through extrapolation of past trends, especially those pertaining to shortening gaps between improvements to technology. In one of the first uses of the term “singularity” in the context of technological progress, Stanislaw Ulam (1958) tells of a conversation with John von Neumann about accelerating change:

One conversation centered on the ever accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue.[4]

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Technological singularity – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia




Pierre Teilhard De Chardin | Designer Children | Prometheism | Euvolution | Transhumanism